View Full Version : Ancient mtDna from Roman Era central and southern Italy

08-12-16, 15:00
I posted this on another thread, but I think it should probably also be posted in the ancient dna section in case it gets buried.

In the supplement to this paper we can find this:

"We also evaluated SNPs in our reconstructed human mitochondrial genomes. All SNPs were called by Geneious (v. 7.1.2) (http://www.geneious.com (http://www.geneious.com/))[S41] at 5X coverage and 90% minimum variant frequency and also interpreted via HaploGrep2 [S53], with mutations indicated(absent, expected, private). The haplogroup of each individual was determined using HaploGrep2 [S53] from a consensus fasta file generated from the mitochondrial alignments, with the resultant SNP calls compared between HaploGrep2 [S53] and PhyloTree Build 17 [S54]: the haplogroup for sample LG20 is consistent with T2c1e (88.16% quality score) and LV13 is consistent with haplogroup T2b29 (62.17% quality score). "

This is the link to the paper:

http://www.cell.com/current-biology/...822(16)31201-5 (http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(16)31201-5)

This is the link to the supplement:
http://www.cell.com/cms/attachment/2...98569/mmc1.pdf (http://www.cell.com/cms/attachment/2074808631/2069298569/mmc1.pdf)

The mtDna T2c1e (LG20) comes from Vagnari.

The mtDna T2b29 (LV13) comes from Velia.

08-12-16, 20:50
Sorry, guys, I messed that up.

The mtDna T2c1e (LG20) comes from Vagnari.
"Vagnari is over 400 kmsoutheast of Rome, characterized as a rural estate participating in industrial processing activitiesas indicated by archaeological evidence of tile kilns and iron working, alongside agriculturalproduction [S19,S20]. In terms of Vagnari’s connection to the Empire at large, the site likelyconsisted of slaves, freedmen, and/or free tenants contributing to the activities of an Imperialestate [S21]. The cemetery at Vagnari is located on the southern part of the site, away from themain habitation area, and the 108 burials excavated mainly date between the 1st and 4th centuriesCE [21].

The mtDna T2b29 (LV13) comes from Velia.

Velia is over 350 km south of Rome, and is considered a minor port city, witharchaeological evidence of fortified city walls enclosing residential blocks and a thriving urbancentre (including workshops, a bathhouse, villas, and a ceremonial complex) [S22–S24].Alongside agricultural output, economic activities included a fishing industry, and harvestingtimber for the building and servicing of boats at the port facilities [S22–S24]. The cemetery itselfwas used from the 1st to 2nd centuries CE with more than 330 scattered burials excavated(inhumations and cremations) beyond the city walls [S25]"

It would have been interesting if they had gotten mtDna from Isola Sacra, a port, with more transitory people.