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Famous people from Germany

Famous German people

Monarchs (by chronological order)

  • Henry I the Fowler (876-936), Duke of Saxony, King of Germany (generally considered to be the first king of the medieval German state)
  • Otto I the Great (912-973), Duke of Saxony, King of Germany, King of Italy, and arguably the first Holy Roman Emperor
  • Henry IV (1050-1106), King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor
  • Frederick I Barbarossa (1122-1190), King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor
  • George I (1660-1727), Prince-Elector of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, King of Great Britain and King of Ireland (1714-1727)
  • Frederick II the Great (1712-1786), King of Prussia (1740-1786), Prince-Elector of Brandenburg, and enlightened monarch
  • Leopold I of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1790-1865), first King of the Belgians (1831-1865)
  • William I (1797-1888), King of Prussia (1861-1888) and first German Emperor (1871-1888)
  • Otto of Greece (1815-1867), King of Bavaria, and first modern king of Greece (1833-1862)
  • Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, (1819-1861), Queen Victoria's husband & consort
  • Carol of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1839-1914), first King of the Romanians (1881-1914)
  • Alexander of Battenberg (1857-1893), first Prince (Kniaz) of modern Bulgaria
  • Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1861-1948), Prince of Bulgaria (1887-1908), first King (or Tsar) of the Bulgarians (1908-1918)

Philosophers

  • Friedrich Engels (1820-1895), philosopher, political economist, and co-founder of communism
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)
  • Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)
  • Karl Marx (1818-1883), philosopher, sociologist, and co-founder of communism
  • Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
  • Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

Scientists & Inventors

  • Anton de Bary (1831-1888), surgeon, botanist, microbiologist, founder of plant pathology and modern mycology
  • Karl Benz (1844-1929), engineer, inventor of the gasoline-powered automobile, and founder of Mercedes-Benz
  • Wernher von Braun (1912-1977), space engineer and rocket scientist
  • Gottlieb Daimler (1834-1900), inventor, engineer and founder of Daimler Motors
  • Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913), inventor of the Diesel engine
  • Albert Einstein (1879-1955) physicist, known for the theory of relativity
  • Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855), mathematician (has been called the "greatest mathematician since antiquity")
  • Johann Gutenberg, (c. 1400-1468), inventor of the printing press in Europe
  • Otto Hahn, (1879-1968) chemist (Nobel laureate), pioneer of radioactivity and radiochemistry, and "the father of nuclear chemistry"
  • Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901-1976), physicist (Nobel laureate), one of the founders of quantum mechanics
  • Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (1857-1894), physicist
  • Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), naturalist and explorer, early biogeographist
  • Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi (1804-1851), one of the greatest algorists and mathematicians of all time
  • Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), astronomer
  • Robert Koch (1843-1910), physician (Nobel laureate), co-founder of bacteriology,isolator of anthrax, tuberculosis and cholera
  • Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716), physicist, mathematician and philosopher
  • Wilhelm Maybach (1846-1929), car-engine and automobile constructor
  • Nikolaus Otto, (1832-1891) inventor of the internal-combustion engine, coinventor of the Otto cycle
  • Max Planck, (1858-1947) physicist, founder of quantum theory
  • Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923), physicist
  • Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786), chemist, discoverer of oxygen and chlorine
  • Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1804-1881), botanist and co-founder of cell theory
  • Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890), archaeologist, excavator of Troy, Mycenae and Tiryns
  • Theodor Schwann (1810-1882), physiologist, and co-founder of cell theory
  • William Stern (1871-1938), psychologist, philosopher, inventor of the concept of the intelligence quotient (IQ)
  • Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902), doctor, anthropologist, biologist and pathologist ("father of pathology")
  • Karl Weierstrass (1815-1897), mathematician ("father of modern analysis")
  • Wilhelm Wundt, (1832-1920), physiologist, psychologist, founder of experimental psychology and cognitive psychology
  • Ferdinand von Zeppelin, (1838-1917), inventor of the Zeppelin

Writers

  • Wilhelm Busch (1832-1908), poet and satirist
  • Günter Grass (born 1927), author, Nobel Prize in Literature 1999
  • Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832), author, poet, dramatist, scientist, painter
  • Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859), famous collectors of fairy tales
  • Heinrich Heine (1797-1856), essayist and Romantic poet
  • Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803), essayist, philosopher and poet
  • Hermann Hesse (1877-1962), author
  • Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843), Classical and Romantic poet
  • Novalis (1772-1801), Romantic poet and novelist
  • Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805), poet, playwright, philosopher, and historian
  • August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767-1845), Romantic poet, critic and translator

Composers

  • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, (1714-1788)
  • Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
  • Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
  • Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
  • Max Bruch (1838-1920)
  • Georg Friedrich Händel (1685-1759)
  • Paul Hindemith (1895-1963)
  • Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809-1847)
  • Carl Orff, (1895-1982)
  • Johann Pachelbel, (1653-1706)
  • Robert Schumann, (1810-1856)
  • Richard Strauss, (1864-1949)
  • Georg Philipp Telemann, (1681-1767)
  • Richard Wagner, (1813-1883)
  • Carl Maria von Weber, (1786-1826)

Painters

  • Lucas Cranach the Elder, (1472-1553) and the Younger, (1515-1586), Renaissance painters
  • Albrecht Dürer, (1471-1528), Renaissance painter
  • Caspar David Friedrich, (1774-1840), Romantic painter
  • Hans Holbein the Elder, (c.1465-1524) and the Younger, (c.1497-1543), Renaissance painters

Sports

  • Boris Becker (born 1967), tennis player, six-time Grand Slam singles champion, Olympic gold medalist, and the youngest-ever winner of the men's singles title at Wimbledon.

  • Steffi Graf (born 1969), tennis player, winner of 22 Grand Slam singles titles, second among male and female players only to Margaret Smith Court's 24.

  • Michael Schumacher (born 1969), former Formula One driver, seven-time world champion and statistically the greatest F1 driver ever.

Other famous Germans

  • Hildegard von Bingen, (1098-1179), abbess, artist, author, counselor, dramatist, linguist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, poet, political consultant, prophet, visionary, and a composer of music (precursor of the opera).

  • Prince Otto von Bismarck, (1815-1898), Prussian statesman, Imperial Chancellor and engineer of the Unification of Germany.

  • Hugo Boss (1885-1948), fashion designer.

  • Marlene Dietrich (1901-1992), actress
  • Diane Kruger (born 1976), model and actress
  • Claudia Schiffer (born 1970), actress and supermodel


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