It is no coincidence that Black people excel in some Olympic sports (e.g. sprint)
Allow me to explain my rationale for my choices:
I decided to vote for every choice excepting the egalitaria 1.1., 2.1, and 3.1.
For questions of rights: Rights (as politically protected liberties) are exclusive to the given legal framework in which they are formed. As such, it is only natural the rights will differ based on race on a world wide scale, as well as by sex, and amongst individuals. In a given society, however, one could imagine a pure state of legal equality, although the ontological differences between men and women, for instance, ought to be recognized in differing roles in society and rights. Likewise, I see no reason why a nation ought to be compelled to accept diversity of races, excepting when they so choose to.
For questions regarding intelligence: It is empirically justifiable to say that men are smarter than women and that some races are smarter than others on average. However, each individual does have a unique intelligence, and exceptions are found across the globe.
For questions regarding strengths and abilities: The same as intelligence.
I am not sure what you mean by some "races" are smarter than others. Certainly some people in lesser developed countries may not have such easy access to education that we
take for granted and this may effect their level of knowledge, but that is quite different from intelligence.
Also in regards to men being smarter than women, mmmm.
You will forgive me as , for now, my reply must be brief.It is a matter of empirical science that the races are disparately intelligent. See the Bell Curve and also the work of Dr. Michael Levin of CUNY Grad (whom, to note, I studied under at one time).
As for men v. women, your link speaks to the fact that men are more intelligent in IQ. As it notes, though, men also are more variably intelligent, with more imbeciles and geniuses than the more consistently average female.
The talk about "height", however, is probably wrong in more ways than one. It does not at all correlate to racial studies, for instance. East Asians and Jews rank highest in average IQ, but are often short. Contrariwise, Sub-Saharan Africans have statistically the lowest intelligence on a whole and are widely noted as a very tall people. This seems to me like the study did not adequately address a potential correlation does not equal causation confusion, or else another reasonable issue.
As a historical point, we can also point to the fact that men have a monopoly over intellectual and political achievements in all cultures and all times.
You will forgive me as , for now, my reply must be brief.
Firstly I am not a great lover of the Bell Curve, and I believe it was a study based mainly within Americas populations. It also stated, correct me if I am wrong, "whether" and "how" genes and environment had on ethnic differences remained "unsolved".
As for dominion of men in politics, this is a completely different study more I feel inclined to the differences in society of the sexes rather than intelligence between
the sexes. As we know women in history have never been urged on to be politically engaged. In fact women have had to struggle to be "engaged"
in many power positions.
As for sub-saharans lower intelligence, as you state, let us remember these countries have for a very long time been either under colonial dictatorship, capitalist abuse , poverty and disease. None of these factors make for good education.
No all humans are not born equal and it is naive to think otherwise.
For example a child born in a sub-saharan country will for the greater part be born into poverty, hunger, lack of healthcare, disease, sometimes poor or no education,bad housing, perhaps war, basic things as clean water ..the list goes on and on. The infant mortality rate is high and in Ethiopia as an eg. a child is thirty times more likely to die by five than their counterpart in Western Europe.
Furthermore these children are unlikely to reach the academic level they more than likely could unless the above mentioned changes (despite what Murray and Herrnstein would attempt to tell us)
A child born in, say Europe, will have a distinct advantage over those above . Health care in the West despite some reforms in some countries or lack of funding at times to keep up with ever increasing costs are for the greater part very good. Most women will have access to pre -natal care and deliver in a hospital with midwives or doctors. These children will go on to state funded education and the chance of further and higher education if so wished. This makes for good footing for the future, in general.
So no, not everyone is born equal, unfortunately.
Yet these same sub-Saharan African children, when raised in wealth and plenty in the West (not just in the US, but also Canada and Europe) never intellectually match their peers from other races.
I have read that African immigrants coming to America for education purposes have went on to do very well. I believe it was something estimated at 48.9
per cent holding diplomas, more than double the rate of native born Americans and four times the rate of fellow American born Africans.
If these figures are correct
then I would say they are not only matching their peers from other races but out-stripping them. (J. Logan and 2000 census) In fact is this not the African Drain Brain debate?
As for Canada sociological literature reports something similar (but to a lesser degree).Boyd 2002.
It woudn't shock me. One would think that with limited spaces and the expenses associated with travel, that those who come here to study would be amongst the very best in order to secure their positions. Moreover, I wouldn't put much by a college education (at least on a BA level) in the US. It's not especially difficult, even in good schools, and there have been plenty of problems with favourable grading schemes, et cetera.
If we say that these Africans represent the top 10 percent of intelligence in Africa, would it be that surprising that the top 10 percent will do especially well in America v. the average? Or in Canada? Or any country, for that matter? If these weren't particularly bright students, that'd be another thing. There's always going to be superior intelligences in any race, and those who would immigrate to a country SPECIFICALLY to study would probably be amongst them.
Within the U.K. the Centre of Economic Performance noted that 21% of those of African origin hold university diplomas against 14% of native born British.
Among ethnic minorities in Britain black males over the age of thirty hold more educational achievements than other minority groups.
I still believe that if the environment is right all can achieve( of course there will always be those who will do less well across all ethnic cultures).
You will excuse me if I decline from further on this topic as it may be seen to deviate from original thread and into something less favorable.
Wasn't the majority of Britons discouraged from higher-education until very recently? Likewise, is the situation with Africans similar to that of immigrants to the US?
That's perfectly fine. We could continue elsewhere if you want.
As for studies regarding Inuits there are some that may be found on-line, but I don`t think they are very detailed, unless I have missed them.
If you know of any especially good ones that I could access via JSTOR or something, I'd be most obliged.
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