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Belgium Factsheet
Last update : June 2012

Demography

  • Population: 10.3 million
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 336 (national average), 6,309 (Brussels-Capital Region - highest), 55.6 (province of Luxembourg - lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): Brussels (1m), Liege (0.61m), Antwerp (0.45m), Ghent (0.23m), Charleroi (0.20m)
  • Number of communes: 589 (2,663 before the commune merger of 1971)
  • Home Ownership: 74% (2006)
  • Houses heating and isolation: central heating (72.7%), double-glazing (70.5%), roof isolation (57.4%), exterior wall isolation (41.6%)
  • Urban Population: 97%
  • Life Expectancy: 79.22 (average), 76.06 years (men), 82.53 years (women) (2009 est.)
  • Birth Rate: 10.59 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
  • Death Rate: 10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (95%), Arabs (4%), Black Africans
  • Registered foreigners (2007, sources) : 1,025,000, among which 171,500 Italians, 129,500 French, 122,000 Dutch, 79,500 Moroccans, 43,000 Spaniards, 42,000 Turks, 39,000 Germans, 30,000 Americans, 28,000 Poles.
  • Official Language: Dutch, French, German
  • Major Religions: Roman Catholicism, Agnosticism, Atheism
  • Geography

  • Area: 30 545 sq km
  • Coastline: 66.5 km
  • Highest Peak: Signal de Botrange: (694m)
  • Lowest Elevation: 0 m (North Sea)
  • Political map of Belgium

    Geological map of Belgium

    Geological Regions of Belgium

    Economy

  • Monetary unit: Euro (€, EUR)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 January - 31 December
  • GDP (nominal - IMF): US$513 billion (2011)
  • GNI per capita (Atlas methodology): US$45,840 (2010)
  • GDP per capita at PPP: US$37,737 (2011 - IMF)
  • GDP - real growth rate: 2.1% (2010)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): 2.5 % (2010)
  • Unemployment: 7.4% (April 2012)
  • Public Debt (% of GDP) : 95.2 (2011)
  • Main Industries: engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
  • Main Exports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, metals and metal products, foodstuffs
  • Main Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, transportation equipment, oil products
  • Main Trading Partners: Germany, France, Netherlands, UK, USA, Italy
  • Government

  • Type of Government: Parliamentary Monarchy
  • Parliamentary System : bicameral Diet (House of Representatives and Senate)
  • Administrative Division : 3 regions, 3 communities, 10 provinces
  • Capital: Brussels (since 1830)
  • Head of State: King Albert II (since 1993)
  • Prime Minister: Elio Di Rupo (since 2011)
  • Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1
  • Electricity: 230V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .be
  • International dialling code: +32


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