Unetice's lost stronghold

Angela

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See:
https://www.heritagedaily.com/2023/02/archaeologists-find-lost-stronghold-of-unetice-culture/146211

Not so sure there's evidence for their conclusion, but interesting, nonetheless.

"The Únětice culture, named for a type-site cemetery in the village of Únětice, was a Bronze Age culture that first emerged around 2300–1600 BC.The culture is distinguished by its characteristic metal objects, including ingot torcs, flat axes, flat triangular daggers, bracelets with spiral ends, disk- and paddle-headed pins, and curl rings, which are distributed over a wide area of Central Europe and beyond.
One of the most important discoveries attributed to the Únětice Culture is the Nebra sky disc, found buried on the Mittelberg hill near Nebra in Germany. The Nebra sky disc is made from bronze and has a blue-green patina inlaid with gold symbols, that archaeologists have interpreted to represent the Sun or full moon, a lunar crescent, and the stars.
Archaeologists from the Adam Mickiewicz University have discovered a fortified Únětice Culture settlement, located near the town of Śmigiel, in the Kościan County of Poland.
The settlement was situated on an island promontory, where 4,000-years-ago there was a lake on the edge of the Samica Kościańska valley, which today is a flowering meadow. The promontory was cut off from the mainland by a deep moat or ditch, with at least two rows of wooden palisades creating a fortified enclosure.
The settlement occupied an area of 3.7 acres and supported a population of up to 100 people, which the researchers suggest was a metallurgical centre and a stronghold of power in the northern reaches of the Únětice Culture."
 
See:
https://www.heritagedaily.com/2023/02/archaeologists-find-lost-stronghold-of-unetice-culture/146211

Not so sure there's evidence for their conclusion, but interesting, nonetheless.

"The Únětice culture, named for a type-site cemetery in the village of Únětice, was a Bronze Age culture that first emerged around 2300–1600 BC.The culture is distinguished by its characteristic metal objects, including ingot torcs, flat axes, flat triangular daggers, bracelets with spiral ends, disk- and paddle-headed pins, and curl rings, which are distributed over a wide area of Central Europe and beyond.
One of the most important discoveries attributed to the Únětice Culture is the Nebra sky disc, found buried on the Mittelberg hill near Nebra in Germany. The Nebra sky disc is made from bronze and has a blue-green patina inlaid with gold symbols, that archaeologists have interpreted to represent the Sun or full moon, a lunar crescent, and the stars.
Archaeologists from the Adam Mickiewicz University have discovered a fortified Únětice Culture settlement, located near the town of Śmigiel, in the Kościan County of Poland.
The settlement was situated on an island promontory, where 4,000-years-ago there was a lake on the edge of the Samica Kościańska valley, which today is a flowering meadow. The promontory was cut off from the mainland by a deep moat or ditch, with at least two rows of wooden palisades creating a fortified enclosure.
The settlement occupied an area of 3.7 acres and supported a population of up to 100 people, which the researchers suggest was a metallurgical centre and a stronghold of power in the northern reaches of the Únětice Culture."

Unetice being characterised by the first proto-state or even state building society that far to the North, with a strictly hierarchic and well-organised structure, obvious high elites and kind of a regular army. They were a fusion of different groups (Epi-Corded and Carpathian groups on top of Bell Beakers) and were in the end pushed back, by and large, from the more traditional Bell Beaker derived Tumulus culture from the West and the Noua-Sabatinovka and Sintashta-related pastoralist and chariot groups to the East. 1.600 BC is a very important date for those two major expansive movements from the West (Tumulus culture) and East (Sintashta and Noua-Sabatinovka). They also invaded the Balkans and moved Eastwards.
 

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