View Full Version : Grenada.

11-09-16, 17:28


Grenada's French colonists brought along their culture, as did the African slaves they brought across the Atlantic for agricultural work. The combination of these cultures is what you will find on this island. Indians have also influenced the island culture in more recent years.

With the passing of the Slave Trade Act 1807 by the British Parliament and the subsequent Abolishing of Slavery, indentured labor from India was procured at a very large scale.

The first ship, named nickor Jeremiah,departed from Calcutta, India on January 27, 1857 and arrived a few months later on May 1. In all 3,206 East Indians arrived in Grenada by 1885. Only 380 of them returned to India. The Indians made many contributions to Grenada. Indian Arrival Day was celebrated last year for the first time since the centenary celebration in 1957.

The Indians later on assimilated with the existing Africans, Europeans and other ethnicities intermarrying with each other. This very much influenced the culture and cuisine of Grenada.

The history of Grenada dates back to the early 1600s. The majority of Grenadian inhabitants are employed in agriculture as estate workers or small farmers. The most common exported crops are mace, cocoa and nutmeg. In the northern part of Grenada, a solar-powered chocolate factory has developed. Lately, China and the United States brought here genetically-engineered crops, but most Grenadian people plant those crops in the traditional way. Being a « Isle of Spice », it is considered that Grenadian cuisine uses many spices, bay leaves, nutmegs, capsicum, pepper, turmeric, cinnamon, ginger and clove. The most popular dishes are those based on Chicken, fish, crab and callaloo, curry rice, and fresh vegetables and fruits.
Special dishes reflect the cultural diversity of Grenada. The national dish, Oil Down (pronounced ile dung), is a combination of breadfruit, coconut milk, turmeric (misnamed saffron), dumplings, callaloo (taro leaves), and salted meat such as saltfish (cod), smoked herring or salt beef. It's often cooked in a large pot commonly referred to by locals as a karhee, or curry pot. Popular street foods include aloo pie, doubles, and dal puri served wrapped around a curry, commonly goat, and bakes and fish cakes. Sweets include kurma, guava cheese, fudge or barfi, tamarind balls, rum, raisin ice cream, currant rolls, and Grenadian spice cake
Grenadian cuisine uses elements from various cooking traditions borrowed from their neighbours and developed from their own traditional dishes. While there are no specific or unique preparation methods for Grenadian cooking, we should point out that attention to detail is important in the Grenadian cuisine. Using the right amount of spices for example is essential - either for spicing up the taste or for coloring the dish. The diversity of vegetables and cereals found in Grenada is also noticed in the delicious dishes belonging to their cuisine. The visual attractiveness of the dish is also important, and a balance between colors and proportion differentiates. Each traditional dish has a special cooking method, which is more or less general in all of Grenada's regions. Meat is one of the main elements of most Grenadian dishes and cured and smoked hams are often parts of delicious dishes.
Ranging from cake pans, can openers, colanders, egg rings, poachers and holders, food dishers & portioners, food pans & food containers to other kitchen utensils, such as food scales, food scoops and fryer baskets & accessories, the Grenadian cuisine needs a diverse cooking equipment set in order to produce the most sophisticated Grenadian dishes. You should consider insulated food carriers if you are transporting the food and a full set of kitchen linens and uniforms if you wish to look like a pro. Here are a few other items that will come handy while cooking Grenadian food: juicers, kitchen knives, kitchen slicers, kitchen thermometers, measuring cups & measuring spoons, miscellaneous utensils, mixing bowls and skimmers & strainers. Essential utensils like serving spoons, spatulas, forks, turners, scrapers and tongs should also be part of your cooking "arsenal".
Most of the Grenadian festivals have religious roots. Of course, the most important holiday is Christmas, followed by New Year’s Day, Easter Day, Corpus Christi, Independence Day, Labour Day, Emancipation Day, Thanksgiving and Boxing Day. On these occasions, the Grenadians from rural regions prepare and serve wide quantities of food, drinking, dancing and enjoying themselves. The International Food and Drink festival is held in March when people can try foods belonging to all the nationalities that live in Grenada. The Spice Jazz festival in another special occasion for the Grenadian people, and not only, to witness music, art, foods and crafts demonstrations that are unique to Grenada.

The music of Grenada has included the work of several major musicians, including Eddie Bullen, David Emmanuel, one of the best-selling reggae performers ever, and Mighty Sparrow, a calypsonian. The island is also known for jazz, most notably including Eddie Bullen, a pianist, songwriter and record producer currently residing in Canada. Kingsley Etienne, a keyboardist, while the Grenadan-American Joe Country & the Islanders have made a name in country music.

African dances brought to Grenada survive in an evolved form, as have European quadrilles and picquets. Some of the most popular recent dances include Heel-and-Toe and Carriacou Big Drum and Quadrille, with popular dancers including Willie Redhead, Thelma Phillips, Renalph Gebon and the Beewee Ballet.
Independence in 1974 launched a Grenadian national identity which was exemplified in the calypso of the time, which tended to be intensely patriotic. More modern calypso performers have experimented, using political commentary and poetry to expand the possibilities of Grenadian calypso. Indian influences have also changed the sound of Grenadian calypso.

Popular music of Grenada are Calypso music, Soca music and to a lesser extent Reggae and Dancehall. Soca produced in Grenada has a distinct style taking on the name of 'jab jab' soca.

Ethnic Racial Composition:
* 51.7% Black
* 40.5% Mulatto
* 4% East Indian
* 3.4% White
* 0.4% Others

A majority of Grenadine citizens are descendants of the African slaves brought by the English and French; few of the indigenous Carib and Arawak population survived the French purge at Sauteurs. A small percentage of descendants of indentured workers from India were brought to Grenada mainly from the North Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh between May 1, 1857 – January 10, 1885. Today, Grenadians of Indian descent comprise the second largest ethnic group. There is also a small community of French and English descendants.
Grenada, like many of the Caribbean islands is subject to a large amount of migration, with a large number of young people wanting to leave the island to seek life elsewhere. With 110,000 people living in Grenada, estimates and census data suggest that there are at least that number of Grenadian-born people in other parts of the Caribbean (such as Barbados and Trinidad) and at least that number again in First World countries. Popular migration points for Grenadians further north include New York City, Toronto, the United Kingdom (in particular, London and Yorkshire; see Grenadians in the UK) and sometimes Montreal, or as far south as Australia. This means that probably around a third of those born in Grenada still live there.

English is the official language of Grenada. They, however, also speak a local dialect in informal situations in English and it is simply referred to as "Dialect" or Grenadian English or Grenadian. Grenadian English has it's roots in Hiberno English (Southern Irish English) and British English with some influences from French and West African languages. A small number of Grenadians can still speak French or Grenadian French which has it's roots in 17th century Normandi French with some influences from English and West African languages. Carib words are still heard among everyday speakers.

According to 2004 reports, about 64% of the population were Roman Catholic. Other main groups included Anglicans (22%), Methodists (3%), and Seventh-Day Adventists (3%). Other Protestant denominations included Presbyterians, Church of God, Baptists, and Pentecostals. There is a growing number of Rastafarians.

Cricket is one of the most popular sports of Grenada, with intense inter-island rivalry with its Caribbean neighbours. Grenada National Cricket Stadium of St. George's hosts domestic and international cricket matches. Devon Smith, West Indies record holder to win the List-A West Indian domestic competition for the second time, was born in a small town of Hermitage.

Grenadian videos

11-09-16, 17:36
Grenadians & Grenada.

https://c6.staticflickr.com/4/3129/3174650725_a0f66db181_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/5QwV4k)Does this look like I'm spying on the Right Honourable Dr. Keith? (https://flic.kr/p/5QwV4k) by islandfella (https://www.flickr.com/photos/davonbaker/), on Flickr
https://c5.staticflickr.com/3/2131/2433110828_df8aa58de0_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/4H1k5G)Grenada town market (https://flic.kr/p/4H1k5G) by Christine Olson (https://www.flickr.com/photos/islandgyrl/), on Flickr
https://c6.staticflickr.com/5/4049/4704501485_f8672787b8_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/8aHNoz)Grenada local road (https://flic.kr/p/8aHNoz) by Lorrin Lee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lorrin/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/9/8176/7988928471_991fac2824_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/daXm74)Grand Anse (https://flic.kr/p/daXm74) by stuartwilson12 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartwilson12/), on Flickr
https://c1.staticflickr.com/4/3879/14273970400_d74a4bb6e0_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nKkQ6W)Colour. (https://flic.kr/p/nKkQ6W) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/8/7417/14183241351_1e3106eb47_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nBjPvZ)An all over tan ! (https://flic.kr/p/nBjPvZ) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c7.staticflickr.com/3/2914/14188138582_c989c2e1ab_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nBKVi1)Trying to stop the jungle . (https://flic.kr/p/nBKVi1) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c7.staticflickr.com/3/2896/14019353190_bfb8bf3cec_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nmQRh3)Proud (In colour). (https://flic.kr/p/nmQRh3) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c1.staticflickr.com/6/5556/14030264448_34cfa3863f_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nnNLPb)No you can't eat this one. (https://flic.kr/p/nnNLPb) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c7.staticflickr.com/6/5195/14223616294_c1bc9b74f0_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nETKzG)Time on your hands. (https://flic.kr/p/nETKzG) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/3/2938/14037814199_1dc6ff8951_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nott6i)Law and Order. (https://flic.kr/p/nott6i) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/3/2912/14057041999_eb7d7a5b40_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nqb1R6)Ballons in the surf. (https://flic.kr/p/nqb1R6) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c3.staticflickr.com/3/2939/14065813570_318eed3773_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nqWYk5)A small rum, while you work. (https://flic.kr/p/nqWYk5) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/6/5565/14254637191_df9742a4d2_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nHCK1K)Onray. (https://flic.kr/p/nHCK1K) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c5.staticflickr.com/3/2897/14087060260_855320f63f_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nsPSej)Blue (https://flic.kr/p/nsPSej) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c4.staticflickr.com/4/3734/14087183747_beea388b52_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nsQuWp)I remember when they were only this big. (https://flic.kr/p/nsQuWp) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c6.staticflickr.com/6/5546/14274455981_05157938f9_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/nKojs2)The Bullet. (https://flic.kr/p/nKojs2) by Neil Moralee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/neilmoralee/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/1/110/303880831_6896e70338_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/sRtbF)rainforest (https://flic.kr/p/sRtbF) by lukez2006 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lukezhan/), on Flickr
https://c6.staticflickr.com/5/4071/4704504597_9af1bfc235_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/8aHPje)Grenada local selling spice necklace (https://flic.kr/p/8aHPje) by Lorrin Lee (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lorrin/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/9/8173/7981356007_267ab312e2_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/dahx5k)Fishing Grenada (https://flic.kr/p/dahx5k) by stuartwilson12 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartwilson12/), on Flickr

11-09-16, 17:44
https://c3.staticflickr.com/5/4008/4490784346_10c12cfc5e_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/7QQrJj)Grenada (https://flic.kr/p/7QQrJj) by Planet Sixtysix (https://www.flickr.com/photos/planetsixtysix/), on Flickr
https://c4.staticflickr.com/3/2088/2072623491_332cf179bb_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/4a9JKM)The Colour of Grenada (https://flic.kr/p/4a9JKM) by Ken Hircock (https://www.flickr.com/photos/saxonfenken/), on Flickr
https://c3.staticflickr.com/3/2400/2433115186_5e5d3db009_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/4H1mnQ)Grenada (https://flic.kr/p/4H1mnQ) by Christine Olson (https://www.flickr.com/photos/islandgyrl/), on Flickr
https://c8.staticflickr.com/9/8312/7994129023_e95d5ff346_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/dbq13K)Grand Anse (https://flic.kr/p/dbq13K) by stuartwilson12 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartwilson12/), on Flickr
https://c5.staticflickr.com/8/7086/6919291636_79f35069a1_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/bxrbkE)DSC_0031 (https://flic.kr/p/bxrbkE) by at_bm_perry (https://www.flickr.com/photos/at_bm_perry/), on Flickr
https://c6.staticflickr.com/4/3667/11830961565_5a288d9592_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/j2sLFX)Local market vendor @ the town of St. George Grenada (https://flic.kr/p/j2sLFX) by Damion Jacob (https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/), on Flickr
https://c3.staticflickr.com/9/8170/7994134810_5b7af90690_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/dbq2Lw)Grand Anse (https://flic.kr/p/dbq2Lw) by stuartwilson12 (https://www.flickr.com/photos/stuartwilson12/), on Flickr
https://c6.staticflickr.com/9/8355/8333962397_0bca6a56e8_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/dGrJER)Running the Rapids (https://flic.kr/p/dGrJER) by Travis Marshall (https://www.flickr.com/photos/themarshallplan/), on Flickr
https://c3.staticflickr.com/5/4115/4738541162_ecc5d8c5d9_o.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/8dJgcy)House Remains (https://flic.kr/p/8dJgcy) by Lloyd Morgan (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lloydm/), on Flickr
https://c5.staticflickr.com/4/3101/3175465092_5825a8636d_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/5QB699)Westward Look (https://flic.kr/p/5QB699) by islandfella (https://www.flickr.com/photos/davonbaker/), on Flickr
https://c1.staticflickr.com/4/3264/3175465096_4574ce8b44_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/5QB69d)Bush Goat (https://flic.kr/p/5QB69d) by islandfella (https://www.flickr.com/photos/davonbaker/), on Flickr
https://c2.staticflickr.com/2/1048/3174698625_5f24227175_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/5Qxaic)Carriacou in Brilliant Colours (https://flic.kr/p/5Qxaic) by islandfella (https://www.flickr.com/photos/davonbaker/), on Flickr
https://c7.staticflickr.com/4/3268/3175552454_32eccdcf99_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/5QBx7o)Purplish Pinks (https://flic.kr/p/5QBx7o) by islandfella (https://www.flickr.com/photos/davonbaker/), on Flickr
https://c6.staticflickr.com/2/1037/3174650709_382a611c6f_b.jpg (https://flic.kr/p/5QwV44)Northward Look... (https://flic.kr/p/5QwV44) by islandfella (https://www.flickr.com/photos/davonbaker/), on Flickr

11-09-16, 17:45