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Thread: A Community in Life and Death: The Late Neolithic/Megalithic near Burgos, Spain

  1. #1
    Advisor Angela's Avatar
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    A Community in Life and Death: The Late Neolithic/Megalithic near Burgos, Spain

    See:

    A Community in Life and Death: The Late Neolithic Megalithic Tomb at Alto de Reinoso (Burgos, Spain). Kurt W. Alt et al:


    http://journals.plos.org/plosone/art...l.pone.0146176

    "The analysis of the human remains from the megalithic tomb at Alto de Reinoso represents the widest integrative study of a Neolithic collective burial in Spain. Combining archaeology, osteology, molecular genetics and stable isotope analysis (87Sr/86Sr, δ15N, δ13C) it provides a wealth of information on the minimum number of individuals, age, sex, body height, pathologies, mitochondrial DNA profiles, kinship relations, mobility, and diet. The grave was in use for approximately one hundred years around 3700 cal BC, thus dating from the Late Neolithic of the Iberian chronology. At the bottom of the collective tomb, six complete and six partial skeletons lay in anatomically correct positions. Above them, further bodies represented a subsequent and different use of the tomb, with almost all of the skeletons exhibiting signs of manipulation such as missing skeletal parts, especially skulls. The megalithic monument comprised at least 47 individuals, including males, females, and subadults, although children aged 0–6 years were underrepresented. The skeletal remains exhibited a moderate number of pathologies, such as degenerative joint diseases, healed fractures, cranial trauma, and a low intensity of caries. The mitochondrial DNA profiles revealed a pattern pointing to a closely related local community with matrilineal kinship patterns. In some cases adjacent individuals in the bottom layer showed familial relationships. According to their strontium isotope ratios, only a few individuals were likely to have spent their early childhood in a different geological environment, whilst the majority of individuals grew up locally. Carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis, which was undertaken to reconstruct the dietary habits, indicated that this was a homogeneous group with egalitarian access to food. Cereals and small ruminants were the principal sources of nutrition. These data fit in well with a lifestyle typical of sedentary farming populations in the Spanish Meseta during this period of the Neolithic."

    There's a table for mtDna. From a quick look through, out of 26 results:
    8 "K" (some K1a1)
    7 "U5b" and 1 "U4"
    3 "T2b" and 1 "T2a"
    2 "X"
    2 "V"
    1 "H3"

    If there's an error, just let me know.

    Interesting that there's almost no "H", although they didn't get results from every sample.


    Non si fa il proprio dovere perchè qualcuno ci dica grazie, lo si fa per principio, per se stessi, per la propria dignità. Oriana Fallaci

  2. #2
    Advisor bicicleur's Avatar
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    weren't the La Mina from the same area and period, also megalithic?

    Megalithic Spain La Mina [I0405/Mina 3] M 3900-3600 BC H2 L672+, L279+, L285+ K1a1b1 Haak 2015; Mathieson 2015
    Megalithic Spain La Mina [I0406/Mina 4] M 3900-3600 BC I2a2a1b2 Z161+, CTS9183+, L368+, L34+, P221+, P223+, P222+, M223+, P220+, L1195- H1 Haak 2015; Mathieson 2015
    Megalithic Spain La Mina [I0407/Mina 6] F 3900-3600 BC K1b1a1 Haak 2015; Mathieson 2015
    Megalithic Spain La Mina [I0408/Mina 18] F 3900-3600 BC U5b1 Haak 2015; Mathieson 2015

    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 1, 2, 4, 15 ] 3698-3657 BC U5b2b3 4 samples Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 3] 3698-3657 BC U5b3 Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 5] 3698-3657 BC T2b Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 6, 9] 3698-3657 BC V 2 samples Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 8, 10, 12] 3698-3657 BC K 3 samples Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 13, 16] 3698-3657 BC X 2 samples Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 14] 3698-3657 BC K1a Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 17, 20, 24] 3691-3636 BC K1a1 3 samples Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 18, 19] 3691-3636 BC T2b 2 samples Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 22] 3691-3636 BC U5b Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 23] 3691-3636 BC U4 Alt 2016
    Megalithic Spain Alto de Reinoso [Rein 28] 3691-3636 BC H3 Alt 2016

  3. #3
    Advisor Angela's Avatar
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    Yes, they were.

    MtDna seems similar.

    We discusssed La Mina here:
    http://www.eupedia.com/forum/threads...-Update-on-snp

    And here:
    http://www.eupedia.com/forum/threads...-in-prehistory

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