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European Union Fact Sheet

Flag of the European Union

For detailed statistics and explanations regarding the European Union, please consult the EU's official website (Europa).

Demographics

  • Population: 506 million
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 116 (EU average)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million including suburbs): London (11.8m), Paris (11.3m), Madrid (5.6m), Berlin (4.2m), Barcelona (3.8m), Milan (3.8m), Athens (3.5m), Rome (3.3m), Naples (3m), Lisbon (2.9m), Stuttgart (2.7m), Birmingham (2.6m), Hamburg (2.6m), Brussels (2.5m), Budapest (2.5m), Manchester (2.5m), Warsaw (2.4m), Bucharest (2.3m), Amsterdam (2.1m), Leeds (2.1m).
  • Home Ownership: 69%
  • Life Expectancy (2010 est.): 78.8 (average), 75.7 years (men), 82.1 years (women)
  • Birth Rate: 10.9 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
  • Death Rate: 9.7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (Celtic, Germanic, Slavic, Greek,Turks, etc.), Maghrebans, Black Africans, South Asians
  • Official Language: Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
  • Major Religions: Roman Catholicism, Protestanism, Orthodoxism, Islam, Judaism, Agnosticism, Atheism

Geography

  • Area: 4,422,773 km2 (1,707,642 sq mi)
  • Coastline: 65,993 km (41,006 mi)
  • Highest Peak: Mont Blanc (4,807m)
  • Lowest Elevation: Lammefjord, Denmark (-7 m); Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands (-7 m)

Political map of Europe

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Economy

  • Monetary unit: Euro (€, EUR)
  • GDP at PPP (2012): US$ 16.58 trillion
  • GDP per capita (nominal) (2012) : US$32,999
  • GDP per capita (PPP) (2012) : US$32,021
  • GDP - real growth rate (2006) : -0.2%
  • Inflation (2012) : 2.6 %
  • Unemployment (2013) : 10.9%
  • Public Debt (% of GDP - 2013) : 87.1%
  • Public Deficit (2007) : €109.5 Billion
  • Main Industries: iron and steel, aluminum, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, aircraft, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, electrical power equipment, machine tools, electronics, telecommunications equipment, fishing, food processing, furniture, paper, textiles and clothing, tourism
  • Main Exports: machinery, motor vehicles, aircraft, plastics, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, fuels, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, wood pulp and paper products, textiles, meat, dairy products, fish, alcoholic beverages.
  • Main Imports: machinery, vehicles, aircraft, plastics, crude oil, chemicals, textiles, metals, foodstuffs, clothing
  • Main Trading Partners: USA, Japan, Russia, China

Government

  • Type of Government: Parliamentary Supranational Organization
  • Parliamentary System : Unicameral Parliamnent
  • National Anthem : Ode "An die Freude" (9th Symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven)
  • Administrative Division : 27 member-states
  • Capital: Brussels (since 7 February 1992)
  • Headquarters of the European Court of Justice : Luxembourg
  • Headquarters of Europol : The Hague
  • President of the European Commission: José Manuel Durão Barroso (since 2004)
  • European Council President : Herman Van Rompuy (since 2009)
  • President of the European Parliament : Martin Schulz, EPP (since 2012)

Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC 0, +1, +2
  • Electricity: 220V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .eu, .eu.int
  • International dialing code : +3 (proposed)


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