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Thread: Eupedia Ancient Ethnicities Checker: reliably compare your DNA to ancient populations

  1. #176
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    After the end of Chalcolithic, in Central and Northern Europe, in the Bell Beaker and Corded Ware cultures it seems that there is a significant increase in the Gedrosia component. Posteriorly in the Bronze Age this component is reduced a little in these areas, but it still remains significant and, in the Bronze Age Iberia and Mycenaean civilization there is already a small emergence of Gedrosia.
    Last edited by Duarte; 28-03-21 at 00:24.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Angela View Post
    I remember pointing out long ago how Otzi, a Copper Age Italian, already had SW Asian and Caucasus. Now, looking at Maciamo's graph you can see they're at substantial percentages not only in Mycenaean Greece, but at lower levels in Italy, Sardinia, the Balkans, Iberia, and lower but still significant percentages across the Alps in the North Alpine Bronze Age and Unetice.

    If the Bronze Age Indo-European speaking people came by way of those two areas and then intermingled with Neolithic and Chalcolithic Italians, no wonder the percentages didn't go down very much.

    I'm reminded of the conversation you had the other day on another thread and the insistence all this ancestry arrived in the Iron Age and especially the Empire; not going by this they didn't.

    Even some of the academics and Khan ought to look more closely at the Bronze Age samples. Let's hope there are a lot more soon.

    As for my own results they're always the same, either 65% Latin and the rest Italian-Greek in Iron Age terms, or 75% Villanovan and 25% Mycenaean in Bronze Age terms. It all makes perfect sense.

    I
    Looking at the maps, I can easily see how I can be modeled as Minoan 70.60% + Yamna 29.40%, compared to my own pie chart:


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    Quote Originally Posted by Angela View Post
    I remember pointing out long ago how Otzi, a Copper Age Italian, already had SW Asian and Caucasus. Now, looking at Maciamo's graph you can see they're at substantial percentages not only in Mycenaean Greece, but at lower levels in Italy, Sardinia, the Balkans, Iberia, and lower but still significant percentages across the Alps in the North Alpine Bronze Age and Unetice.

    If the Bronze Age Indo-European speaking people came by way of those two areas and then intermingled with Neolithic and Chalcolithic Italians, no wonder the percentages didn't go down very much.

    I'm reminded of the conversation you had the other day on another thread and the insistence all this ancestry arrived in the Iron Age and especially the Empire; not going by this they didn't.

    Even some of the academics and Khan ought to look more closely at the Bronze Age samples. Let's hope there are a lot more soon.

    As for my own results they're always the same, either 65% Latin and the rest Italian-Greek in Iron Age terms, or 75% Villanovan and 25% Mycenaean in Bronze Age terms. It all makes perfect sense.

    I


    Also looking at these Neolithic populations, I see they also have a "southwest Asian" component in all of the populations. So I don't think it is indicative of recent populations, but simply how Dodecad is interpreting some part of Anatolian_N ancestry.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post


    Also looking at these Neolithic populations, I see they also have a "southwest Asian" component in all of the populations. So I don't think it is indicative of recent populations, but simply how Dodecad is interpreting some part of Anatolian_N ancestry.
    Also, we know that Minoan, and Anatolian_ChL can be modeled with just CHG/IN and Anatolian_N. So we can assume that "southwest Asian" in Dodecad is actually not indicative of Levantine ancestry. Rather, it may just be picking up a common ancestry that is prevalent in that area, that came from the north, rather than a native component.





  5. #180
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    I would say, Anatolian_N is subsumed into various components. Which is why Neolithic populations are so seemingly diverse. Since modern Southwest Asians, Atlantic Med, Caucasus, and north african, have Anatolian_N in them. Northern European maybe perfect for whg/ehg combo, since Yamnaya is perfectly 60% of this ancestry; the rest can be considered chg.

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    Caucasus seems more related to non-steppe related CHG; I also think Anatolian_N is partly subsumed into this component. While the Gedrosia more related to Steppe related CHG.

  7. #182
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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post


    Also looking at these Neolithic populations, I see they also have a "southwest Asian" component in all of the populations. So I don't think it is indicative of recent populations, but simply how Dodecad is interpreting some part of Anatolian_N ancestry.
    For Early Neolithic Italy I think the southwest Asian, northwest African, Atlantic med, much of the Caucasus, can all be considered subsumed Anatolian_N:

    Here is the modeling from Antonio et al. 2019:


    You just need to do a little mental gymnastics to see where the components make sense in according to the academic modeling. But some components are better distinguished from others.

  8. #183
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    The same may be happening with the Eurogenes calculators, although those who use them don't understand that. The newer, more sophisticated academic methods may be able to sort this out better.


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    2 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Caucasus seems more related to non-steppe related CHG; I also think Anatolian_N is partly subsumed into this component. While the Gedrosia more related to Steppe related CHG.
    I agree at least for that: some 'anatolian N' in the 'caucasus' and less ANE in it as a whole. The 'gedrosia' part contains more of this ANE, and is closer to the kind of CHG which was on the Steppes. It grew in western and central Europe with the Steppe, at Chalco and Bronze. Concerning 'atlantic-med', I think a part of it was already in western Europe before 'anatolian N', containing some WHG alement...

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    "... containing some WHG element...." > being one of the WHG contribution.

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    Quote Originally Posted by MOESAN View Post
    I agree at least for that: some 'anatolian N' in the 'caucasus' and less ANE in it as a whole. The 'gedrosia' part contains more of this ANE, and is closer to the kind of CHG which was on the Steppes. It grew in western and central Europe with the Steppe, at Chalco and Bronze. Concerning 'atlantic-med', I think a part of it was already in western Europe before 'anatolian N', containing some WHG alement...
    Yes, I think that is right, concerning Atlantic_Med

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    2 members found this post helpful.
    Here is my pie chart, compared to my best 2-way modeling pie charts:



    Last edited by Jovialis; 29-03-21 at 02:52.

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    I somehow can't post all of my 3 my screenshots. I'll try to compress into a shorter posting.

    As a Croat from the West Balkans, I'm between Lithuania Narva and Middle Bronze Age Anatolia. Would Lithuania Narva be more "Slavic" or "Gothic" or is it something else? Bronze Age Anatolia, does it come from the same folks as the Neolithic immigrants from the Fertile Crescent into the Danube valley or did it arrive with the Greeks or some other folks during the Bronze Age? Thanks.

    My results:

    1.4890 60.40% Neolithic_Lithuania_Narva_culture_(n=4) + 39.60% Middle_Bronze_Age_Anatolia_(n=2)
    1.9633 26.40% Chalcolithic_Anatolia_(n=35) + 73.60% Early_Medieval_Czechs_(n=2)
    2.3400 63.60% Mesolithic_Balkans_HG_(n=43) + 36.40% Middle_Bronze_Age_Anatolia_(n=2)
    2.3664 36.40% Minoan_Greece_(n=10) + 63.60% Baltic_Bronze_Age_(n=12)

  14. #189
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    Quote Originally Posted by Maciamo View Post
    I started making maps to visualise the admixtures by period.







    Comparing my autosomal mixture GedMatch Dodecad K12b with the populations of the map above, it seems that I am an original mixture of EEF + WHG + CHG + Iberomaurisians (Nothwest African HG). When adding the modern component YRI30 (Yoruba) to these ancestral populations, an unfolding of the Iberomaurisian population occurs, which demonstrates that most likely I received in Brazil an SSA genetic load of ˜2.8% of the African slaves trafficked to Brazil in the colonial age.

    Target: Duarte
    Distance: 3.4704% / 3.47038440
    45.8 Early_Neolithic_Spain_(n=10)
    32.8 Mesolithic_West_Europeans_(WHG)_(n=21)
    14.8 Epipaleolithic_Mesolithic_Caucasus_(CHG)_(n=2)
    6.6 Epipaleolithic_Magreb_(Iberomaurusians)_(n=5)



    Target: Duarte
    Distance: 1.8214% / 1.82138439
    45.5 Early_Neolithic_Spain_(n=10)
    32.3 Mesolithic_West_Europeans_(WHG)_(n=21)
    13.8 Epipaleolithic_Mesolithic_Caucasus_(CHG)_(n=2)
    5.6 Epipaleolithic_Magreb_(Iberomaurusians)_(n=5)
    2.8 Yoruba





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    Quote Originally Posted by Jovialis View Post
    Also, we know that Minoan, and Anatolian_ChL can be modeled with just CHG/IN and Anatolian_N. So we can assume that "southwest Asian" in Dodecad is actually not indicative of Levantine ancestry. Rather, it may just be picking up a common ancestry that is prevalent in that area, that came from the north, rather than a native component.



    Thanks Maciamo, ah! that's why Nordic Bronze Age pops up in my result, I guess modern NW Europeans still score in the "Nordic LNBA"- "Britain LNBA" range.....

    Admix Results (sorted):


    # Population Percent
    1 North_European 49.37
    2 Atlantic_Med 36
    3 Gedrosia 8.39
    4 Caucasus 5.55
    5 South_Asian 0.41
    6 East_African 0.29
    Last edited by Northener; 29-03-21 at 18:01.

  16. #191
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    Quote Originally Posted by Maciamo View Post
    Here is the map of the Bronze Age period.

    Anatolian and Mycenaean look similar for the northern component.


    Sent from my iPhone using Eupedia Forum

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    My modeling choosing the three basic European components (WHG + EEF + Yamna) + one SSA component.


  18. #193
    Satyavrata Maciamo's Avatar
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    2 members found this post helpful.
    I have split the Bell Beaker Central Europe into three: Poland, Czechia and Hungary.

    I added Bronze Age Germany by combing samples from EBA Swabia, Unetice and Urnfield.

    - Bronze Age Germany is very similar to modern NW France and Britain (so quite Celtic).

    - Bell Beaker Czechia resembles modern Dutch and NW Germans.

    - Bell Beaker Poland is close to modern North France.

    - Bell Beaker Hungary is the only one with no match under 5. The closest is Northeast France (6.3) the Aosta Valley (6.9).
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    Here are my results after the update.

  20. #195
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    1 members found this post helpful.
    Thank you Maciamo


    Distance to: Duarte
    6.17150711 Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    6.71266713 Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    10.86048341 Etruscans_(n=3)
    11.27186764 Latins_(n=4)
    12.12435978 Villanovans_(n=2)
    13.33091895 Bell_Beaker_Hungary_(n=6)
    14.03098001 Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    14.05696980 Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    14.52055095 Early_Bronze_Age_Southern_France_(n=5)
    14.84792915 Early_Bronze_Age_Iberia_(n=7)
    15.13849068 Cucuteni-Trypillian_culture_(n=4)
    15.21667178 Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Alps_(n=7)
    15.30209790 Gauls_Belgae_(n=16)
    15.31625933 Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22)
    16.25126149 Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Spain_(n=38)
    16.54298643 Bell_Beaker_Poland_(n=6)
    17.46561765 Early_Bronze_Age_Swabia_(n=24)
    18.93396947 Bell_Beaker_Gaul_(n=13)
    20.69150309 Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Hungary_(n=12)
    20.81037962 Hallstatt_Celts_(n=2)
    20.83913626 Bell_Beaker_Bavaria/Saxony_(n=20)
    20.97312805 Bronze_Age_Germany_(n=26)
    21.80919989 Ostrogoths_(n=3)
    22.12759137 Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Italy_(n=4)
    22.92128923 Globular_Amphora_culture_(n=6)

    Distance to: Duarte
    4.66417136 47.60% Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22) + 52.40% Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    4.85328375 49.00% Early_Bronze_Age_Southern_France_(n=5) + 51.00% Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    5.04636530 24.00% Early_Bronze_Age_Iberia_(n=7) + 76.00% Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    5.18746490 22.80% Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22) + 77.20% Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    5.19626512 42.80% Chalcolithic_BB_Sardinia_(n=10) + 57.20% Ostrogoths_(n=3)
    5.42021978 20.60% Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Spain_(n=38) + 79.40% Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    5.51279033 82.40% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9) + 17.60% Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    5.55329431 48.40% Early_Bronze_Age_Iberia_(n=7) + 51.60% Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    5.63868310 8.20% Chalcolithic_BB_Sardinia_(n=10) + 91.80% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.66006917 11.00% Bell_Beaker_Iberia_(n=11) + 89.00% Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    5.66539760 11.80% Chalcolithic_Iberia_(n=59) + 88.20% Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    5.67109585 5.80% Early_Medieval_Canaries_(n=5) + 94.20% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.73086346 6.00% Early_Neolithic_Spain_(n=10) + 94.00% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.73125619 6.40% Middle_Neolithic_Sardinia_(n=10) + 93.60% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.75815472 2.80% Epipaleolithic_Magreb_(Iberomaurusians)_(n=5) + 97.20% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.77419747 6.80% Middle_Late_Neolithic_Spain_(n=12) + 93.20% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.78241084 7.40% Chalcolithic_Iberia_(n=59) + 92.60% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.78342255 6.60% Nuragic_Sardinia_(n=13) + 93.40% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.78479561 6.80% Bell_Beaker_Iberia_(n=11) + 93.20% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.80845669 7.60% Late_Neolithic_Switzerland_(n=58) + 92.40% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.81063741 32.40% MN_Westphalia_(Megalithic_Wartberg)_(n=6) + 67.60% Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    5.81619145 6.00% Early_Neolithic_Maghreb_(n=1) + 94.00% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.81776672 7.20% Neolithic_Britain_(n=62) + 92.80% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    5.81831970 13.20% Globular_Amphora_culture_(n=6) + 86.80% Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    5.82309411 8.20% Megalithic_Europe_(n=24) + 91.80% Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)

    Target: Duarte
    Distance: 4.6642% / 4.66417136 | R2P
    52.4 Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    47.6 Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22)


    Target: Duarte
    Distance: 3.2378% / 3.23778073 | R3P
    55.4 Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22)
    37.8 Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    6.8 Epipaleolithic_Mesolithic_Caucasus_(CHG)_(n=2)


    Target: Duarte
    Distance: 2.5300% / 2.52998438 | R4P
    43.0 Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    31.2 MN_Westphalia_(Megalithic_Wartberg)_(n=6)
    15.6 Bell_Beaker_Iberia_(n=11)
    10.2 Epipaleolithic_Mesolithic_Caucasus_(CHG)_(n=2)


    Target: Duarte
    Distance: 1.9308% / 1.93082214 | R5P
    35.6 MN_Westphalia_(Megalithic_Wartberg)_(n=6)
    28.8 Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    19.0 CA_Remedello_culture_(n=3)
    12.5 Epipaleolithic_Mesolithic_Caucasus_(CHG)_(n=2)
    4.1 Epipaleolithic_Magreb_(Iberomaurusians)_(n=5)



    ERROR! Non-numerical value detected in TABSOURCE data.

  21. #196
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    1 members found this post helpful.
    Distance to: TorzioK12b
    3.84695984 Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    6.60722332 Villanovans_(n=2)
    10.01532825 Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9)
    10.09930691 Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31)
    10.59642393 Etruscans_(n=3)
    10.70577881 Bell_Beaker_Hungary_(n=6)
    13.13600776 Latins_(n=4)
    15.40992213 Gauls_Belgae_(n=16)
    15.55084564 Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Alps_(n=7)
    15.90517840 Bell_Beaker_Poland_(n=6)
    17.07502855 Western_Scythians_(n=28)
    17.55117945 Ostrogoths_(n=3)
    17.85517012 Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14)
    18.58959117 Early_Bronze_Age_Southern_France_(n=5)
    18.62277101 Cucuteni-Trypillian_culture_(n=4)
    19.24526695 Bell_Beaker_Bavaria/Saxony_(n=20)
    19.31956780 Early_Bronze_Age_Swabia_(n=24)
    19.66164540 Bell_Beaker_Gaul_(n=13)
    20.52104773 Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Hungary_(n=12)
    20.87510000 Hallstatt_Celts_(n=2)
    21.04882420 Bronze_Age_Germany_(n=26)
    22.70709581 Bell_Beaker_Czechia_(n=15)
    23.05887248 Bronze_Age_Sicily_(n=15)
    23.65544969 Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22)
    24.21328561 Chernyakhiv_culture_Goths_(n=3)


    Target: Torziok12b
    Distance: 1.1479% / 1.14785679 | ADC: 0.25x RC
    53.3 Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    38.8 Bell_Beaker_Hungary_(n=6)
    4.9 Late_Bronze_Age_Israel_(n=3)
    3.0 Avars_(n=2)



    Distance to: TorzioK12b
    1.01637028 60.60% Bell_Beaker_Czechia_(n=15) + 39.40% Minoan_Greece_(n=10)
    1.09120220 48.00% Minoan_Greece_(n=10) + 52.00% EBA_Unetice_culture_(n=18)
    1.38733157 45.40% Italian_Greeks_(n=2) + 54.60% Hallstatt_Celts_(n=2)
    1.57641508 49.20% Mycenaean_Greece_(n=4) + 50.80% Lombards_(n=28)
    1.59465844 41.60% Minoan_Greece_(n=10) + 58.40% Lombards_(n=28)
    1.61657630 53.00% Bell_Beaker_Czechia_(n=15) + 47.00% Mycenaean_Greece_(n=4)
    1.63813115 46.60% Minoan_Greece_(n=10) + 53.40% Swedish_Vikings_(n=23)
    1.70804040 55.00% Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Hungary_(n=12) + 45.00% Italian_Greeks_(n=2)
    1.81083934 93.60% Bronze_Age_Illyrians + 6.40% Iron_Age_Estonia_(n=8)
    1.81301319 93.00% Bronze_Age_Illyrians + 7.00% Medieval_Estonia_(n=7)
    1.83939066 5.00% Mesolithic_Ukraine_(n=7) + 95.00% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.84098870 6.80% Eastern_Corded_Ware_(n=8) + 93.20% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.84104359 5.00% Neolithic_Ukraine_(n=12) + 95.00% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.84886826 94.20% Bronze_Age_Illyrians + 5.80% Baltic_Bronze_Age_(n=12)
    1.84994977 94.20% Bronze_Age_Illyrians + 5.80% Bronze_Age_Estonia_(n=16)
    1.85704496 40.00% Early_Neolithic_Anatolia_(n=7) + 60.00% Bell_Beaker_Czechia_(n=15)
    1.86022241 29.00% Middle_Bronze_Age_Anatolia_(n=2) + 71.00% Gauls_Belgae_(n=16)
    1.86509818 5.20% Mesolithic_Baltic_Scandinavia_(SHG)_(n=31) + 94.80% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.87449894 4.80% Mesolithic_Volga-Ural_(n=2) + 95.20% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.88049907 4.60% Mesolithic_Northwest_Russia_(n=4) + 95.40% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.88822152 90.60% Bronze_Age_Illyrians + 9.40% Avars_(n=2)
    1.90771436 5.40% Neolithic_Lithuania_Narva_culture_(n=4) + 94.60% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.93217773 48.80% Early_Neolithic_Greece_(n=3) + 51.20% EBA_Unetice_culture_(n=18)
    1.96139894 6.00% Mesolithic_Balkans_HG_(n=43) + 94.00% Bronze_Age_Illyrians
    1.96802339 92.80% Bronze_Age_Illyrians + 7.20% MBA_Andronovo_culture_(n=3)
    Fathers mtdna ... T2b17
    Grandfather mtdna ... T1a1e
    Sons mtdna ... K1a4p
    Mum paternal line ... R1b-S8172
    Grandmum paternal side ... I1-CTS6397
    Wife paternal line ... R1a-Z282

  22. #197
    Regular Member Salento's Avatar
    Join Date
    30-05-17
    Posts
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    Y-DNA haplogroup
    T1a2 - SK1480
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H12a

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    2 members found this post helpful.
    ... Neolithic Lithuania Narva culture /\ Italian Greeks


  23. #198
    Regular Member Salento's Avatar
    Join Date
    30-05-17
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    Y-DNA haplogroup
    T1a2 - SK1480
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H12a

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    1 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by Salento View Post
    ... Neolithic Lithuania Narva culture /\ Italian Greeks

    ... 90.40% Italian_Greeks vs NatGeo 91% Italy & Southern Europe:






  24. #199
    Advisor Jovialis's Avatar
    Join Date
    04-05-17
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    5,470

    Y-DNA haplogroup
    (R1b-F1794) R-M269
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H6a1b

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    3 members found this post helpful.
    In regards to Southwest Asian as a component, I noticed that the Natufians are a significant amount of it. Which makes me suspect that it is indeed an Anatolian_N-like ancestry being subsumed. Because Lazaridis' 2018 pre-print models Natufian as 73% Dzudzurna-like ancestry, which is highly similar to Anatolian_N. Which is perhaps why Southwest Asian is being detected in Neolithic European populations. The non-Anatolian_N part that can be distinguished as Ancestral North African-related ancestry in Natufians is possibly being detected separately, by Northwest African, East African, etc., by Dodecad K12b:




  25. #200
    Advisor Jovialis's Avatar
    Join Date
    04-05-17
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    Y-DNA haplogroup
    (R1b-F1794) R-M269
    MtDNA haplogroup
    H6a1b

    Ethnic group
    Italian
    Country: United States



    Quote Originally Posted by Maciamo View Post
    Here are the values to copy and paste in Vahaduo to compare with your own genome or modern populations. They are listed in chronological order so that you can easily select the period you are interested in. When comparing someone to multiple ancient populations, it does not make much sense to mix Mesolithic or Neolithic samples with Iron Age or Medieval ones, so it's better to split the data accordingly.

    Code:
    Epipaleolithic_Levant_(Natufians)_(n=6),0.00,0.34,20.28,1.24,14.41,0.20,1.19,4.56,43.91,0.39,13.48,0.00
    Epipaleolithic_Magreb_(Iberomaurusians)_(n=5),0.00,1.08,65.59,1.69,0.04,0.06,1.11,18.93,5.54,0.05,0.00,5.90
    Mesolithic_Anatolia_(AHG)_(n=1),0.00,0.00,3.77,0.11,57.42,0.42,0.00,0.00,11.78,0.00,26.51,0.00
    Epipaleolithic_Mesolithic_Caucasus_(CHG)_(n=2),36.94,0.39,0.00,0.05,0.00,9.82,0.90,0.33,0.00,0.00,47.52,3.91
    Mesolithic_West_Europeans_(WHG)_(n=21),0.00,0.57,0.00,0.74,30.90,65.73,0.38,0.08,0.00,0.02,0.00,1.57
    Mesolithic_Balkans_HG_(n=43),0.01,0.37,0.02,0.35,24.46,72.81,0.08,0.02,0.09,0.07,0.03,1.71
    Mesolithic_Baltic_Scandinavia_(SHG)_(n=31),0.25,2.72,0.00,0.22,15.89,79.14,0.50,0.12,0.00,0.02,0.00,1.13
    Mesolithic_Ukraine_(n=7),0.92,4.54,0.00,0.62,9.05,81.79,1.31,0.55,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.21
    Mesolithic_Volga-Ural_(n=2),11.27,8.18,0.00,0.00,0.00,77.53,2.39,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.64
    Mesolithic_Northwest_Russia_(n=4),7.23,7.78,0.00,1.37,1.40,81.04,0.09,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.09
    Pre-Pottery_Neolithic_Levant_(n=15),0.48,0.09,9.68,0.10,23.86,1.59,0.00,1.98,30.73,0.94,30.53,0.00
    Pre-Pottery_Neolithic_Iran_(n=6),64.18,1.82,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.81,5.83,1.02,3.55,0.68,15.97,6.15
    Pre-Pottery_Neolithic_Anatolia_(n=8),0.00,0.12,2.99,0.30,50.28,3.72,0.35,0.20,9.54,0.13,31.82,0.55
    Early_Neolithic_Anatolia_(n=7),0.04,0.00,4.97,0.16,39.87,0.03,0.00,0.15,14.63,0.17,38.75,1.22
    Early_Neolithic_Greece_(n=3),0.00,0.00,3.61,0.49,43.20,0.00,0.00,0.00,13.96,0.00,37.99,0.76
    Early_Neolithic_Starcevo_culture_(n=8),0.00,0.09,2.99,0.01,49.42,7.60,0.00,0.06,11.36,0.04,28.32,0.11
    EN_Alfold_Linear_Pottery_culture_(n=20),0.00,0.00,3.05,0.05,54.21,4.88,0.22,0.09,12.37,0.12,24.83,0.18
    EN_LBK_culture_(n=43),0.00,0.02,3.21,0.09,51.90,0.72,0.00,0.12,14.11,0.07,29.64,0.13
    Early_Neolithic_France_(n=4),0.00,0.06,2.12,0.00,57.21,0.69,0.00,0.00,12.87,0.00,27.06,0.00
    Early_Neolithic_Spain_(n=10),0.00,0.32,4.62,0.13,69.67,0.81,0.01,0.05,9.59,0.15,14.08,0.58
    Early_Neolithic_Italy_(n=10),0.00,0.00,3.77,0.01,54.90,1.68,0.00,0.05,11.33,0.05,28.23,0.01
    Early_Neolithic_Maghreb_(n=1),0.00,0.00,19.30,0.00,48.09,0.17,0.00,1.77,20.93,0.00,9.74,0.00
    Cucuteni-Trypillian_culture_(n=4),0,0.00,2.89,0.11,51.14,18.29,1.31,0.34,7.10,0.00,19.58,0.00
    Neolithic_Ukraine_(n=12),0.12,2.88,0.00,0.81,11.87,81.52,1.35,0.00,0.00,0.35,0.00,1.11
    Neolithic_Lithuania_Narva_culture_(n=4),0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,21.15,78.32,0.06,0.00,0.00,0.04,0.00,0.43
    MN_Vinca_culture_(n=6),0.00,0.05,2.99,0.06,51.34,0.98,0.14,0.14,18.20,0.00,25.77,0.31
    LN_Lengyel_culture_(n=8),0.00,0.06,3.98,0.00,51.67,3.60,0.00,0.02,11.19,0.00,29.36,0.11
    LN_Tisza-Sopot_culture_(n=11),0.00,0.01,2.26,0.19,53.02,3.15,0.02,0.00,13.69,0.30,27.18,0.19
    Middle_Neolithic_Sicily_(n=10),0.00,0.00,3.76,0.00,55.03,3.82,0.00,0.07,11.77,0.00,25.52,0.03
    Middle_Neolithic_Sardinia_(n=10),0.00,0.00,4.37,1.35,67.53,2.79,0.00,0.13,7.55,0.12,16.03,0.12
    Middle_Neolithic_France_(n=19),0.00,0.06,4.04,0.24,62.41,9.46,0.05,0.13,8.41,0.04,15.02,0.15
    Neolithic_Britain_(n=62),0.00,0.07,4.07,0.28,65.93,13.23,0.08,0.07,7.13,0.20,8.68,0.25
    Middle_Late_Neolithic_Spain_(n=12),0.00,0.11,3.94,0.29,67.66,9.90,0.28,0.03,7.06,0.29,10.09,0.35
    Late_Neolithic_Switzerland_(n=58),0.52,0.13,4.08,0.19,63.95,11.13,0.03,0.02,7.00,0.19,12.71,0.06
    Megalithic_Europe_(n=24),0.00,0.02,3.77,0.25,62.37,13.97,0.05,0.43,7.32,0.37,10.86,0.59
    MN_Westphalia_(Megalithic_Wartberg)_(n=6),0.00,0.00,1.29,0.65,53.72,42.20,0.00,0.27,0.68,0.32,0.00,0.86
    Khvalynsk_culture_(n=3),26.10,5.95,0.00,0.15,0.00,66.48,0.55,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.37,0.40
    Chalcolithic_Pontic_Steppe_(n=3),36.31,2.64,0.00,0.00,0.00,48.76,2.57,0.00,0.00,0.00,8.54,1.18
    CA_Afanasievo_culture_(n=5),24.19,1.31,0.00,0.03,9.45,62.36,0.32,0.07,0.00,0.04,1.93,0.28
    Chalcolithic_Northwest_Caucasus_(n=3),23.32,0.00,0.74,0.31,0.96,11.65,0.26,0.00,3.70,0.70,56.91,1.44
    Chalcolithic_Azerbaijan_(n=4),17.37,0.00,2.29,0.71,12.06,0.70,0.74,0.62,16.84,0.41,47.98,0.27
    Chalcolithic_Anatolia_(n=35),8.77,0.05,1.54,0.16,17.49,0.97,0.36,0.13,17.88,0.12,52.11,0.41
    Chalcolithic_North_Levant_(n=6),0.00,0.00,3.09,0.12,26.99,0.00,0.11,0.00,22.78,0.26,46.53,0.13
    Chalcolithic_Israel,0.00,0.00,5.47,0.28,18.98,0.00,0.01,1.07,36.61,0.12,37.31,0.15
    Chalcolithic_Bulgaria_(n=9),0.00,0.00,3.62,0.03,48.06,5.72,0.00,0.00,13.72,0.00,28.84,0.01
    CA_Remedello_culture_(n=3),0.00,0.00,0.78,0.71,69.04,11.78,0.00,0.00,5.18,0.00,11.80,0.72
    Globular_Amphora_culture_(n=6),0.00,0.14,2.10,0.00,62.55,19.90,0.00,0.00,6.42,0.01,8.72,0.16
    Middle_Chalcolithic_Hungary_(n=9),0.00,0.06,2.59,0.00,54.30,4.98,0.01,0.21,11.41,0.09,26.19,0.16
    Late_Chalcolithic_Baden_culture_(n=14),0.00,0.01,3.30,0.10,54.14,7.69,0.00,0.02,11.04,0.13,23.26,0.32
    Chalcolithic_BB_Sardinia_(n=10),0.00,0.05,7.10,0.20,62.40,4.58,0.00,1.41,8.67,0.08,14.69,0.83
    Chalcolithic_Iberia_(n=59),0.70,0.19,3.50,0.44,66.83,15.02,0.41,0.30,5.14,0.15,6.89,0.43
    Bell_Beaker_Iberia_(n=11),0.41,0.03,2.98,0.14,68.83,13.98,0.95,0.15,3.37,0.53,8.33,0.31
    Bell_Beaker_Gaul_(n=13),8.61,0.65,1.22,0.24,38.28,39.03,0.77,0.52,3.24,0.08,7.02,0.33
    Bell_Beaker_Bavaria/Saxony_(n=20),8.93,1.10,0.71,0.27,35.12,40.72,0.79,0.30,1.46,0.17,9.66,0.78
    Bell_Beaker_Czechia_(n=15),8.03,0.49,0.54,0.03,34.19,45.22,0.45,0.10,1.12,0.12,9.28,0.43
    Bell_Beaker_Hungary_(n=6),9.44,0.72,1.14,0.40,36.30,32.38,0.21,0.19,4.16,0.00,14.09,0.98
    Bell_Beaker_Poland_(n=6),9.04,1.19,0.23,0.14,38.46,36.83,0.21,0.16,1.73,0.00,11.13,0.89
    Bell_Beaker_Netherlands_(n=7),13.47,0.91,0.00,0.04,30.87,49.92,1.00,0.17,0.02,0.01,2.72,0.86
    Bell_Beaker_Britain_(n=27),12.57,0.74,0.15,0.13,34.10,47.22,0.84,0.37,0.31,0.18,2.76,0.65
    Kura-Araxes_culture_(n=8),23.11,0.73,1.17,0.01,5.83,6.92,0.09,0.33,9.87,0.00,51.11,0.83
    Early_Bronze_Age_Jordan_(n=3),3.70,1.96,1.80,2.59,16.66,0.07,0.03,2.56,34.26,0.00,36.36,0.00
    Minoan_Greece_(n=10),1.24,0.05,2.80,0.09,40.35,0.07,0.00,0.00,13.79,0.29,41.27,0.04
    Maykop_culture_(n=16),27.32,3.15,0.44,0.11,3.81,20.03,2.14,0.10,5.14,0.02,36.78,0.95
    Yamna_culture_(n=16),27.42,2.50,0.00,0.12,3.38,57.21,1.90,0.04,0.00,0.00,6.77,0.68
    Eastern_Corded_Ware_(n=8),14.28,0.91,0.00,0.00,18.29,62.48,1.74,0.10,0.00,0.00,1.56,0.65
    Western_Corded_Ware_(n=17),14.35,0.78,0.06,0.06,22.27,55.22,0.50,0.04,0.15,0.35,5.47,0.75
    Battle-Axe_culture_(n=3),12.01,0.59,0.00,0.00,29.41,52.60,1.01,0.10,0.00,0.00,3.25,1.03
    EBA_Fatyanovo_culture_(n=18),14.71,1.13,0.42,0.34,23.58,52.50,1.46,0.36,0.06,0.12,4.09,1.21
    EMBA_Poltavka_culture_(n=8),24.61,3.15,0.00,0.00,9.02,55.88,1.84,0.14,0.36,0.00,4.47,0.54
    EMBA_Catacomb_culture_(n=4),28.50,2.40,0.00,0.09,2.43,57.07,1.42,0.00,0.00,0.00,7.10,1.00
    MBA_Sintashta_culture_(n=4),14.63,0.10,0.10,0.00,27.86,55.95,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.05,0.33
    EBA_Unetice_culture_(n=18),8.09,0.76,0.61,0.09,30.84,53.50,0.40,0.23,0.29,0.14,4.80,0.25
    Early_Bronze_Age_Britain_(n=28),11.99,0.65,0.40,0.43,34.02,46.75,0.72,0.21,0.28,0.08,3.35,1.11
    Early_Bronze_Age_Iberia_(n=7),3.84,0.22,2.77,0.76,54.51,24.30,0.87,0.24,3.43,1.00,7.06,0.99
    Mycenaean_Greece_(n=4),2.09,0.31,2.85,0.36,38.17,7.57,0.13,0.25,9.98,0.42,37.10,0.80
    Bronze_Age_Sicily_(n=15),0.40,0.28,3.21,0.18,48.14,9.71,0.19,0.00,9.88,0.20,27.52,0.27
    Nuragic_Sardinia_(n=13),0.00,0.00,4.03,0.36,66.71,5.81,0.07,0.03,8.09,0.05,14.64,0.23
    Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Britain_(n=24),11.28,0.63,0.25,0.18,36.18,44.97,1.05,0.14,0.09,0.04,4.37,0.82
    Early_Bronze_Age_Swabia_(n=24),7.79,0.63,1.26,0.44,40.93,37.99,0.74,0.22,1.73,0.26,7.55,0.45
    Early_Bronze_Age_Southern_France_(n=5),1.20,0.35,0.17,0.37,50.83,30.77,0.19,0.78,2.26,0.00,12.74,0.33
    Early_Bronze_Age_Anatolia_(n=4),9.53,0.00,1.96,0.09,14.18,0.00,0.15,0.32,19.93,0.06,53.10,0.68
    Early-Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Levant_(n=9),8.77,0.00,3.09,0.37,12.70,0.24,0.55,0.54,26.16,0.13,47.13,0.31
    Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_North_Levant_(n=24),11.47,0.21,3.35,0.20,12.45,3.12,0.68,0.45,22.43,0.21,45.27,0.15
    Middle_Bronze_Age_Anatolia_(n=2),5.22,0.00,0.00,0.00,29.43,3.32,0.00,0.11,12.40,0.00,48.94,0.58
    Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Hittites_(n=2),9.37,3.22,0.80,0.00,16.48,8.51,0.00,0.00,13.03,3.32,44.46,0.83
    Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Alps_(n=7),7.65,0.38,0.15,0.04,40.96,35.90,0.95,0.22,1.24,0.25,11.46,0.80
    Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Italy_(n=4),0.00,0.21,1.88,0.00,56.32,11.55,0.06,0.04,9.77,0.16,19.64,0.37
    Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Spain_(n=38),1.40,0.22,2.80,0.35,56.09,25.24,0.44,0.17,3.45,0.30,9.06,0.48
    Bronze_Age_Germany_(n=26),8.37,0.70,0.79,0.34,38.03,41.31,0.58,0.33,1.30,0.28,7.50,0.47
    Nordic_Bronze_Age_(n=14),5.79,0.00,0.17,0.80,37.49,53.80,0.07,0.00,0.08,0.00,1.36,0.44
    Middle_Bronze_Age_North_Caucasus_(n=7),28.78,2.62,0.00,0.31,2.06,52.67,0.93,0.12,0.00,0.00,11.30,1.21
    Late_Bronze_Age_North_Caucasus_(n=4),26.72,0.93,0.00,0.00,2.39,25.10,1.33,0.07,1.70,0.16,40.77,0.83
    Middle-Late_Bronze_Age_Hungary_(n=12),0.70,0.00,0.41,0.02,44.26,41.40,0.29,0.11,1.52,0.12,10.92,0.25
    Bronze_Age_Illyrians,4.87,0.27,0.93,0.48,37.82,25.19,0.00,0.00,5.57,0.00,24.10,0.78
    MBA_Andronovo_culture_(n=3),15.80,3.46,0.00,1.55,19.95,57.67,0.26,0.00,0.00,0.00,1.07,0.24
    LBA_Karasuk_culture_(n=7),15.10,23.27,0.00,0.00,10.87,40.85,0.92,0.01,0.00,8.54,0.02,0.42
    LBA_South_Siberia_(n=4),8.54,20.93,0.00,0.26,17.73,44.02,0.23,0.00,0.53,6.12,1.29,0.36
    LBA_Srubna_culture_(n=27),18.44,2.39,0.16,0.24,19.92,53.42,1.13,0.31,0.05,0.03,3.40,0.52
    Baltic_Bronze_Age_(n=12),2.62,0.66,0.24,0.36,15.25,74.50,1.04,0.56,0.03,0.00,3.86,0.88
    Bronze_Age_Estonia_(n=16),2.02,2.00,0.48,0.23,14.95,74.85,0.57,0.60,0.05,0.25,2.92,1.08
    Bronze_Age_Kola_peninsula_(n=6),7.02,38.04,0.00,0.60,0.00,44.58,1.85,0.08,0.00,7.38,0.00,0.45
    Iron_Age_Iberia_(n=22),3.02,0.85,2.28,0.28,54.07,27.53,0.82,0.19,2.53,0.23,7.39,0.80
    Late_Bronze_Age_Israel_(n=3),8.72,0.00,5.40,0.18,11.54,3.12,0.00,0.17,27.17,0.00,43.57,0.13
    Iron_Age_Israel_(n=6),7.41,0.21,7.23,0.17,14.49,1.45,1.28,1.12,21.97,0.12,44.37,0.19
    Iron_Age_Armenia_(n=7),22.61,0.21,0.28,0.19,10.41,22.97,0.05,0.00,5.13,0.00,37.60,0.54
    Iron_Age_Briton_(n=2),10.34,0.00,0.81,0.00,39.36,44.51,0.60,0.00,0.00,0.00,3.68,0.73
    Italian_Greeks_(n=2),6.88,0.00,3.78,0.50,27.23,11.24,0.00,0.22,13.20,0.00,36.92,0.01
    Etruscans_(n=3),2.73,0.06,5.36,0.05,41.49,20.22,0.12,0.73,8.21,0.07,20.57,0.47
    Villanovans_(n=2),3.29,0.99,2.09,0.00,41.12,24.06,0.00,0.00,5.45,0.00,22.68,0.20
    Latins_(n=4),3.10,0.41,1.38,0.20,47.83,24.48,0.40,0.04,2.68,0.00,19.26,0.25
    Gauls_Belgae_(n=16),5.45,0.24,1.05,0.31,40.57,36.46,0.87,0.22,3.29,0.46,10.72,0.31
    Hallstatt_Celts_(n=2),3.08,0.00,0.34,0.00,42.42,41.91,0.00,0.22,1.24,1.38,9.44,0.65
    Cimmerians_(n=6),17.57,9.28,0.00,1.02,15.41,38.52,1.99,0.30,0.79,4.21,10.27,0.64
    Western_Scythians_(n=28),11.10,4.19,1.03,0.96,23.28,33.27,0.97,0.60,3.60,2.63,17.68,0.71
    Eastern_Scythians_(n=12),18.04,18.04,0.02,2.33,6.00,31.64,3.25,0.36,0.71,13.47,5.47,0.68
    Sarmatians_(n=14),23.82,8.10,0.15,0.26,11.53,41.41,2.40,0.29,0.18,2.22,8.97,0.67
    Iron_Age_Kangju_(n=4),25.75,6.42,0.00,0.16,13.08,34.22,1.63,0.00,0.21,2.41,14.45,1.69
    Iron_Age_Estonia_(n=8),2.71,1.76,0.24,0.18,17.89,69.33,0.89,0.36,1.05,0.11,4.48,1.00
    Iron_Age_Finland_(n=3),5.23,16.18,0.26,0.71,20.26,53.58,1.39,0.31,0.00,1.92,0.01,0.16
    Tian_Shan_Huns_(n=8),20.94,17.16,0.00,0.18,8.64,32.97,1.72,0.04,0.00,13.49,4.10,0.76
    Tian_Shan_Saka_(n=5),25.93,13.09,0.11,0.35,9.74,35.07,1.32,0.00,0.00,7.80,7.67,0.92
    Mongolian_Xiongnu_(n=5),8.74,15.47,0.12,12.81,2.00,11.56,1.38,0.00,0.11,46.40,0.08,1.31
    Iron_Age_Altai_(n=5),14.62,23.01,0.13,2.97,7.58,34.88,0.33,0.00,0.00,13.80,2.40,0.30
    Roman_Britain_(n=8),10.24,0.15,0.85,0.14,37.33,43.76,0.44,0.23,0.33,0.17,5.38,0.97
    Roman_&_Visigothic_Iberia_(n=31),4.55,0.46,6.37,0.25,39.07,23.34,1.00,0.89,7.10,0.33,15.47,1.17
    Early_Medieval_Canaries_(n=5),0.00,0.66,30.29,0.56,25.07,2.26,1.09,8.87,15.17,0.20,10.19,5.65
    Medieval_Catalonia_Valencia_(n=9),4.57,0.27,4.62,0.16,41.22,26.09,0.68,0.75,5.75,0.55,14.51,0.83
    Medieval_Andalusia_(n=14),3.62,0.24,8.84,0.29,33.69,15.78,0.81,3.06,10.12,0.54,15.98,7.02
    Suebi_Alemmani_(n=20),8.36,0.62,0.93,0.34,32.06,44.48,0.20,0.31,1.20,0.40,5.05,1.06
    Anglo-Saxon_(n=3),11.74,0.13,0.54,0.24,37.75,46.55,0.24,0.27,0.31,0.15,1.44,0.63
    Lombards_(n=28),8.38,0.38,0.30,0.17,35.03,46.38,0.35,0.23,1.05,0.06,7.26,0.42
    Chernyakhiv_culture_Goths_(n=3),9.95,0.37,0.86,0.95,31.29,45.56,0.72,0.32,1.25,0.00,8.38,0.35
    Ostrogoths_(n=3),7.92,2.51,1.82,1.28,29.31,39.14,0.73,0.09,0.86,1.73,13.41,1.21
    Swedish_Vikings_(n=23),6.50,1.09,0.51,0.68,31.07,51.68,0.75,0.43,0.28,0.39,5.16,1.46
    Caucasian_Alans_(n=2),20.70,2.23,0.10,0.00,10.37,24.33,0.07,0.00,3.64,0.00,38.14,0.42
    Avars_(n=2),4.96,1.09,0.11,0.00,24.45,55.08,0.69,0.34,1.38,0.00,11.68,0.23
    Early_Medieval_Czechs_(n=2),0.92,0.00,0.27,0.00,27.17,65.15,0.00,0.00,0.19,0.00,6.29,0.03
    Medieval_Estonia_(n=7),3.28,1.99,0.62,1.64,21.55,65.31,0.45,0.39,0.82,0.17,3.06,0.72
    Medieval_Steppe_Turks_(n=2),15.51,14.66,0.19,2.02,12.43,27.26,0.00,0.00,0.00,22.40,5.20,0.34
    I recommend using the 2WAY function as it takes into account blends of populations. I tested it with modern individuals with parents from different countries and is worked perfectly (exactly 50%-50% from each parent's country). It is a bit slow to calculate though.

    The inclusion of Epipaleolithic_Magreb_(Iberomaurusians)_(n=5) for the most part fixes the projection issue for the 3D PCA for Dodecad K12b.

    Here it is just using West Eurasian sample sets:


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