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Thread: Early Alpine human occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Euro

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    Regular Member Flann Fina's Avatar
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    Early Alpine human occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Euro

    I’m not sure if this has been posted yet, so here it is:


    Early Alpine human occupation backdates westward human migration in Late Glacial Europe

    Abstract

    The end of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) in Europe (~16.5 ka ago) set in motion major changes in human culture and population structure. In Southern Europe, Early Epigravettian material culture was replaced by Late Epigravettian art and technology about 18-17 ka ago at the beginning of southern Alpine deglaciation, although available genetic evidence from individuals who lived ~14 ka ago opened up questions on the impact of migrations on this cultural transition only after that date. Here we generate new genomic data from a human mandible uncovered at the Late Epigravettian site of Riparo Tagliente (Veneto, Italy), that we directly dated to 16,980-16,510 cal BP (2σ). This individual, affected by a low-prevalence dental pathology named focal osseous dysplasia, attests that the very emergence of Late Epigravettian material culture in Italy was already associated with migration and genetic replacement of the Gravettian-related ancestry. In doing so, we push back by at least 3,000 years the date of the diffusion in Southern Europe of a genetic component linked to Balkan/Anatolian refugia, previously believed to have spread during the later Bolling/Allerod warming event (~14 ka ago). Our results suggest that demic diffusion from a genetically diverse population may have substantially contributed to cultural changes in LGM and post-LGM Southern Europe, independently from abrupt shifts to warmer and more favourable conditions.


    Unfortunately, I can’t post any links now but if you Google the title it’ll come up.

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    The Y-DNA is once again I2.

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    What about phenotype ? Blue eyed?

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    Regular Member Anfänger's Avatar
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    Yes it is very much like Villabrunna1 and from the same region in North Eastern Italy.

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    nice article

  7. #7
    Regular Member Flann Fina's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by bicicleur View Post
    ……. ……
    is it a Villabrunan?

    Thank you for the links!

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    Regular Member torzio's Avatar
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    no , not Villabruna...who was found near the modern town of Feltre

    Riparo Tagliente (northeastern Italy) represents the earliest available evidence of human occupation of the southern Alpine slope while the main glaciers in the area started withdrawing 17.7 ka ago,
    Epigravettian migrations 3,000 years before Villabruna

    Y-DNA I2-M436, mtDNA U4’9

    Fathers mtdna ... T2b17
    Grandfather mtdna ... T1a1e
    Sons mtdna ... K1a4
    Mum paternal line ... R1b-S8172
    Grandmum paternal side ... I1-Y33791
    Wife paternal line ... R1a-Z282

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    Interesting that mtdna U4 forms a clade with East African? mtdna U9. Is U9 found anywhere else?

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    Attachment 12286
    interesting

  11. #11
    Advisor bicicleur's Avatar
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    note that Tagliente is very close to the mesolithic R7 & R15 in the Moots paper, both Y-DNA and autosomal

    https://www.yfull.com/tree/I-M223/

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    ​The bow and arrows is a decisive advantage that can live up to the explanation of population replacement and these new dates agree with the first known traces of bow and arrows in Europe that date from 17,500–18,000.

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