Haplogroups of European kings and queens




Two weeks ago, I mentioned that members of the House of Oldenburg belonged to haplogroup R1b, based on Tsar Nicholas II's DNA. Here is a summary of all European kings and queens (and crown princes) whose haplogroup can be deduced from the testing of a relative.

Britain & Scandinavia

Kings & Queens of England or Great Britain

Edward IV (1442-1483) => J1c2c (mtDNA)
Richard III (1452-1485) => J1c2c (mtDNA)
James I (1566-1625) => R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
Charles I (1600-1649) => T2 (mtDNA) ; R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
Henrietta Maria of France (1609-1669) => H (mtDNA)
Charles II (1630-1685) => H (mtDNA) ; R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
James II (1633-1701) => H (mtDNA) ; R1b-L21 (Y-DNA)
William III (1650-1702) => H (mtDNA)
George I (1660-1727) => T2 (mtDNA)
George III (1738-1820) => T2 (mtDNA)
Victoria (1819-1901) => H (mtDNA)
Edward VII (1841-1910) => H (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925) => T2 (mtDNA)
George V (1865-1936) => T2 (mtDNA) R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
Edward VIII (1894-1972) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
George VI (1895-1952) => R1b-U106 (Z305+) (Y-DNA)
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh => H (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
Charles, Prince of Wales => R1b (Y-DNA)
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge => R30b (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)

Kings & Queens of Scotland

James III (1451-1488) => U5b* (mtDNA)

Kings & Queens of Denmark

Sigrid the Haughty (968-1014) => => H (mtDNA)
Harald II (980-1018) => H (mtDNA)
Canute the Great (994-1035) => H (mtDNA)
Sweyn II Estridson (1019-1076) => H (mtDNA)
Canute V of Denmark (1129-1157) => Z1a (mtDNA)
Sophia of Minsk, Queen consort of Denmark (ca. 1140-1198) => Z1a (mtDNA)
King Canute VI of Denmark (1163–1202) => Z1a (mtDNA)
King Valdemar II of Denmark (1170–1241) => Z1a (mtDNA)
Queen Richeza of Denmark (1190-1220) => Z1a (mtDNA)
Olaf II of Denmark & Norway (1370-1387) => I1 (Y-DNA)
Elizabeth (1524-1586) => T2 (mtDNA)
Anne (1574-1619) => T2 (mtDNA)
Juliana Maria of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1729-1796) => H3 (mtDNA)
Margrethe II (1940-) => H (mtDNA)

All the Kings of Denmark since Christian I (reigned from 1448) belonged to haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA)

Christian I (1426-1481)
John (1455-1513)
Christian II (1481-1559)
Frederick I
Christian III => T2 (mtDNA)
Frederick II
Christian IV => T2 (mtDNA)
Frederick III
Christian V
Frederick IV
Christian VI
Frederick V
Christian VII
Frederick VI => T2 (mtDNA)
Christian VIII => T2 (mtDNA)
Frederick VII
Christian IX (1818-1906)
Frederick VIII (1843-1912) => T2 (mtDNA)
Christian X (1870-1947)
Frederick IX (1899-1972)


Kings of Norway

Rikissa Birgersdotter of Sweden, Queen of Norway (c.1237-1288) => Z1a (mtDNA)
Haakon VI of Sweden & Norway (1340-1380) => I1 (Y-DNA)

=> See Kings of Denmark from Christian I to Frederick VI.

Haakon VII (1872-1957) => R1b (Y-DNA)
Olav V (1903-1991) => T2 (mtDNA) ; R1b (Y-DNA)
Harald V (1937-) => R1b (Y-DNA)