1. Jovialis

    Scotland’s Neolithic Rock Art Mapped

    Perhaps traveling the coast must have been safer and faster than traveling by land. Plus circumnavigating the coast is straight forward, where as it would be easier to get lost traversing the wooded interior.
  2. Jovialis

    Earliest Animal Cranial Surgery: from Cow to Man in the Neolithic

    Abstract The earliest cranial surgery (trepanation) has been attested since the Mesolithic period. The meaning of such a practice remains elusive but it is evident that, even in prehistoric times, humans from this period and from the Neolithic period had already achieved a high degree of...
  3. Jovialis

    Denmark: 'Spider Stones' of Neolithic Sun-Worshipers

    Strangely marked stones and other artifacts unearthed on the island of Bornholm in Denmark have raised new mysteries about a Neolithic sun-worshipping religion centered there about 5,000 years ago. The new finds include "spider stones," inscribed with pattern like a spider's web, and a piece of...
  4. Jovialis

    Ireland: Neolithic Remains Found in Mountain Chamber

    A boulder chamber discovered by a hillwalker on a mountainside in Mayo was a ritual site for the dead, experts have revealed. The remains of at least 10 adults, adolescents and children were placed in the cave-like structure over the course of 1,200 years in the Neolithic era. Scientific...
  5. Maciamo

    Where and when were various plants and animals domesticated?

    A lot of people interested in history and archaeology know that wheat, barley, chickpeas, and animals like sheep, goats, pigs and cows were all domesticated in the Fertile Crescent during the Early Neolithic period, between 12,500 and 10,000 years ago (perhaps as early as 20,000 years ago for...
  6. Maciamo

    Oldest wine made in Georgia around 8000 years ago

    We already knew that winemaking originated in the South Caucasus, but its origins keep getting pushed further in time - in this case by half a millennium. Winemaking supposedly spread to the East Mediterranean with the expansion of the Kura-Araxes culture (dominated by Y-haplogroup J2a1, but...
  7. P

    Who were native europeans in Mesolithic era

    If R lived in eastern europe since Mesolithic era then why they are called Bronze age immigrants then? is western europe only europe?
  8. Maciamo

    Cats domesticated in East Mediterranean during the Neolithic

    Ancient DNA reveals how cats conquered the world "Humans may have had pet cats for as long as 9,500 years. In 2004, archaeologists in Cyprus found a complete cat skeleton buried in a Stone Age village. Given that Cyprus has no native wildcats, the animal (or perhaps its ancestors) must have...
  9. Maciamo

    Revised and improved prehistoric migration maps

    I have updated, corrected and improved most of the Neolithic and Bronze Age migrations maps. This includes adding new cultures, including minor ones, refining the boundaries, reworking the colours, and updating the haplogroup estimations for each culture. I have also split the map for the period...
  10. Maciamo

    More Neolithic Y-DNA and mtDNA from Hungary, Germany and Spain (Lipson et al. 2017)

    It's been raining ancient DNA samples lately! 127 new ancient DNA samples, including 82 Y-DNA, from various Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures in Europe. Parallel ancient genomic transects reveal complexpopulation history of early European farmers Abstract Ancient DNA studies have...
  11. Maciamo

    Southern Neolithic route brought Megaliths from the Levant to Western Europe

    I have hypothesised for several years that the wave of Neolithic farmers who came from the southern Levant through North Africa brought a quite different set of haplogroups and autosomal admixture than the Anatolian farmers that colonised the Balkans and Central Europe. There is ample...
  12. Maciamo

    Updated page and tree on Y-haplogroup T

    I have created two phylogenetic trees for haplogroup T and T-CTS2214. I have also updated the history section. The P77 and CTS6507 branch underwent a major expansion during the Early Bronze Age, from approximately 2500 BCE. The phylogeny suggests that this expansion took place from the...
  13. A

    An ignoramus asks... Britain before R1B

    Hi all, I'm presently writing a book (which may or may not get published) about my local area. While I don't want to dwell on it too much in the text, the genetic origins of those who lived here during the Mesolithic and Neolithic - and Bronze Age, too - is hugely important. And it's giving me...
  14. Maciamo

    New page dedicated to the genetics of Starcevo–Körös–Cris culture

    I have created a new page dedicated to the genetics of Starcevo–Körös–Cris culture, which represents the advance of Near Eastern Neolithic farmers from Anatolia to Southeast Europe. As usual, I have also included a summary of the cultural and socio-economic features relating to that...
  15. Maciamo

    Dodecad & Eurogenes admixture of Late Copper & Early Bronze Age genomes

    The Copper Age was a period of transition between Neolithic societies and the Indo-European migrations. Although the Chalcolithic started in Neolithic Southeast Europe and Anatolia, it quickly spread to the Pontic-Caspian Steppe, from where PIE Steppe people expanded cross most of Europe and...
  16. Maciamo

    Comparing Mesolithic and Neolithic genomes using the Eurogenes K36 calculator

    I have run a Yamna genome as well as the Iron-Age Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Hinxton genomes in the Eurogenes K36 calculator. Now is time to have a look at some Mesolithic and Neolithic Europeans. Keep in mind that the component names for the Eurogenes K36 admixture are not accurate and do not...
  17. Maciamo

    New pages dedicated to the genetics of the LBK and TRB cultures

    You may have seen the new page on the Funnelbeaker (TRB) culture a few weeks ago. Today I have added another one for the Linear Pottery (LBK) culture. Starcevo will be next. Linear Pottery Culture (c. 5600-4250 BCE) The expansion of Neolithic farmers from the Danube to Central Europe as far...
  18. Maciamo

    Neolithic Orcadians roasted rodents to eat

    BBC News: Stone Age people 'roasted rodents for food' - archaeologists "Rodents appear to have been roasted for food by Stone Age people as early as 5,000 years ago, archaeological evidence suggests. Bones from archaeological sites in Orkney show voles were cooked or boiled for food, or...
  19. Maciamo

    New map of early to middle Neolithic Europe (5000-4500 BCE)

    I had not made any new archaeological maps for 6 years. Yet there are still periods that weren't covered, including that particularly interesting one that saw the emergence of the Khvalynsk culture, which may well have been the first PIE culture in the Steppe, before Sredny Stog and Yamna. That...
  20. N

    More 'Neolithic survivors' in mountains....and swamps?

    Has anyone information about Neolithic survivors (and belonging haplotypes) in mountains....and swamps? I can imagine refuges in mountain area's but I've more doubts with swamps/ moors/ peat bogs. I admit my view is mostly based on the situation in the Netherlands, were waterways were the old...