Eupedia Forums
Site NavigationEupedia Top > Eupedia Forum & Japan Forum
Results 1 to 10 of 10

Thread: 13 Facts about Rome's Pantheon

  1. #1
    Moderator Achievements:
    Three FriendsTagger First Class1 year registered50000 Experience Points
    Awards:
    Master Tagger
    Jovialis's Avatar
    Join Date
    04-05-17
    Location
    New York City
    Posts
    2,646
    Points
    73,442
    Level
    84
    Points: 73,442, Level: 84
    Level completed: 18%, Points required for next Level: 1,408
    Overall activity: 99.3%

    Y-DNA haplogroup
    R1b1a1a2b1 (R-F1794)
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H6a1b

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    3 out of 3 members found this post helpful.

    13 Facts about Rome's Pantheon



    Long free to enter, Rome's iconic Pantheon will start charging visitors to enter this week. These facts might convince you the €2 ticket is worth it.
    As Italy's Ministry of Culture announced last year, from May 2nd the Pantheon will introduce an entry fee to help cover the costs of maintaining the ancient building which, with more than 7 million visitors per year, is one of Italy's most-viewed monuments.

    Visitors will have to pay €2 – unless they're attending religious services, which will remain free of charge.

    While the new policy ends thousands of years of the landmark being free to all, we promise you it's still worth a visit. Here are just some of the things that make the Pantheon one of Italy's most incredible monuments.

    1. Legend says it was where Rome's founder died

    The legend goes that Romulus, the mythical founder and first king of Rome, died on the spot where the Pantheon now stands. He was supposedly grasped by an eagle and flown to heaven, giving the site sacred associations with the city's history and its gods.

    2. There was an even older one

    The Pantheon you see today is not the first structure on that site. The original temple was built as around 25 BC by Roman consul Marcus Agrippa, whose name you can still make out on the façade. Archaeologists now believe his version was destroyed and rebuilt, possibly more than once.

    The building as it stands is generally attributed to Emperor Hadrian, who is thought to have had it redesigned and completed nearly 1,900 years ago.

    3. Its dome is bigger than St Peter's

    The Pantheon's age is all the more remarkable when you consider what astonishing skill went into creating its curved roof. You might not think so at first glance, but its dome is wide than the one atop St Peter's Basilica by almost two metres (though St Peter's rises higher).

    At 43.3 metres in diameter, the dome remains the world's largest unreinforced concrete structure of its kind to this day. Its ancient architects cleverly lightened the weight of the roof, starting with thick travertine bulked up by bricks, then thinner terracotta tiles followed by lightweight tufa and pumice at the top. At the highest point, the oculus – the nine-metre-wide circular hole in the roof – actually saves crucial weight at the dome's most vulnerable point.

    It's also exactly as high as it is wide, meaning that the interior of the Pantheon perfectly fits a 43.3m-diameter sphere.

    4. No, it doesn't flood when it rains

    You think the Romans built a dome that big and didn't remember to put in a drainage system?

    Take a closer look at the paved floor: some of the slabs have small holes running through them, which allow any rainwater to drain through to sewers below.

    What's more, when the Pantheon was filled with lit candles as it would have been during its past, the flames produced an upwards current of warm air that would cause falling rain to evaporate before reaching the floor.

    5. Parts of it came from Egypt

    The 16 granite columns that support the portico travelled thousands of kilometres to get there. They were quarried in Egypt, in the mountains near the Red Sea, then dragged to the Nile, sailed up the river, across the Mediterranean, and along the Tiber before finally being pulled into place. For context: each one weighs 60 tons.

    6. And now, parts of it are elsewhere in Rome

    While some of the external decoration was lost over the years, one part of the Pantheon was recycled: the bronze ceiling that once made the portico shine. The metal was stripped off on the orders of Pope Urban VIII in the 17th century and melted down to make cannon for the Castel Sant'Angelo, the papal fortress on the other side of the Tiber. Legend has it that some of the bronze also ended up in the sculpted canopy over the altar of St Peter's.

    The travesty earned the pope, a member of the illustrious Barberini family, the epithet: "What the barbarians didn't do, the Barberinis did."

    7. It once had trees growing inside it

    The Pantheon, like many of Rome's finest monuments, fell into disrepair with the fall of the Roman Empire. Historians believe that, as the ground level around it rose, dirt accumulated on the floor of the Pantheon, clogged the drainage system and turned the building into a wasteland. Watered by the rain that dripped through the oculus, weeds, vines and even trees put down roots in there – and it's possible that homeless Romans camped out inside, too.

    8. It has another alias

    Trying asking a taxi driver to take you to "Santa Maria della Rotunda" and see where you end up. That's how the Pantheon became known after it was cleaned up and turned into a Christian church, on the pope's request and with permission from the Byzantine emperor, in 609.

    They gave it a Latin name: Sancta Maria ad Martyres, or Saint Mary and the Martyrs. But over the centuries, Italians came to call it more informally, "Saint Mary of the Rotunda".

    9. It used to have 'ears'

    While Michelangelo said the Pantheon was so perfect it must have been designed by angels, not men, later architects felt compelled to make some changes. In the 17th century two ill-advised bell towers were added on either side of the portico, disrupting the building's classical outline and earning themselves the nickname "the ass's ears".

    They were lopped off by general consensus in the 1880s.

    10. You can get married there

    As you'd expect in a consecrated church, Catholic ceremonies are held there – including regular masses and not so regular weddings.

    That's right, it is possible to get married inside the Pantheon and a handful of couples do it every year. Many, many more take the easier option and just get their wedding shots taken outside.

    11. It's the resting place of many famous people, and one who's not famous at all

    The Pantheon houses the tombs of one queen, two kings and nine artists, architects and musicians. But there's one much less famous grave: it belongs to Maria Antonietta di Bibbiena, who was engaged to the master painter Raphael.

    The young noblewoman died before they were married and is buried to the right of her fiancée, who lies in what is arguably the building's finest tomb.

    12. Once a year, rose petals rain through the roof

    The Pantheon celebrates Pentecost, the day the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles, with a spectacular ritual in which firefighters pour a shower of rose petals through the oculus. The red symbolizes the blood that Jesus Christ shed to save humankind.

    This year the ceremony takes place on Sunday, May 20th. It's free of charge and open to all, but places are limited so arrive early and be prepared to queue. Or you can just watch the live stream online.

    13. Something very special happens on April 21st

    If you're lucky enough to be inside the Pantheon on April 21st, around noon, look towards the entrance: you'll see the sunlight that enters through the oculus hitting the door dead on.

    April 21st is the date of the founding of Rome and historians suspect that the Pantheon may have been designed to give the emperor some gloriously symbolic backlighting as he entered the temple to celebrate the anniversary.







    https://www.thelocal.it/20180501/fac...-rome-pantheon

  2. #2
    Advisor Achievements:
    VeteranThree Friends50000 Experience PointsRecommendation Second Class
    Awards:
    Posting Award
    Angela's Avatar
    Join Date
    02-01-11
    Posts
    14,933
    Points
    256,075
    Level
    100
    Points: 256,075, Level: 100
    Level completed: 0%, Points required for next Level: 0
    Overall activity: 99.6%


    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: USA - New York



    1 out of 1 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Long free to enter, Rome's iconic Pantheon will start charging visitors to enter this week. These facts might convince you the €2 ticket is worth it.
    As Italy's Ministry of Culture announced last year, from May 2nd the Pantheon will introduce an entry fee to help cover the costs of maintaining the ancient building which, with more than 7 million visitors per year, is one of Italy's most-viewed monuments.

    Visitors will have to pay €2 – unless they're attending religious services, which will remain free of charge.

    While the new policy ends thousands of years of the landmark being free to all, we promise you it's still worth a visit. Here are just some of the things that make the Pantheon one of Italy's most incredible monuments.

    1. Legend says it was where Rome's founder died

    The legend goes that Romulus, the mythical founder and first king of Rome, died on the spot where the Pantheon now stands. He was supposedly grasped by an eagle and flown to heaven, giving the site sacred associations with the city's history and its gods.

    2. There was an even older one

    The Pantheon you see today is not the first structure on that site. The original temple was built as around 25 BC by Roman consul Marcus Agrippa, whose name you can still make out on the façade. Archaeologists now believe his version was destroyed and rebuilt, possibly more than once.

    The building as it stands is generally attributed to Emperor Hadrian, who is thought to have had it redesigned and completed nearly 1,900 years ago.

    3. Its dome is bigger than St Peter's

    The Pantheon's age is all the more remarkable when you consider what astonishing skill went into creating its curved roof. You might not think so at first glance, but its dome is wide than the one atop St Peter's Basilica by almost two metres (though St Peter's rises higher).

    At 43.3 metres in diameter, the dome remains the world's largest unreinforced concrete structure of its kind to this day. Its ancient architects cleverly lightened the weight of the roof, starting with thick travertine bulked up by bricks, then thinner terracotta tiles followed by lightweight tufa and pumice at the top. At the highest point, the oculus – the nine-metre-wide circular hole in the roof – actually saves crucial weight at the dome's most vulnerable point.

    It's also exactly as high as it is wide, meaning that the interior of the Pantheon perfectly fits a 43.3m-diameter sphere.

    4. No, it doesn't flood when it rains

    You think the Romans built a dome that big and didn't remember to put in a drainage system?

    Take a closer look at the paved floor: some of the slabs have small holes running through them, which allow any rainwater to drain through to sewers below.

    What's more, when the Pantheon was filled with lit candles as it would have been during its past, the flames produced an upwards current of warm air that would cause falling rain to evaporate before reaching the floor.

    5. Parts of it came from Egypt

    The 16 granite columns that support the portico travelled thousands of kilometres to get there. They were quarried in Egypt, in the mountains near the Red Sea, then dragged to the Nile, sailed up the river, across the Mediterranean, and along the Tiber before finally being pulled into place. For context: each one weighs 60 tons.

    6. And now, parts of it are elsewhere in Rome

    While some of the external decoration was lost over the years, one part of the Pantheon was recycled: the bronze ceiling that once made the portico shine. The metal was stripped off on the orders of Pope Urban VIII in the 17th century and melted down to make cannon for the Castel Sant'Angelo, the papal fortress on the other side of the Tiber. Legend has it that some of the bronze also ended up in the sculpted canopy over the altar of St Peter's.

    The travesty earned the pope, a member of the illustrious Barberini family, the epithet: "What the barbarians didn't do, the Barberinis did."

    7. It once had trees growing inside it

    The Pantheon, like many of Rome's finest monuments, fell into disrepair with the fall of the Roman Empire. Historians believe that, as the ground level around it rose, dirt accumulated on the floor of the Pantheon, clogged the drainage system and turned the building into a wasteland. Watered by the rain that dripped through the oculus, weeds, vines and even trees put down roots in there – and it's possible that homeless Romans camped out inside, too.

    8. It has another alias

    Trying asking a taxi driver to take you to "Santa Maria della Rotunda" and see where you end up. That's how the Pantheon became known after it was cleaned up and turned into a Christian church, on the pope's request and with permission from the Byzantine emperor, in 609.

    They gave it a Latin name: Sancta Maria ad Martyres, or Saint Mary and the Martyrs. But over the centuries, Italians came to call it more informally, "Saint Mary of the Rotunda".

    9. It used to have 'ears'

    While Michelangelo said the Pantheon was so perfect it must have been designed by angels, not men, later architects felt compelled to make some changes. In the 17th century two ill-advised bell towers were added on either side of the portico, disrupting the building's classical outline and earning themselves the nickname "the ass's ears".

    They were lopped off by general consensus in the 1880s.

    10. You can get married there

    As you'd expect in a consecrated church, Catholic ceremonies are held there – including regular masses and not so regular weddings.

    That's right, it is possible to get married inside the Pantheon and a handful of couples do it every year. Many, many more take the easier option and just get their wedding shots taken outside.

    11. It's the resting place of many famous people, and one who's not famous at all

    The Pantheon houses the tombs of one queen, two kings and nine artists, architects and musicians. But there's one much less famous grave: it belongs to Maria Antonietta di Bibbiena, who was engaged to the master painter Raphael.

    The young noblewoman died before they were married and is buried to the right of her fiancée, who lies in what is arguably the building's finest tomb.

    12. Once a year, rose petals rain through the roof

    The Pantheon celebrates Pentecost, the day the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles, with a spectacular ritual in which firefighters pour a shower of rose petals through the oculus. The red symbolizes the blood that Jesus Christ shed to save humankind.

    This year the ceremony takes place on Sunday, May 20th. It's free of charge and open to all, but places are limited so arrive early and be prepared to queue. Or you can just watch the live stream online.

    13. Something very special happens on April 21st

    If you're lucky enough to be inside the Pantheon on April 21st, around noon, look towards the entrance: you'll see the sunlight that enters through the oculus hitting the door dead on.

    April 21st is the date of the founding of Rome and historians suspect that the Pantheon may have been designed to give the emperor some gloriously symbolic backlighting as he entered the temple to celebrate the anniversary.







    https://www.thelocal.it/20180501/fac...-rome-pantheon
    I go every single time I'm in Rome. It's my absolutely favorite building. If you can manage to go very early or very late, there's a sort of peace which I find indescribable.


    Non si fa il proprio dovere perchè qualcuno ci dica grazie, lo si fa per principio, per se stessi, per la propria dignità. Oriana Fallaci

  3. #3
    Advisor Achievements:
    VeteranThree Friends50000 Experience PointsRecommendation Second Class
    Awards:
    Posting Award
    Angela's Avatar
    Join Date
    02-01-11
    Posts
    14,933
    Points
    256,075
    Level
    100
    Points: 256,075, Level: 100
    Level completed: 0%, Points required for next Level: 0
    Overall activity: 99.6%


    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: USA - New York



    Quote Originally Posted by Angela View Post
    I go every single time I'm in Rome. It's my absolutely favorite building. If you can manage to go very early or very late, there's a sort of peace which I find indescribable.
    According to Michelangelo: Desegno angelico e non umano” or, a design of angels and not of man.

    It's also been described as the navel of the world, That's actually how it feels.

    Stendahl used it as a test of people's aesthetic sense. I think that's a good idea.:)

  4. #4
    Moderator Achievements:
    Three FriendsTagger First Class1 year registered50000 Experience Points
    Awards:
    Master Tagger
    Jovialis's Avatar
    Join Date
    04-05-17
    Location
    New York City
    Posts
    2,646
    Points
    73,442
    Level
    84
    Points: 73,442, Level: 84
    Level completed: 18%, Points required for next Level: 1,408
    Overall activity: 99.3%

    Y-DNA haplogroup
    R1b1a1a2b1 (R-F1794)
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H6a1b

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    Quote Originally Posted by Angela View Post
    According to Michelangelo: Desegno angelico e non umano” or, a design of angels and not of man.

    It's also been described as the navel of the world, That's actually how it feels.

    Stendahl used it as a test of people's aesthetic sense. I think that's a good idea.:)
    It really is a remarkable building, I definitely need to see it when I go.


  5. #5
    Regular Member Achievements:
    Three Friends1 year registered10000 Experience Points
    Awards:
    Most Popular
    Salento's Avatar
    Join Date
    30-05-17
    Posts
    2,479
    Points
    21,479
    Level
    44
    Points: 21,479, Level: 44
    Level completed: 81%, Points required for next Level: 171
    Overall activity: 91.0%

    Y-DNA haplogroup
    T1a2 -Z19945
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H12a

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    1 out of 1 members found this post helpful.

    13 Facts about Rome's Pantheon

    Fact #14
    There was a McDonald’s right in front of the Pantheon. It was hilarious, completely out of place, but there it was. lol


    Yes, it’s me.


    This is not (Quick view of McDon..): http://<a href="https://youtu.be/a6V...6Vw7V3YzC4</a>
    But you oh Messapo, Tamer of Horses ... that no one, with neither iron nor fire can break down! “Virgil”

  6. #6
    Moderator Achievements:
    Three FriendsTagger First Class1 year registered50000 Experience Points
    Awards:
    Master Tagger
    Jovialis's Avatar
    Join Date
    04-05-17
    Location
    New York City
    Posts
    2,646
    Points
    73,442
    Level
    84
    Points: 73,442, Level: 84
    Level completed: 18%, Points required for next Level: 1,408
    Overall activity: 99.3%

    Y-DNA haplogroup
    R1b1a1a2b1 (R-F1794)
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H6a1b

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    1 out of 1 members found this post helpful.

  7. #7
    Advisor Achievements:
    VeteranThree Friends50000 Experience PointsRecommendation Second Class
    Awards:
    Posting Award
    Angela's Avatar
    Join Date
    02-01-11
    Posts
    14,933
    Points
    256,075
    Level
    100
    Points: 256,075, Level: 100
    Level completed: 0%, Points required for next Level: 0
    Overall activity: 99.6%


    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: USA - New York



    1 out of 1 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Fabulous video. I never saw it. Thank you, Jovialis.

    There were these on the same page that turned up.


    Information from some professors:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaY8zqYfQI0

    HD view:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CN7Fqi__0U

    Nothing beats that picture though, although even it doesn't capture the experience. I think it's partly something about being in a perfect sphere.

  8. #8
    Regular Member Achievements:
    Three Friends1 year registered10000 Experience Points
    Awards:
    Most Popular
    Salento's Avatar
    Join Date
    30-05-17
    Posts
    2,479
    Points
    21,479
    Level
    44
    Points: 21,479, Level: 44
    Level completed: 81%, Points required for next Level: 171
    Overall activity: 91.0%

    Y-DNA haplogroup
    T1a2 -Z19945
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H12a

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    13 Facts about Rome's Pantheon

    Sunlight hitting the inside of the Pantheon’s Dome. I took this Pictures (not to brag) “Amazing”


    Outside the Pantheon

  9. #9
    Princess Achievements:
    Overdrive10000 Experience PointsVeteranThree Friends
    davef's Avatar
    Join Date
    19-06-16
    Location
    New York
    Posts
    2,206
    Points
    10,751
    Level
    31
    Points: 10,751, Level: 31
    Level completed: 29%, Points required for next Level: 499
    Overall activity: 21.0%


    Ethnic group
    Italian,Irish,Jewish
    Country: USA - New York



    Quote Originally Posted by Salento View Post
    Fact #14
    There was a McDonald’s right in front of the Pantheon. It was hilarious, completely out of place, but there it was. lol


    Yes, it’s me.


    This is not (Quick view of McDon..): http://<a href="https://youtu.be/a6V...6Vw7V3YzC4</a>
    pfffffft. McDonalds. Of all the choices they had they chose McDonalds and not Dairy Queen or Taco Bell. Shame. Ba do ba da ba. I'm Romin it.
    mmmmmmmmm dooouuughhhnuuuutz

  10. #10
    Princess Achievements:
    Overdrive10000 Experience PointsVeteranThree Friends
    davef's Avatar
    Join Date
    19-06-16
    Location
    New York
    Posts
    2,206
    Points
    10,751
    Level
    31
    Points: 10,751, Level: 31
    Level completed: 29%, Points required for next Level: 499
    Overall activity: 21.0%


    Ethnic group
    Italian,Irish,Jewish
    Country: USA - New York



    The place looks good, but from these pictures it's not something so mind blowingly beautiful you'd think you're in heaven or something. I don't understand why people think that. To be fair I think you'd only feel that way if you're actually there, based on posts in this thread.

    Interesting how that guy used it to test someone's sense of aesthetics.

Tags for this Thread

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •