View Full Version : The settlement of the Germanic elite in Kujawy

16-12-17, 17:54
No genomes yet, but should be very interesting... They found many sekeletons from I BC - I AC centuries.


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The settlement of the Germanic elite in Kujawy

Archaeologists from the University of Warsaw discovered burial and burnt-out burials from the 1st century BC and the 1st century AD. The cemetery is located in the village of Wierzbiczany in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and is one of the elements of a transregional settlement complex. This is the first such discovery in the lands of Poland.

Such settlements are referred to in the archeology of the Iron Age as "central places". They served as craft and commercial centers, centers of social and political life. Most of the "central places" identified so far in the Barbaricum are found in Scandinavia, like Sorte Muld on Bornholm. The settlement complex in the area of ​​Wierzbiczan and the neighboring town of Gąski is the first such discovery in Poland. The team consists of several adjacent open settlements and related cemeteries.

Archaeologists began surface research in the spring of 2017. Their effect was the discovery of relics of a previously unknown settlement that is an element of the ancient metropolis and the associated cemetery. The trail of the latter was the finding of objects originally included in the equipment of burials destroyed by the orc. They include everyday objects, as well as fragments of ornaments and parts of clothing, including numerous Celtic and Roman workshops. Due to the potential significant scientific value of the site, the decision to undertake rescue excavations was made immediately. The work took place in November.

A unique burial ground

- The first discoveries already show that we are dealing with an unusual position. The graveyard was used from the first century BC to the first century BC and was of a bi-ritual character, which was not the rule in the areas inhabited by the Eastern Pomeranian population of Przeworsk culture, for whom the typical ritual was body-burning. Few skeletal graves - in addition to Kujawy and Pałuki - we register in the areas of Lower Silesia and western Małopolska. The dead were usually laid on their side or on their backs with their legs tucked up, less often in the upright position - says Marcin Rudnicki, head of the Institute of Archeology, University of Warsaw.

- The differentness of the funeral ritual and the often encountered isolation of skeletal burials can be a sign of belonging of the deceased to a foreign ethnic group - explains the archaeologist. - We find similar corpses in the case of a few burials from the lower Vistula in the north, as well as in the Czech Republic and south-western Slovakia in the south.

- A double burial from the first half of the first century BC, discovered a dozen or so days ago in Wierzbiczany, has a unique character. Corpses - probably women - were arranged one on top of the other, each of the buried people received their own equipment for the journey into the afterlife. One of its elements was a magnificent brown belt buckle - an element of typical German attire from the north. In another grave we came across an erect skeleton of an adult and buried in it burials of a child laid on the left side. Among the burial gifts are products imported from the north - amber beads - and from the south, for example, the fibers from the workshops operating in northern Italy and Noricum - says Marcin Rudnicki.

Ashtray from a bucket

The find made at the end of the excavation has a unique character. In the cremation grave, archaeologists have discovered a brown bucket - a sieve made in northern Italy or in the Easternpepean areas. It served as an ashtray in which burned bones of a deceased person with high social status were placed. Other objects found in the burial cave date the burial for the times of Emperor Octavian Augustus. The situla itself has not yet been dissected, it will be overexposed earlier.

Research will be continued next year. Perhaps it will be possible to explain whether the necropolis was used after the first century, and if not why the cessation of the dead died there. The extraordinary role of the settlement center, existing in the area of ​​today's Wierzbiczans, also continued in later times, that is during the Roman Empire. Between the first and the second half of the 5th century, huge amounts of coins, as well as dishes, decorations and parts of the outfit, were reaching there. In the area of ​​Wierzbiczan and neighboring Gąsek so far several thousand finds of Roman coins have been registered. - This is an unprecedented statistic, not only considering finds from Poland, but also from all Central Europe - adds Marcin Rudnicki.

16-12-17, 19:46
Amber Road trade, that's why so many Roman coins.