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Thread: Antigua & Barbuda.

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    Antigua & Barbuda.



    Antigua & Barbuda.












    Culture:
    The culture is predominantly a mixture of West African and British cultural influences.

    Cuisine:
    Antigua and Barbuda cuisine refers to the cuisines of the Caribbean islands Antigua and Barbuda. The national dish is fungie (pronounced "foon-jee") and pepper pot. Fungie is a dish similar to Italian Polenta, made mostly with cornmeal. Other local dishes include ducana, seasoned rice, saltfish and lobster (from Barbuda). There are also local confectionaries which include: sugarcake, fudge, raspberry and tamarind stew and peanut brittle.

    Although these foods are indigenous to Antigua and Barbuda and to some other Caribbean countries, the local diet has diversified and now include local dishes of Jamaica, such as jerk meats, or Trinidad, such as Roti, and other Caribbean countries. Shawarma, an Arab dish has become popular as well, sold out of Arab shops along with kebabs and gyros. Chinese restaurants have also begun to become more mainstream. The supermarkets sell a wide variety of food, from American to Italian. Meals may vary depending on household income levels.

    Breakfast dishes include saltfish, eggplant (aka troba), eggs and lettuce. Lunches typically include a starch, such as rice, macaroni or pasta, vegetables or salad, an entree (fish, chicken, pork, beef etc.) and a side dish such as macaroni pie, scalloped potatoes or plantains. On Sundays many people in the country go to church and afterward prepare a variety of foods at home. Dinner on Sundays is often eaten earlier (around 2:00 pm) because people are often off from work on Sundays. Dinners may include pork, baked chicken, stewed lamb, or turkey, alongside rice (prepared in a variety of ways), macaroni pie, salads, and a local drink. Dessert may be ice cream and cake or an apple pie (mango and pineapple pie in their season) or Jello. Antiguan Butter Bread is also a main stable of Antiguan cuisine, a soft buttery loaf of bread that needs no butter added once baked. Many locals enjoy fresh baked butter bread and cheese for breakfast and throughout the day. There are many homes in neighborhoods all over Antigua that have small bakeries built on to them, where locals can go and purchase these fresh baked loaves. They are coupled with cheese, sardines, and a bright red sausage that locals sometimes call salami, and many other foods. They also have what is called provisions with most meals. Provisions are foods that are usually a root or starch like potatoes, yams, sweet potatoes, eddo, etc. During Carnival time souse a type of soup made very spicy with pigs feet, knuckles, and tails with lots of onions is a popular snack, sold by vendors on the side of the road. Black pudding also known as blood sausage, a well seasoned sausage made with rice, meat, and blood is also enjoyed by locals in Antigua. As you travel the roads of Antigua's country side, you will see locals roasting fresh picked corn, usually in the husk, on makeshift grills ready to be purchased and eaten. Antigua is proud to claim their locally grown pineapples as one of the sweetest types of pineapple to be found. The Antiguan Pineapple is a very small fruit but often very juicy and sweet. You can see small pineapple crops throughout the island.

    Local drinks are mauby, seamoss, tamarind juice, raspberry juice, mango juice, lemonade, coconut milk, hibiscus juice, ginger beer, passion fruit juice, guava juice, soursop juice and ginger beer, a soft drink. Alcoholic drinks include beer, malts and rums, many of which are made locally, including Wadadli beer (named after the original name of the island) and the award winning English Harbour Rum. Many locals drink bottles sodas that they call sweet drink, one popular flavor is punch. The locals also enjoy Red Stripe beer, Malta, Guinness stout and Heineken beer. For the Christmas holidays a special celebratory alcoholic drink that is very popular in Antigua is called Ponche Kuba Cream Liqueur, a thick creamy tan colored drink that is also very sweet and high in alcohol content.


    Music:
    The music of Antigua and Barbuda is largely African in character, and has only felt a limited influence from European styles due to the population of Antigua and Barbuda descending mostly from West Africans who were brought to the Caribbean as slaves.

    Antigua and Barbuda is a Caribbean nation in the Lesser Antilles island chain. The country is a second home for many of the pan-Caribbean genres of popular music, and has produced stars in calypso, soca, steeldrum, zouk and reggae. Of these, steeldrum and calypso are the most integral parts of modern Antiguan popular music; both styles are imported from the music of Trinidad and Tobago.


    Ethnic Racial Composition:
    * 87.3% Black
    * 4.7% Mulatto
    * 2.7% Hispanic
    * 2.7% Asian
    * 2.6% White


    People:
    Nearly all of Antigua & Barbuda's population is ethnically African. These people today are generally the descendants of slaves so their actual origin is debatable as each individual may be from an entirely different ethnic background. However, most of the slaves who arrived to these islands were Yoruba or Igbo, meaning they are from the modern countries of Nigeria and Benin. There is a small number of people that are entirely of European origin, but this is a very small minority. Additionally, there are people who are a combination of ethnically African, European, and/or American Indian. A minority of Antiguans descend from British and Irish people that came during during the colonial era.

    An increasingly large percentage of the population lives abroad, most notably in the United Kingdom (Antiguan Britons), United States and Canada. A minority of Antiguan residents are immigrants from other countries, particularly from Dominica, Guyana and Jamaica, and, increasing, from the Dominican Republic, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Nigeria. An estimated 4,500 American citizens also make their home in Antigua and Barbuda, making their numbers one of the largest American populations in the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean.


    Languages:
    English is the official language of Antigua & Barbuda. However, a local English dialect is spoken by the majority of Antiguans and Barbudians in informal situations and it is simple referred to as "Dialect" or Antiguan English. Antiguan English has its roots in Hiberno English spoken in Southern Ireland such as Cork and British English with some influences from West African languages and Scottish. A number of Indigenous words are also used by the local population from the originals.

    Religion:
    A majority of 74% of Antiguans are Christians, with the Anglicans (about 44%) being the largest single denomination. Other Christian denominations present are Baptists, Presbyterians and Roman Catholics. Non-Christian religions practised in the islands include the Rastafari, Islam, Judaism and the Bahá'í Faith.

    Sports:
    The Antigua and Barbuda national cricket team represented the country at the 1998 Commonwealth Games, but Antiguan cricketers otherwise play for the Leeward Islands cricket team in domestic matches and the West Indies cricket team internationally. The 2007 Cricket World Cup was hosted in the West Indies from 11 March to 28 April 2007.

    Antiguan & Barbudan videos
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5OpiUD3qtY8
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lZsZdOKkBQY
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9s6xjfk3Ik
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PnlyqSYQ9_Y
    http://shops.zindigo.com/FELIXS-ZINDIGO-SHOP


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    [IMG]Shirley Heights, Saint Paul, Antigua & Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Devil’s Bridge/Hell's Gate Antigua. Fuji XP200. DSCF0011. by Robert Pittman, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Devil's Bridge, Indian Town Point, Saint Philip, Antigua and Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Sunset on Jolly Beach by rschurchill, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Antigua and Barbuda by Roman Melnichuk, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Shirley Heights, Saint Paul, Antigua & Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Antigua and Barbuda by Roman Melnichuk, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Turner's Beach, Valley Rd, Saint Mary, Antigua & Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Student Solutions by Andrew Moore, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Hermitage Bay | Antigua by Ferry Zievinger, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]aida_1211_096 by David Kirsch, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Bakers Cellar | Antigua by Ferry Zievinger, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Ffreyes Beach, St.Mary's Parish, West Indies, Antigua & Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Pearns Point | Antigua by Ferry Zievinger, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]IMG_6231 by Robert Warner, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]aida_1211_097 by David Kirsch, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Ffreyes Beach, St.Mary's Parish, West Indies, Antigua & Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]aida_1211_073 by David Kirsch, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Yepton Beach, Antigua and Barbuda by Ron Kroetz, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Runaway Beach, Runaway Bay, Saint John, Antigua & Barbuda by Andrei S, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Carnival 2011, three of five. by Giles Sutehall, on Flickr[/IMG]
    [IMG]Carnival 2011, five of five. by Giles Sutehall, on Flickr[/IMG]

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    What a nice thread. I haven't been to Antigua, but I've been to a number of the Caribbean Islands, and I love it there: the scenery, the people, the food, the music.:)

    I've become quite addicted to jerk chicken. One of my good friends is from Jamaica and she makes it for me a lot. She also makes me a lot of ackee too, which I also like a lot. One of the other things I love is that she very often makes freshly squeezed fruit juices with various combinations. It's very flavorful yet very healthy food.


    Non si fa il proprio dovere perchè qualcuno ci dica grazie, lo si fa per principio, per se stessi, per la propria dignità. Oriana Fallaci

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