Apulia (Puglia in Italian) is the 'heel of Italy's boot'. The region spans over 19,345 km▓ (7,469 sq mi), and its population is about 4.1 million. It is the largest continental region of Southern Italy and the second most populous after Campania.
Apulia was known alternatively in ancient times as Messapia, Calabria, and Iapygia. Before the Roman conquest,its inhabitants spoke a language related to Illyrian languages. Nowadays various dialects are spoken, such as Tarantino and Salentino in the south (both related to Sicilian), the Bari dialect of Neapolitan language around Bari, and Faetar, a rare dialect of the Franco-Provenšal language, in two isolated towns in the Province of Foggia.
Apulia boasts many first-rate attractions like the superbly located seaside towns of Polignano a Mare, Monopoli, Vieste and Peschici. The traditional trulli houses of Alberobello, dry stone huts with a conical limestone roofs, and Castel del Monte, the 13th-century castle of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, are both UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Apulia is Italy's largest producer of oilve oil, accounting for 21% of the total production.
North (Gargano Promontory)
South (Salento Peninsula)