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Netherlands Factsheet

Last update : June 2012

Demography

  • Population: 16.4 million
  • Population Density (inhabitant/km2): 395 (national average), 1,207.3 (province of South Holland - highest), 181.9 (province of Drenthe - lowest)
  • Largest Cities (pop. in million): Amsterdam (1.5 m), Rotterdam (1.1m), Utrecht (0.82 m), The Hague (0.60 m), Leiden (0.25 m)
  • Number of municipalities: 458
  • Home Ownership: 54% (2005)
  • Urban Population: 80%
  • Life Expectancy: 79.4 (average), 76.8 years (men), 82.14 years (women) (2009 est.)
  • Birth Rate: 10.9 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
  • Death Rate: 8.68 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
  • Ethnic Composition: Caucasians (87%), Arabs (5%), East Asians (3%), Black Africans (2.5%), Others (2.5%)
  • Registered foreigners (2007) : 3,315,000, among which 396,000 Indonesians, 386,000 Germans, 358,000 Turks, 328,000 Surinamese, 314,000 Moroccans, 240,000 Caribbeans, 112,000 Belgians, 76,000 Britons, 44,000 Chinese, 44,000 Iraqi, 40,000 Pakistani.
  • Official Language: Dutch
  • Major Religions: Agnosticism, Atheism, Protestantism (Dutch Reformed, Calvinist), Roman Catholicism, Islam

  • Geography

  • Area: 41,526 sq km
  • Coastline: 451 km
  • Highest Peak: Vaalserberg (321m)
  • Lowest Elevation: Zuidplaspolder ( -7 m)
  • Provinces of the Netherlands (Map by Alphathon - Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license)

    Economy

  • Monetary unit: Euro (, EUR)
  • Fiscal Year: 1 January - 31 December
  • GDP (nominal - IMF): US$882 billion (2011)
  • GNI per capita (Atlas methodology): US$49,030 (2011)
  • GDP per capita at PPP: US$41,949 (2011 - IMF)
  • GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2011)
  • Inflation (consumer prices): 1.2 % (2009)
  • Unemployment: 5.2% (April 2012)
  • Public Debt (% of GDP) : 62.2 (2011)
  • Main Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electronic machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
  • Main Exports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
  • Main Imports: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing
  • Main Trading Partners: Germany, Belgium, France, UK, USA, China, Italy
  • Government

  • Type of Government: Constitutional Monarchy
  • Parliamentary System : bicameral Diet (First Chamber and Second Chamber)
  • Administrative Division : 12 provinces
  • Capital: Amsterdam (since 1806)
  • Head of State: Queen Beatrix (since 1980)
  • Prime Minister: Mark Rutte (since 2010)
  • Miscellaneous

  • Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1
  • Electricity: 230V AC, 50Hz
  • Weights & measures: Metric
  • Internet domain: .nl
  • International dialling code: +31

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