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Italy Factsheet
Last update : June 2012

Demography

  • Population: 59.4 million (2011 est.)
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 199.5 (national average), 428 (Campania - highest), 39 (Valle d'Aosta - lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): Rome (2.7 m), Milan (1.3 m), Naples (0.96 m), Turin (0.91 m), Palermo (0.66 m)
  • Home Ownership: 75%
  • Urban Population: 68%
  • Life Expectancy: 79.81 years (average), 76.88 years (men), 82.94 years (women) (2005 est.)
  • Birth Rate: 9.3 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
  • Death Rate: 9.7 deaths/1,000 population (2011 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasian (97%), North African (1.3%), Black African, East Asian
  • Registered foreigners: 3 million (2006), among which 450,000 Romanians, 300,000 Moroccans, and 300,000 Albanians, 150,000 Ukrainians.
  • Official Language: Italian (+ 18 regional languages and many more dialects)
  • Major Religions: Roman Catholicism, Agnosticism, Atheism
  • Geography

  • Area: 301,338 km˛
  • Coastline : 7,600 km
  • Highest Peak: Mont Blanc : (4,748 m)
  • Lowest Elevation: sea level (0 m)
  • Regions of Italy

    Regions and Departments of Italy

    Economy

  • Monetary unit: Euro (€, EUR)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 January - 31 December
  • GDP (nominal - IMF): US$2.0 trillion (2011)
  • GNI per capita (Atlas methodology): US$35,700 (2011)
  • GDP per capita at PPP: US$30,464 (2011 - IMF)
  • GDP - real growth rate: -0.8 % (2012)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): 1.4 % (2010)
  • Unemployment: 10.2% (April 2012)
  • Public Debt (% of GDP) : 118 (2010)
  • Main Industries: tourism, commerce, communications, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, automobiles, home appliances, clothing, footwear, ceramics
  • Main Exports: engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, electric goods, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals, nonferrous metals
  • Main Imports: engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; automobiles, electronics, food, beverages, tobacco
  • Main Trading Partners: Germany, France, Spain, China, USA, UK, Netherlands, Belgium
  • Government

  • Type of Government: Republic
  • Parliamentary System : bicameral Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate)
  • Administrative Division : 20 regions, regions, 109 provinces, 8,100 municipalities
  • Capital: Rome (since 1870)
  • Head of State: Giorgio Napolitano (since 2006)
  • Prime Minister: Mario Monti (since 2011)

    Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1
  • Electricity: 230V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .it
  • International dialling code: +39



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