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Sile
03-06-15, 08:53
Paper below states the Neolithic LBK_EN farmers In Germany in association with cattle migration came via the modern Turkenistan-iranian border

http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2156/16/54

Cattle domestication started in the 9th millennium BC in Southwest Asia. Domesticated cattle were then introduced into Europe during the Neolithic transition. However, the scarcity of palaeogenetic data from the first European domesticated cattle still inhibits the accurate reconstruction of their early demography. In this study, mitochondrial DNA from 193 ancient and 597 modern domesticated cattle (Bos taurus) from sites across Europe, Western Anatolia and Iran were analysed to provide insight into the Neolithic dispersal process and the role of the local European aurochs population during cattle domestication.

The most plausible scenario to explain these results is a single and regionally restricted domestication process of cattle in the Near East with subsequent migration into Europe during the Neolithic transition without significant maternal interbreeding with the endogenous wild stock. Evidence for gene-flow between cattle populations from Southwestern Asia and Europe during the earlier phases of the European Neolithic points towards intercontinental trade connections between Neolithic farmers.

bicicleur
03-06-15, 18:35
very instructive
thx

Sile
04-06-15, 19:40
very instructive
thx


You will realise the paper basically states that there was no mix of cattle from point A ( iran ) to point B ( europe ), the non-mixture of breeds means the cattle where brought by people. example, the neolithic G2a german finds of 5500BC in saxony according to the map in the link originated south of the caspian sea............this is what the message is in the paper ( figure 2 in link is a visual summary )

bicicleur
04-06-15, 21:43
if I understand well cattle DNA from 7 different areas was compared
the results match the image of the 2 known neolithic expansions into Europe : along the Mediterranean and along the Danube
special is that LBK cattle comes from just a few Hungarian cows, so probably no multiple entries from the Carpathian basin into northwestern Europe