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    Post Haplogroups of European kings and queens

    Two weeks ago, I mentioned that members of the House of Oldenburg belonged to haplogroup R1b, based on Tsar Nicholas II's DNA. Here is a summary of all European kings and queens (and crown princes) whose haplogroup can be deduced from the testing of a relative.

    Britain & Scandinavia

    Kings & Queens of England or Great Britain

    Edward IV (1442-1483) => J1c2c (mtDNA)
    Richard III (1452-1485) => J1c2c (mtDNA)
    James I (1566-1625) => R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
    Charles I (1600-1649) => T2 (mtDNA) ; R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
    Henrietta Maria of France (1609-1669) => H (mtDNA)
    Charles II (1630-1685) => H (mtDNA) ; R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
    James II (1633-1701) => H (mtDNA) ; R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
    William III (1650-1702) => H (mtDNA)
    George I (1660-1727) => T2 (mtDNA)
    George III (1738-1820) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Victoria (1819-1901) => H (mtDNA)
    Edward VII (1841-1910) => H (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925) => T2 (mtDNA)
    George V (1865-1936) => T2 (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Edward VIII (1894-1972) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    George VI (1895-1952) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh => H (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
    Charles, Prince of Wales => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Prince William, Duke of Cambridge => R30b (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)

    Kings & Queens of Scotland

    James III (1451-1488) => U5b* (mtDNA)

    Kings & Queens of Denmark

    Sigrid the Haughty (968-1014) => => H (mtDNA)
    Harald II (980-1018) => H (mtDNA)
    Canute the Great (994-1035) => H (mtDNA)
    Sweyn II Estridson (1019-1076) => H (mtDNA)
    Canute V of Denmark (1129-1157) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    Sophia of Minsk, Queen consort of Denmark (ca. 1140-1198) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    King Canute VI of Denmark (1163–1202) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    King Valdemar II of Denmark (1170–1241) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    Queen Richeza of Denmark (1190-1220) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    Olaf II of Denmark & Norway (1370-1387) => I1 (Y-DNA)
    Elizabeth (1524-1586) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Anne (1574-1619) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Juliana Maria of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1729-1796) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Margrethe II (1940-) => H (mtDNA)

    All the Kings of Denmark since Christian I (reigned from 1448) belonged to haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA)

    • Christian I (1426-1481)
    • John (1455-1513)
    • Christian II (1481-1559)
    • Frederick I
    • Christian III => T2 (mtDNA)
    • Frederick II
    • Christian IV => T2 (mtDNA)
    • Frederick III
    • Christian V
    • Frederick IV
    • Christian VI
    • Frederick V
    • Christian VII
    • Frederick VI => T2 (mtDNA)
    • Christian VIII => T2 (mtDNA)
    • Frederick VII
    • Christian IX (1818-1906)
    • Frederick VIII (1843-1912) => T2 (mtDNA)
    • Christian X (1870-1947)
    • Frederick IX (1899-1972)


    Kings of Norway

    Rikissa Birgersdotter of Sweden, Queen of Norway (c.1237-1288) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    Haakon VI of Sweden & Norway (1340-1380) => I1 (Y-DNA)

    => See Kings of Denmark from Christian I to Frederick VI.

    Haakon VII (1872-1957) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Olav V (1903-1991) => T2 (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
    Harald V (1937-) => R1b (Y-DNA)

    Kings & Queens of Sweden

    Olof Skötkonung (980-1022) => H (mtDNA)
    Richeza of Poland, Queen of Sweden (1116-1156) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    Valdemar I of Sweden (1239–1302) => I1 (Y-DNA), Z1a (mtDNA)
    Magnus III of Sweden (1240-1290) => I1 (Y-DNA), Z1a (mtDNA)
    Birger I of Sweden (1280-1321) => I1 (Y-DNA)
    Valdemar, Duke of Finland (1280s-1318) => I1 (Y-DNA)
    Magnus IV of Sweden (1316-1374) => I1 (Y-DNA)
    Eric XII of Sweden (1339-1359) => I1 (Y-DNA)
    Haakon VI of Sweden & Norway (1340-1380) => I1 (Y-DNA)
    Christian I (1426-1481) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    John (1455-1513) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Christian II (1481-1559) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Gustav II Adolf (1594-1632) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Charles X Gustav (1622-1660) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Christina of Sweden (1626-1689) => H (mtDNA)
    Margaret of Connaught (1882-1920) => H (mtDNA)
    Louise Mountbatten (1889-1965) => H (mtDNA)
    Ingrid (1910-2000) => H (mtDNA)
    Carl XVI Gustaf (1946-) => H (mtDNA)

    Benelux, Germany & Austro-Hungary

    Kings & Queens of Germany

    Elisabeth of Bavaria (c. 1227-1273) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Elizabeth of Carinthia (1262-1312) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Frederick the Fair, Duke of Austria and King of Germany (1289-1330) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Joanna of Bavaria, Queen of Germany and Bohemia (c. 1362–1386) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Albert II of Germany (1397-1439) => U5b* (mtDNA)

    Holy Roman Emperors & Empress

    Barbara of Celje (1390-1451) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Maximilian II of Habsburg (1527-1576) => H (mtDNA)
    Ferdinand II of Habsburg (1578-1637) => H (mtDNA)
    Leopold I of Habsburg (1640-1705) => H (mtDNA)
    Maria Amalia of Austria (1701-1756) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Maria Josepha of Bavaria (1739-1767) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Maria Luisa of Spain (1745-1792) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Leopold II of Habsburg (1747-1792) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (1768-1835) => N1b (mtDNA)

    Margraves, Dukes & Archdukes of Austria

    Leopold I, Margrave of Austria (died 994) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Henry I, Margrave of Austria (died 1018) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Adalbert, Margrave of Austria (c. 985-1055) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Ernest, Margrave of Austria (1027-1075) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Leopold II, Margrave of Austria (1050-1095) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Leopold III, Margrave of Austria (1073-1136) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Leopold IV, Margrave of Austria, aka Leopold I, Duke of Bavaria (1108-1141) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Henry II, Duke of Austria, aka Henry XI, also Duke of Bavaria (1107-1177) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Leopold V, Duke of Austria (1157-1194) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Frederick I, Duke of Austria (c. 1175-1198) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Leopold VI, Duke of Austria (1176-1230) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Frederick II, Duke of Austria (1211-1246) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Rudolf I of Habsburg, Duke of Austria and Styria, King of Bohemia, and titular King of Poland (1282-1307) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Frederick I the Fair, Duke of Austria and Styria, and King of Germany (1289-1330) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Leopold I of Habsburg, Duke of Austria and Styria (1290-1326) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Albert II of Habsburg, Duke of Austria (1298-1358) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Otto I of Habsburg, Duke of Austria (1301-1339) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Albert II, King of Germany and Archduke of Austria (1397-1439) => U5b* (mtDNA)

    Emperors & Empress of Austria

    Maria Theresa (1717-1780) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Joseph II (1741-1790) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (1768-1835)) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Ferdinand I (1793-1875) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Charles I (1887-1922) => H (mtDNA)

    Dukes/Kings & Queens of Bavaria

    Louis II, Duke of Bavaria (1229-1294) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Henry XIII, Duke of Bavaria (1235-1290) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    William II, Duke of Bavaria, Count of Holland, Zeeland and Hainaut (1365–1417) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Albert II (1369-1397) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    John III, Duke of Bavaria-Straubing, Count of Holland and Hainaut (1374/76-1425) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut (1417-1479) => U5b* (mtDNA)

    Dukes/Kings & Queens of Bohemia

    Boleslaus II the Pious (920-999) => H (mtDNA)
    Henry VI of Carinthia (c. 1270–1335) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Rudolf I of Habsburg (1282-1307) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Joanna of Bavaria (c. 1362–1386) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Albert II of Germany (1397-1439) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Elisabeth of Bohemia (1409–1442) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary (1456-1516) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (1503-1546) => H (mtDNA)
    Elizabeth Stuart (1596-1662) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Ferdinand IV of Bohemia and Hungary (1633-1654) => H (mtDNA)
    Maria Amalia of Austria (1701-1756) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Maria Luisa of Spain (1745-1792) => N1b (mtDNA)

    Kings & Queens of Prussia

    Frederick William I of Prussia (1688-1740) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern (1715-1797) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Frederick William II (1744-1797) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Emperors & Empress of Germany

    Victoria of Prussia (1840-1901) => H (mtDNA)
    Wilhelm II (1859-1941) => H (mtDNA)

    Kings of Saxony

    Frederick Augustus II (1797-1854) => H3 (mtDNA)
    John I (1801-1873) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland

    Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (1567-1625) => T2 (mtDNA)

    Kings of the Netherlands & Grand Duke of Luxembourg

    William I (1772-1843) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Kings & Queens of the Belgians

    Leopold I (1790-1865) => H (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Marie-Louise of France (1812-1850) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Leopold II (1835-1909) => H3 (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Albert I (1875-1934) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Leopold III (1901-1983) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Baldwin I (1930-1993) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Albert II (b. 1934) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)

    Italy, France, Spain & Portugal

    Kings & Queens of France

    All kings of France supposedly belonged to haplogroup R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA).

    Ingeborg of Denmark, Queen of France (1175-1236) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    Francis I (1494-1547) => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Henry IV (1553-1610) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) U5b* (mtDNA)
    Marie de' Medici (1575-1642) => H (mtDNA)
    Louis XIII (1601-1643) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) H (mtDNA)
    Maria Theresa of Spain (1638-1683) => H (mtDNA)
    Louis, Dauphin of France (1661–1711) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) H (mtDNA)
    Louis XV (1710-1774) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) H (mtDNA)
    Louis XVI (1754-1793) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) N1b (mtDNA)
    Marie-Antoinette (1755-1793) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Louis XVII (1785-1795) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) H3 (mtDNA)
    Louis XVIII of France (1755-1824) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) N1b (mtDNA)
    Charles X of France (1757-1836) => R1b-Z381 (Y-DNA) N1b (mtDNA)

    Emperors & Empress of France

    Napoleon I (1769-1821) => E-M34 (Y-DNA) H (mtDNA)
    Marie Louise of Austria (1791-1847) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Napoleon II (1811-1832) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Kings & Queens of the French

    Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies (1782-1866) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Kings of Italy

    Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Grand Duke of Tuscany

    Archduchess Joanna of Austria (1547–1578) => H (mtDNA)
    Ferdinando II de' Medici (1610-1670) => H (mtDNA)

    Dukes of Parma

    All dukes of the House of Bourbon-Parma descended from Philip V of Spain, himself a grandson of Louis XIV of France, and therefore presumably belonging to Y-haplogroup R1b-Z381.

    King of Sardinia

    Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (1701-1773) => H (mtDNA)
    Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies (1779–1849) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Maria Theresa of Tuscany (1801-1855) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Kings of the Two Sicilies

    All the kings of the Two Sicilies presumably belonged to Y-haplogroup R1b-Z381 as members of the House of Bourbon.

    Kings & Queens of Spain

    Philip I of Castile, King of Castile and ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands => U5b* (mtDNA)
    Margaret of Austria (1584–1611) => H (mtDNA)
    Philip IV (1605-1665) => H (mtDNA)
    Elisabeth of France (1602–1644) => H (mtDNA)
    Mariana of Austria (1634-1696) => H (mtDNA)
    Charles II (1661-1700) => H (mtDNA)
    Marie Louise of Orléans (1662-1689) => H (mtDNA)
    Maria Luisa of Savoy (1688-1714) => H (mtDNA)
    Ferdinand VI (1713-1759) => H (mtDNA)
    Maria Amalia of Saxony (1724-1760) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Charles IV of Spain (1748-1819) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Maria Josepha of Saxony (1803-1829) => H3 (mtDNA)
    Isabella II (1830-1904) => H (mtDNA)
    Alfonso XII (1857-1885) => H (mtDNA)
    Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1887-1969) => H (mtDNA)
    Sofia (1938-) => H (mtDNA)
    Felipe, Prince of Asturias (1968-) => H (mtDNA)

    Kings & Queens of Portugal

    Maria II (1819-1853) => H (mtDNA)
    Pedro V (1837-1861) => H (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Luís I (1838-1889) => H (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Carlos I (1863-1908) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Manuel II (1889-1932) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)

    Emperors & Empress of Brazil

    Maria Leopoldina of Austria (1797-1826) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Emperors & Empress of Mexico

    Charlotte of Belgium (1840-1927) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Eastern Europe

    Dukes/Kings & Queens of Poland

    Boleslaw I Chrobry (967-1025) => H (mtDNA)
    Elisabeth of Austria (1436-1505) => T2 (mtDNA)
    John I Albert (1459-1501) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Alexander Jagiellon (1461-1506) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Sigismund I of Poland (1467-1548) => T2 (mtDNA)
    Catherine of Austria (1533-1572) => H (mtDNA)
    Anna of Austria (1573-1598) => H (mtDNA)
    Wladyslaw IV Vasa (1595-1648) => H (mtDNA)
    Constance of Austria (1588-1631) => H (mtDNA)
    John II Casimir Vasa (1609-1672) => H (mtDNA)
    Marie Louise Gonzaga (1611-1667) => N1b (mtDNA)
    Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria (1653-1697) => H (mtDNA)
    Marie Thérèse de Bourbon (1666-1732) => N1b (mtDNA)

    Grand Princes of Kiev

    According to the descendant testing listed at the Russian Nobility DNA Project at FTDNA, the branch of the Rurik dynasty descended from Vladimir II Monomakh (Monomakhoviches) belong to Y-DNA haplogroup N1c1, while the branch descended from his presumed paternal cousin Oleg I of Chernigov (Olgoviches) belonged to R1a1a. The Y-DNA from the Proto-Rurikid branches is N1c1 and matches the distinctive haplotype of the Monomakhoviches. Furthermore, this N1c1 haplotype possess the distinctive value DYS390=23, found in Scandinavia but not in Uralic populations, confirming that this was indeed the original haplotype of the Varangian prince Rurik (c. 830-c. 879) who established the Kievan Rus'.

    The N1c1 Monomakhoviches include:

    • Vladimir II Monomakh (1053-1125)
    • Mstislav I of Kiev (1076-1132)
    • Yaropolk II of Kiev (1082-1139)
    • Viacheslav I of Kiev (1083-1154)
    • Yuri Dolgorukiy (c. 1090-1157)
    • Iziaslav II of Kiev (c. 1097-1154)
    • Rostislav I of Kiev (c. 1110–1167)
    • Yaroslav II of Kiev (c. 1132-1180)
    • Roman the Great (c. 1152-1205) => Z1a (mtDNA)
    • Rurik Rostislavich (?–1215)
    • Ingvar of Kiev (c. 1152-1220)
    • Mstislav III of Kiev (died 1223)
    • Rostislav II of Kiev (1173-1214)
    • Vladimir IV Rurikovich (1187-1239)
    • Daniel of Galicia (c. 1201-1264)
    • Alexander Nevsky (1220-1263)
    • Lev I of Galicia (c. 1228-c. 1301)
    • Yaroslav of Tver (1230–1271)
    • Yuri I of Galicia (1252-1308), King of Galicia-Volhynia (or King of Rus')
    • Andrew of Galicia (?-1323), King of Galicia-Volhynia
    • Lev II of Galicia (?-1323), King of Galicia-Volhynia


    Grand Dukes of Lithuania

    According to the descendant testing listed at the Russian Nobility DNA Project at FTDNA, the House of Gediminas (1285–1440), also known as Gediminids, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup N1c1.

    Tsars & Empress of Russia

    Peter II (1715-1730) => H3 (mtDNA)

    Romanov dynasty since Paul I => R1b (Y-DNA) :

    • Paul I (1754-1801)
    • Alexander I (1777-1825)
    • Constantine I (1779-1831)
    • Nicholas I (1796-1855)
    • Alexander II (1818-1881)
    • Alexander III (1845-1894)
    • Nicholas II (1868-1918) => T2 (mtDNA)


    Maria Feodorovna (1847-1928) => H (mtDNA)
    Alexandra Feodorovna (1872-1918) => H (mtDNA)

    Kings & Queens of Greece

    George I (1845-1913) => T2 (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
    Constantine I (1868-1923) => R1b (Y-DNA)
    Sophia of Prussia (1870-1932) => H (mtDNA)
    Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885-1969) => H (mtDNA)
    Alexander (1893-1920) => H (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
    George II (1890-1947) => H (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
    Paul (1901-1964) => H (mtDNA)
    Anne-Marie (1946-) => H (mtDNA)
    Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece (1967-) => H (mtDNA)

    Kings of Romania

    Ferdinand I (1865-1927) => H (mtDNA)
    Michael (1921-) => H (mtDNA)

    Tsars of Bulgaria

    Ferdinand I (1861-1948) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Boris III (1894-1943) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Simeon II (b. 1937) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
    Last edited by Maciamo; 29-01-14 at 19:06.
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