Emilia-Romagna is composed of the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. With an area of 22,446 km² (8,666 sq mi) and 4.4 million inhabitants, it is the 6th largest and 7th most populous of the 20 Italian regions. It is the second richest region after Lombardy in terms of GDP per capita.
The University of Bologna, founded in 1088, is the world's oldest university in continuous operation, while Modena's is the fourth oldest. Italy's most prestigious automobiles and motorcycles (Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati, De Tomaso and Ducati) are all manufactured in Emilia-Romagna.
Most of Emilia-Romagna lies in the flat Po Valley and the local architecture is dominated by red bricks rather the stone. Some cities like Modena and Correggio opted for painted façades, conferring them a brighter and more cheerful atmosphere than their neighbours. The Renaissance city planning of Ferrara and its grand ducal castle have contributed to its listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Also listed are the Early Christian monuments of Ravenna.
Famous people from Emilia-Romagna include (chronologically): the composer Giuseppe Verdi, the poet Giosuè Carducci (Nobel Prize, and regarded as Italy's national poet), the inventor Guglielmo Marconi, the dictator Benito Mussolini, the motor racing driver Enzo Ferrari (founder of the Scuderia Ferrari), the fashion designer Giorgio Armani, the politician Romano Prodi (former Prime Minister of Italy and President of the European Commission), and the alpine ski champion Alberto Tomba.
The cuisine of Emilia-Romagna is highly reputed and includes classic dishes such as tortellini, lasagne, and tagliatelle. Parmesan (Parmigiano Reggiano), Italy's most famous cheese, is produced in the Emilian cities of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena and Bologna, while the Grana Padano variety is produced in Piacenza.
Other culinary specialities include the Parma's prosciutto, Piacenza's pancetta, Modena's cotechino and Bologna's mortadella. Barilla, Italy's most famous pasta maker, and its subsidiary Mulino Bianco, a well-known biscuit manufacturer, are both based in Parma.
The region's gastronomic capital might well be Modena, which ranks in sixth position nationwide for the total number of Michelin stars.
Attractions are listed geographically, from west to east (left to right) and north to south (top to bottom).