With the dissolution of the Western Roman Empire, the 5th century was a period of great political,
cultural, and demographic change in Europe (1, 2). This was particularly true in the Middle Danube
Region, which long served as a frontier zone of the Roman Empire and also became a border zone after
its division into the Western and Eastern Empires. By 433 CE, with the abandonment of the Pannonian
provinces by the Roman civil and military administration, it had already lost its former political and military
importance. The region’s subsequent development was first determined by the period of Hunnic rule in
the first half of the 5th century, after which it came under the influence of various “barbarian” groups
(Goths, Heruls, Langobards, etc.). These changes resulted in the transformation of settlement structures
and patterns, the appearance of new material culture, and the emergence of new communities that
founded small burial sites compared to large late Roman cemeteries of the 4th century, which could
sometimes contain thousands of graves (1, 2).


https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1...582v1.full.pdf