Genetic study Large-Scale Migration into Southern Britain During the Middle to Late Bronze Age.

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​Abstract


Present-day populations from England and Wales harbour more ancestry derived from Early European Farmers (EEF) than did people of the Early Bronze Age. To study how this occurred, we generated genome-wide data from 803 individuals, almost all from the Middle to Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age, increasing data in this period from Britain by 12-fold, and from Western and Central Europe by more than two-fold. Between 1000-875 BCE, EEF ancestry increased in southern Britain (England and Wales) but not in northern Britain (Scotland), due to incorporation into the population of a stream of migrants who arrived at this time and in previous centuries and who were genetically most similar to ancient individuals from France. These migrants cumulatively contributed about half the ancestry of Iron Age people of England and Wales, thereby documenting a previously unknown demographic process that is a plausible vector for the spread of early Celtic languages into Britain. These patterns are part of a broader trend of EEF ancestry proportions becoming more similar across Central and Western Europe in the Middle to Late Bronze Age, coincident with intensification of cultural exchange and highlighting this period as a peak of interaction and mobility. We find no evidence of a comparable rate of migration into Britain in the Iron Age. The distinct genetic trajectories of Britain and continental Europe in the Iron Age are also exemplified by the fact that the allele conferring lactase persistence rose to ~50% frequency in Britain by this time whereas it was only ~7% in Central Europe and underwent a comparable rise in frequency only a millennium later, a pattern that could only occur if there were qualitative differences in how dairy products were used in Britain and in Central Europe.

https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/browser/view/PRJEB47891
 
That's probably the Hallstatt expansion. The paper hasn't been published yet. I'd love to see the Y-DNA haplogroups of the newcomers. So far we have hardly any Y-DNA of Iron Age Celts from Britain, Gaul, the Alps or northern Italy.
 
We are going to see a lot of r1b-L21:unsure:
 
We are going to see a lot of r1b-L21:unsure:

Maybe not only: possible changes from BA to IA??? some rare Y-haplo's ("exotic") and more U-152 and other R1b? (Belgae : more U152?)
 
I hope teenpan from anthrogenica
Or someone else
Would anlayse all those bam files
To see the y haplogroups and also mtdna
types
 
Maybe not only: possible changes from BA to IA??? some rare Y-haplo's ("exotic") and more U-152 and other R1b? (Belgae : more U152?)

Between 1000-875 BCE would be a bit early for Belgae.
But I'd expect U-152 too.
L21 was already predominant in the British Isles since 2000 BC.
 
That's probably the Hallstatt expansion. The paper hasn't been published yet. I'd love to see the Y-DNA haplogroups of the newcomers. So far we have hardly any Y-DNA of Iron Age Celts from Britain, Gaul, the Alps or northern Italy.


Halstatt expansion ? , was it phase 1 1000BC ( everybody likes to forget this phase ).... or phase 2, 800BC ................or is it 400 years a later under La Tene ?

If La Tene and Halstatt are the same people ? ......as they are over 400 years apart in time

maybe it was just plain old Southern-Germany celtish lands

or even celtish central-Germany from Glauberg
 
I remember the fights on dna forums over this issue as if it were yesterday. :)

It seems it was basically over by the Iron Age, so if it is "Hallstadt" related it would be A and B. The following is from Koch. No idea how accurate it is.

"Hallstatt A–B (1200–800 BC) are part of the Bronze AgeUrnfield culture. In this period, people were cremated and buried in simple graves. In phase B, tumulus (barrow or kurgan) burial becomes common, and cremation predominates. The "Hallstatt period" proper is restricted to HaC and HaD (800–450 BC), corresponding to the early European Iron Age. Hallstatt lies in the area where the western and eastern zones of the Hallstatt culture meet, which is reflected in the finds from there.[7] Hallstatt D is succeeded by the La Tène culture."

They were lucky to get samples if this much cremation was practiced.

The unanswered question is where did the Central European Hallstadt type people get their additional EEF? Is it a "resurgence" again based on the "locals" coming back out of the shadows, as with WHG? If it is, then I guess Italy is the only place where it can't happen. :)

The yDna is also interesting. Going by my memory, which may be faulty, there is a difference autosomally between the English and Welsh and the far northern English, i.e. Border areas in particular, and the Scots, although the differences are small so I would think migration within the island must have erased some of the differences. Is there a difference in the Ydna?

Again from memory, the first steppe admixed people who arrived in Britain already carried a lot of R1b L21.

So, did the newcomers have U-152 perhaps? I didn't think there was enough of it to make such a difference given that our Eupedia map shows an east west cline with a maximum of 10% in a small area of Britain, shading to 5% and then disappearing in the west.

5a34d279a775e1abbbf9534d633e3218.png


Of course, the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons and the Danes might have wiped it out. It would be informative to know the breakdown of the y in Wales given some parts of it were less impacted by movement from "England".
 
Halstatt expansion ? , was it phase 1 1000BC ( everybody likes to forget this phase ).... or phase 2, 800BC ................or is it 400 years a later under La Tene ?
If La Tene and Halstatt are the same people ? ......as they are over 400 years apart in time
maybe it was just plain old Southern-Germany celtish lands
or even celtish central-Germany from Glauberg

the abstract says between 1000-875 BCE
the surprise is that it is such a massive migration into the far outskirts of Hallstatt culture
it seems Hallstatt was not just for a small elite, it was progress for miners and farmers too
400 BC seems to have been more tumultuous, when the princely seats dissapeared and the Gauls expanded as far as Belgium, northern Italy and the Carpathian Basin
 
the abstract says between 1000-875 BCE
the surprise is that it is such a massive migration into the far outskirts of Hallstatt culture
it seems Hallstatt was not just for a small elite, it was progress for miners and farmers too
400 BC seems to have been more tumultuous, when the princely seats dissapeared and the Gauls expanded as far as Belgium, northern Italy and the Carpathian Basin

Phase 1 then......celtish migration into illyrian Noricum .......miners of Noric steel

IIRC....there is a burial of a few thousand "halstatt" people

so....you saying Halstatt times where more peaceful .................while La Tene was not?

Halstatt celts went into the balkans towards greece...the black sea and asia minor
 
teenpan from anthrogenica mtdna types ( by anlaysing the bam files ) afcorse there might been
a mistake here and there
( about the y haplogroups i am not posting it yet since it doesn't look logic
to me with many haplogroups so i wait patiently for the paper )


I0231:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): U4a1-a
I0371:Result ( 95.3% 61 -0 +3): U2d2-a
I0418:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a1
I0438:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): U5a1a1
I0440:Result ( 94.7% 54 -0 +3): I3a
I0525:Result ( 91.0% 63 -1 +4): U2e1e1
I0527:Result ( 71.4% 20 -0 +8): U2e-a
I10342:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): W6a
I10343:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): J1c5
I10344:Result ( 92.2% 47 -0 +4): H3-b
I10345:Result ( 90.6% 50 -1 +3): H1e1a
I10347:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a-b
I10348:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1e
I11033:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a3b
I11034:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a3b
I11142:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H3b-a
I11143:Result (100.0% 48 -0 +0): H3b-a
I11144:Result (100.0% 47 -0 +0): H5'36
I11145:Result ( 90.4% 47 -0 +5): H1-f
I11146:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): J1c1c
I11147:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5a1b1e
I11148:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H2a2a1
I11149:Result ( 92.2% 49 -1 +2): V16d
I11150:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): H15a1
I11151:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): K1-a4
I11152:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U3a1
I11153:Result ( 92.2% 47 -0 +4): H3-b
I11154:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): H5a1z
I11156:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): J1c3
I11158:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): U5b2c3a
I11159:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): U5a1a2a
I11160:Result ( 96.5% 57 -1 +0): K1c1
I11629:Result ( 95.2% 61 -1 +1): T2e1
I11631:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I11683:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): K1-a4
I11699:Result ( 92.7% 51 -0 +4): H11a2
I11701:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I11708:Result ( 93.1% 56 -1 +2): U7b
I11710:Result ( 92.5% 49 -0 +4): H5-a
I11712:Result ( 88.0% 48 -2 +2): HV0a4
I11713:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): V18a
I11715:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): V
I11716:Result ( 88.9% 48 -0 +6): H55b
I11717:Result ( 90.9% 52 -1 +3): H1n6a
I11719:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): J1c2
I11721:Result ( 95.0% 59 -1 +1): K1c2
I11722:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): U5a1b1
I11971:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H3
I11972:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): U5b2b1
I11973:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H5a1f2
I11991:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H3b-a
I11992:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H3b-a
I11993:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): J1c2a2
I11994:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): U5a2c3a
I11995:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H2a5
I11997:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): X2b-a
I12081:Result ( 91.8% 56 -0 +5): U5a1c3b
I12082:Result ( 91.7% 57 -1 +3): K1d
I12083:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): J2b1a1
I12097:Result ( 97.8% 45 -0 +1): HV10
I12098:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5a1a1
I12099:Result ( 91.2% 54 -1 +3): W-a
I12102:Result ( 82.4% 42 -0 +9): J1c15c
I12103:Result ( 90.5% 59 -1 +4): K1a2c1
I12104:Result ( 88.3% 53 -0 +7): T2b
I12105:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H1
I12106:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): N1b1a5b
I12107:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H34
I12110:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): J1c12
I12171:Result ( 93.3% 58 -1 +2): J1c1b
I12312:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): K1-a4
I12313:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I12314:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I12317:Result ( 95.9% 49 -1 +0): H5m
I12411:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I12412:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): K1c1a
I12413:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I12414:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I12415:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): J1c9
I12608:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3ap
I12610:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c1
I12611:Result ( 94.6% 55 -1 +1): I2d1b1
I12612:Result ( 87.5% 60 -2 +4): U1a1a
I12613:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1-e
I12614:Result ( 93.3% 58 -1 +2): K1a1b1-b
I12624:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I12770:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): H3b1b1
I12771:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): U5b2a2a3
I12772:Result ( 92.5% 64 -1 +3): T2c1d-a
I12774:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H10b
I12775:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U5a1b1e1
I12776:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): U4a2c2
I12778:Result ( 96.3% 54 -1 +0): H4a1a2
I12779:Result ( 98.4% 63 -0 +1): T2b4c
I12783:Result ( 94.7% 56 -1 +1): J1c5
I12785:Result ( 98.4% 60 -0 +1): J1c1b2
I12786:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): J1c2
I12787:Result ( 98.1% 52 -0 +1): H2a2a1
I12790:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a1u
I12791:Result ( 94.2% 51 -1 +1): H1e1a-b
I12792:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a1u
I12793:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a1u
I12900:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U5b2b1a1
I12903:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): U5b1c2b
I12905:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H27
I12906:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): W1c
I12907:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): N1a1a1a3b1
I12926:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H2a2a2a
I12927:Result ( 93.2% 57 -1 +2): U5b3b1
I12931:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H6a2
I12932:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1bs
I12935:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): H1ah2
I12936:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c5f
I13025:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): K2b1a
I13026:Result ( 92.3% 60 -0 +5): J1b1a1
I13027:Result ( 93.8% 62 -1 +2): T2b4-a1
I13028:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H1a
I13467:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H-a
I13468:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): U5a1b1
I13469:Result ( 88.3% 57 -2 +3): J1c15c
I13470:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H-h
I13471:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): V
I13615:Result (100.0% 49 -0 +0): H1c41
I13616:Result ( 92.6% 50 -0 +4): H1b1-a
I13617:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H-h
I13618:Result ( 70.2% 37 -2 +10): U4a2j
I13620:Result ( 93.9% 64 -1 +2): T2c1d-a
I13621:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): K1a4a1
I13623:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H1
I13680:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): U5a2a1
I13681:Result ( 93.6% 44 -0 +3): H3b-a
I13682:Result ( 94.3% 50 -0 +3): H5a1
I13683:Result ( 80.0% 22 -1 +3): H1h1d
I13684:Result ( 96.4% 55 -1 +0): W1n
I13685:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): U5a1b1e
I13687:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): W1-a
I13688:Result ( 88.7% 49 -1 +4): H1-a6
I13689:Result ( 93.7% 59 -0 +4): K1a3a7a
I13690:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H1b3b
I13710:Result ( 90.6% 50 -1 +3): I4a
I13711:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H61
I13712:Result ( 92.6% 65 -1 +3): U5b2b3a
I13713:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H1c
I13714:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H1c8
I13716:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H11a
I13717:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): U5a1a1
I13720:Result ( 90.2% 59 -2 +2): U4b1a2-a
I13726:Result ( 94.3% 52 -1 +1): H13a1a1
I13727:Result ( 93.7% 59 -0 +4): T1a1
I13728:Result ( 96.9% 62 -0 +2): T2a1a
I13729:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H1ag1
I13730:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1bb
I13731:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U5a1a1g
I13732:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): U5b2c1
I13751:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I13752:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): J1c9
I13753:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a3b
I13754:Result ( 95.4% 62 -0 +3): U5b2b3-a1
I13755:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I13756:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): K1c1a
I13757:Result ( 92.4% 65 -2 +1): T2c1d1a
I13758:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I13759:Result ( 94.3% 50 -0 +3): H2a3b
I13760:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a3b
I13780:Result ( 93.3% 56 -0 +4): K1a26
I13781:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a1
I13783:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H1-e
I13786:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H1q5
I13787:Result ( 92.0% 48 -1 +2): H26c
I13788:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): X2b-a8
I13789:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): J1c5
I13791:Result (100.0% 59 -0 +0): K1a4a1
I13792:Result ( 93.8% 61 -0 +4): U5b2b1a1
I13793:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1-e
I13794:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H2a6
I13795:Result ( 91.4% 55 -1 +3): J1c8
I13796:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H-c1
I13798:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): U5a2b1a
I13799:Result ( 91.0% 63 -1 +4): U2e1a1g
I13889:Result ( 97.0% 64 -0 +2): K1b1a1
I13890:Result ( 98.4% 62 -0 +1): T2e1c
I13891:Result ( 96.4% 53 -0 +2): U5b1-a1
I13892:Result ( 98.4% 62 -0 +1): T2e1c
I13893:Result ( 91.7% 57 -1 +3): K1a4r
I13897:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): V
I13898:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): K1a3a1
I13899:Result ( 93.4% 57 -0 +4): U3a1
I1389:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): X2b4a
I1391:Result ( 95.0% 57 -0 +3): J1c4i
I14096:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): H4a1a2a
I14097:Result (100.0% 49 -0 +0): H66a1
I14099:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a3b
I14100:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): J1c9
I14101:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a3b
I14102:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): K1c1a
I14103:Result ( 91.1% 51 -0 +5): H1e1a15
I14104:Result ( 86.3% 48 -2 +3): H1ao
I14105:Result ( 94.3% 50 -0 +3): H2a3b
I14106:Result ( 92.1% 58 -0 +5): K1c1a
I14107:Result ( 93.3% 58 -1 +2): K1c1a
I14108:Result ( 92.5% 49 -0 +4): V2a
I14185:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1c1
I14186:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): W3a1a
I14188:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): K1a1b2a
I14189:Result ( 88.5% 56 -1 +5): K1a4
I14190:Result ( 98.4% 60 -0 +1): T2e
I14191:Result ( 89.8% 55 -1 +4): R1b1a
I14192:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H1j2a
I14193:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2e4
I14200:Result ( 95.3% 63 -1 +1): K1b1a
I14326:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H1c
I14327:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H5
I14347:Result ( 89.8% 55 -1 +4): K2a
I14348:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): U3a1c
I14351:Result ( 89.8% 55 -1 +4): K2a
I14352:Result ( 93.0% 55 -1 +2): K2a
I14353:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5b2a1a1
I14358:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H3
I14359:Result ( 88.5% 54 -0 +7): J1c1
I14360:Result ( 95.0% 57 -0 +3): J1c1
I14377:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U5b1b1d
I14378:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): I2d1b1
I14379:Result ( 86.6% 64 -3 +3): T2c1d-a
I14380:Result ( 95.2% 61 -1 +1): T2e1
I14381:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): U5b2b1a1
I14464:Result ( 71.4% 30 -0 +12): H1bc
I14465:Result ( 94.6% 53 -0 +3): U5a2b
I14467:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): K1a4g
I14468:Result ( 91.8% 45 -0 +4): H-d2
I14481:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): W3a1
I14543:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): K1a4a1g
I14549:Result ( 90.6% 48 -0 +5): H1dg
I14550:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3-b
I14551:Result ( 96.4% 53 -0 +2): H6a1a
I14552:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): J1c2
I14553:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H5c
I14585:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): K1a1b2a
I14742:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H1-e
I14743:Result ( 94.6% 53 -0 +3): I4a
I14745:Result ( 90.6% 48 -0 +5): X2b
I14747:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H3
I14800:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): J2b1j
I14801:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): X2b-a
I14802:Result ( 92.0% 48 -1 +2): X2d
I14803:Result ( 90.6% 50 -1 +3): H2a1
I14804:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H1o
I14806:Result ( 64.3% 29 -1 +13): H1bb
I14807:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): T1a1
I14808:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): H1b1
I14809:Result ( 89.1% 49 -0 +6): V7
I14837:Result ( 95.2% 60 -0 +3): K1a4a1c
I14857:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H3-c
I14858:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c1
I14859:Result (100.0% 49 -0 +0): H7d3
I14860:Result (100.0% 49 -0 +0): X2b-a
I14861:Result ( 85.7% 48 -0 +8): V
I14862:Result ( 92.2% 47 -0 +4): H1
I14863:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): U5b1b1-b
I14864:Result ( 93.8% 61 -0 +4): T2b
I14865:Result (100.0% 6 -0 +0): A2i
I14866:Result (100.0% 49 -0 +0): H1at1
I14980:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): U5a2b1
I14982:Result ( 65.6% 21 -0 +11): J
I14983:Result ( 94.9% 58 -1 +1): J1c1m
I14984:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1-d
I14985:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H5c
I14986:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H73
I14987:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a1
I14988:Result ( 95.8% 46 -0 +2): H
I15027:Result ( 90.5% 59 -1 +4): U4a3a
I15028:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c2e
I15029:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): V
I15030:Result ( 94.6% 53 -0 +3): U5b1-a1
I15031:Result ( 98.5% 65 -0 +1): T2b3d
I15032:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H3
I15033:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a1
I15034:Result ( 98.5% 64 -0 +1): J2a1a1
I15035:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): H4a1a
I15039:Result ( 96.4% 54 -0 +2): H6a1a13
I15040:Result ( 93.1% 56 -1 +2): U5b1b1-a
I15041:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1
I15042:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): H26a1
I15043:Result ( 98.5% 66 -0 +1): U5b2b3a1
I15044:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H3v-a1
I15045:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): H13a1a1a
I15046:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): H4a1c1a
I15047:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H13a1a1
I15048:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H1aa
I15049:Result ( 93.0% 55 -1 +2): W1n
I15071:Result ( 90.0% 56 -1 +4): U5b1b1-b
I15642:Result ( 94.0% 49 -1 +1): V6b1
I15643:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U4d1
I15644:Result ( 97.9% 46 -0 +1): H-d
I15646:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H-h
I15648:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): K1-a4f
I15650:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1
I15818:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): HV0a
I15819:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): K1a3a3
I15821:Result ( 53.6% 17 -1 +11): O
I15823:Result ( 96.8% 60 -0 +2): K1a4a1z
I15824:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): J2b1a
I15825:Result (100.0% 56 -0 +0): J1c2
I15826:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I15950:Result ( 98.4% 63 -0 +1): K1a4a1a2a
I15951:Result ( 90.9% 52 -1 +3): H13b1-a
I15952:Result ( 96.4% 54 -0 +2): H6a1a13
I15953:Result ( 96.4% 54 -0 +2): H6a1a13
I15954:Result (100.0% 49 -0 +0): H1q5
I15955:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): U5a2b1a
I15956:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1e
I15957:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): H-d
I15958:Result ( 86.6% 62 -2 +5): T2b39
I15959:Result ( 91.7% 57 -1 +3): K1a-a2
I15960:Result ( 96.4% 54 -0 +2): I4a1
I15961:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2b
I16086:Result ( 72.9% 35 -0 +13): J1c1m
I16087:Result ( 80.0% 32 -0 +8): U5b1b
I16088:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): U5b1b1-b
I16089:Result ( 98.1% 52 -0 +1): H5e1a
I16090:Result ( 88.7% 49 -1 +4): V10
I16092:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5b3b
I16099:Result ( 97.9% 46 -0 +1): HV0-a
I16100:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2b
I16108:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): X2b4
I16109:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): K1a1b2b
I16110:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): I4a
I16111:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a1
I16112:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): V6b1
I16113:Result ( 95.4% 62 -0 +3): K1a1b2a1a
I16170:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H3
I16182:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): J1c
I16184:Result ( 85.2% 48 -1 +6): H17a1
I16247:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): U5b3b
I16268:Result ( 93.1% 56 -1 +2): K2a6
I16269:Result ( 93.4% 57 -0 +4): U4a2c2
I16270:Result ( 98.5% 64 -0 +1): J1b1a1b
I16271:Result ( 93.2% 55 -0 +4): I2d1b1
I16272:Result ( 93.4% 57 -0 +4): J1c2e
I16273:Result ( 94.3% 50 -0 +3): H5a2
I16326:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H7
I16327:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H3
I16329:Result ( 83.9% 49 -1 +7): W6a
I16380:Result ( 90.5% 61 -2 +2): U4b1a1a1
I16386:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): T1a1
I16387:Result ( 45.9% 19 -1 +18): S-a
I16388:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c1
I16390:Result ( 62.5% 34 -2 +14): T1a1aq
I16394:Result ( 93.5% 58 -0 +4): K1c1u
I16395:Result ( 92.7% 53 -1 +2): U5b1j
I16396:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I16400:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U3a1
I16403:Result ( 89.5% 55 -2 +2): K2a
I16405:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): K1-a4
I16410:Result ( 93.8% 61 -0 +4): T2b50
I16412:Result ( 83.3% 53 -4 +1): J1c17-a
I16413:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): H6a1a8
I16416:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H3-b7
I16418:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): U5a1d2a1-a
I16422:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H3-b7
I16424:Result ( 78.9% 51 -3 +6): R1b
I16425:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): K1a4a1
I16427:Result ( 92.5% 49 -0 +4): X2b-a
I16429:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): K1-a4
I16430:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H61
I16435:Result ( 69.6% 45 -3 +11): U2-a
I16436:Result ( 89.7% 56 -2 +2): J1c5
I16437:Result ( 98.5% 64 -0 +1): K1b1a1
I16438:Result ( 91.8% 56 -0 +5): J1c2
I16439:Result ( 91.2% 64 -1 +4): T2c1d-a
I16440:Result ( 91.2% 64 -1 +4): T2c1d-a
I16441:Result ( 93.4% 57 -0 +4): J1c2ae
I16442:Result ( 93.7% 61 -1 +2): U4b1a1a1
I16444:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): J1c1b1
I16448:Result ( 91.4% 64 -0 +6): K1b1a1
I16450:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): T1a1
I16453:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): U5a2a1
I16454:Result ( 93.7% 59 -0 +4): U5b2b2
I16455:Result ( 93.0% 53 -0 +4): T1a1
I16456:Result ( 85.0% 55 -2 +5): T1a1
I16457:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): T1a1
I16458:Result ( 91.2% 64 -1 +4): T2c1d-a
I16459:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3-b
I16463:Result ( 96.4% 54 -0 +2): H4a1a2
I16467:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): U5a1g1
I16469:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H3-b
I16471:Result ( 77.2% 52 -4 +5): J1
I16475:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): X2b4
I16476:Result ( 89.1% 41 -0 +5): H1bc
I16479:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3ap
I16488:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): U5a1b1
I16491:Result ( 96.9% 62 -0 +2): U5b2b3-a1
I16495:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): H6a1a8
I16498:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a1
I16499:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): I2a
I16503:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H1ak1
I16504:Result (100.0% 48 -0 +0): H1as
I16505:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H61
I16514:Result ( 71.7% 35 -1 +11): HV5
I16538:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c3s
I16549:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): H1an1
I16591:Result ( 94.3% 52 -1 +1): H13a1a1
I16592:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5a1b1e
I16593:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H7b
I16595:Result ( 95.5% 64 -0 +3): T2b9
I16596:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): H3b-a
I16597:Result ( 92.3% 48 -0 +4): H1-c
I16599:Result ( 95.4% 62 -0 +3): T2b1
I16600:Result ( 95.4% 62 -0 +3): T2b1
I16601:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H17
I16602:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H1aq
I16609:Result ( 98.1% 52 -0 +1): J1c2e
I16611:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1c45
I16612:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I16613:Result ( 98.4% 63 -0 +1): J1b1a1
I16615:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1c1
I16616:Result ( 83.7% 36 -0 +7): H13a1a1
I16617:Result ( 96.4% 54 -0 +2): H4a1a1a
I16618:Result (100.0% 56 -0 +0): K1a4
I16619:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H49
I16620:Result ( 94.3% 50 -0 +3): H1bs3a
I16782:Result ( 91.8% 45 -0 +4): H1b1-a
I16791:Result ( 96.8% 60 -0 +2): R1a1a
I16792:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): R1a1a
I17014:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U5b1b1d
I17015:Result ( 92.9% 52 -0 +4): H2a2a1
I17016:Result ( 90.9% 62 -1 +4): U2e1a1
I17017:Result ( 86.0% 53 -2 +4): U5b1-a
I17019:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2b
I17139:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H5c
I17143:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H5c
I17145:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): H5a4a1
I17146:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H1q5
I17258:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1a2a
I17259:Result ( 90.9% 50 -0 +5): H5a1
I17260:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): U5a1a2a
I17261:Result ( 89.1% 49 -0 +6): R0a
I17262:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2b-f
I17263:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): J1c1c
I17264:Result ( 92.5% 64 -1 +3): U2e1f1a
I17266:Result ( 91.1% 51 -0 +5): U5b1b1-b
I17267:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): HV0a4
I17310:Result ( 91.7% 57 -1 +3): J1c7
I17311:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): U5b2a1a1
I17312:Result ( 96.2% 51 -0 +2): X2b4b
I17313:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1ae
I17314:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): U5a1b
I17315:Result ( 79.6% 45 -1 +9): H10e
I17316:Result ( 96.8% 60 -0 +2): J1c1b1a1
I17317:Result ( 90.8% 59 -0 +6): U5b2b2
I17320:Result ( 89.7% 54 -1 +4): U5b1b1d
I17321:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I17322:Result ( 87.7% 59 -1 +6): U2e1
I17323:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): I4a
I17324:Result ( 75.9% 43 -1 +11): W
I17325:Result ( 67.9% 40 -2 +13): H3ag
I17327:Result ( 95.3% 61 -0 +3): U5b2b1a1
I17607:Result ( 94.6% 53 -0 +3): I4a
I17611:Result ( 92.3% 62 -1 +3): U2e1a1g
I17612:Result ( 79.4% 27 -0 +7): H1-e
I17613:Result ( 86.5% 45 -0 +7): H59
I17614:Result ( 89.8% 44 -0 +5): H3h
I17616:Result ( 89.3% 52 -1 +4): H13b1-a
I17669:Result ( 66.7% 28 -0 +14): H5
I17670:Result ( 78.8% 26 -0 +7): V7
I17671:Result ( 79.4% 27 -0 +7): U5a2c
I1774:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): U4b1a2-a
I17750:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H86
I18110:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): H
I18181:Result ( 88.5% 54 -0 +7): U4a
I18182:Result ( 98.4% 60 -0 +1): T2b
I18183:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): J1c1b1a5
I18211:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): U5a1f1a
I18213:Result ( 98.5% 65 -0 +1): T2a1b1a1
I18216:Result ( 62.1% 20 -1 +9): V2
I18220:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): U5a2b
I18226:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): H5a3a
I18227:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H10a1
I18239:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H1
I18241:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I18245:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U4d1
I18246:Result ( 93.4% 57 -0 +4): J2b1
I18259:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): I1a1-a
I18426:Result ( 66.7% 2 -0 +1): H1au1b
I18427:Result ( 64.3% 9 -0 +5): H1ah2
I18428:Result ( 94.8% 55 -0 +3): K1a1b1
I18488:Result ( 95.4% 62 -0 +3): T2b2b-a1
I18489:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): H-c
I18490:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): H-c
I18491:Result ( 93.2% 57 -1 +2): J1c3j2
I18492:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): H-c
I18493:Result ( 85.2% 48 -1 +6): H76a
I18526:Result ( 93.5% 60 -1 +2): J1c2c2
I18527:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I18528:Result ( 85.7% 56 -1 +7): K1a4
I18529:Result ( 93.2% 55 -0 +4): W1k
I18530:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H14a
I18531:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H1-f2
I18599:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): HV-a1a
I18606:Result ( 94.0% 65 -1 +2): K1b1a1g
I18691:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J1c-a1
I18719:Result ( 93.0% 53 -0 +4): HV0a1a1
I18832:Result ( 93.1% 54 -0 +4): U5a1b
I18833:Result ( 76.7% 46 -0 +14): U8b1b2
I18834:Result ( 87.0% 62 -1 +7): U2e1a1
I18835:Result ( 90.3% 56 -0 +6): K1a1a
I18837:Result ( 85.7% 42 -0 +7): H1
I18838:Result ( 88.2% 62 -1 +6): T2c1f
I18839:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I18840:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H7
I18988:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H10
I19037:Result ( 98.5% 64 -0 +1): J1b1a1b
I19040:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1m
I19042:Result ( 90.9% 64 -2 +2): T2b33a
I19043:Result ( 95.0% 57 -0 +3): J1c1
I19044:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): K1-a4l
I19045:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): U4a
I19046:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1t
I19047:Result ( 87.5% 42 -0 +6): H39
I19207:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): H
I19209:Result ( 82.0% 43 -1 +7): H113
I19210:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H1cg
I19211:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H1
I19220:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H3g1
I19286:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): J1c1b1
I19287:Result ( 96.9% 63 -0 +2): K1b1a
I19356:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H1
I19357:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H5
I19358:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H1
I19359:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): K1a4a1
I19360:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1b2a
I19361:Result ( 82.1% 34 -1 +5): H1c9
I19362:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1b2a
I19363:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): K1b2a
I19587:Result ( 88.1% 54 -1 +5): K2a7
I19588:Result ( 70.0% 21 -0 +9): H1ah-a
I19652:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): J1c2a2
I19653:Result ( 92.5% 49 -0 +4): H1n6a
I19654:Result ( 85.7% 52 -2 +4): H1c3a1
I19655:Result ( 66.0% 37 -2 +13): H1c3a1
I19656:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H5'36
I19657:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H5s
I19722:Result ( 89.3% 52 -1 +4): H4a1a8
I19854:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): J1c2a2
I19855:Result ( 90.4% 49 -1 +3): H1ak1
I19856:Result ( 78.9% 51 -3 +6): K2a
I19857:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): J2b1a
I19858:Result ( 94.8% 57 -1 +1): J2b1a
I19859:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I19860:Result ( 92.3% 62 -1 +3): T2b4-a1
I19861:Result ( 88.2% 64 -2 +4): U2e2a1c
I19862:Result ( 96.3% 52 -0 +2): H5a1f2
I19863:Result ( 93.7% 61 -1 +2): N1a1a1a2a
I19867:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3-d
I19868:Result ( 92.3% 62 -1 +3): T2e1a
I19869:Result ( 90.8% 59 -0 +6): T1a1aq
I19870:Result ( 90.8% 59 -0 +6): T1a1aq
I19872:Result ( 92.9% 52 -0 +4): H13a1a1
I19873:Result ( 91.8% 58 -1 +3): U5b2b-a4
I19874:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H1ax
I19907:Result ( 88.2% 62 -1 +6): U2e1a1
I19908:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): K2b1a
I19909:Result ( 95.0% 59 -1 +1): T1a1
I19910:Result (100.0% 56 -0 +0): U4a2j
I19911:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I19912:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H1bs
I19913:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): J1c2e
I19914:Result ( 92.6% 50 -0 +4): H3g1
I19915:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1c1
I19916:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): V3a
I19917:Result ( 92.0% 48 -1 +2): X2c2
I19918:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): H-d
I19987:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): H1e1a6
I19988:Result ( 98.1% 51 -0 +1): H1e1a6
I19989:Result ( 96.2% 51 -0 +2): H1e1a6
I19990:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): U5b1g
I19991:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): U5b1g
I20057:Result ( 47.4% 9 -0 +10): U5a1b
I20058:Result ( 84.2% 32 -0 +6): T1a1
I20062:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1-e
I20063:Result ( 83.1% 54 -0 +11): K1b1a
I20503:Result ( 60.7% 41 -2 +20): U4b1a2-a
I20504:Result ( 90.6% 48 -0 +5): H3ag
I20505:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1ae
I20507:Result ( 84.6% 48 -2 +4): K2a5
I20509:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H7b
I20510:Result ( 85.7% 58 -2 +5): J1c1p
I20511:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): K1c2
I20513:Result ( 93.0% 55 -1 +2): K2a5
I20515:Result ( 94.7% 54 -0 +3): H6a1a3
I20516:Result ( 95.0% 57 -0 +3): K1c1
I20517:Result ( 93.9% 48 -1 +1): H26c
I20518:Result ( 79.6% 45 -1 +9): H40d
I20519:Result ( 93.8% 62 -1 +2): T2b17
I20520:Result ( 74.1% 22 -1 +5): U2e2a1c
I20521:Result ( 95.2% 61 -1 +1): T2e7a
I20522:Result ( 90.6% 48 -0 +5): H3ag
I20523:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): H
I20525:Result ( 96.4% 53 -0 +2): I4a
I20526:Result ( 93.5% 58 -0 +4): T2-b
I20582:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H10
I20583:Result ( 95.0% 59 -1 +1): K1a4a1
I20584:Result ( 95.0% 59 -1 +1): K1a4a1
I20585:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): K1c1
I20586:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): J2b1a7
I20587:Result ( 95.0% 57 -0 +3): K1a2a
I20588:Result ( 92.3% 48 -0 +4): V
I20589:Result ( 90.2% 48 -1 +3): V
I20615:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H1i
I20620:Result ( 93.9% 64 -1 +2): T2a1b1a3
I20621:Result ( 88.1% 65 -3 +2): T2c1d1b4
I20622:Result ( 88.1% 65 -3 +2): T2c1d1b4
I20623:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): V2b
I20624:Result ( 90.9% 62 -1 +4): U2e1a1
I20625:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): T1a1
I20626:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H7b
I20627:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): V2b
I20628:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): I2a
I20630:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H1au1b
I20631:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): V2b
I20632:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): V2b
I20634:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): K2b1a1a
I20735:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H1j10
I20736:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H1j10
I20740:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H1j10
I20811:Result ( 76.0% 38 -0 +12): H3
I20812:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H1-d
I20813:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): J1c2o
I20815:Result ( 92.1% 58 -0 +5): K1a1b1-b
I20816:Result ( 55.8% 33 -2 +19): U5a1
I20817:Result ( 93.8% 63 -1 +2): T2b3-a
I20827:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I20828:Result ( 93.3% 56 -0 +4): U5b2a1a1c
I20982:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): J1c3
I20983:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H3b-a
I20984:Result ( 94.2% 51 -1 +1): H1j6
I20985:Result ( 90.3% 58 -1 +4): U4a3a
I20986:Result ( 92.0% 46 -0 +4): HV0-a
I20987:Result ( 96.9% 62 -0 +2): U5b2b3-a1
I20988:Result ( 95.2% 61 -1 +1): T2b19
I20989:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): K1c1
I20990:Result ( 90.3% 60 -2 +2): J1c1b1a
I20997:Result ( 96.2% 51 -0 +2): X2b4a
I21178:Result ( 95.4% 64 -1 +1): T2b3-a2b
I21179:Result ( 96.8% 60 -0 +2): T2b
I21180:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H7a1
I21181:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H3f
I21182:Result ( 93.2% 55 -0 +4): J1c2
I21271:Result ( 91.7% 55 -0 +5): W1c
I21272:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): V
I21274:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I21275:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I21276:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I21277:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): K1a4a1
I21293:Result ( 98.3% 58 -0 +1): J1c1b
I21302:Result ( 88.3% 55 -1 +5): K1-a4
I21303:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H2a5
I21305:Result ( 90.4% 47 -0 +5): H1
I21306:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H1an1b
I21307:Result ( 88.5% 48 -1 +4): H7d
I21308:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): J1c1b3
I21309:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): X2b-a
I21310:Result ( 92.1% 60 -1 +3): U4c1-a
I21311:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H16-a
I21312:Result ( 98.4% 63 -0 +1): J1b1a1
I21313:Result ( 92.3% 48 -0 +4): H3g
I21314:Result ( 92.3% 50 -1 +2): V23a
I21315:Result ( 92.3% 48 -0 +4): T1a1ax
I21385:Result ( 93.2% 57 -1 +2): K1d
I21390:Result ( 91.4% 53 -0 +5): U8b1b4
I21399:Result ( 92.1% 58 -0 +5): K1a1b1-b
I21400:Result ( 93.3% 56 -0 +4): K1a1b1-b
I21401:Result ( 77.8% 7 -0 +2): F3
I21402:Result ( 93.8% 61 -0 +4): J2b1b1
I21403:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H1-f2c
I21931:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): K1a4a1
I22052:Result ( 88.2% 64 -2 +4): U2e2a1a
I22055:Result ( 95.5% 64 -0 +3): K1b1a1
I22056:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): H4a1a3a
I22057:Result ( 89.1% 51 -1 +4): H2a1k
I22060:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): H4a1a3a
I22062:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): K1-a4b1
I22064:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): H4a1a3a
I22065:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H3q1
I22937:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): U4a1a
I22938:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): U5b1b1-b
I22940:Result ( 90.2% 46 -0 +5): HV-a1a
I23205:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): U3a1
I23206:Result ( 92.0% 48 -1 +2): H76a
I23207:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): H6a1b2
I23208:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): U5a1d2a1-a
I23209:Result ( 93.3% 56 -0 +4): K1a1a
I23210:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): J2b1a1
I23211:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5a1a1
I23212:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): U5a1b1
I23569:Result ( 92.5% 51 -1 +2): X2b4a
I23904:Result ( 96.8% 60 -0 +2): T2b
I23911:Result ( 98.4% 62 -0 +1): T2a1a
I23974:Result ( 96.6% 57 -0 +2): T2b
I23978:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H49
I23995:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H3b
I23996:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H3b
I2405:Result ( 84.2% 48 -0 +9): W5a
I2407:Result ( 97.5% 39 -0 +1): H28a
I2413:Result ( 44.3% 37 -1 +42): H-d
I2419:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H1b
I24342:Result ( 94.0% 63 -0 +4): T2b23-a
I24344:Result ( 87.7% 50 -0 +7): H13a2a
I24345:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): HV0e
I2435:Result ( 85.7% 42 -0 +7): H28a
I2446:Result ( 95.5% 64 -0 +3): K1b1a1
I2448:Result ( 90.7% 49 -0 +5): U8a
I24638:Result ( 94.5% 54 -1 +1): U5a1g
I24639:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1
I2469:Result ( 92.2% 47 -0 +4): H3-b
I2470:Result ( 95.4% 64 -1 +1): J2a1a1
I24879:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H5
I24882:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): H
I24883:Result ( 81.1% 32 -1 +5): HV0e
I25504:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H79b
I25505:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H60a
I25507:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): T1a5
I25508:Result ( 96.4% 53 -0 +2): H4a1a-a
I25509:Result ( 94.7% 54 -0 +3): U5a2b1
I25510:Result ( 96.2% 50 -0 +2): H2a1
I25512:Result ( 92.2% 47 -0 +4): H80
I25516:Result ( 91.5% 56 -1 +3): U2e1a1
I25517:Result ( 79.2% 44 -1 +9): H13a1a1
I25518:Result ( 94.0% 49 -1 +1): H2a5
I25519:Result ( 93.6% 44 -0 +3): HV-b
I25522:Result ( 96.9% 62 -0 +2): T2b67
I25523:Result ( 90.9% 50 -0 +5): H2a1u
I25524:Result ( 91.7% 55 -0 +5): K1-a4
I25525:Result ( 94.9% 58 -1 +1): J1c3j1
I2565:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): W1-a
I2569:Result ( 95.2% 59 -0 +3): K1a3a7a
I2574:Result ( 98.2% 55 -0 +1): U5a1a2b
I2575:Result ( 94.6% 53 -0 +3): K1c1
I2598:Result ( 97.9% 46 -0 +1): H
I2611:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): U5a2d1-a
I2629:Result ( 74.4% 29 -0 +10): J1c1b
I2656:Result ( 94.3% 52 -1 +1): H2a2a2a
I2658:Result (100.0% 54 -0 +0): H6a1b2
I26628:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H61
I26629:Result ( 94.7% 54 -0 +3): U5a1b11
I26630:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): H61
I26726:Result ( 96.5% 57 -1 +0): J1c3-a1
I26735:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): J1c12
I26738:Result ( 95.2% 62 -1 +1): T2b2b
I26741:Result ( 98.4% 61 -0 +1): T2b
I26742:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): HV0-a
I26773:Result ( 85.7% 56 -1 +7): J1c2
I26774:Result ( 91.8% 56 -0 +5): J1c2
I26828:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H2a2
I26829:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H5b
I26830:Result ( 94.2% 49 -0 +3): H3v-a
I26831:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): U5a1a1
I26832:Result ( 91.8% 58 -1 +3): U4a3
I26893:Result ( 93.0% 53 -0 +4): U8b1b1
I2692:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a1
I2693:Result ( 96.0% 48 -0 +2): H3-b7
I2694:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H1ak1
I2695:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H2a1
I2696:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): U5a2b4a
I2699:Result ( 88.7% 47 -0 +6): V10
I27379:Result ( 94.1% 48 -0 +3): H7d
I27380:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H3k1
I27381:Result ( 95.2% 60 -0 +3): U4c1-a
I27382:Result ( 92.3% 48 -0 +4): H1dz
I27383:Result ( 95.2% 60 -0 +3): U4c1-a
I27384:Result ( 94.5% 52 -0 +3): H2a2a1g
I27385:Result ( 96.9% 62 -0 +2): T2b19
I2796:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I2799:Result ( 97.9% 47 -0 +1): H1-e
I2824:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H13a1a
I2982:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H7a1
I2983:Result ( 92.5% 64 -1 +3): U2e2a1c
I3014:Result ( 95.8% 46 -0 +2): H
I3019:Result ( 92.7% 53 -1 +2): H4a1a-a
I3035:Result ( 96.0% 50 -1 +0): H5a1
I3083:Result ( 95.0% 59 -1 +1): U4a3a
I3137:Result ( 93.9% 46 -0 +3): HV0-a
I3139:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H132
I3141:Result ( 92.5% 51 -1 +2): H15b1
I3315:Result ( 93.0% 55 -1 +2): U5b1-a1e1
I3320:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): I1g
I3321:Result ( 90.2% 57 -1 +4): U3a1
I3566:Result ( 98.0% 50 -0 +1): H13a1a
I3567:Result ( 96.5% 57 -1 +0): J1c3b
I3568:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): H7a1
I4067:Result ( 87.9% 55 -2 +3): R1b1c
I4188:Result ( 91.4% 55 -1 +3): K1a1
I4949:Result ( 93.8% 61 -0 +4): T2b
I4996:Result ( 94.7% 56 -1 +1): J1c5
I4998:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2b
I5287:Result ( 93.7% 59 -0 +4): K1a1b2b
I5288:Result ( 91.5% 54 -0 +5): W-a
I5365:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5a1b1e
I5440:Result ( 98.3% 57 -0 +1): K1c1
I5471:Result ( 88.9% 50 -1 +4): H1c3
I5474:Result ( 94.9% 56 -0 +3): K1a26
I5502:Result ( 95.9% 47 -0 +2): H3
I5503:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): U5b1c2
I5504:Result ( 88.9% 32 -0 +4): T1a-a
I5505:Result ( 98.0% 49 -0 +1): V16
I5506:Result ( 95.1% 58 -0 +3): K1c1a
I5507:Result ( 94.3% 50 -0 +3): H2a3b
I5508:Result ( 98.2% 56 -0 +1): J1c9
I5509:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): K1c1a
I5510:Result ( 93.5% 58 -0 +4): K1c1a
I5511:Result ( 96.6% 56 -0 +2): J1c9
I5689:Result ( 88.2% 64 -2 +4): K1b1a1i
I5690:Result ( 98.3% 59 -0 +1): T1a1
I5691:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): I1a2
I5692:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): U5a1a1l2
I5693:Result ( 98.1% 52 -0 +1): H2a2a1
I5695:Result ( 87.9% 53 -1 +5): N1a1a
I5696:Result ( 96.5% 55 -0 +2): H4a1c1a
I5697:Result ( 96.1% 49 -0 +2): H7a1
I5698:Result ( 94.0% 47 -0 +3): H3
I6748:Result ( 98.0% 48 -0 +1): V
I6769:Result ( 98.2% 54 -0 +1): H6a1b2
I6771:Result ( 96.7% 59 -0 +2): U4b1a2-a
I6776:Result ( 93.4% 59 -1 +2): U4a3a
I7629:Result (100.0% 47 -0 +0): H17
I7632:Result ( 88.2% 47 -1 +4): H1-e
I7950:Result ( 95.8% 46 -0 +2): H
I7951:Result ( 85.5% 55 -1 +7): U8b1a1a3
I7952:Result ( 89.7% 56 -2 +2): N1a1a1a
I7953:Result ( 98.1% 52 -0 +1): H2a2a1
I7958:Result ( 98.1% 53 -0 +1): I4a
I7959:Result ( 96.7% 58 -0 +2): K2b2
I7960:Result ( 92.6% 65 -1 +3): U2e2a1a2
I7962:Result ( 96.8% 61 -0 +2): T2e4
I7963:Result ( 86.6% 60 -1 +7): U2e2
I7964:Result ( 75.4% 54 -4 +7): U5a2c3
I8582:Result ( 98.1% 52 -0 +1): H2a1e1



P.S
i can only say that
many are in r1b branches as expected
some I-M170 and G
and there were 2 e-v13 for sure in the data ( thats for e-v13's in our forum )
we need to wait to see the context , period, date of each sample
 
There is U7 mtDNA in these samples. U7 was also found among "princely burials" of the Late Hallstatt culture in Baden-Württemberg Germany. I am pretty sure that this population turnover in Great Britain is related to Celts.
 
Phase 1 then......celtish migration into illyrian Noricum .......miners of Noric steel
IIRC....there is a burial of a few thousand "halstatt" people
so....you saying Halstatt times where more peaceful .................while La Tene was not?
Halstatt celts went into the balkans towards greece...the black sea and asia minor

you got it all mixed up

the graves are from the miners in Hallstatt, they were burried with grave gifts, these were not poor and certainly not slaves
Halstatt Celts didn't go into the Balkans and Greece, these were Gauls
 
ok i will post altverd from anthrogenica work i count on him;)

6 - DF27 R1b1a1b1a1a2a
51 - U152 R1b1a1b1a1a2b (47 L2, 3 Z36, 1 Z56 / PF6601)
151 - L21 R1b1a1b1a1a2c
2 - DF19 R1b1a1b1a1a2e
238 - P312 R1b1a1b1a1a2

10 - U106
9 - R1a
4 - E1b1b1a1b1
19 - G2a2b2a
1 - H2
64 - I2 (51 - I2a1)
1 - I1
12 - J2 (1 J2a, 11 J2b)
1 - N1a1a1a1a1a1a


 
you got it all mixed up

the graves are from the miners in Hallstatt, they were burried with grave gifts, these were not poor and certainly not slaves
Halstatt Celts didn't go into the Balkans and Greece, these were Gauls


what mix up are you talking about ?.................I never said anything about slaves and the poor..........you are mixing up the posts your read with others

Halstatt celts went to southeast balkan areas .................never heard of Gauls went there



Until recently our knowledge of the events surrounding the Celtic migration into southeastern Europe at the beginning of the 3rd century BC has relied exclusively on
Greek and Roman ‘histories’, with little or no reference to modern archaeological
evidence which supplements and, in many cases, contradicts these accounts. However, over the past decades a wealth of new archaeological data from the region concerned finally allows us to furnish a more accurate picture of events surrounding this dramatic episode in European history
(on the precise dating of these events see Fontenrose 1981:344, 410, Petzl 1984:141-142, Boardman et al 198
6, Šašel Kos 2005:189
-196, Walbank et al 2006:499)
. From the mid 4th
century BC the Thracian interior gradually fell under the control of the Macedonian Empire. This was largely achieved through the Thraco-Macedonian Odrysae tribe whose rulers, notably Seuthes III, governed Thrace as de facto puppet kings controlled by Macedonia



The catalyst for this phenomenon was the ongoing expansion of Celtic tribes into the Balkans, which gradually brought the ‘barbarians’ into
direct contact with the Hellenistic world, and had already led to clashes between Macedonian and Celtic forces in Thrace at the end of the 4th century BC
(Seneca nat. quaest III, ii, 3, who quotes Theophrastes; Pliny n.h. XXX I, 53)
. By 280 the situation had become critical for Macedonia and was exacerbated by the misguided policies of its King, Ptolemy Keraunos , who completely underestimated his new enemy. Refusing to negotiate with the barbarians and insulting their envoys, Keraunos chose instead to rely on the Macedonian military machine to halt the Celtic expansion
(Justinus 24:4)
. The result of this strategy was to prove catastrophic…

“…
and the Macedonians were defeated and cut to pieces. Ptolemy, after receiving several wounds, was taken, and his head, cut off and stuck on a lance, was carried round the whole army to strike terror into the enemy. Flight saved a few of the Macedonians; the rest were either taken or slain

(Justinus, Epit. 24:5)
. The humiliating defeat of K
eraunos’ forces by Bolgios’
(or
Belgios
-
Galli duce Belgio (
Just. xxiv, 5; cf. Pomp. Prol. xxiv


‘Belgius leader of the Gauls’
)
western Celtic army was compounded by the subsequent execution of the Macedonian king himself after he had fallen off his elephant during the battle. Attempts to rally what remained of the Macedonian army by a general called Sosthenes proved futile when the central Celtic army, led by Brennos, swept south the following spring, annihilating Sosthenes’ forces and thus the last elements of Macedonian resistance. The situation in Macedonia at this point is described thus:
“…
through all Macedonia the gates of the city were shut, and all places filled with mourning. Sometimes they lamented their bereavement, from the loss of their children; sometimes they were seized with dread, lest their cities should be destroyed; and at other times they called on the names of their kings, Alexander and Philippus, as deities, to protect them
”.

(Justinus, Epit. 24:5; on these events see also:
Polyb. 9.35’4; Diod. Sic. 22.3’1
-2; Memn.8’8; Plut. Pyrrh. 22’2; Paus.
X. 19:6-7)
 
The unanswered question is where did the Central European Hallstadt type people get their additional EEF? Is it a "resurgence" again based on the "locals" coming back out of the shadows, as with WHG? If it is, then I guess Italy is the only place where it can't happen. :)

It was no resurgence, at least not all of it, but also a movement of people from especially the Pannonian-Carpathian sphere West, both during Urnfield and Hallstatt.
The situation changed with La Tene and Rome, when for a short time many movements went from West to East, against the usual tide.
 
ok i will post altverd from anthrogenica work i count on him;)

6 - DF27 R1b1a1b1a1a2a
51 - U152 R1b1a1b1a1a2b (47 L2, 3 Z36, 1 Z56 / PF6601)
151 - L21 R1b1a1b1a1a2c
2 - DF19 R1b1a1b1a1a2e
238 - P312 R1b1a1b1a1a2

10 - U106
9 - R1a
4 - E1b1b1a1b1
19 - G2a2b2a
1 - H2
64 - I2 (51 - I2a1)
1 - I1
12 - J2 (1 J2a, 11 J2b)
1 - N1a1a1a1a1a1a



So about 9% U-152, and almost all the U-152 was L2. Very interesting.

I wonder, when we have a lot more ancient remains from Northern Italy, whether it will be born out that most of L2 came late with the Gauls, or was there L2 in the Italics as well.
 
Many samples are recycled from older studies with known Haplogroups.

eg … from KingJohn post #14 - Top Sample, and a Sardinian down below:

5MELdZa.jpg


wkfAx3l.jpg


https://umap.openstreetmap.fr/en/map/ancient-human-dna_41837#4/42.39/8.26

So the U-152 could have been a larger percentage of the actual migrating group. It would be informative if they isolated the yDna of that actual migrating group so more valid conclusions could be drawn.

Still, the U-152 is almost all L2, which provides a valuable clue.
 
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