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Eldritch
15-02-13, 17:55
The Europeoid race

The Europeoid race, in different classifications is called Caucasoid, or Eurasian race (Europeoids) - it is extended in Europe, North Africa (to the Sahara), Near East, middle East and central Asia, North India. Characteristic features of the population: the color of the skin, hair and eyes varies from the very bright shades in northern groups to very dark in south and east, hair straight or wavy, soft, face orthognathous, in the horizontal plane (as seen from the top) noticeably comes out forward, superciliary arcs frequently well developed, low orbits, angular, the section of eyes always wide, but ocular slot can be small, no epicanthic fold, usually large nose, sharply projecting, sagittally oriented nostrils, high nose bridge, narrow mouth, small or average lip thickness, strong beard and whisker growth, average build, brush (?) and wide feet. On the edges of its area the Europeoid race passes smoothly onto the Uralic, South Siberian, Mongoloid, Negroid, Ethiopian and Dravidian races.

Balkan-Caucasian race

The Balkan-Caucasian (or Pamir- Alpine) minor race - is a division of the Europeoid major race. The population of the mountain belt, which stretches from the West to the east of the Pyrenees through the Alps, the Balkans, the Caucasus, El'burs, Kopet Dagh, hindu kush, the Pamirs and Tien Shan to the Himalayas. It differs from other Europeoids in terms of the combination of light skin with very dark hair and in terms of eyes (the darkening frequently going to the side of reddish shades), with stronger beard, whisker and hair growth. Other characteristics: brachycephaly, large nose, frequently with convex spine, big face, frequently massive superciliary arcs, massive thick-set build, frequently tall stature. In the southern regions it passes gradually into the Indus- Mediterranean race.

Types:

The Alpine type of the Balkan-Caucasian race (or the Alpine race) - is the anthropological type of the population of the Alps. It is characterized by high frequency of the concave nasal spine, brachycephaly, light pigmentation compared to other mountain groups and dark in comparison and shorter compared to populations from the plains.

The Dinaric type of the Balkan-Caucasian race or Dinaric race, extended in the Balkans. It is characterized by very tall stature, massive skull and body build, by the large features of the face, by the very wide face and head.

The Pontus-Zagros type of the Balkan-Caucasian race, or Pontus-Zagros race - is extended among the southern Caucasian peoples, for example, the Armenians. It differs from other Caucasian varieties of the same race in terms of smaller sizes, the more frequent occurrence of the omitted (?) tips of nose and the percentage of light eyes, intermediate between the Caucasionic and Caucasian types.

The Assyroid (or Prosoasiatic) type of the Balkan- Caucasian race - is extended in the Near East, occupies an intermediate position between the Balkan-Caucasian and Indo-Mediterranean races. It is characterized by large nose with convex spine and omitted tip, wavy or curly hair, thick eyebrows, very strong growth of the beard, whiskers and hair and medium height.

The Caucasian type of the Balkan-Caucasian race or the Caucasian race - is extended in the Caucasus, for example, among imeretintsev (?). It differs from the Caucasionic and Pontus-Zagros types in terms of large sizes, absence of the light pigmentation of eyes and in terms of percentage of the omitted tips of nose, intermediate between the types indicated.

The Caucasionic type of the Balkan-Caucasian race - is extended in the North Caucasus, in Georgia, Daghestan and contiguous regions, for example, among the Chechens, Ingushes, Ossetes, Karachayevs and Balkars. It is characterized by very wide face, relative to other Caucasian groups by light eyes, by tall stature.


Indo-Mediterranean race

The Indo- Mediterranean (or Mediterranean) race - is a division of the major Europeoid race, extending along the coast of the Mediterranean (in Europe and North Africa to including the Sahara), Black sea and further to the east through front Asia to North India. Characteristic features: gracile build, dark-comlexioned skin, dark pigmentation of hair and eyes, usually a comparatively small stature, dolicho- or mezocephaly, narrow face, elongated, ortognathous, wavy hair, wide orbits, almond-shaped eyes, long, straight, or convex nose, thin lips, but thicker than in northern Europeoids. On the northern boundaries of its area it smoothly passes into the Balkan-Caucasian race, on the southwest - into the Ethiopian and the the Negroid, on southeast - into the the Dravidian one.

Types:

The Insular-Iberian type of the Indo-Mediterranean race - is extended on the islands of the western part of the Mediterranean. It is characterized by low stature and comparatively wide face in comparison with the population of the continent.

The Inland-Coastal type of the Indo-Mediterranean race or Iberian race - is extended in the coastal areas of South Europe. It is characterized by general gracility, narrow face, low stature, dolichocephaly.

The Berber type of the Indo-Mediterranean race - is extended among the populations of North Africa, in the Sahara. It differs from the Arab type due to a very high and narrow face, angular features, straight nose, in terms of wider head less high. Some groups are characterized by very tall stature and comparatively light pigmentation of the eyes. Many groups of this type are strongly mixed with Negroid varieties.

The Adriatic type of the Indo-Mediterranean race - is extended on the coast of the Adriatic sea, in the eastern part of the Mediterranean. It differs from the adjacent versions of the same race in terms of a comparatively tall stature, somewhat lighter pigmentation, and has a number of gradations into the Balkan-Caucasian race.

The Pontic type of the Indo-Mediterranean race, or Pontic race, Black Sea or Eastern Mediterranean type - is extended among the peoples of the coast of the Black sea, for example, of Adygei and South Russians. Somewhat in terms of larger sizes, and also in terms of increased percentage of the omitted (?) tip of the nose and light eyes it is different from the more southern Caspian type.

Black Sea type - one of the synonyms of the Pontic type of the Indo-Mediterranean race.

The Northern Pontic type of the Europeoid race - according to Bunak, the northern variety of the Pontic type, differing from the southern one by lighter pigmentation.

The Arabian type of the Indo-Mediterranean race or Semito-Arabian race - southwestern anthropological variety, which passes into the Balkan-Caucasian race. It is characterized by a comparatively low stature, large dimensions of the nose, in comparison with other types of the same race by a wide face. Some groups of the Near East, on the contrary, are very tall and narrow-faced.

The Indo-Afghan type of the Indo-Mediterranean race, or Indo-iranian race - eastern variety, which differs from the majority of eastern varieties in terms of tall stature and great increase in the beard and whisker growth. G.F. Debets divided the Indo-Afghan race into the North Indian, Hindu Kush and Pamir-Ferghana types.

The Caspian type of the Indo-Mediterranean race (otherwise, Caspian, or Transcaspian race) - is extended among the peoples of Transcaucasia, for example, Azerbaijanis, possibly also among Pamirians. it differs from the more northern Pontic type in terms of gracility, straighter nose and rarity of light eyes.

Transcaspian race - synonym of the Caspian type of the Indo-Mediterranean race.


Atlanto-Baltic race

The Atlanto-Baltic (or Atlantic) minor race - is a division of the major Europeoid race. It is extended essentially among the peoples of north and northwest Europe. Characteristic features: high narrow face, ortognathism, narrow lips, strong nasal projection with straight spine, high percentage of light eyes and hair, soft hair, straight and wavy, an increase in beard and whiskers growth, very light skin, tall stature. It is assumed on this combination of features that the Atlanto-Baltic race is a depigmented version of the Indo-Mediterranean race. Is differs from the very similar White Sea-Baltic race in terms of a greater height and smaller width of face, a straight nose, large stature, somewhat darker pigmentation (determined, naturally, in percentages for the population, but not for individually) and with a large increase in the beard and whiskers.

Types:

The northwestern type of the Atlanto-Baltic race - extends to Great Britain, East Norway and Sweden, and is distinguished from the southeastern version by a narrow face and dolicho- or mesocephaly.

The southeastern type of the Atlanto-Baltic race - is extends to the north of Germany, and is distinguished from the northwestern version by a wider face and brachycephaly.

The Scandinavian type of the Atlanto-Baltic race - extends in the northeastern part of the area of this race among the Norwegians, the Swedes, the Latvians, the Estonians and the adjacent peoples. It is characterized by high stature and very light pigmentation.


White Sea-Baltic race

The White Sea-Baltic (or Baltic) minor race - is a division of the major Europeoid race. It is extended in the east of the north of Europe. It is characterized by the world maximum of the light pigmentation of the skin, hair and eyes, ortognathism, soft straight or wavy hair, and the small dimensions of the orbits. It is distinguished by the very similar Atlanto-Baltic race by a low face, increased percentage of concave nasal spine, and lower stature.

The White Sea type of the Europeoid race - according to Cheboksarov, the light-haired, light eyed, snub-nosed, straight haired, undersized, short faced type of Russian people. It is different from the eastern-Baltic type due to smaller brachycephaly and in terms of more abundant beard.

The Eastern-Baltic type of the Europeoid race - according to Cheboksarov, it is the light-haired, svetloglazyy (?), snub-nosed, pryamovolosyy (?), undersized, korotkolitsyy (?) type of the Russian people. It differs from the White Sea type due to greater brachycephaly and weaker beard growth.

The Baltic type of the Europeoid race or the Baltic race - according to Bunak, it is the northern circle of types, which differ from the southern ones in terms of lighter pigmentation and other features, the exemplary analog of the White Sea-Baltic race.

Central-European race

Division of the major Europeoid race, extending in the middle zone of Europe, the so-called belt of brown-haired men. Characteristic features: hair dark with light-brown and brownish shades, mixed eye shades, very light skin, compared to the Atlanto-Baltic race the face is somewhat lower and wider, stronger beard growth, whiskers and hair but less than in Balkan-Caucasian race, size and shape of the nose varies greatly, but more frequently nose projects strongly, with straight or bent spine, thin lips, average stature. Variation is described well by geographical gradients: the width of face increases from the West to the east, the growth of the beard and whiskers decreases, the overall sizes decrease from the north to the south, the intensity of pigmentation increases and the size of the ocular slot increases.

Central Eastern European race

According to Bunak, the eastern version of the Central-European race.

Ryazan type of Central-European race or lower-Oka type - according to Chepurkovski (?) the darker mesocephalic variety of the Russian people, according to Bunak a northern Pontic subtype.

Ilmen type of Europeoid race - According to Cheboksarov the dark-haired, dark-eyed, straight-nosed, wavy haired, tall, long faced type of Russian people. It differs from the Valdai type in terms of higher stature and less brachycephaly.

Valdai type of Central-European race, according to Chepurkovsky the light brachycephalic type of Russian people, according to Bunak, a subtype of the Baltic type, according to Cheboksarov, the dark-haired, dark-eyed, straight-nosed, wavy-haired, tall, long faced type of the Russian people. It differs from the Il'men type due to greater brachycephaly and shorter stature.


The Vyatsky-Permian type of the Europeoid race According to Bunak, one of the northeastern varieties of the Russian people, which has admixture of Uralic race.

The Vologodsko-Kostroma type of the Europeoid race, according to Bunak, one of the northeastern varieties of the Russian people, which has admixture of Uralic race.

The Upper Dnieper type of the Europeoid race - according to Bunaku, the taller, less brachycephalic and lighter-pigmented variety of the Belorussian people.

The Carpathian type of the Europeoid race - according to Dyachenko the most brachycephalic, most narrow-faced and most thin-nosed, dark-haired, dark-eyed, with the highest percentage of convex nose spines and the greatest growth of the beard, whiskers and chest hair, type of the Ukrainian people.

MOESAN
22-02-13, 20:15
I see here not phenotypes but physical-ethnic more or less homogenous groups based on means without any research for genetic possibly or majoritory homozygotous components -