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Thread: Germanic origin of ancient Gutian names

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    Germanic origin of ancient Gutian names



    First look at this useful article in wikipedia about Germanic name: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_name

    The first Gutian ruler of the Gutian Dynasty mentioned on the Sumerian King List in the 3rd millennium BC is Ingesus/Inkishush: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inkishush

    Possible meaning: Ingwi's-son

    Compare to ing- (a god): Inga, Ingeborg, Inger, Ingvar, Ingrid and Ansgisus

    The text of one of the earliest Gothic inscriptions in runic alphabet: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_o...sa#Inscription is "to Ingwi of the Goths. Holy"

    Ingesus was also the name of 6th Gutian ruler of the Gutian Dynasty of Sumer, his son and successor was Yarlageb/Yarlagab (2103 BCE -2088 BCE): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yarlagab

    Possible meaning: Earl's gift

    Yarla, Old Norse Jarl, from proto-Germanic *erlaz means "earl, nobleman, warrior".
    About the suffix -geb/gifu, compare to Ottogeba, ?lgifu, Willigip, ...

    Another Gutian king with a similar name is Yarlaganda (2064 BCE-2057 BCE): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yarlaganda

    About the suffix -ganda, compare to Gredegand, Charigand, Hrodogand, ...

    And the last Gutian king was Tirigan (2050 BCE –2050 BCE): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tirigan

    Possible meaning: Tyr's magic

    Tyr, Old Norse Týr, was the Germanic god of war.
    The suffix -gan means "magic", compare to Adalgan, Wolfgan, ... and Tirfing (The name is used in the saga to denote the Goths).

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    While I can see that this is tantalizing we can't actually be sure any of these proposed etymologies are sound. We don't know what language the Guti spoke whether it was Indo-European or Semitic, or some other language family.

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    0 out of 1 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by spruithean View Post
    While I can see that this is tantalizing we can't actually be sure any of these proposed etymologies are sound. We don't know what language the Guti spoke whether it was Indo-European or Semitic, or some other language family.
    It is certainty impossible to guess a language by just some names, but I think Gothic/Germanic is one of the main possibilities, another theory considers Tocharian as a possibility, of course there are also some folk etymologies in Kurdish and other Iranian languages too, anyway it seems it is usually believed that Gutian was an Indo-European language.

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