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  1. Revisiting the out of Africa event with a deep-learning approach

    Abstract

    Anatomically modern humans evolved around 300 thousand years ago in Africa. They started to appear in the fossil record outside of Africa as early as 100 thousand years ago, although...
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    The oldest ancient U5b1b1 discovered thus far is...

    The oldest ancient U5b1b1 discovered thus far is from Central Europe (Czechia, Poland) 7000 ybp.
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    An alternative hypothesis would be that the high...

    An alternative hypothesis would be that the high numbers in Finland and Sweden reflect the high proportion of HG ancestry in these populations. In any case, this is an ancient European haplotype.
    ...
  4. From the paper: "Kinship coefficients are a...

    From the paper:

    "Kinship coefficients are a measure of the proportion of genome-wide IBD in a pair of individuals. The abundance of long IBD segments can be a robust indicator of close relatedness...
  5. Estonian genomes reveal the origins of a major ancestry component of the Finnish

    Patterns of genetic connectedness between modern and medieval Estonian genomes reveal the origins of a major ancestry component of the Finnish population

    The Finnish population is a unique example...
  6. Is this the first example of a population that...

    Is this the first example of a population that was genetically isolated for a long time while still interacting with neighbours?
  7. The ANE sample used in the study (AG3) is also...

    The ANE sample used in the study (AG3) is also the oldest sample where the hair-lightening KITLG gene mutation was spotted.
  8. The sample with the rs12821256 mutation should be...

    The sample with the rs12821256 mutation should be AfonfovaGora3 from Mathieson 2018 - The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe. Pg 52 of the supplement is where they discuss KITLG.

    Considering...
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    Maixner et al (2021) Hallstatt miners consumed...

    Maixner et al (2021) Hallstatt miners consumed blue cheese and beer during the Iron Age and retained a non-Westernized gut microbiome until the Baroque period

    We subjected human paleofeces dating...
  10. From Wikipedia on “blond”: the oldest fossil...

    From Wikipedia on “blond”:

    the oldest fossil known to carry the derived KITLG allele, which is responsible for blond hair in modern Europeans, is a 17,000 year old Ancient North Eurasian specimen...
  11. I1 is one of the paternal lines of WHG. The...

    I1 is one of the paternal lines of WHG. The Nordic region is where the hunter-gatherer lifestyle survived the longest.

    Light skin (and blonde hair that often comes with it) is a beneficial trait...
  12. This is in admixtools documentation: ...

    This is in admixtools documentation:




    Looks like qpfstats itself was introduced just a year ago with v7.0
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    That’s a good find. In the conclusion, they also...

    That’s a good find. In the conclusion, they also mention that foraging remained an important activity when farming required less time, e.g. in the winter and spring. Vitamins and minerals are...
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    The Wikipedia article on Mehrgarh mentions jujube...

    The Wikipedia article on Mehrgarh mentions jujube fruit cultivation.
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    The Wikipedia article on Çatalhöyük mentions the...

    The Wikipedia article on Çatalhöyük mentions the growing of peas and fruit harvesting in nearby hills. Sadly with no immediate source reference.
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    As to long term health effects that are recent...

    As to long term health effects that are recent knowledge, I would assume these would just contribute to a shorter lifespan for some people.
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    Doggerland, have a look at the Allium family...

    Doggerland, have a look at the Allium family (onions, leeks etc) and consider the possibility of small kitchen gardens inside the city.

    Cultivation of rosehips, wild apples etc next to houses also...
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    There is some interesting information here: ...

    There is some interesting information here:

    Snoddy et al, Scurvy at the agricultural transition in the Atacama desert (ca 3600–3200 BP): nutritional stress at the maternal-foetal interface?, 2017...
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    In Britain, the RDA is only 40 mg, so I wouldn’t...

    In Britain, the RDA is only 40 mg, so I wouldn’t be surprised if a minimum amount of C needed by the body was even less.

    Even in a city of several thousand, it’s also feasible that the people...
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    Thank you for an interesting viewpoint! Here...

    Thank you for an interesting viewpoint!

    Here is an overview of botanical remains in ancient Turkish sites (cannot post proper links):

    Bogaard et al 2017, Agricultural innovation and resilience...
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    The number of individual mutations you and your...

    The number of individual mutations you and your 14th cousin carry have should roughly indicate the number of centuries since the clade appeared.

    I would expect the TMRCA be close to your common...
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    FTDNA Chromosome Painter

    FTDNA have just released a tool to indicate the matches of your autosomal DNA with the MyOrigins reference populations.

    It seems that this can be used to indicate, how many generations ago you had...
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    Considering how widespread M458 is, it appears...

    Considering how widespread M458 is, it appears our ancestors have successfully navigated around the genetic risks...
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    R1a1-M458 linked to male infertility

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans


    Abstract

    Male infertility is a prevalent condition, affecting 5–10% of...
  25. The Saag 2021 data seems to be available at https...

    The Saag 2021 data seems to be available at https //evolbio.ut.ee/
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