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Thread: Head injuries and neuropsychological deficits in criminals

  1. #1
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    Head injuries and neuropsychological deficits in criminals



    It's much worse than I thought.

    See:
    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full...5.2019.1599044

    "Making use of the Pathways to Desistance study (1,336 individuals across 84 months), this study examines the impact of head injuries on criminal persistence. The results of multilevel longitudinal models revealed that within-individual changes in head injury were associated with increases in self-reported offending, and violent offending in particular. A less consistent pattern was observed for arrest and nonviolent offending, indicating that head injury may differentially impact specific forms of criminal persistence. These results provide preliminary evidence suggesting acquired neuropsychological deficits, and head injuries more directly, result in prolonged periods of criminal persistence."

    "
    Experiences that ultimately disrupt normal neuropsychological development or functioning, including exposure to toxins (Bellinger, 2008Bellinger, D. C. (2008). Very low lead exposures and children's neurodevelopment. "

    I would think early recreational drug use would also be a factor.

    "
    Second, head injuries are differentially concentrated within incarcerated populations, wherein 51–60% of United States prison inmates have sustained a previous head injury Some less generalizable samples have noted even more alarming findings. A recent investigative report revealed that nearly all (approximately 96%) inmates housed in Denver’s high-risk jail unit experienced at least one serious head injury previously (Brown, 2015Brown, J. (2015). All Denver jail inmates in high-risk unit have brain trauma. The Denver Post. [Google Scholar]). These findings extend to youth as well, with 31% of youth housed in correctional facilities in the United States sustaining at least one previous head injury (Farrer et al., 2013Farrer, T. J., Frost, R. B., & Hedges, D. W. (2013). Prevalence of traumatic brain injury in juvenile offenders: A meta-analysis. Child Neuropsychology, 19(3), 225–234. doi: 10.1080/09297049.2011.647901[Taylor & Francis Online], [Web of Science ®], , [Google Scholar]). Across the life course, incarcerated populations are differentially exposed to head injuries at a rate that ranges between three (for juveniles) and six (for adults) times that of the general population."


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    Criminals often have mental problems.

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