Italo-Celtic Y-DNA lineages in ancient DNA

Tomenable

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Location
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Y-DNA haplogroup
R1b-L617
mtDNA haplogroup
W6a
I2a2b-L38:

Sample I0114, Esperstedt, Unetice culture, 2131-1979 BC.
Lichtenstein Cave, Dorste, Urnfield culture, ca. 1000 BC.

I2c2-PF3827 (probably something still downstream of PF3827):

Sample I0116, Esperstedt, Unetice culture, 2134-1939 BC.

G2a2b2a1b-L497:

Sample HÜ-I/8, Mitterkirchen, Hallstatt culture, ca. 700 BC.

R1b1a1a2a1a2b-U152:

Sample I0805, Quedlinburg, Bell Beaker culture, 2467-2142 BC.
Sample RISE563, Osterhofen-Altenmarkt, Bell Beaker culture.
Sample 6DRIF-22, Eboracum (modern York), 100-400 AD.

About I0805:

I0805. This 35-45 year-old individual is osteologically and genetically male. The body was buried in NO-SW orientation with the head in the north facing east. Grave goods are scarce and include three silex arrowheads, a few potsherds, and animal bones. A notable observation from the physical anthropological examination is traits at the acetabulum and the femur head suggesting that the individual frequently rode horses.

R1b1a1a2a1a2b1-U152>L2:

Sample RISE471, Untermeitingen, Middle Bronze Age Tumulus Culture.

R1b1a1a2a1a2a-DF27:

Sample I0806, Quedlinburg, Bell Beaker culture, 2431-2150 BC.

R1b1a1a2a1a2e-DF19:

Sample 6DRIF-23, Eboracum (modern York), 100-400 AD.

R1b1a1a2a1a2c-L21:

Sample HI1, Hinxton, Iron Age Briton, 170 BC - 80 AD.
Sample 6DRIF-18, Eboracum (modern York), 100-400 AD.

R1b1a1a2a1a2c1-L21>DF13:

Sample HI2, Hinxton, Iron Age Briton, 170 BC - 80 AD.
Sample Rathlin2, Rathlin Island (Ireland), 2024–1741 BC.

R1b1a1a2a1a2c1e-L21>DF13>DF21:

Sample Rathlin1, Rathlin Island (Ireland), 2026–1885 BC.

R1b1a1a2a1a2c2-L21>DF63:

Sample 6DRIF-21, Eboracum (modern York), 100-400 AD.

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We can add also (possibly Italo-Celtic):

R1a1a1a-L664 (most probably it was L664):

Sample RISE431, Łęki Małe, Proto-Unetice, 2286-2048 BC.
Lichtenstein Cave, Dorste, Urnfield culture, ca. 1000 BC.

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And possibly Celtic (but those gladiators could also be descended from Germanic slaves captured by the Romans):

R1b1a1a2a1a1c1a-U106>S497:

Sample 3DRIF-16, Eboracum (modern York), 100-400 AD.

R1b1a1a2a1a1c1a1-U106>S497>DF98:

Sample 6DRIF-3, Eboracum (modern York), 100-400 AD.

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Maps of ancient Celtic Y-DNA samples:

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AJ71CCY.png
 
Thanks for the compilation. I agree with everything, and I had already mentioned that in my haplogroup pages before the ancient DNA tests were done.

However the I2c2 sample in Unetice did not seem to leave many descendants in Europe. I2c2 is found mostly in the Caucasus, Turkey and Iran today. It is not unlikely that it was part of the Maykop culture in the EBA North Caucasus, which according to my theory was also a potential source of the West European R1b-L51. So that Unetice I2c2 individual may have been one of only a few of this lineage who made it to Central Europe, while most other I2c2 remained in the Caucasus.

As for I2a2b-L38, I believe it was already in central Europe before the Steppe migrations. That being said, it would have been assimilated and would have become Proto-Celtic.
 

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