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View Full Version : Ancient Gothic mtDna



Angela
05-05-19, 17:23
See:

Stolarek et al

"Goth migration induced changes in the matrilineal genetic structure of the central-east European population"
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-43183-w

"For years, the issues related to the origin of the Goths and their early migrations in the Iron Age have been a matter of hot debate among archaeologists. Unfortunately, the lack of new independent data has precluded the evaluation of the existing hypothesis. To overcome this problem, we initiated systematic studies of the populations inhabiting the contemporary territory of Poland during the Iron Age. Here, we present an analysis of mitochondrial DNA isolated from 27 individuals (collectively called the Mas-VBIA group) excavated from an Iron Age cemetery (dated to the 2nd-4th century A.D.) attributed to Goths and located near Masłomęcz, eastern Poland. We found that Mas-VBIA has similar genetic diversity to present-day Asian populations and higher diversity than that of contemporary Europeans. Our studies revealed close genetic links between the Mas-VBIA and two other Iron Age populations from the Jutland peninsula and from Kowalewko, located in western Poland. We disclosed the genetic connection between the Mas-VBIA and ancient Pontic-Caspian steppe groups. Similar connections were absent in the chronologically earlier Kowalewko and Jutland peninsula populations. The collected results seem to be consistent with the historical narrative that assumed that the Goths originated in southern Scandinavia; then, at least part of the Goth population moved south through the territory of contemporary Poland towards the Black Sea region, where they mixed with local populations and formed the Chernyakhov culture. Finally, a fraction of the Chernyakhov population returned to the southeast region of present-day Poland and established the archaeological formation called the “Masłomęcz group”."

kingjohn
05-05-19, 17:43
Sample
Haplogroup
Anthropological sex
Genetic sex
mtDNA contamination


PCA0088
U3a1a
M
low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9898451


PCA0089
J1c3
F
F
0.9610449


PCA0090
U3a1a

F
0.9935336


PCA0091
U5a1b3

M
0.9964154


PCA0092
H16
F
F
0.9970401


PCA0093
T1a9
M
M
0.9048376


PCA0094
HV0f
F
F
0.9726827


PCA0095
H11a1

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9812048


PCA0096
U4c1

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9292417


PCA0097
T2a1a

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.988292


PCA0098
H1e2

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9980056


PCA0099
H1cg

F
0.9373612


PCA0100
HV0f
M
M
0.9963028


PCA0101
U5a2b3

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9964521


PCA0102
K1c1
M
M
0.9945874


PCA0103
H2a1a
F
F
0.9289728


PCA0104
H1a3

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9814315


PCA0105
U5a2a1

F
0.9984908


PCA0106
T2b

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9841855


PCA0107
U5a1b1e

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9879122


PCA0108
T2b23

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9255117


PCA0109
K1a27

F
0.9818328


PCA0110
H5e1b
M
M
0.9880837


PCA0111
N1a1a1a2
F
F
0.9538297


PCA0112
T2b2b

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9910141


PCA0113
V

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.8358445


PCA0114
H7a1a

low chrX and chrY coverage
0.9844894