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Thread: Earliest known human burial in Africa

  1. #1
    Regular Member Archetype0ne's Avatar
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    Earliest known human burial in Africa


    Earliest known human burial in Africa



    Nature volume 593, pages95–100(2021)Cite this article


    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03457-8.epdf

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03457-8


    The origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate1–3. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa1–6. Here we describe the partial skeleton of a roughly 2.5- to 3.0-year-old child dating to 78.3±4.1 thousand years ago, which was recovered in the MSA layers of Panga ya Saidi (PYS), a cave site in the tropical upland coast of Kenya7,8. Recent excavations have revealed a pit feature containing a child in a flexed position. Geochemical, granulometric and micromorphological analyses of the burial pit content and encasing archaeological layers indicate that the pit was deliberately excavated. Taphonomical evidence, such as the strict articulation or good anatomical association of the skeletal elements and histological evidence of putrefaction, support the in-place decomposition of the fresh body. The presence of little or no displacement of the unstable joints during decomposition points to an interment in a filled space (grave earth), making the PYS finding the oldest known human burial in Africa. The morphological assessment of the partial skeleton is consistent with its assignment to Homo sapiens, although the preservation of some primitive features in the dentition supports increasing evidence for non-gradual assembly of modern traits during the emergence of our species. The PYS burial sheds light on how MSA populations interacted with the dead.




    https://edition.cnn.com/2021/05/05/a...ld/index.html?

    (CNN)A toddler laid to rest with their head on a pillow in a cave in eastern Kenya is thought to be the oldest human burial ever found in Africa.

    The remains of the child, who was between 2 ½ and 3 years old, date back 78,000 years and were found buried at the mouth of the Panga ya Saidi cave, according to new research published Wednesday in the journal Nature.




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    Regular Member real expert's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Archetype0ne View Post

    Earliest known human burial in Africa



    Nature volume 593, pages95–100(2021)Cite this article


    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03457-8.epdf

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03457-8


    The origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate1–3. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa1–6. Here we describe the partial skeleton of a roughly 2.5- to 3.0-year-old child dating to 78.3±4.1 thousand years ago, which was recovered in the MSA layers of Panga ya Saidi (PYS), a cave site in the tropical upland coast of Kenya7,8. Recent excavations have revealed a pit feature containing a child in a flexed position. Geochemical, granulometric and micromorphological analyses of the burial pit content and encasing archaeological layers indicate that the pit was deliberately excavated. Taphonomical evidence, such as the strict articulation or good anatomical association of the skeletal elements and histological evidence of putrefaction, support the in-place decomposition of the fresh body. The presence of little or no displacement of the unstable joints during decomposition points to an interment in a filled space (grave earth), making the PYS finding the oldest known human burial in Africa. The morphological assessment of the partial skeleton is consistent with its assignment to Homo sapiens, although the preservation of some primitive features in the dentition supports increasing evidence for non-gradual assembly of modern traits during the emergence of our species. The PYS burial sheds light on how MSA populations interacted with the dead.




    https://edition.cnn.com/2021/05/05/a...ld/index.html?

    (CNN)A toddler laid to rest with their head on a pillow in a cave in eastern Kenya is thought to be the oldest human burial ever found in Africa.

    The remains of the child, who was between 2 ½ and 3 years old, date back 78,000 years and were found buried at the mouth of the Panga ya Saidi cave, according to new research published Wednesday in the journal Nature.




    I wonder whether this Child from 78,000 years ago, is closely related or similar to the OoA population or even BE. It would be exciting to see his hp and autosomal DNA.

  3. #3
    Regular Member Archetype0ne's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by real expert View Post
    I wonder whether this Child from 78,000 years ago, is closely related or similar to the OoA population or even BE. It would be exciting to see his hp and autosomal DNA.
    If I am not mistaken the timeline is similar to the OoA event, however Kenya is a bit to mainland Africa for being in the route of the OoA expansion.

    No way to know though, the article makes no mention of genetics.

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