The EU is probably the world leader in matters of environmental policies. This does not only include environmental protection, the the use of renewable energy, the use of clean/green energy, or waste management (incl. sorting and recycling).

Let's note, for instance, that Sweden plans to become the first nation on earth to phase out petrol for biofuel in motor vehicles, as well as oil for energy production (see Oil phase-out in Sweden). Car drivers already have the option to use biofuel instead of petrol/diesel in service stations in Sweden, as well as in some other European countries. In 10 to 15 years's time, most cars in Sweden will be running on biofuel.

The European Commission is currently sponsoring a practical programme of vehicle trials for battery powered vehicles. The most ambitious projects are the €1 million CUTE (Clean Urban Transport for Europe) scheme and the ECTOS (Ecological City Transport System' ').

The tests are taking place in the cities of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Hamburg, London, Luxembourg, Madrid, Porto, Reykjavík, Stockholm and Stuttgart. It consists of putting into service public buses, called Citaro manufactured by DaimlerChrysler.

When it comes to renewable and clean energy for electricity, countries like Germany have since long opted for wind power to phase out not only combustion energy, but also nuclear energy.

It is the region of Navarra in Spain that now leads Europe in its use of renewable energy technology, and plans to reach 100% renewable energy generation by 2010. By 2004 61% of the region's energy was generated from renewable sources.