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  1. Except there is no architectural evidence for...

    Except there is no architectural evidence for such a migration at that time: Caucasus -> Syria. There is for a much shorter one: Bulgaria (Ezero) -> Troy I (related pottery).
  2. Mallory: "Troy I and related sites might mark the...

    Mallory: "Troy I and related sites might mark the earliest intrusion of Indo-Europeans (Proto-Anatolians?) into Anatolia." Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, p. 605.
  3. a) In Syria? More likely explains contacts with...

    a) In Syria? More likely explains contacts with the Trojans (Troy I = 3,000 BCE).

    b) More likely explains trading contacts rather than an incursion and language replacement. Wagons were brought...
  4. Yamnaya = Khvalynx (EHG) + CHG The question is...

    Yamnaya = Khvalynx (EHG) + CHG

    The question is where does PIE, assuming it was not a creole, predominantly trace back to - north of the Caucasus (Khvalynx/Repin) or south? Arguing for the first...
  5. Anatolian lacks the wheel/wagon terms that are...

    Anatolian lacks the wheel/wagon terms that are present, to one degree or another, in all other PIE-derived languages. It does possess a word for "harness-pole" with a PIE-root, but which might refer...
  6. If the PIE population was roughly equal parts...

    If the PIE population was roughly equal parts EHG/CHG, then terming the source of the CHG as the "Pre-PIE" would be illogical, in that at most it might be a Pre-PIE. On the other hand, EHG could be...
  7. Swedish neutrality, sitting out every war since...

    Swedish neutrality, sitting out every war since 1814, probably has something to do with it. Not wasting the national treasure on useless wars meant all the more to share.

    Also, 70% of Swedish...
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    https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/.premium.MAGAZ...

    https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/.premium.MAGAZINE-ancient-dna-solves-age-old-mystery-of-philistine-origin-1.7433390
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    There is clear signs of climate change that...

    There is clear signs of climate change that adversely impacted farming, which could lead to drought, famine, pandemics, etc.:
    ...
  10. Or subsequent geographic separation: ...

    Or subsequent geographic separation:

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/eb/Italia_fisica_appennini.png/432px-Italia_fisica_appennini.png
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    The word "soccer": ...

    The word "soccer":



    https://www.lexico.com/en/explore/whats-the-origin-of-the-word-soccer
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    9000 BCE from the Fertile Crescent...

    9000 BCE from the Fertile Crescent...
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    Why be defensive? I've only said that others have...

    Why be defensive? I've only said that others have claimed your methodology and analyses are flawed. They have. You bristled at them too, challenging them (like me) to prove you wrong. (One thing I've...
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    Whether less than a handful of samples (over a...

    Whether less than a handful of samples (over a thousand years) represent a hidden population or, at most, a small number of isolated/local lineages remains to be seen. So far, other than...
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    Three samples (ATP3, ATP7, ATP2) over a...

    Three samples (ATP3, ATP7, ATP2) over a millennium (3,400-2,400), regardless of where they came from, hardly constitute a "wave", compared to 13 over 400 years (2,400-2,000), or 40+ over 600 years...
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    Lower Danube, Carpathian Basin, Hungarian Plains,...

    Lower Danube, Carpathian Basin, Hungarian Plains, Central Germany, and the Low Countries were genetic "mixing bowls" - it is futile to try to chart a single y-dna vector across all of Europe. At each...
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    Unless you want to claim that R1b in Yamnaya came...

    Unless you want to claim that R1b in Yamnaya came from Iberia...
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    Could have been and was done without much...

    Could have been and was done without much admixture along the way, hop-scotching via Crete -> Sicily -> Sardinia -> Iberia. The establishment of the Iberian "entrepots" has been theorized as part of...
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    I'm just saying that just because much of...

    I'm just saying that just because much of "Yamnaya = R1b-M269" (but not all) doesn't mean that "R1b-M269 = IE". A pre-PIE offshoot, as Maciamo hypothesized, could have hitch-hiked a ride to Iberia...
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    Or by tour boat... Sorry, but for the time,...

    Or by tour boat...

    Sorry, but for the time, someone just rowboating up the Danube to Iberia is simple fantasy. Magic carpet would be more like it.
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    Hazardous to equate language and DNA. I doubt any...

    Hazardous to equate language and DNA. I doubt any M269-individual coming to Iberia c. 3,500 BCE was an IE speaker - it is just too early, unless he arrived via magic-carpet.
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    Iberia was settled by copper-using...

    Iberia was settled by copper-using agriculturalists in the latter part of the 4th Millennium, who archaeologically speaking look to have come from the Aegean (touching on Greece, Crete, Anatolia, and...
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    Not necessarily: "it does indeed look as if ATP3...

    Not necessarily: "it does indeed look as if ATP3 has a bit over half of Steppe ancestry, but with a higher proportion of northern Middle Eastern and Veddoid than Yamna samples. In other words it...
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    Depends what he means by "Steppe" in this...

    Depends what he means by "Steppe" in this instance (to or from). If it was "an offshoot of cattle herders that directly migrated from Anatolia to Iberia during the Neolithic period," as he suggests,...
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    Except he hypothesizes that ATP3 "could be...

    Except he hypothesizes that ATP3 "could be descended to the pre-Indo-European Anatolian R1b-M269, the group of cattle herders that would cross the Caucasus and settle in the Pontic-Caspian Steppe....
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