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Thread: Lebar Gabala Erenn

  1. #1
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    Lebar Gabala Erenn

    The "Lebar Gabála Érenn" is a celtic myth about the origine of Gaels. That's what I found about it in the book of John Koch: "Celtic cultre a historical encyclopedia":

    Lebar Gabála Érenn (‘The Book of the Takings
    of Ireland’, often called ‘The Book of Invasions’) is
    a Middle Irish text, probably first composed in the
    later 11th century. It details a series of prehistoric
    invasions of Ireland (Ériu) and the legendary history
    of the Gaels (the ethno-linguistic Irish) from
    times corresponding to the biblical Genesis down to
    their taking possession of Ireland under the leadership
    of the sons of Míl Espáine.
    ...
    Lebar Gabála begins with the biblical story of the
    Creation, and discusses Noah’s descendants with particular
    attention to Japheth’s progeny and the peopling
    of Europe. We are told how Fénius came to Babel and
    invented the bélra Féne (that is, ‘the speech of the Irish’
    or Gaelic). His son Nél went to Egypt and married
    Scota, the Pharaoh’s daughter, who bore Goídel Glas,
    the eponymous ancestor of the Gaels. Following the
    flight of the Israelites, Goídel’s descendants returned
    to Scythia, where they spent generations struggling
    against the heirs of Nél’s elder brother, Noenual. At
    length, the Gaels were driven out, and wandered for
    many years: they were menaced by the singing of a siren,
    and visited the famous Rhipaean mountains in Thrace
    (these legendary mountains are located at various
    extreme points; here, they may be identified with the
    Rhodope mountains). After that, they settled for a
    while in the Maeotic marshes of Scythia, and at last
    sailed the length of the Mediterranean and conquered
    Spain.
    Here, Bregon built the city of Brigantia and a
    tower from whose top his son Íth glimpsed Ireland.
    ...
    At last, the narrative returns to Spain and the Gaels.
    We are told how Íth journeyed to Ireland, where he
    was killed by the jealous Tuath Dé; his nephews, the
    sons of Míl, led an expedition to avenge him. After
    conversations with the island’s three eponymous goddesses,
    they confronted the three kings at Tara.
    Amairgen mac Míled, their chief poet, was called
    upon to judge between them, and said that his own
    people should go nine waves’ distance back out to sea
    and then try to land again. With a poem he calmed the
    magical storm with which the Tuath Dé attempted to
    prevent this second landing:
    I invoke the land of Ireland:
    surging is the mighty sea,
    mighty is the upland full of meadows,
    full of meadows is the rainy wood,
    rainy is the river full of waterfalls,
    full of waterfalls is the spreading lake,
    spreading is the spring of multitudes,
    a spring of peoples is the assembly,
    the assembly of the king of Teamhair.
    Teamhair is a tower of tribes,
    the tribes of the sons of Míl . . .
    The Gaels then gained the mastery of Ireland.
    This myth tell us clearly that Gaels first came from Scythia to Spain by boat, then from Spain to Ireland. I think we can associate these Gaels with Bell Beakers whose culture spread from Spain to Occidental Europe in third millenium BC.

    Moreover, it is clear that celts are associated with R1b-L21 haplgroup. I think we can associate Bell beakers with R1b-P312 haplogroup. These Bell Beakers spoke probably a proto italo celtic language. R1b-U152 can be associated with italics.
    So the Lebar Gabála Érenn give us a track about R1b travel from Black Sea shores to Spain in third millenium and then spread to Occidental Europe.

  2. #2
    Landlord
    Join Date
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    Quote Originally Posted by secherbernard View Post
    The "Lebar Gabála Érenn" is a celtic myth about the origine of Gaels. That's what I found about it in the book of John Koch: "Celtic cultre a historical encyclopedia":

    This myth tell us clearly that Gaels first came from Scythia to Spain by boat, then from Spain to Ireland. I think we can associate these Gaels with Bell Beakers whose culture spread from Spain to Occidental Europe in third millenium BC.

    Moreover, it is clear that celts are associated with R1b-L21 haplgroup. I think we can associate Bell beakers with R1b-P312 haplogroup. These Bell Beakers spoke probably a proto italo celtic language. R1b-U152 can be associated with italics.
    So the Lebar Gabála Érenn give us a track about R1b travel from Black Sea shores to Spain in third millenium and then spread to Occidental Europe.
    The myth tells us that Gaels came from Maeotian marshes. These marshes lay where the Don River emptied into the Maeotian Lake (the Sea of Azov) near Tanais: see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maeotian_marshes
    This location is just north of Maykop.

    You can see the myth from the book of John Koch: "Celtic cultre a historical encyclopedia" on the following link http://secher.bernard.free.fr/Articl...abalaErenn.pdf

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