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Thread: Population genomics of the Viking world (Margaryan et al 2020)

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    Quote Originally Posted by torzio View Post
    @Jovialis

    Do you have any info , more than this for .......

    Varnhem ( 950 yBP - Viking Age )

    VK398 ( 950 ± 100 yBP )

    Y-DNA: T1a2
    mtDNA: H1b1+16362
    Unfortunately the BAM files do not process into raw data with the tools I am using.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Weren't the Italians samples from medieval Foggia? Southern Italy is where the Normans had territory. TSI could just be a proxy for that. TSI is usually used as a generic Italian population in DNA studies.
    Foggia, yes. But like you mentioned Tuscanese are usually used as a generic Italian population. They mention a type of Southern European and "Eastern" shift in the Viking Age-Scandinavians in the paper, so I guess the Tuscanese and the Finnish are included as the best proxies for those respectively. Sidenote: I must say, if that's the case, I find it a bit funny how they insist on labelling the Finnish/Baltic shift in such exotic terms.

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    Quote Originally Posted by torzio View Post
    @Jovialis
    Do you have any info , more than this for .......
    Varnhem ( 950 yBP - Viking Age )
    VK398 ( 950 ± 100 yBP )
    Y-DNA: T1a2
    mtDNA: H1b1+16362
    VK17 mtDNA U5a2a1b - y T1a1a

    I know people with that exact mtDNA from Benevento:

    ... and R850 (650 BC Latin Tribe Ardea) is also y T1a1a according to MTA !

    Last edited by Salento; 21-09-20 at 04:27.

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    Quote Originally Posted by torzio View Post
    @Jovialis

    Do you have any info , more than this for .......

    Varnhem ( 950 yBP - Viking Age )

    VK398 ( 950 ± 100 yBP )

    Y-DNA: T1a2
    mtDNA: H1b1+16362

    Varnhem
    Västergötlands Museum IM16-107025, RAÄ 60, Västergötland, Sweden (Prepared by Maria Vretemark, Västergötlands Museum)


    Varnhem in the central part of Västergötland is well known for its large church with the adjacent ruins of a Cistercian abbey. Less attention has been paid to the history of Varnhem before the abbey was founded in the middle of the 12th century CE. In order to learn more about this earlier period, the Museum of Västergötland started an archaeological research project in 2005 named ‘Varnhem – innan munkarna kom’ (Varnhem – before the monks arrived). The archaeological excavations revealed a large settlement area and a VA church with a surrounding churchyard. Thick cultural layers, foundations of buildings, a church ruin, and hundreds of Christian VA graves were discovered. All of this presents an image of a prominent farmstead with roots going back into the Iron Age.


    Varnhem is situated in an area with a great density of prehistoric sites. Graves and settlements dating from all periods are found here. Fertile soil, rich pasture and meadowland for harvesting and grazing, together with woodlands and lakes provided the right conditions for the emergence of a strong wealthy community. Among the rich archaeological finds discovered in the area, the large silver treasure found in 1873 deserves particular mention. This VA hoard consists of 476 silver coins from the early 11th century CE. Most of the coins are Anglo-Saxon and they point to contact with the west. Rune stones in the region bear witness to men killed in England. Several rune inscriptions also mention ‘thegnar’ - a title of a follower of the Danish kings Sven Forkbeard and Cnut the Great, and as such a member of the English/Danish royal forces in England after the conquest in 1015 CE and the subsequent Danish occupation. Some of these thegnar obviously came from Västergötland, a region that had long been part of the Danish sphere of influence. The most successful Viking soldiers might have received a share of the taxes known as the Danegeld, which was paid in silver coins. They returned home after their service ended, and this could explain how the large number of Anglo-Saxon silver coins ended up in Varnhem.


    The presence of a large Iron Age farmstead was confirmed through the discovery of the remains of houses, hearths, trenches, pits and postholes, along with pottery, animal bones, and other artefacts. A series of radiocarbon dates indicated that the site had been continuously settled for a thousand years, from the Roman Iron Age to the early medieval period. This was most likely an aristocratic manor. A church, built at the expense of the landowner, was included as one of the buildings on the prominent farm.

    In past decades, remains of early churches and early Christian burial grounds have emerged in several places in central parts of Västergötland. The oldest churches in this region have been dated to the period around the year 1000 CE. They were privately built farm churches, predating the centralised church organisation of the 12th century with its system of parish churches based on a territorial division of the landscape. The foundations of this private church were excavated as part of the archaeological project at Varnhem (Extended Data Fig. 1d). The first church in Varnhem was built in the late 10th century CE. It was a small wooden church. Sometime during the period 1030-1050 CE the wooden church was replaced by a larger church built of locally quarried limestone. This church was probably one of the first stone buildings in Sweden.


    Surrounding the foundations of the church in Varnhem, there is an extensive (nearly 4000 m2) Christian burial place containing at least 2000 graves and perhaps as many as 3000. Approximately 350 graves have been excavated so far and a well-preserved assemblage of human bones has been recovered for osteological analysis. The rest of the graves remain untouched under the grass of the park. The graves at Varnhem exhibit signs of a socially stratified society. Members of the family that owned the magnate’s farm were buried closest to the church. This is indicated by the presence of limestone coffins. Further away from the church, the dead had been interred in wooden coffins or in simpler graves without a coffin. The social division of the churchyard is also reflected in the state of health that can be observed in the skeletons. There was also a division by gender. Men were buried to the south of the church and women to the north. The dating of the graves is interesting. The burial ground at Varnhem was used continuously for Christian burials from the first half of the 10th century CE to the end of the 12th century, a period of 250-300 years. Christianity was obviously established in the area by the middle of the 10th century CE at the latest71.




    Page 30 of the Supplementary.

    https://static-content.springer.com/...MOESM1_ESM.pdf

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Weren't the Italians samples from medieval Foggia? Southern Italy is where the Normans had territory. TSI could just be a proxy for that. TSI is usually used as a generic Italian population in DNA studies.

    1.2.2.14. Italy
    (Prepared by Gabriele Scorrano, University of Copenhagen, Enrico Cappellini University of Copenhagen, Pasquale Favia, University of Foggia, and Italo M. Muntoni, Soprintendenza Archeologia)


    San Lorenzo in Carminiano, Foggia
    The medieval settlement of San Lorenzo in Carminiano (then Carmignano) was the main village in northern Apulia between the late Middle Ages and the modern period. It is located in the central area of the Tavoliere delle Puglie plain, just outside the city of Foggia. The settlement had three subdivisions, bounded by ditches—a northern trapezoidal one (enclosure I), probably surrounded by walls and extending over seven hectares and dating to c. 13th-16th centuries CE; another in the northwestern position (enclosure II), which is smaller in size and has a half-circular morphology; and a third southern one (enclosure III), which is elliptical and very broad (up to 15 ha). In the site only a small church dedicated to San Lorenzo has been found. Outside the church, along the bottom wall, various paving slabs have been discovered, both in cobwebs (USR 932-841) covered with a combustion ground, in tessellato, with stone tiles and brick sections and finally a wider lacer with brick remains157. Some post holes have also been found and they may perhaps refer to a late medieval stage. The excavation in the area in front of the church identified at least four phases: the first three referring to the Middle Ages, the latter probably to the 17th-18th century CE157. The oldest traces of a funeral attendance are represented by a simple burial in the ground (t.2), hosting three individuals.
    Samples used for DNA analysis:

    VK534 Italy_Foggia-869
    VK535 Italy_Foggia-891


    Cancarro, Troia, Foggia
    The church of Cancarro is situated 3.5 km southwest of Troia, at 430 m ASL. The city of Troia was built on the ruins of the Roman town of Aecae, which occupied a strategic position on the Via Traiana. The church was used between the 11th and the 13th centuries CE158. Next to the church archaeologists unearthed a cemetery with 54 well-preserved burials, often overlying each other. Two graves held two individuals and five pits were ossuaries158. A minimum of 79 skeletons, mainly women, were confidently identified from reused graves158. Based on artifacts, the cemetery was used between the late 11th century CE (Norman Age) and the second half of the 13th century CE (Swabian-Angevin Age)158.
    Samples used for DNA analysis:

    VK536 Italy_Foggia-1240
    VK537 Italy_Foggia-1248
    VK538 Italy_Foggia-1249


    Page 73 of the Supplementary

    https://static-content.springer.com/...MOESM1_ESM.pdf

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    1 members found this post helpful.
    Hi I will prepare some Foggia today:) I'm curious what it be.
    G25 Maps
    K36 Ancestral Report and Chromosomal Analysis

    https://www.lm-genetics.com


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    Quote Originally Posted by Lukas View Post
    Hi I will prepare some Foggia today:) I'm curious what it be.
    Great, could you make coordinates for Dodecad K7b?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Great, could you make coordinates for Dodecad K7b?
    VK535 Italy_Foggia-891

    Whole file:) Check it out where you want to.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1H9v...ew?usp=sharing

    K13 extended

    Components %
    North_Atlantic 17,07
    Baltic 8,36
    West_Med 24,98
    West_Asian 14,34
    East_Med 23,80
    Red_Sea 5,71
    South_Asian 2,03
    East_Asian 1,00
    Siberian 0,00
    Amerindian 0,00
    Oceanian 0,53
    Northeast_African 1,03
    Sub-Saharan 1,15



    Least-squares method.

    Using 1 populations approximation
    1 100% Apulia @ 7,226
    2 100% Central_Greek @ 7,333
    3 100% East_Sicilian @ 7,463
    4 100% Sicily @ 7,503
    5 100% Basilicata @ 7,693
    6 100% West_Sicilian @ 7,797
    7 100% Greek_Peloponnese @ 7,814
    8 100% Molise @ 7,883
    9 100% Abruzzo @ 8,012
    10 100% Campania @ 8,692

    Using 2 populations approximation
    1 50% Sicily + 50% Greek_Eastern-Macedonia @ 5,795
    2 50% Sicily + 50% Greek_Peloponnese @ 5,905
    3 50% Turk_Cypriot + 50% Piedmont @ 6,054
    4 50% Greek_Chios + 50% FrenchCorsica @ 6,069
    5 50% West_Sicilian + 50% Greek_Peloponnese @ 6,110
    6 50% Greek_Chios + 50% Tuscany @ 6,136
    7 50% Malta + 50% Greek_Eastern-Macedonia @ 6,152
    8 50% Sicily + 50% Torbeshi_North-Macedonia-East @ 6,238
    9 50% Veneto + 50% Turk_Cypriot @ 6,244
    10 50% Greek_Eastern-Macedonia + 50% Calabria @ 6,287

  9. #34
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    Quote Originally Posted by Lukas View Post
    VK535 Italy_Foggia-891

    Whole file:) Check it out where you want to.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1H9v...ew?usp=sharing

    K13 extended

    Components %
    North_Atlantic 17,07
    Baltic 8,36
    West_Med 24,98
    West_Asian 14,34
    East_Med 23,80
    Red_Sea 5,71
    South_Asian 2,03
    East_Asian 1,00
    Siberian 0,00
    Amerindian 0,00
    Oceanian 0,53
    Northeast_African 1,03
    Sub-Saharan 1,15



    Least-squares method.

    Using 1 populations approximation
    1 100% Apulia @ 7,226
    2 100% Central_Greek @ 7,333
    3 100% East_Sicilian @ 7,463
    4 100% Sicily @ 7,503
    5 100% Basilicata @ 7,693
    6 100% West_Sicilian @ 7,797
    7 100% Greek_Peloponnese @ 7,814
    8 100% Molise @ 7,883
    9 100% Abruzzo @ 8,012
    10 100% Campania @ 8,692

    Using 2 populations approximation
    1 50% Sicily + 50% Greek_Eastern-Macedonia @ 5,795
    2 50% Sicily + 50% Greek_Peloponnese @ 5,905
    3 50% Turk_Cypriot + 50% Piedmont @ 6,054
    4 50% Greek_Chios + 50% FrenchCorsica @ 6,069
    5 50% West_Sicilian + 50% Greek_Peloponnese @ 6,110
    6 50% Greek_Chios + 50% Tuscany @ 6,136
    7 50% Malta + 50% Greek_Eastern-Macedonia @ 6,152
    8 50% Sicily + 50% Torbeshi_North-Macedonia-East @ 6,238
    9 50% Veneto + 50% Turk_Cypriot @ 6,244
    10 50% Greek_Eastern-Macedonia + 50% Calabria @ 6,287

    looks south european to me ( close to apulia)
    great work lukas
    kudos
    https://www.yfull.com/tree/E-FGC7391/

    https://yfull.com/mtree/H3ap/

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    Hmm, some pretty striking difference between the sample and I, notably the 17.8% North African. I am Pugliese as well, but from the province of Bari. I wonder if this person had some connection with the area of Lucera, in the province of Foggia. Which was where many of the Moors were deported to, before being sacked by the Christians.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim...ment_of_Lucera

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post




    Hmm, some pretty striking difference between the sample and I, notably the 17.8% North African. I am Pugliese as well, but from the province of Bari. I wonder if this person had some connection with the area of Lucera, in the province of Foggia. Which was where many of the Moors were deported to, before being sacked by the Christians.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim...ment_of_Lucera

    you might have a point ( about lucera)
    personaly for me would be more interesting to see
    the earlier age foggia samples
    VK536 Italy_Foggia-1240
    VK537 Italy_Foggia-1248
    VK538 Italy_Foggia-1249


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    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    you might have a point ( about lucera)
    personaly for me would be more interesting to see
    the earlier age foggia samples
    VK536 Italy_Foggia-1240
    VK537 Italy_Foggia-1248
    VK538 Italy_Foggia-1249

    Indeed,

    @Lukas, how were you able to process it? I tried with WGSExtract, but kept getting an error. If possible, could you make raw data files for these samples as well? Thanks!

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Indeed,

    @Lukas, how were you able to process it? I tried with WGSExtract, but kept getting an error. If possible, could you make raw data files for these samples as well? Thanks!
    Try with older version...

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Indeed,

    @Lukas, how were you able to process it? I tried with WGSExtract, but kept getting an error. If possible, could you make raw data files for these samples as well? Thanks!
    Try with older version...

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    2 members found this post helpful.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Lukas View Post
    Nice
    Lukas can you post his eurogenes k13 values?
    (I still like this calculator )
    Kind regards
    Adam

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    This one has 11.4% North African in them, it should be noted that the settlement of Muslims in Foggia started in 1225 AD, and lasted for 75 years. However, these people were killed, exiled, or sold into slavery. I am not certain if their specific legacy was able to prevail.
    Last edited by Jovialis; 22-09-20 at 14:18.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post


    This one has 11.4% North African in them, it should be noted that the settlement of Muslims in Foggia started in 1225 AD, which predates all of the samples, and lasted for 75 years. However, these people were killed, exiled, or sold into slavery. I am not certain if their specific legacy was able to prevail.


    What does his eurogenes k13 values ?
    I mean north atlantic , baltic , west med, west asian, east med, red sea... ?
    Does he score small % sub-sharan like the previews one vk535?
    Regards
    Adam

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    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    What does his eurogenes k13 values ?
    I mean north atlantic , baltic , west med, west asian, east med, red sea... ?
    Does he score small % sub-sharan like the previews one vk535?
    Regards
    Adam
    I'm not an expert on eurogenes calculators, tbh.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    I'm not an expert on eurogenes calculators, tbh.
    But overall from those 2 foggia samples
    We can say they are southern european autosomaly with north african tendecy which are lack in modern apulians ? ..

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    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    But overall from those 2 foggia samples
    We can say they are southern european autosomaly with north african tendecy which are lack in modern apulians ? ..
    I think traces are likely, but these two seem to have a more significant amount. However, I think it is also likely that Puglesi are different from one another at least on the provincial level. Me and Salento are pretty similar, but I think people from Foggia are probably somewhat different; perhaps closer to Basilicata as per the graphic below. Again, I am not sure that this North African element survived to the extent of the Medieval samples in modern Foggia. We would need to compare them to Modern Foggia:


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    Maybe you are like Salento ...an ancient Iapygian ( daunian, or Messapic or Peucetian)

    The Daunians (Greek: Δαύνιοι, romanized: Daúnioi; Latin: Daunii) were an Iapygian tribe that inhabited northern Apulia in classical antiquity. Two other Iapygian tribes, the Peucetians and the Messapians, inhabited central and southern Apulia respectively. All three tribes spoke the Messapic language
    Presence in ancient Italy
    There are numerous testimonies among ancient authors (Pseudo-Scylax, Virgil, Festus, Servius) of a presence of the Daunians beyond the Apennines in Campania and Latium where some towns claimed Diomedian origins. The most notable instance is Ardea, the centre of the Rutulians who were considered Daunians: Vergil writes that Turnus' father was Daunus. Festus writes that a King Lucerus of Ardea fought along with Romulus against Titus Tatius and this is the origin of the name of the Roman Luceres.[6]


    Foggia was settled by the Iapygian Daunians
    Fathers mtdna ... T2b17
    Grandfather mtdna ... T1a1e
    Sons mtdna ... K1a4p
    Mum paternal line ... R1b-S8172
    Grandmum paternal side ... I1-CTS6397
    Wife paternal line ... R1a-Z282

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    The reason for the difference is because during the "Viking Age", central Sweden appears to be the source of migration of many raiders(?) I suppose. These lineages are a legacy of the LN Battle Axe period, rich in I1 and R1a such as the Estonian ship burial and the genomes from the recent Icelandic study a couple years back. However, northern Germany and Denmark are considerably richer in R1b, and we should see this with when Single Grave culture remains come out later this year. We've also seen a reflux of a variety of R1b lineages in the Late Bronze Age. It could be that some of the R1b lines from SGC, which are earlier plot with central Swedes and eastern Norwegians "vikings". (ie: U106, L238, and L11x(P312/U106) In my view there was probably a haplogroup division between northern, or at least northwestern Germany, Denmark, and southern Scandinavia being richer in R1b, but central Sweden and eastern Norway pretty much lacking R1b.

    The two questions I have are as follows:

    1. Who are the original Germanic speakers? (I think the southerners, because Anglo-Saxons were never in Scandinavia)
    2. Why is L21+ so high in southern and western Norway? A recent phenomenon?

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    those samples carry an extra ethnicity than me and most Pugliesi, I think, ...

    last part of my EU K13:


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    Quote Originally Posted by torzio View Post
    Maybe you are like Salento ...an ancient Iapygian ( daunian, or Messapic or Peucetian)

    The Daunians (Greek: Δαύνιοι, romanized: Daúnioi; Latin: Daunii) were an Iapygian tribe that inhabited northern Apulia in classical antiquity. Two other Iapygian tribes, the Peucetians and the Messapians, inhabited central and southern Apulia respectively. All three tribes spoke the Messapic language
    Presence in ancient Italy
    There are numerous testimonies among ancient authors (Pseudo-Scylax, Virgil, Festus, Servius) of a presence of the Daunians beyond the Apennines in Campania and Latium where some towns claimed Diomedian origins. The most notable instance is Ardea, the centre of the Rutulians who were considered Daunians: Vergil writes that Turnus' father was Daunus. Festus writes that a King Lucerus of Ardea fought along with Romulus against Titus Tatius and this is the origin of the name of the Roman Luceres.[6]



    Foggia was settled by the Iapygian Daunians
    I'm not sure I'm an Ancient Iapygian,
    maybe I’m, ... I speculate, ... I look for clues :)

  26. #51
    Regular Member Lukas's Avatar
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    23-04-17
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    Country: Poland



    1 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    Nice
    Lukas can you post his eurogenes k13 values?
    (I still like this calculator )
    Kind regards
    Adam
    Check in Admixturestudio this file for other calcs.

    Components %
    North_Atlantic 20,22
    Baltic 7,68
    West_Med 19,16
    West_Asian 13,86
    East_Med 29,90
    Red_Sea 6,73
    South_Asian 0,00
    East_Asian 0,00
    Siberian 0,70
    Amerindian 0,00
    Oceanian 0,00
    Northeast_African 0,11
    Sub-Saharan 1,64



    Mixed Mode:
    1 50,39% Lebanese_Christian + 49,61% AostaValley @ 1,948
    2 50,39% AostaValley + 49,61% Lebanese_Christian @ 1,978
    3 94,92% Basilicata + 5,08% Yemenite_Jewish @ 2,059
    4 94,92% Basilicata + 5,08% Saudi @ 2,140
    5 62,11% Cyprian + 37,89% French @ 2,151
    6 62,11% Greek_Cypriot + 37,89% French @ 2,151
    7 94,14% Basilicata + 5,86% Egyptian @ 2,253
    8 52,73% Nusayri + 47,27% Swiss_Italian @ 2,287
    9 94,14% Basilicata + 5,86% Bedouin @ 2,312
    10 93,36% Basilicata + 6,64% Palestinian @ 2,313

    Least-squares method.

    Using 1 populations approximation
    1 100% Basilicata @ 2,946
    2 100% Abruzzo @ 3,755
    3 100% Molise @ 3,829
    4 100% Campania @ 4,104
    5 100% Apulia @ 4,385
    6 100% Sicily @ 4,435
    7 100% Malta @ 4,828
    8 100% Greek_Andros_Island @ 4,841
    9 100% East_Sicilian @ 4,940
    10 100% West_Sicilian @ 5,412

    Using 2 populations approximation
    1 50% Lebanese_Christian + 50% AostaValley @ 1,950
    2 50% Lebanese_Muslim + 50% Swiss_Italian @ 2,622
    3 50% Nusayri + 50% Swiss_Italian @ 2,623
    4 50% Samaritan + 50% AostaValley @ 2,752
    5 50% Lebanese_Muslim + 50% Swiss-Italian @ 2,754
    6 50% Piedmont + 50% Nusayri @ 2,767
    7 50% Sephardic_Jewish + 50% Greek_Central-Macedonia @ 2,816
    8 50% Lombardy + 50% Nusayri @ 2,845
    9 50% Piedmont + 50% Lebanese_Muslim @ 2,869
    10 50% Basilicata + 50% Malta @ 2,888

    Using 3 populations approximation
    1 33% Tuscan + 33% Tuscan + 33% Nusayri @ 2,437
    2 33% Tuscan + 33% Tuscan + 33% Lebanese_Muslim @ 2,510
    3 33% Basilicata + 33% Basilicata + 33% Malta @ 2,599
    4 33% Romagna + 33% Romagna + 33% Lebanese_Muslim @ 2,600
    5 33% Romagna + 33% Romagna + 33% Nusayri @ 2,674
    6 33% Basilicata + 33% Abruzzo + 33% Malta @ 2,735
    7 33% Malta + 33% Greek_Andros_Island + 33% West_Sicilian @ 2,746
    8 33% Tuscany + 33% Tuscany + 33% Lebanese_Druze @ 2,840
    9 33% Romagna + 33% Romagna + 33% Syrian @ 2,874
    10 33% Greek_Symi_Island + 33% Sephardic_Jewish + 33% Friuli-VG @ 2,908

    Using 4 populations approximation
    1 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Palestinian @ 2,414
    2 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Sephardic_Jewish + 25% Swiss_German @ 2,510
    3 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Malta @ 2,568
    4 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Jordanian @ 2,617
    5 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Ashkenazi @ 2,619
    6 25% Malta + 25% Malta + 25% Greek_Andros_Island + 25% Marche @ 2,667
    7 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Abruzzo + 25% Malta @ 2,676
    8 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Sephardic_Jewish + 25% Swiss_French @ 2,730
    9 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Syrian @ 2,737
    10 25% Malta + 25% Malta + 25% Greek_Andros_Island + 25% Umbria @ 2,750

  27. #52
    Regular Member Lukas's Avatar
    Join Date
    23-04-17
    Posts
    290


    Country: Poland



    1 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    Nice
    Lukas can you post his eurogenes k13 values?
    (I still like this calculator )
    Kind regards
    Adam
    Check in Admixturestudio this file for other calcs.

    Components %
    North_Atlantic 20,22
    Baltic 7,68
    West_Med 19,16
    West_Asian 13,86
    East_Med 29,90
    Red_Sea 6,73
    South_Asian 0,00
    East_Asian 0,00
    Siberian 0,70
    Amerindian 0,00
    Oceanian 0,00
    Northeast_African 0,11
    Sub-Saharan 1,64



    Mixed Mode:
    1 50,39% Lebanese_Christian + 49,61% AostaValley @ 1,948
    2 50,39% AostaValley + 49,61% Lebanese_Christian @ 1,978
    3 94,92% Basilicata + 5,08% Yemenite_Jewish @ 2,059
    4 94,92% Basilicata + 5,08% Saudi @ 2,140
    5 62,11% Cyprian + 37,89% French @ 2,151
    6 62,11% Greek_Cypriot + 37,89% French @ 2,151
    7 94,14% Basilicata + 5,86% Egyptian @ 2,253
    8 52,73% Nusayri + 47,27% Swiss_Italian @ 2,287
    9 94,14% Basilicata + 5,86% Bedouin @ 2,312
    10 93,36% Basilicata + 6,64% Palestinian @ 2,313

    Least-squares method.

    Using 1 populations approximation
    1 100% Basilicata @ 2,946
    2 100% Abruzzo @ 3,755
    3 100% Molise @ 3,829
    4 100% Campania @ 4,104
    5 100% Apulia @ 4,385
    6 100% Sicily @ 4,435
    7 100% Malta @ 4,828
    8 100% Greek_Andros_Island @ 4,841
    9 100% East_Sicilian @ 4,940
    10 100% West_Sicilian @ 5,412

    Using 2 populations approximation
    1 50% Lebanese_Christian + 50% AostaValley @ 1,950
    2 50% Lebanese_Muslim + 50% Swiss_Italian @ 2,622
    3 50% Nusayri + 50% Swiss_Italian @ 2,623
    4 50% Samaritan + 50% AostaValley @ 2,752
    5 50% Lebanese_Muslim + 50% Swiss-Italian @ 2,754
    6 50% Piedmont + 50% Nusayri @ 2,767
    7 50% Sephardic_Jewish + 50% Greek_Central-Macedonia @ 2,816
    8 50% Lombardy + 50% Nusayri @ 2,845
    9 50% Piedmont + 50% Lebanese_Muslim @ 2,869
    10 50% Basilicata + 50% Malta @ 2,888

    Using 3 populations approximation
    1 33% Tuscan + 33% Tuscan + 33% Nusayri @ 2,437
    2 33% Tuscan + 33% Tuscan + 33% Lebanese_Muslim @ 2,510
    3 33% Basilicata + 33% Basilicata + 33% Malta @ 2,599
    4 33% Romagna + 33% Romagna + 33% Lebanese_Muslim @ 2,600
    5 33% Romagna + 33% Romagna + 33% Nusayri @ 2,674
    6 33% Basilicata + 33% Abruzzo + 33% Malta @ 2,735
    7 33% Malta + 33% Greek_Andros_Island + 33% West_Sicilian @ 2,746
    8 33% Tuscany + 33% Tuscany + 33% Lebanese_Druze @ 2,840
    9 33% Romagna + 33% Romagna + 33% Syrian @ 2,874
    10 33% Greek_Symi_Island + 33% Sephardic_Jewish + 33% Friuli-VG @ 2,908

    Using 4 populations approximation
    1 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Palestinian @ 2,414
    2 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Sephardic_Jewish + 25% Swiss_German @ 2,510
    3 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Malta @ 2,568
    4 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Jordanian @ 2,617
    5 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Ashkenazi @ 2,619
    6 25% Malta + 25% Malta + 25% Greek_Andros_Island + 25% Marche @ 2,667
    7 25% Basilicata + 25% Basilicata + 25% Abruzzo + 25% Malta @ 2,676
    8 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Greek_Symi_Island + 25% Sephardic_Jewish + 25% Swiss_French @ 2,730
    9 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Marche + 25% Syrian @ 2,737
    10 25% Malta + 25% Malta + 25% Greek_Andros_Island + 25% Umbria @ 2,750

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