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Jovialis
10-01-18, 04:51
Mutations in ADCY3 are discovered to be linked to obesity. Populations that practice consanguinity, or small populations like ones found in Greenland, are likely to pass on these genes, according to the article. This is also linked to diabetes, as well as losing the sense of smell (Anosmia).

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-01-severe-obesity-linked-newly-gene.html?utm_source=tabs&utm_medium=link&utm_campaign=story-tabs



Abstract

Study of monogenic forms of obesity has demonstrated the pivotal role of the central leptin–melanocortin pathway in controlling energy balance, appetite and body weight1. The majority of loss-of-function mutations (mostly recessive or co-dominant) have been identified in genes that are directly involved in leptin–melanocortin signaling. These genes, however, only explain obesity in <5% of cases, predominantly from outbred populations2. We previously showed that, in a consanguineous population in Pakistan, recessive mutations in known obesity-related genes explain ~30% of cases with severe obesity3,4,5. These data suggested that new monogenic forms of obesity could also be identified in this population. Here we identify and functionally characterize homozygous mutations in the ADCY3 gene encoding adenylate cyclase 3 in children with severe obesity from consanguineous Pakistani families, as well as compound heterozygous mutations in a severely obese child of European-American descent. These findings highlight ADCY3 as an important mediator of energy homeostasis and an attractive pharmacological target in the treatment of obesity.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41588-017-0023-6