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Thread: First Etruscan settlement found in Sardinia

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    First Etruscan settlement found in Sardinia

    See:

    https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogs...f2c05Xqir8e.97

    "An Etruscan settlement that dates back to the 9th century BC has been found on the Sardinian coasts near Olbia. The presence emerged during a review of the findings of recent years by the archaeological superintendency for the Sassari and Nuoro provinces."

    "
    The area of the settlement - according to a statement issued by the superintendency - is on the Tavolara isle, a position that enabled a certain degree of caution in contact with coastal inhabitants and those further inland.

    Archaeologists note that other settlements might be found in the Gallura area, on the opposite shore from Etruria. Etruria's cities such as Populonia, Vetulonia, Vulci and Tarquinia sprung up during the era in question, the first phase of the Age of Iron."





    "The Monte Prama statues in Sardinia also date back to those times. ''The exchanges between 'nuraghic' Sardinia and the cultural aspect of the first Age of Iron of Ertruria, known as 'villanoviano' are well known and have been studied in depth.

    However, the presence of a community coming from the Etruscan shore that settled in Sardinia and prospered had not previously been found,'' archaeologist Francesco di Gennaro said. ''It is an absolute first and constitutes a leap forward in the reconstruction of relations between the two shores of the Tyrrhenian in protohistory.''





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    What a coincidence, this paper about the Etruscan just came out a few days ago:

    "New data - confirmed by radiocarbon analysis - on the smelting activities with chalcopyrite in the waterfront of the Gulf of Baratti (LI), have revealed that this metallurgical activity is contemporaneous with the most intense contacts between Populonia and Sardinia. It is therefore possible that the experience and the familiarity of the Nuragics with metallurgy and the mining activity in polymetal mines, has influenced the smelting activity of the Etruscan metallurgists [..] From: Andrea Zifferero, Mines and Metal working, In: Etruscology, edited by Alessandro Naso, 2017, ed. De Gruyter, pp.425-444"

    A SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SARDINIA NURAGICA AND ETRURIA VILLANOVIANA: 930-770 BC (and beyond). "The presence of various Nuraghic objects in Villanovan contexts could now take on a definitive meaning, in particular it suggests a connection by sea which, in the context of a complex commercial network, linked proto-urban centers devolved to the exploitation of mineral resources (the Metal Hills) and the island of Elba), like Vetulonia and Populonia, to a multiplicity of Nuragic communities.The Nuragics, starting from the Recent / Final Bronze Age, were engaged in intense maritime activities, as more and more recognized in recent studies (it is not necessary to refer to the Phoenician mediation for the import of nuragic objects in Italy.) The maximum intensity of this phenomenon can be fixed today, given the mentioned studies and the Etruscan funerary contexts, between the IX and the beginning of the VIII century BC, with a limited continuation during the VIII "From: Cristiano Iaia, External Relationships, In: Etruscology, edited by Alessandro Naso, 2017, ed. De Gruyter, pp. 811-830

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    Did they found also villanovan cremation burials? Does anyone know the original - scientific - source?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Cato View Post
    Did they found also villanovan cremation burials? Does anyone know the original - scientific - source?
    We don't know they still haven't published anything, I knew about Nuragic pottery and materials in Etruria, especially in Vetulonia and Populonia but also in Vulci, Tarquinia and in the Elba island, and while there had been discoveries of some Villanovian materials such as fibulae and antenna swords in fewer quantities in Sardinia archaeologists had never discovered Villanovian ceramics/urns before in the island, so I had read in many papers about Sardinian communities in Villanovian territories but not the opposite.

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    The Nuragic influence upon the mainland is extremely well known. This very recent compendium of scholarship on the Etruscans details it pretty extensively:

    https://books.google.com/books?id=2O...truria&f=false

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    Quote Originally Posted by Pygmalion View Post
    What a coincidence, this paper about the Etruscan just came out a few days ago:

    "New data - confirmed by radiocarbon analysis - on the smelting activities with chalcopyrite in the waterfront of the Gulf of Baratti (LI), have revealed that this metallurgical activity is contemporaneous with the most intense contacts between Populonia and Sardinia. It is therefore possible that the experience and the familiarity of the Nuragics with metallurgy and the mining activity in polymetal mines, has influenced the smelting activity of the Etruscan metallurgists [..] From: Andrea Zifferero, Mines and Metal working, In: Etruscology, edited by Alessandro Naso, 2017, ed. De Gruyter, pp.425-444"

    A SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SARDINIA NURAGICA AND ETRURIA VILLANOVIANA: 930-770 BC (and beyond). "The presence of various Nuraghic objects in Villanovan contexts could now take on a definitive meaning, in particular it suggests a connection by sea which, in the context of a complex commercial network, linked proto-urban centers devolved to the exploitation of mineral resources (the Metal Hills) and the island of Elba), like Vetulonia and Populonia, to a multiplicity of Nuragic communities.The Nuragics, starting from the Recent / Final Bronze Age, were engaged in intense maritime activities, as more and more recognized in recent studies (it is not necessary to refer to the Phoenician mediation for the import of nuragic objects in Italy.) The maximum intensity of this phenomenon can be fixed today, given the mentioned studies and the Etruscan funerary contexts, between the IX and the beginning of the VIII century BC, with a limited continuation during the VIII "From: Cristiano Iaia, External Relationships, In: Etruscology, edited by Alessandro Naso, 2017, ed. De Gruyter, pp. 811-830
    so the intensive contact was pre/before the orientalising period in etruria?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Angela View Post
    The Nuragic influence upon the mainland is extremely well known. This very recent compendium of scholarship on the Etruscans details it pretty extensively:

    https://books.google.com/books?id=2O...truria&f=false
    Exactly it's even been suggested that iron metallurgy was imported from Sardinia to Thyrrenian Italy:

    http://www.academia.edu/2061542/Meta...Coming_of_Iron

    There's also further recent evidence that iron was smelted in Sardinia really early thanks to contacts with Cypriot smiths:

    http://www.quaderniarcheocaor.benicu...e/view/334/196

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    Quote Originally Posted by alexfritz View Post
    so the intensive contact was pre/before the orientalising period in etruria?
    Yes direct trade between Sardinia and Villanovians started at least around the final bronze age (1100 bc) as it's been testified by the finds of Nuragic double axes and daggers in Elba, Populonia and Vetulonia and it reached its maximal intensity during the early iron age around the IX-VIIIth century bc.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Pygmalion View Post
    Yes direct trade between Sardinia and Villanovians started at least around the final bronze age (1100 bc) as it's been testified by the finds of Nuragic double axes and daggers in Elba, Populonia and Vetulonia and it reached its maximal intensity during the early iron age around the IX-VIIIth century bc.
    that is fantastic with sardinia as the initial base of iron innovation would make a good fit, as acc to demarinis 2004 there truly were two phases of iron production in italy, the initial innovation (sporadic) during villanova coinciding with proto-urbanisation gearing towards the coast in south etruria and the extensive production during the orientalising period coinciding with the emergence of greek/phoenician (>east med) colonies; these two phases never seemed to overlap so the initial phase geared towards sardinia rather the east med puzzles it together;
    http://www.academia.edu/22062768/Iro...historic_Italy

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    Hi, interesting thread. What are your thoughts about 'the see people'? I guess the iron spread with them.

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    Apparently not only the claim of an Etruscan settlement was an exaggeration, but the site isn't even a Villanovan settlement, it seems to have been a typical Nuragic settlement with the usual stone huts and mostly indigeneous Nuragic pottery and only a small quantity of Villanovan imports, according to Di Gennaro himself who spread the news.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Pygmalion View Post
    Apparently not only the claim of an Etruscan settlement was an exaggeration, but the site isn't even a Villanovan settlement, it seems to have been a typical Nuragic settlement with the usual stone huts and mostly indigeneous Nuragic pottery and only a small quantity of Villanovan imports, according to Di Gennaro himself who spread the news.
    I haven't seen that. Can you provide a link to the article or news report?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Angela View Post
    I haven't seen that. Can you provide a link to the article or news report?

    New insights into Early Iron Age connections between Sardinia and Etruria: Archaeometric analyses of ceramics from Tavolara


    https://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...52409X20302431

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