Turku is Finland's oldest city. For over 500 years under Swedish rule, Turku was Finland's most important city as well as its capital.
Turku was designated as European Capital of Culture in 2011 (along with Tallinn).
Nowadays, the only buildings attesting of Turku's medieval past are its imposing stone castle (built around 1280) and its cathedral (built in 1300), which serves as the country's national shrine.
The city itself is of little architectural interest, but has a few good museums, such as the Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova (archeology), the Forum Marinum (maritime museum), the open-air Luostarinmäki Handicrafts Museum, the Wäinö Aaltonen Museum of Art, and the Turku Art Museum.
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