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Thread: Mediterranean Bronze Age Collapse Linked to Deadly Typhoid and Plague

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    Advisor bicicleur's Avatar
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    Mediterranean Bronze Age Collapse Linked to Deadly Typhoid and Plague

    https://www.ancient-origins.net/news...o26QTkLWE9tw6Y

    A new genetic research project has revealed evidence of the profound impact highly infectious and dangerous diseases may have had on the Bronze Age collapse in the Mediterranean and Near East region. These new findings may finally explain the rapid and mysterious collapse of Bronze Age societies between about 1200 and 1150 BC.

    https://www.cell.com/current-biology...all%3Dtrue#%20


    During the late 3rd millennium BCE, the Eastern Mediterranean and Near East witnessed societal changes in many regions, which are usually explained with a combination of social and climatic factors.1, 2, 3, 4 However, recent archaeogenetic research forces us to rethink models regarding the role of infectious diseases in past societal trajectories.5 The plague bacterium Yersinia pestis, which was involved in some of the most destructive historical pandemics,5, 6, 7, 8 circulated across Eurasia at least from the onset of the 3rd millennium BCE,9, 10, 11, 12, 13 but the challenging preservation of ancient DNA in warmer climates has restricted the identification of Y. pestis from this period to temperate climatic regions. As such, evidence from culturally prominent regions such as the Eastern Mediterranean is currently lacking. Here, we present genetic evidence for the presence of Y. pestis and Salmonella enterica, the causative agent of typhoid/enteric fever, from this period of transformation in Crete, detected at the cave site Hagios Charalambos. We reconstructed one Y. pestis genome that forms part of a now-extinct lineage of Y. pestis strains from the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age that were likely not yet adapted for transmission via fleas. Furthermore, we reconstructed two ancient S. enterica genomes from the Para C lineage, which cluster with contemporary strains that were likely not yet fully host adapted to humans. The occurrence of these two virulent pathogens at the end of the Early Minoan period in Crete emphasizes the necessity to re-introduce infectious diseases as an additional factor possibly contributing to the transformation of early complex societies in the Aegean and beyond.

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    Regular Member Salento's Avatar
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    4 members found this post helpful.
    They have two Ancient Cretans (Minoans?), but one is too low coverage, here's the decent one:

    HGC009 Ancient Crete Lasithi - y J2a1a1a2b2a1a1a3 / FGC45440 - mt H

    Dodecad K12b

    Code:
    HGC009_Crete_Minoan_Lasithi,0.92,0.33,2.86,0.00,35.56,0.00,0.00,0.00,15.98,0.59,42.36,1.41
    Distance to: HGC009_Crete_Minoan_Lasithi
    2.52230054 Minoan_Petras_EBA:Pta08:Clemente_2021
    2.62939156 Greece_N:I3920:Mathieson_2018
    3.14490063 Anatolian_N:CCH289:Yaka_2021
    3.38175990 Anatolian_Nch034:Yaka_2021
    3.99239277 Cycladic_Koufonisi_EBA:Kou01:Clemente_2021
    4.05620512 Anatolian_N:cth739:Yaka_2021
    4.62974081 Minoan_Lasithi:I0071:Lazaridis_2017
    4.83413901 Minoan_Lasithi:I9005:Lazaridis_2017
    4.85942383 Minoan_Lasithi:I0070:Lazaridis_2017
    5.21277277 Anatolian_N:cth728:Yaka_2021


    edit: HGC009 is full Minoan, I think! … :
    Last edited by Salento; 14-08-22 at 07:20.

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    Regular Member kingjohn's Avatar
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    2 members found this post helpful.
    Nice salento
    It look like the minoans were mainly
    J2 if i remember the other previews samples
    I remember there was also 1 G case
    Direct paternal line : mizrahi from damascus
    Ftdna path
    E-M96>CTS9083>P147>P177>M215>M35>Z827>CTS10298>PF196 2>M123>M34>L795>S11835>S12033>S11956>S11168>S10483 >BY96055

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    Regular Member mount123's Avatar
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    2 members found this post helpful.
    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    Nice salento
    It look like the minoans were mainly
    J2 if i remember the other previews samples
    I remember there was also 1 G case
    Yes, the samples you're referring to were from this study https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5565772/

    Code:
    I0070 I0070 Lasithi2 1240K 2000-1700 BCE Minoan_Lasithi Hagios Charalambos Cave, Lasithi, Crete Greece 35.08 25.83 M 1.267 619767 H13a1 J2a1d
    I0073 I0073 Lasithi7 1240K 2000-1700 BCE Minoan_Lasithi Hagios Charalambos Cave, Lasithi, Crete Greece 35.08 25.83 M 1.481 643360 H J2a1
    I9041 I9041 Galatas4 1240K 1700-1200 BCE Mycenaean Galatas Apatheia, Peloponnese Greece 37.50 23.45 M 1.558 417898 X2 J2a1
    I9130 I9130 16V Tholos 1240K 2900-1900 BCE Minoan_Odigitria Moni Odigitria, Heraklion, Crete Greece 35.05 24.81 M 0.086 92186 U3b3 G2a2b2
    I agree with Salento here, this HGC009 Ancient Crete Lasithi YDNA J2a1a1a2b2a1a1a3 / FGC45440 - mtDNA H is most likely a Minoan too.

    As far as the rumors go, the overwhelming majority of Bronze and Iron Age J2a1 samples from the postponed Balkan Study (Lalueza-Fox) will be from Greece
    .

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    3 members found this post helpful.
    Salento, great work as usual.


    Quote Originally Posted by kingjohn View Post
    Nice salento
    It look like the minoans were mainly
    J2 if i remember the other previews samples
    I remember there was also 1 G case
    J2a, I'd say, rather than J2.

  6. #6
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    I didn't read the paper in detail, but these samples are +/- 2000 BC, right?
    Long before the bronze age collapse?

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