Aragon is the fourth largest Spanish autonomous community and one of the least densely populated. Over half of its population of 1.3 million lives in the regional capital, Zaragoza.
Aragon is a region of contrasts, ranging from the glaciers and verdant valleys of the Pyrenees to rich pasture lands and orchards, through to the arid steppe plains of the central lowlands.
As it to be expected from a landlocked region, meat features high in Aragonese cuisine. Game, such as partridge, rabbit, deer, and wild boar are popular, although river fish (trout, eel) are also eaten. Other specialties include roast lamb, pollo al chilindrón (a chicken stew cooked with onions, tomatoes and red peppers), and chireta ("Aragonse haggis", found in the Pyrenees). Teruel is renowned for its arbiello and longaniza sausages and its jamón serrano (dry-cured ham). There are four appellations of Aragonese wines: Calatayud, Campo de Borja, Cariñena, and Somontano.
Famous people from Aragon include (chronologically): the painter Francisco Goya, and the neuroscientist Santiago Ramón y Cajal (Nobel Prize, dubbed the father of modern neuroscience).