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Thread: Jews in Russian/Austrian/Prussian Poland during the 1800s

  1. #1
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    Jews in Russian/Austrian/Prussian Poland during the 1800s



    Interesting data about big differences in demographic developments of Jews in Russian vs. Austrian vs. Prussian parts of Poland in the 1800s:

    Source is this book: http://www.wbc.poznan.pl/dlibra/publication?id=83913



    Apart from differences in natural growth rates between Jews in Russian/Austrian/Prussian territories, also migrations contributed to those changes.

    For example, most of Jews from Prussian Poland emigrated further west to various parts of Germany (including Berlin) during the 1800s.

    Some Jews - namely those who were poor - were also forcibly expelled from Prussian Poland by German authorities, into the Russian Empire, between years 1793 and 1806. There was also large-scale immigration of Litvaks (Jews from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania) into Congress Poland, due to industrialization of the latter.

    Meanwhile in Austrian-controlled Galicia, Jews emigrated to other parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

    This is why the % of Galician Jews among the total Jewish population of Austro-Hungary was declining.

  2. #2
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    More about expulsions of Jews from Germany/Prussia (most of whom went into Russian-controlled areas after being expelled) can be found here:

    "Polityka rządu pruskiego wobec Żydów polskich od r. 1793 do 1806", published in Poznan in 1923.
    (English title*: "Policies of Prussian government towards Polish Jews since year 1793 until 1806")


    *Translated title. I don't think this publication is available in English. In Polish PDF can be found online.

  3. #3
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    Jews in the Kingdom of Prussia in year 1817:

    East Prussia ----------------------------- 2,389
    West Prussia --------------------------- 12,632
    Grand Duchy Posen ------------------- 52,568
    Pomerania ------------------------------ 2,976
    Silesia ---------------------------------- 16,476
    Brandenburg ---------------------------- 8,498
    Provinz Sachsen ------------------------ 3,242
    Westphalia ------------------------------ 9,723
    Jülich-Cleves-Berg ---------------------- 8,372
    Grand Duchy Niederrhein ------------- 10,469

    TOTAL Kingdom of Prussia --- 127,345 (ca. 1.21% out of 10,536,571 inhabitants)


    ^^^
    On the other hand Britannica 1842 (but data is for 1824, and published in 1825) says this:

    https://play.google.com/books/reader..._GB&pg=GBS.PP1


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