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Northener
11-01-16, 23:29
E-V22: Neolithic Saharian settlers along the Nile!?

- In the haplogroup tree haplogroup E-M78, originated about 14.000 years ago (y-full), is the forefather of E-V22. In 2007 Prof. Cruciani stated that the origins of E-M78 was the Egyptian/Libyan area. Recently this is confirmed by prof. Trombetta e.a. (2015) they claimed: "a northern African location is favored for the node defining the M78 sub-clade (posterior probability = 0.76), supporting the previous hypothesis of Cruciani et al. (2007).” Up until now no scientist proved otherwise.
- Battaglia e.a (2009) wrote: ‘A recent archaeological study reveals that during a desiccation period in North Africa, while the eastern Sahara was depopulated, a refugium existed on the border of present-day Sudan and Egypt, near Lake Nubia, until the onset of a humid phase around 8500 BC (radiocarbon-calibrated date). The rapid arrival of wet conditions during this Early Holocene period provided an impetus for population movement into habitat that was quickly settled afterwards';
- Changing weather conditions about 8500 years ago corresponds with the Neolithization of Egypt at that time: ‘In the Nile Valley, the Saharian met and mixed with the descendants of the South Western Asian Neolithic population responsible for the introduction of the Southwest Asian agricultural tradition into the Nile Valley....’ (Peter Bellwood 2005);
- Allison Smith (2009) ‘ The prime Northeast African haplogroup E candidate related to the arrival of farmers and/or pastoralists from the Levant is undated E-M34. E-V12(xV32) and E-V22 may well represent local adaptation.’
- On basis of the E-V22 data within the Y-full group E-V22 we can detect a clear founder effect. The formation of E-V22 was 8500 years ago (see the Experimental YTree v 4.01).Within a relative short time few hundred years there where 7 mutations, subbranches, within the E-V22 markers (Y2530_2 and PH2818).

A clear founder effect that makes clear that E-V22 originates in the Neolithization and settling along the Nile!?

bicicleur
11-01-16, 23:41
is there a map which shows the distribution of E-V22?
are there specific Eurasian subclades and specific African subclades? are there mixed subclades (Eurasian & African)?

Northener
12-01-16, 16:17
is there a map which shows the distribution of E-V22?
are there specific Eurasian subclades and specific African subclades? are there mixed subclades (Eurasian & African)?

1. Yes there is rudimentary by Vincenzo Passariello: https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?cid=ebbb9b62e7cfd388&page=view&resid=EBBB9B62E7CFD388!111&parId=EBBB9B62E7CFD388!103&app=Word&wacqt=mru

You can speak of a T zone;
! vertical, the old E-V22 strongholds in Egypt (Bahari 22%, Delta 14%, other parts Egypt way less) , Horn of Africa (South Sudan, Chad, Eritrea), max 88% Saho Eritrea
- horizontal, from Portugal till Pakistan, moderate percentages, max 5%.

2. Not identified yet. Too less samples. The available samples on Yfull suggest a mixture.