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Thread: Land of Drahim in West Pomerania

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    Elite member Tomenable's Avatar
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    Land of Drahim in West Pomerania

    This little known fragment of West Pomerania was part of Poland until 1772 (while it is usually said that Poland lost West Pomerania already during the High Middle Ages):

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Draheim

    "Draheim (German: Starostei Draheim) or Drahim (Polish: Starostwo Drahimskie) was a starostwo (crown territory) of the Polish Kingdom. Pawned to Brandenburg-Prussia in 1657, it was directly incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia in 1772."

    During times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Drahim belonged to Poznań Voivodeship:

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pozna%...ntury_to_1793)

    Fragments about Drahim from the 1841 book by Leon Plater, titled "Opisanie wojew骴ztwa poznańskiego" ("Description of the [pre-1772] Poznań Voivodeship"), in Polish:

    http://rcin.org.pl/Content/53946/WA5...oj-poznans.pdf

    In the 19th century, this area was part of Regierungsbezirk K鰏lin (Departament Koźliński, Koźlin was archaic Polish name for K鰏lin; while now the city is called Koszalin):







    Map showing approximate borders of Land of Drahim, to the south it bordered with Land of Wałcz (Krone):


  2. #2
    Elite member Tomenable's Avatar
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    Drawsko (Dratzig) Lake:



    The town of Czaplinek:



    Stare Drawsko / Drahim:


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    Thanks to Polish rule the Land of Drahim was the last bastion of Catholic faith in West Pomerania:

    https://www.kul.pl/files/845/pdf/sza...uktur_2010.pdf


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    I translated the text about Draheim (from that book published in 1841, "Description of [former] Pozna艅 Voivodeship") to English:


    =========
    Translation:


    4. Part of Ko藕lin [K枚slin / Koszalin] Department.


    609. Part of Ko藕lin Department which belonged to the former Pozna艅 Voivodeship, includes parts of Counties Nowy Szczecin [Neustettin / Szczecinek], Belgard [Bia艂ogard] and Dramburg [Drawsko Pomorskie].


    A. Part of Nowy Szczecin County.


    610. This part of Nowy Szczecin County borders to the north with the rest of Nowy Szczecin County and with Belgard County; to the west with Dramburg County ; to the south with the same Dramburg County and with Wa艂cz [Krone] County; to the east with the rest of Nowy Szczecin County.


    611. Forests in this part of the county include about 1/4 of its total area.


    612. This part of Nowy Szczecin County has an area of 6 geographical square miles, or 128.941 Magdeburger Morgen. Total population is 7.656 people. Population density is 1.276 per one square mile. Urban population is 3.127 and rural population 4.529. There are 926 households. Minor rivers - two (that is - Drawa and Dobrzyca). Major lakes - 3, minor lakes - 10. Major lakes are called Drahim, Kamer and Neblin. There are two forests, Rakowski and part of K艂awoczy艅ski. There is one forest office in K艂awoszyn.


    In this part of the county there were, in year 1837: horses - 948, cattle - 3.330, sheep - 14.448, goats - 174, pigs - 840. In total livestock 19.740.


    613. This part of Nowy Szczecin County includes one town, 23 large villages, 20 small villages.


    aa) Towns.


    614. Czaplinek (Tempelburg) located at Lake Drahim (Dratzig), it has 394 households and 3.127 inhabitants. It has one Roman Catholic church and one Evangelical church. There is a land-urban court.


    The inhabitants work in cloth-making, tanning and millinery [hat-making]. They hold cattle fairs. The town is owned by the [Prussian] government. It is surrounded by a defensive wall. It was founded in 1291 by the Knights Templar together with the Drahim Castle located half a mile away. Under Polish rule it was part of Starostei Drahim and with the whole Starostei it was pawned in 1657 by King John Casimir to the Brandenburgian Elector Frederick William for 120.000 thalers. And even though this sum was not returned by the Polish government, the town was lawlessly, and despite protests by the Estates of the Kingdom, occupied by the aforementioned Elector in 1668, in collaboration with Prince Dmitry Wiszniowiecki, the then Starost of Drahim.


    In 1658 from this town Stefan Czarniecki and the Polish army marched to Denmark to fight against Swedish forces, as the result of this campaign he conquered Swedish Pomerania with Opali艅ski's help.


    Distance to Poznan - 24 miles, distance to Warsaw - 57 miles.


    bb) Majjor villages.


    615. This part of Nowy Szczecin county includes 23 major villages:


    616.


    1. Zacharyn Ma艂y (Klein Zacharin)
    2. Flachy (Flackensee)
    3. Szarpy (Scharpenort)
    4. Nowy Dw贸r (Neuhof)
    5. Dobrzyce (Doberitz)
    6. Ma艂e Starowice (Klein Schwarsee)
    7. Neblin
    8. Starylas (Altewalde)
    9. Lubow
    10. Rak贸w (Rackow)
    11. Bewerdycze (Bewerdick)
    12. Siekiera (Zicker)
    13. Wielkie Starowice (Gross Schwarsee)
    14. Gonie (G枚nne)
    15. K艂awosze (Claushagen)
    16. Nowa Wie艣 (Neuendorf)
    17. Szmidencin (Schmidentin)
    18. Szmalencin (Schmalentin)
    19. Ziemnice (Zemmin)
    20. Nowy Wor贸w (Neu-W眉row)
    21. Drahim (Draheim)
    22. Zamborz (Zamborsch)
    23. Pin贸w (Pinnow)


    cc) Minor villages and settlements.


    617. This part of the county includes 20 minor villages and settlements.


    B. Part of Belgard [Bia艂ogard] County.


    618. This part borders to the north and west with the rest of Belgard county, to the south and east with part of Dramburg and Nowy Szczecin counties.


    619. This part has an area of half a square mile, or 10.744 Magdeburger Morgen. Total population is 638. Population density per one square mile is 1.276. Entire population is rural. There are 172 households. There are no rivers or lakes. There is one forest near Bramnice.


    620. This part has no towns. There is one major village, Bramnice (Bramstadt), 3 minor villages. In year 1837 there were: horses - 80, cattle - 278, sheep - 1.205, goats - 15, pigs - 70. Livestock in total 1.648.


    C. Part of Dramburg [Drawsko Pomorskie] County.


    621. This part borders to the north and east with Nowy Szczecin county; to the south and west with the rest of Dramburg county; finally to the north with Belgard county.


    622. This part of Dramburg county has 2,50 square miles or 53.724 Magdeburger Morgen. Total population is 3.190, population density per one square mile is 1.276. Entire population is rural. There are 292 households. There is one major river, that is - Drawa. There are 3 major lakes - Drahim (in part), Rep贸w Wielki and Wolsk贸w. As well as 8 minor lakes. There is one forest - Bramnicki. The road from Polzin to Falkenburg goes thrugh this part of the county. In 1837 there were: horses - 394, cattle - 1.387, sheep - 6.019, goats - 72, pigs - 350. In total livestock - 8.222.


    623. This part of the county has no towns, 7 major villages and 14 minor.


    Major villages.


    624.


    1. Stary Wor贸w (Alt W眉row)
    2. Kleb贸w
    3. Warlany (Wahrlang)
    4. Rep贸w
    5. Kwieci艅 (Blumen Werder)
    6. Henryk贸w (Heinrichsdorf)
    7. Giesie (Giesen)


    Minor villages and settlements.


    625. In this part of Dramburg county there are 14 minor villages and settlements.


    Churches in the whole of Land of Drahim in 1772:


    Lutheran churches - 2
    Catholic churches - 11


    Total area of Land of Drahim - ca. 651 or 675 km2.

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