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Germany Factsheet

Version française
Last update : June 2012

Demography

  • Population: 81.8 million (2011)
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 230.9 (national average), 3,818 (Berlin - highest), 73 (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania - lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): Berlin (3.4m), Hamburg (1.7m), Munich (1.3m), Cologne (1m), Frankfurt (0.67m) and Stuttgart (0.59m).
  • Home Ownership: 40%
  • Urban Population: 88%
  • Life Expectancy : 79.26 (average), 76.26 years (men), 82.42 years (women) (2009 est.)
  • Birth Rate: 8.2 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
  • Death Rate: 10.71 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (99%)
  • Registered foreigners: 7.3 million (2004), among which 1,764,000 Turks, 548,000 Italians, 507,000 Serbs, 370,000 Greeks, 327,000 Poles, 229,000 Croats, 183,500 Vietnamese, and 179,000 Russians.
  • Official Language: German (+ 7 official minority languages)
  • Major Religions: Protestantism (32.5%), Roman Catholicism (31.5%), Agnosticism/Atheism (29.5%), Islam (4%)
  • Geography

  • Area: 357,021 km²
  • Coastline : 2,389 km
  • Highest Peak: Zugspitze: (2,962 m)
  • Lowest Elevation: Wilstermarsch (-3.5m)
  • States of Germany

    Economy

  • Monetary unit: Euro (€, EUR)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 January - 31 December
  • GDP (nominal - IMF): US$3.57 trillion (2011)
  • GNI per capita (Atlas methodology): US$43,070 (2011)
  • GDP per capita at PPP: US$37,897 (2011 - IMF)
  • GDP - real growth rate: 3 % (2010)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): 1.3 % (2010)
  • Unemployment: 5.4% (April 2012)
  • Public Debt (% of GDP) : 81.2 (2012)
  • Main Industries: iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles
  • Main Exports: machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, and textiles
  • Main Imports: machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, and metals
  • Main Trading Partners: France, USA, UK, Italy, Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland.
  • Government

  • Type of Government: Republic
  • Parliamentary System : bicameral Parliament (Federal Diet and Federal Council)
  • Administrative Division : 16 states, 439 districts and cities
  • Capital: Berlin (since 1990)
  • Head of State: Joachim Gauck (since 2012)
  • Prime Minister: Angela Merkel (since 2005)

    Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1
  • Electricity: 230V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .de
  • International dialling code: +49

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