Balkan FGC13621 link to Celtic Iron Age in Britain (Patterson et al., 2022)


Regular Member
Reaction score
Western Cape
Ethnic group
Y-DNA haplogroup
mtDNA haplogroup
Patterson et. al. (2022) documents ancient human DNA sample I13758 as R-L2.

According to Alex Williamson (Alex column; Celtic yDNA spreadsheet) and Dr. David K. Faux (updated paper on "The Presence of Y-DNA Haplogroup R-U152 in Britain": Amended: 18 Nov. 2022); Sample I13758 is positive for FGC13616; FGC13633 (Alex Williamson) and FGC13617 (David K. Faux).
Descendant branches of R-FGC13617 include:

*R-FTA39145 (+FGC13616; +FGC13617) (-FGC13621; -FGC13633) (England, UK) 2 commercial samples from FTDNA with paternal origin from or currently in England.

*R-FGC13621 (+FGC13616; +FGC13617; +FGC13633) (Balkan Peninsula) 4 commercial samples, 3 from FTDNA with paternal origins from the Ionian Island of Corfu in Greece, Herceg Novi in Montenegro and Bulgaria; a Turkish sample cited in an academic paper and a Serbian sample found +FGC13619 tested through YSEQ.

Ancient Human DNA sample I13758 (male; Sk116) from Yorkshire, East Riding, Pocklington (Burnby Lane) 400 to 50 BCE, L2 (Patterson et. al., 2022).

The Iron Age cemetery at Burnby Lane, Pocklington was excavated by MAP Archaeological Practice between October 2014 and February 2017 in advance of a residential development.

The site is situated in a valley bottom at the edge of the Yorkshire Wolds dip slope, at an elevation of c. 33m AOD (Above Ordnance Datum).

In total, 85 ditched barrows were excavated at Burnby Lane, and 172 inhumations were recovered (Stephens and Ware 2020, 17).

Eighty-three barrows were identified in the Iron Age cemetery (Period 2), placing this site amongst the larger excavated cemeteries of the Arras culture. Whilst the barrows themselves were mainly square or rectangular in shape, seven circular barrows were also recorded.

Additional detail in relation to the typological characteristics of the barrows at Pocklington can be found in Stephens and Ware (2020, 20, 21), but, in summary, barrows of Groups 1, 3 (after Dent 2010; Halkon 2013) were recorded, with Group 2 barrows numerically dominant (48 examples).

A total of 72 primary burials survived, mainly interred in the crouched position but with both flexed and tightly contracted burials also identified. Coffin-like structures were identified in a number of cases, identified by sharply defined edges within grave features. These have been interpreted as self-supporting shuttered boxes. Grave goods were identified in 27 of the excavated graves, with brooches, bracelets, beads, and a single food offering all recorded (Stephens and Ware 2020, 24, 25).

In addition to the items above, a number of weapons burials were also identified at Burnby Lane. These included the burial of a male individual (36 to 45 years old) who was placed on top of a rectangular shield; a (male) speared-corpse burial of an individual aged 18 to 25 years, interred with sword; and a cart or chariot burial with two mature ponies in association (ibid., 26 to 7).

The AMS dating of one of these ponies indicates barrow construction c. 250 BCE. Sample I13758 was one of the 35 individuals whose petrous bones were successfully analyzed for aDNA.

Source of samples: MAP Archaeological Practice/University of Hull

Authors of entry: Mark Stephens, Paula Ware and Malcolm Lillie

Bam file of I13758
European Nucleotide Archive:

Patterson, N., Isakov, M., Booth, T. et al. (220 more authors) (2022) Large-scale migration into Britain during the Middle to Late Bronze Age. Nature. pp. 588-594. ISSN 0028-0836
Last edited:
Some Galatians lost in S-E Europe and even Turkye???
Some Galatians lost in S-E Europe and even Turkye???

There were some Celts that crossed the Hellespont around 271 BC and then settled in what became Galatia near Ankara.
There were some Celts that crossed the Hellespont around 271 BC and then settled in what became Galatia near Ankara.

OK. It's why I opened this possibility of some link.
Both the Balkan branch and the British branch of this haplogroup probably came from central Europe. But I don't think this has anything to do with Galatians, the spread was earlier (La Tene culture, etc).

This thread has been viewed 1431 times.