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View Full Version : Kennewick Mans Vahaduo K23B results



Twilight
13-05-21, 21:47


 Hey guys, I was doing some research on Kennewick Mans dna and found that Vahaduo is saying that he might be a mix of various tribes in the Pacific Coast and South America. I was wondering from you guys if its either legit or eyes are deceiving me.
Thanks in Advanced.

12683


Vahaduo K23B Native American/Siberian Source.

Abkhasian,0.36,5.95,21.21,0.32,0.43,0.26,0.44,60.9 8,0.02,0.09,0.46,1.68,0.11,0.18,0.13,1.78,0.99,0.3 9,0.39,0.23,0.23,0.47,2.90
Aeta,0.56,0.01,0.00,2.98,15.75,9.17,50.81,0.00,1.7 4,0.49,0.23,0.01,0.03,7.09,1.20,0.00,0.11,0.05,0.0 1,8.29,0.79,0.67,0.01
Aleut,9.13,3.98,0.84,24.79,0.42,0.07,0.36,16.29,0. 00,0.02,1.12,1.93,0.00,0.14,0.02,0.56,0.26,0.25,0. 00,0.59,0.01,2.53,36.70
Algonquin,52.19,2.11,1.35,15.19,0.44,0.05,0.69,7.1 3,0.00,0.00,0.45,5.71,0.00,0.17,0.00,0.24,0.40,0.4 5,0.00,0.28,0.00,2.86,10.30
Apache,79.79,1.77,0.21,12.82,0.05,0.08,0.32,0.64,0 .00,0.00,0.36,1.12,0.00,0.08,0.00,0.14,0.01,0.46,0 .01,0.41,0.00,1.25,0.48
Athabask,58.18,2.14,0.15,33.79,0.09,0.01,1.77,0.02 ,0.00,0.00,0.10,0.02,0.00,0.03,0.00,0.02,0.01,0.05 ,0.00,1.59,0.00,1.95,0.08
Aymara,98.26,0.02,0.08,0.06,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.26,0. 00,0.02,0.01,1.12,0.00,0.00,0.02,0.05,0.01,0.01,0. 00,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.07
Bolivian,87.59,0.31,0.55,0.07,0.27,0.03,0.03,2.95, 0.01,0.05,0.01,4.34,0.10,0.02,0.07,0.82,0.73,0.03, 0.15,0.07,0.02,0.02,1.76
Bolivian_Cochabamba,92.55,0.49,0.10,0.10,0.02,0.03 ,0.00,1.44,0.03,0.03,0.01,3.45,0.04,0.02,0.03,0.09 ,0.46,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.31,0.01,0.76
Bolivian_LaPaz,97.59,0.05,0.08,0.05,0.02,0.00,0.00 ,0.23,0.08,0.04,0.01,1.24,0.03,0.00,0.02,0.12,0.28 ,0.02,0.01,0.00,0.01,0.01,0.11
Bolivian_Pando,90.80,0.12,0.29,0.16,0.03,0.01,0.03 ,1.32,0.02,0.07,0.02,4.29,0.02,0.10,0.15,0.39,0.67 ,0.06,0.01,0.02,0.21,0.05,1.16
Cabecar,99.90,0.00,0.00,0.09,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0 .00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.01,0 .00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Cachi,96.83,0.33,0.01,0.17,0.02,0.00,0.01,0.71,0.0 6,0.36,0.03,0.55,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.21,0.01,0.01,0.0 0,0.01,0.05,0.00,0.62
Chane,99.93,0.00,0.00,0.06,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Chilote,65.75,0.52,0.87,0.98,0.15,0.11,0.08,4.94,0 .06,0.07,0.30,16.15,0.04,0.08,0.01,2.28,2.23,0.21, 0.05,0.10,0.02,0.13,4.87
Chukchi,0.08,0.02,0.03,56.36,0.01,0.00,0.01,0.70,0 .00,0.00,0.63,0.18,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.02,0.02,40.11, 0.00,0.02,0.00,0.17,1.64
Chukchi_Sir,0.03,0.00,0.00,56.46,0.00,0.00,0.00,0. 00,0.00,0.00,0.27,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,43 .15,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.08,0.00
Cochimi,63.74,0.66,5.55,1.54,0.36,0.16,0.16,2.83,0 .00,0.02,1.77,13.19,0.12,0.25,0.52,0.31,2.55,0.14, 0.02,0.17,0.03,0.25,5.66
Colombian,21.63,1.47,2.57,0.17,0.59,0.08,0.11,13.9 3,0.09,0.68,0.18,32.98,0.14,0.35,1.51,2.59,3.95,0. 14,0.18,0.17,3.98,0.13,12.39
Cree,51.50,5.78,1.43,14.66,0.46,0.08,0.40,5.14,0.0 0,0.01,0.46,7.32,0.00,0.03,0.00,0.42,0.18,0.18,0.0 0,0.42,0.00,2.58,8.94
Cucupa,74.73,1.42,1.07,2.99,0.37,0.62,0.63,4.00,0. 00,0.05,0.18,7.09,0.00,0.04,0.05,2.01,1.27,0.19,0. 03,0.22,0.13,0.25,2.66
Eskimo_Chaplin,0.36,0.00,0.00,93.53,0.00,0.00,0.00 ,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.05,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00 ,6.00,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.05,0.00
Eskimo_Naukan,0.37,0.23,0.68,92.36,0.03,0.06,0.00, 2.42,0.01,0.01,0.04,1.25,0.02,0.03,0.02,0.60,0.09, 0.59,0.01,0.01,0.01,0.04,1.12
Eskimo_Sireniki,0.62,0.00,0.00,84.74,0.00,0.00,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.11,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.0 0,14.46,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.06,0.00
Evenk,0.13,0.00,0.22,0.27,0.05,0.11,0.12,0.05,0.00 ,0.00,63.12,0.01,0.00,0.03,0.00,0.02,0.00,1.15,0.0 0,0.10,0.00,34.58,0.04
Huichol,99.26,0.00,0.00,0.67,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0 .00,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.03,0 .00,0.00,0.00,0.03,0.00
Inga,92.79,0.19,0.14,0.14,0.15,0.14,0.40,1.36,0.00 ,0.02,0.02,2.90,0.00,0.04,0.00,0.57,0.22,0.03,0.00 ,0.05,0.01,0.10,0.73
Itelmen,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.11,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0. 00,0.00,6.69,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,90.23,0 .00,0.00,0.00,2.97,0.00
Kaqchikel,99.85,0.00,0.00,0.10,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00 ,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.02 ,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.02,0.00
Karitiana,99.96,0.00,0.00,0.03,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00 ,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.01 ,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Ket,1.76,36.34,0.11,2.77,0.07,0.02,0.35,0.01,0.00, 0.00,49.16,0.01,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.37,0.00 ,0.76,0.00,6.13,1.14
Mayan,91.60,0.23,0.44,0.16,0.03,0.07,0.04,1.28,0.0 1,0.25,0.17,2.81,0.03,0.03,0.13,0.31,0.77,0.06,0.0 3,0.06,0.34,0.05,1.10
Miwok,36.64,4.05,4.62,0.19,0.79,0.23,0.55,9.27,0.2 5,0.26,0.16,23.13,0.11,0.21,0.50,4.15,1.71,0.68,0. 23,0.42,1.00,0.19,10.66
Mixe,99.90,0.00,0.00,0.07,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00 ,0.00,0.01,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.00 ,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.00
Mixtec,96.40,0.18,0.11,0.42,0.05,0.03,0.04,0.23,0. 01,0.04,0.28,0.45,0.07,0.03,0.12,0.11,0.24,0.10,0. 01,0.06,0.19,0.09,0.74
Navajo,73.44,1.51,0.22,18.59,0.07,0.03,0.42,0.20,0 .04,0.02,0.26,0.50,0.01,0.08,0.63,0.09,0.14,0.11,0 .04,0.21,1.48,1.02,0.89
Ojibwa,47.26,6.54,3.47,8.88,0.14,0.01,0.45,4.71,0. 01,0.03,0.50,11.47,0.01,0.03,0.01,0.45,0.35,0.42,0 .00,0.58,0.00,1.65,13.02
Piapoco,97.22,0.04,0.15,0.06,0.01,0.01,0.03,0.26,0 .01,0.05,0.02,0.32,0.03,0.00,0.32,0.05,0.28,0.02,0 .03,0.01,0.72,0.01,0.35
Pima,95.98,0.13,0.19,1.34,0.02,0.06,0.08,0.15,0.00 ,0.00,0.20,1.03,0.01,0.03,0.01,0.04,0.18,0.12,0.00 ,0.20,0.01,0.14,0.08
Quechua_Bolivia,99.17,0.03,0.05,0.11,0.02,0.01,0.0 1,0.03,0.00,0.01,0.03,0.05,0.00,0.01,0.02,0.18,0.0 4,0.07,0.00,0.04,0.03,0.03,0.06
Quechua_Peru,92.32,0.21,0.13,0.08,0.03,0.01,0.02,0 .96,0.03,0.02,0.04,3.71,0.05,0.01,0.04,0.65,0.48,0 .02,0.00,0.04,0.20,0.02,0.93
Serrano,49.16,1.28,1.28,0.35,0.08,0.03,2.15,11.47, 0.14,0.21,0.17,16.37,0.69,1.12,1.17,0.51,4.30,0.56 ,0.39,0.05,0.46,0.27,7.79
Surui,99.96,0.00,0.00,0.03,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.01,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Ticuna,99.93,0.00,0.00,0.07,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0. 00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0. 00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Tlingit,11.74,4.66,1.85,36.35,0.17,0.03,0.46,11.73 ,0.03,0.02,1.96,0.98,0.01,0.06,0.00,0.23,0.29,0.09 ,0.01,0.51,0.01,1.68,27.13
Totonac,95.96,0.68,0.11,0.80,0.04,0.00,0.14,0.38,0 .05,0.00,0.16,0.19,0.00,0.02,0.00,0.02,0.30,0.18,0 .00,0.43,0.00,0.33,0.21
Tsimsian,29.46,2.09,1.98,14.71,0.04,0.04,0.50,9.30 ,0.04,0.08,0.07,19.82,0.01,0.12,0.00,0.31,0.60,0.3 8,0.01,0.03,0.00,0.11,20.31
West_Greenland,3.67,1.27,1.74,60.81,0.07,0.06,0.05 ,6.92,0.03,0.09,0.35,7.21,0.03,0.02,0.12,0.83,0.21 ,0.01,0.00,0.02,0.05,0.08,16.37
Wichi,99.96,0.00,0.00,0.04,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.0 0,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00
Yakut,0.35,0.18,2.32,0.22,0.31,0.10,0.44,1.56,0.03 ,0.01,49.35,0.59,0.01,0.09,0.02,0.27,0.18,0.51,0.0 4,0.84,0.01,39.75,2.82
Yakut_Anabarsky_ulus,0.07,0.06,1.16,0.27,0.30,0.12 ,2.38,0.36,0.00,0.01,47.04,0.47,0.00,0.04,0.00,0.0 6,0.13,0.19,0.01,0.75,0.00,43.90,2.67
Zapotec,97.02,0.18,0.17,0.40,0.05,0.02,0.05,0.28,0 .00,0.02,0.12,0.20,0.01,0.02,0.10,0.13,0.05,0.31,0 .01,0.13,0.02,0.33,0.38

Moi-même
14-05-21, 08:38
He's over 9000 years old, the tribes we know today were probably not there yet and the would intermarry on various occasions, so...

He's more an ancestor, or at least a cousin, to many of the existing tribe around where he was found.

Duarte
14-05-21, 15:35
Kennwick is very old. It’s a Paleo-Indian. The main component of Kennwick is Amerindian and this is the main component in the Modern Native American Tribes. We can say that Kennwick is in the modern Amerindians, but not the opposite. See the the components displayed to Kennwick by GedMatch Dodecad World 9.


Kennewick Man
Kennewick, Washington state, USA
F999970*
M
Q-M199
X2a
8358 years



*Gedmatch Kit

https://i.imgur.com/P9DLMxi.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/45Ek7oT.jpg

Twilight
14-05-21, 20:27
Kennwick is very old. It’s a Paleo-Indian. The main component of Kennwick is Amerindian and this is the main component in the Modern Native American Tribes. We can say that Kennwick is in the modern Amerindians, but not the opposite. See the the components displayed to Kennwick by GedMatch Dodecad World 9.


Kennewick Man
Kennewick, Washington state, USA
F999970*
M
Q-M199
X2a
8358 years



*Gedmatch Kit

https://i.imgur.com/P9DLMxi.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/45Ek7oT.jpg
While I appreciate your post, this is a Vahaduo thread. :)
Although yes, no matter what he was Native American.

Twilight
14-05-21, 20:34
He's over 9000 years old, the tribes we know today were probably not there yet and the would intermarry on various occasions, so...

He's more an ancestor, or at least a cousin, to many of the existing tribe around where he was found.

The interesting things is that the other Native American DNAs on Vahaduo tend to to match with other local skeletons except Athabaskan. 🤔
Thanks for the input on the coordinates. :)

bicicleur 2
14-05-21, 20:46
He's over 9000 years old, the tribes we know today were probably not there yet and the would intermarry on various occasions, so...

He's more an ancestor, or at least a cousin, to many of the existing tribe around where he was found.

He's a dead end.
He is a mixture of ancestral to California/South America with 3 ka Ontario.

Y-DNA M848, but mtDNA X2a, if I remember well.

Duarte
14-05-21, 21:27
Vahaduo Eurogenes K13 Ancient



Distance to:
Clovis_Anzick_1_Montana_North_America_12500_years_ M_Q_Z780_D4h3a_


8.93392411
Peru_


10.26780405
Aconcagua_Argentina_Aconcagua_Inca_500BP.SG_500_yb p


22.75446989
Kennewick_Man_Kennewick_Washington_state_USA_


45.15354250
Peru_M120_


46.45885814
Beringian_USR1_


46.74409481
Atacama_


79.26814114
Sholpan_(CentralSteppe_EMBA)_Yamnaya_


79.36257745
Botai_CA_Yamnaya_


79.47368244
RISE719_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


79.75099811
EBA1_Kazakhstan_CentralSteppe_EMBA.SG_4112_ybp


79.87729715
EBA2_Kazakhstan_CentralSteppe_EMBA.SG_4494_ybp


80.00311994
Bot17_Brazil_Botocudo.SG_300_ybp


80.51397767
RISE515_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4193_ybp


80.86273184
RISE683_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_3977_ybp


80.90371747
RISE677_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4482_ybp


81.14678059
RISE670_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_3963_ybp


81.30142803
RISE685_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


81.67579874
RISE718_Russia_Okunevo_BA_brother.I2078.SG_4411_yb p


81.71054583
AfontovaGora3_Russia_AfontovaGora3_17930_ybp


82.03919429
RISE671_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


82.07211219
RISE684_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4253_ybp


82.22360610
RISE672_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


82.29448220
RISE667_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


82.34211134
RISE664_Russia_Okunevo_BA_dup.I3427.SG_4283_ybp


83.22561505
RISE674_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4079_ybp





Distance to:
Kennewick_Man_Kennewick_Washington_state_USA_


22.75446989
Clovis_Anzick_1_Montana_North_America_12500_years_ M_Q_Z780_D4h3a_


28.11906649
Peru_


29.45543074
Beringian_USR1_


29.75639595
Atacama_


32.29742250
Aconcagua_Argentina_Aconcagua_Inca_500BP.SG_500_yb p


38.18753069
Peru_M120_


59.19926435
RISE719_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


60.22347466
Sholpan_(CentralSteppe_EMBA)_Yamnaya_


60.34469074
RISE515_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4193_ybp


60.57636915
EBA2_Kazakhstan_CentralSteppe_EMBA.SG_4494_ybp


60.58558574
Botai_CA_Yamnaya_


60.63830143
EBA1_Kazakhstan_CentralSteppe_EMBA.SG_4112_ybp


61.02566755
RISE683_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_3977_ybp


61.17702592
RISE685_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


61.30393381
Bot17_Brazil_Botocudo.SG_300_ybp


61.81074664
RISE677_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4482_ybp


62.09502959
RISE670_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_3963_ybp


62.24051815
RISE672_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


62.30944872
RISE718_Russia_Okunevo_BA_brother.I2078.SG_4411_yb p


62.43506867
RISE664_Russia_Okunevo_BA_dup.I3427.SG_4283_ybp


62.61801418
RISE684_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4253_ybp


62.68105695
RISE662_Russia_Okunevo_BA_dup.I3426.SG_4070_ybp


63.07020453
RISE667_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


63.07410641
RISE671_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4300_ybp


63.67469120
RISE674_Russia_Okunevo_BA.SG_4079_ybp







Target: Kennewick_Man_Kennewick_Washington_state_USA_
Distance: 1.3612% / 1.36121660




68.3
Aconcagua_Argentina_Aconcagua_Inca_500BP.SG_500_yb p





13.9
Glz_Bai_Glz_Bai_





7.4
urm035_Sigtuna_M_BCDE_h2a1c_





5.9
Ajvide70_Sweden_PWC_NHG.SG_4700_ybp





4.5
ela001_South_Africa_400BP.SG_493_ybp








Target: Clovis_Anzick_1_Montana_North_America_12500_years_ M_Q_Z780_D4h3a_
Distance: 1.0869% / 1.08686091 | ADC: 0.25x RC




72.6
Aconcagua_Argentina_Aconcagua_Inca_500BP.SG_500_yb p





13.5
Beringian_USR1_





7.3
Kennewick_Man_Kennewick_Washington_state_USA_





6.6
Peru_













Target: Kennewick_Man_Kennewick_Washington_state_USA_
Distance: 1.3612% / 1.36121660




68.3
Aconcagua_Argentina_Aconcagua_Inca_500BP.SG_500_yb p





13.9
Glz_Bai_Glz_Bai_





7.4
urm035_Sigtuna_M_BCDE_h2a1c_





5.9
Ajvide70_Sweden_PWC_NHG.SG_4700_ybp





4.5
ela001_South_Africa_400BP.SG_493_ybp









Target: Clovis_Anzick_1_Montana_North_America_12500_years_ M_Q_Z780_D4h3a_
Distance: 1.0869% / 1.08686091 | ADC: 0.25x RC




72.6
Aconcagua_Argentina_Aconcagua_Inca_500BP.SG_500_yb p





13.5
Beringian_USR1_





7.3
Kennewick_Man_Kennewick_Washington_state_USA_





6.6
Peru_

Duarte
15-05-21, 00:24
Ancient individuals from the North American
Northwest Coast reveal 10,000 years of regional
genetic continuity:

“Also of interest is the evidence for the placement of Shuká Káa on different lineages than Anzick-1 and Kennewick Man (Fig. S9D). Despite their shared North American geographies and time periods as well as evidence that a single peopling event occurred in the late Pleistocene (23), our analyses show that population structure existed in the late Pleistocene of North America. These data are concordant with the late Pleistocene archaeological record documenting distinct contemporaneous ar- chaeological cultures in different regions of North America (24).”

“We find that the placement of Shuká Káa (based on D-statistic simulations) is consistent with residing on a branch with modern day indigenous people from the Northwest Coast, whereas Anzick-1 fits separately on a branch that leads to the southern lineage, including populations from Central and South America (Fig. 4). Our result suggests that Shuká Káa was part of a population closely related to the ancestors that gave rise to the current populations of the northern Northwest Coast.”

“Anzick-1 is related to the South American lineage suggest that the ancestral population likely existed north of the continental ice before the deglaciation of the interior corridor sometime after 12,600 y B.P.”

https://i.imgur.com/vJiPxhi.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/xJnItrj.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/DPxdOVf.jpg

Source:

https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/114/16/4093.full.pdf

Ancient individuals from the North American
Northwest Coast reveal 10,000 years of regional
genetic continuity

Recent genomic studies of both ancient and modern indigenous people of the Americas have shed light on the demographic pro- cesses involved during the first peopling. The Pacific Northwest Coast proves an intriguing focus for these studies because of its association with coastal migration models and genetic ancestral patterns that are difficult to reconcile with modern DNA alone. Here, we report the low-coverage genome sequence of an ancient individual known as “Shuká Káa” (“Man Ahead of Us”) recovered from the On Your Knees Cave (OYKC) in southeastern Alaska (archaeological site 49-PET-408). The human remains date to ∼10,300 calendar (cal) y B.P. We also analyze low-coverage genomes of three more recent individuals from the nearby coast of British Columbia dating from ∼6,075 to 1,750 cal y B.P. From the resulting time series of genetic data, we show that the Pacific Northwest Coast exhibits genetic continuity for at least the past 10,300 cal y B.P. We also infer that population structure existed in the late Pleistocene of North America with Shuká Káa on a different ancestral line compared with other North American individuals from the late Pleistocene or early Holocene (i.e., Anzick-1 and Kennewick Man). Despite regional shifts in mtDNA haplogroups, we conclude from individuals sampled through time that people of the northern Northwest Coast belong to an early genetic lineage that may stem from a late Pleistocene coastal migration into the Americas.

Jovialis
15-05-21, 06:38
https://i.imgur.com/SwqPFr8l.jpg

https://www.deviantart.com/philipedwin/art/Kennewick-Man-873878625

Duarte
15-05-21, 20:13
Early human dispersals within the Americas

Structured Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Genetic studies of the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas have focused on the timing and number of migrations from Siberia into North America. They show that ancestral Native Americans (NAs) diverged from Siberians and East Asians ~23,000 years (~23 ka) ago and that a split within that ancestral lineage between later NAs and Ancient Beringians (ABs) occurred ~21 ka ago. Subsequently, NAs diverged into northern NA (NNA) and southern NA (SNA) branches ~15.5 ka ago, a split inferred to have taken place south of eastern Beringia (present-day Alaska and western Yukon Territory).

RATIONALE

Claims of migrations into the Americas by people related to Australasians or by bearers of a distinctive cranial morphology (“Paleoamericans”) before the divergence of NAs from Siberians and East Asians have created controversy. Likewise, the speed by which the Americas were populated; the number of basal divergences; and the degrees of isolation, admixture, and continuity in different regions are poorly understood. To address these matters, we sequenced 15 ancient human genomes recovered from sites spanning from Alaska to Patagonia; six are ≥10 ka old (up to ~18× coverage).

RESULTS

All genomes are most closely related to NAs, including those of two morphologically distinct Paleoamericans and an AB individual. However, we also found that the previous model is just a rough outline of the peopling process: NA dispersal gave rise to more complex serial splitting and early population structure—including that of a population that diverged before the NNA-SNA split—as well as admixture with an earlier unsampled population, which is neither AB nor NNA or SNA. Once in the Americas, SNAs spread widely and rapidly, as evidenced by genetic similarity, despite differences in material cultural, between >10-ka-old genomes from North and South America. Soon after arrival in South America, groups diverged along multiple geographic paths, and before 10.4 ka ago, these groups admixed with a population that harbored Australasian ancestry, which may have been widespread among early South Americans. Later, Mesoamerican-related population(s) expanded north and south, possibly marking the movement of relatively small groups that did not necessarily swamp local populations genetically or culturally.

CONCLUSION

NAs radiated rapidly and gave rise to multiple groups, some visible in the genetic record only as unsampled populations. At different times these groups expanded to different portions of the continent, though not as extensively as in the initial peopling. That the early population spread widely and rapidly suggests that their access to large portions of the hemisphere was essentially unrestricted, yet there are genomic and archaeological hints of an earlier human presence. How these early groups are related or structured, particularly those with Australasian ancestry, remains unknown. Rapid expansion, compounded by the attenuating effect of distance and, in places, by geographic and social barriers, gave rise to complex population histories. These include strong population structure in the Pacific Northwest; isolation in the North American Great Basin, followed by long-term genetic continuity and ultimately an episode of admixture predating ~0.7 ka ago; and multiple independent, geographically uneven migrations into South America. One such migration provides clues of Late Pleistocene Australasian ancestry in South America, whereas another represents a Mesoamerican-related expansion; both contributed to present-day South American ancestry.

https://i.imgur.com/iqxd8tM.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/NPFgyhL.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/nYO2T4x.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/50F9JRO.jpg
https://i.imgur.com/VK4cb51.jpg

Source:
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/362/6419/eaav2621 (https://science.sciencemag.org/content/362/6419/eaav2621)

https://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/~mcclean/ctig/ctigspring2019/moreno-mayer%20et%20al%20-%20early%20human%20dispersals%20within%20the%20Ame ricas.pdf

bicicleur 2
15-05-21, 20:52
there were at least 3 migrations into the Americas
first was ca 16 ka, haplo C-1373*, of which are only some remnants in Amazonian Ecuador and in Texas
https://www.yfull.com/tree/C-M217/

second wave was haplo Z-780
https://www.yfull.com/tree/Q-Z780/
these tribes were responsable for the mass extinction of the megafauna : Clovis and WST (western stemmed) traditions in N.-America and fishtail complex in S.-America

last wave was M3, who split in 2 branches ca 12,6 ka : M848 and Y4276
https://www.yfull.com/tree/Q-M3/

M848 was heavily admixed with the Z780 tribes and spread very rapidly along the Pacific coast through California, Mexico, Central- and South America
https://www.yfull.com/tree/Q-M848/

the autosomal of Y4276 is different : it is the DNA that appeared 3 ka in Ontario
they spread over N.-America except California
in many of these areas there is also a presence of haplo C-P39

Kennewick is a mixture of M848 with Y4276.
His Y-DNA is M848*, but mtDNA is X2a, which is associated with Y4276.
Also Kennewick is situated, not along the Pacific Coast, neither far to the east, it is in between M848 and Y4276 area.
It is a dead end, he is neither ancestral to California, Mexico, Central- and South America, nor to North American natives.

bicicleur 2
16-05-21, 06:57
check Kennewick in Vahaduo in combination with ASO, Anzick, Athabask and Peru / S.America
I don't see ASO anywhere here in this thread.
We should also check with Algonquin, Iroquois, Siou if there is such DNA available.