Fife is the smallest (mainland) region of Scotland, though the fifith most populous, with 350,000 inhabitants. Outlined by the Firth of Tay to the north and the Firth of Forth to the south, it was formed wholly from the traditional county of Fife, itself named after the ancient Pictish Kingdom of Fife.
The star attraction is the small town of St Andrews, home to the third oldest university in the English-speaking world (founded in 1410-13) and famous worldwide for being the place where the modern game of golf was first developed. The Old Course at St Andrews, established in 1552, is one of the oldest golf courses in the world and one of the most prestigious.
Other noteworthy places include Dundee, Fife's largest city, where marmalade is said to have been invented in 1797; the pretty little port of Anstruther; and the historic town of Dunfermline. The small county town of Glenrothes is of little tourist interest.
Wemyss Castle Gardens