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European Union Fact Sheet

For detailed statistics and explanations regarding the European Union, please consult the EU's official website (Europa)

Demography

  • Population: 499 million
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 112 (EU average)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million including suburbs): London (11.8m), Paris (11.3m), Madrid (5.6m), Berlin (4.2m), Barcelona (3.8m), Milan (3.8m), Athens (3.5m), Rome (3.3m), Naples (3m), Lisbon (2.9m), Stuttgart (2.7m), Birmingham (2.6m), Hamburg (2.6m), Brussels (2.5m), Budapest (2.5m), Manchester (2.5m), Warsaw (2.4m), Bucharest (2.3m), Amsterdam (2.1m), Leeds (2.1m).
  • Home Ownership: 69%
  • Life Expectancy (2006 est.): 78.9 (average), 75.8 years (men), 81.9 years (women)
  • Birth Rate: 10.5 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
  • Death Rate: 9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (Celtic, Germanic, Slavic, Greek,Turks, etc.), Maghrebans, Black Africans, South Asians
  • Official Language: Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
  • Major Religions: Roman Catholicism, Protestanism, Orthodoxism, Islam, Judaism, Agnosticism, Atheism
  • Geography

  • Area: 4,324,782 km²
  • Coastline: over 150,000 km
  • Highest Peak: Mont Blanc (4,807m)
  • Lowest Elevation: Lammefjord, Denmark (-7 m); Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands (-7 m)
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    Economy

  • Monetary unit: Euro (€, EUR)
  • GDP at PPP (2007): US$ 14.43 trillion
  • GDP per capita (2007) : US$33,889 (average),
  • GNI per capita of euro-zone (2005) : US$ 31,914
  • GDP - real growth rate (2006) : 3.1%
  • Inflation (2007) : 1.9 %
  • Unemployment (2007) : 7%
  • Public Debt (% of GDP - 2007) : 58.7%
  • Public Deficit (2007) : €109.5 Billion
  • Main Industries: iron and steel, aluminum, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, automobiles, aircraft, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, electrical power equipment, machine tools, electronics, telecommunications equipment, fishing, food processing, furniture, paper, textiles and clothing, tourism
  • Main Exports: machinery, motor vehicles, aircraft, plastics, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, fuels, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, wood pulp and paper products, textiles, meat, dairy products, fish, alcoholic beverages.
  • Main Imports: machinery, vehicles, aircraft, plastics, crude oil, chemicals, textiles, metals, foodstuffs, clothing
  • Main Trading Partners: USA, Japan, Russia, China
  • Government

  • Type of Government: Parliamentary Supranational Organization
  • Parliamentary System : Unicameral Parliamnent
  • National Anthem : Ode "An die Freude" (9th Symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven)
  • Administrative Division : 27 member-states
  • Capital: Brussels (since 7 February 1992)
  • Headquarters of the European Court of Justice : Luxembourg
  • Headquarters of Europol : The Hague
  • President of the European Commission: José Manuel Durão Barroso (since 2004)
  • Council's President : Mirek Topolánek (since 2009)
  • Parliament's President : Hans-Gert Pöttering, EPP (since 2007)
  • Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC 0, +1, +2
  • Electricity: 220V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .eu, .eu.int
  • International dialing code : +3 (proposed)

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