Rare human mitochondrial HV lineages spread from the Near East in post LGM /neolithic

6.69% HV0+V

thanks :)
how common is hv( that are not H or V) in spain ?

Right here in Europedia there is this information:


The maternal lineages brought by the Neolithic farmers of the Balkans and Anatolia can be safely determined by the large amount of ancient mtDNA already tested. They included haplogroups HV, H2a2, H5a, H13, H20, J1c, K1a, N1a, T2 and X.

The maternal southwest Asian lineages especially included HV, J1d, J2a2, U3, X1 as well as some subclades K, T and X2. Autosomal data shows a maximum of 12% of DNA from South-West Asia and the Red Sea in southern Portugal and western Andalusia, and a minimum of 0% in the Basque Country.

Some controversy still surrounds the origin of mt-haplogroups H1, H3 and V. None of them have been identified in mesolithic samples yet, but that may simply be due to the strong bias of current mesolithic samples towards central and northern Europe, and the scarcity of proven Mediterranean remains. The presence of the three haplogroups together with Mesolithic U5 in North Africa, Iberia and Northeast Europe point to a common Mesolithic origin. In addition, the four haplogroups are equally rare in the Middle East and follow a north-south gradient that indicates an introgression of Europe in historical times.

The origin of mtDNA H1, H3 or HV0 / V is unclear. It is possible that they were present in Iberia and / or the Maghreb in the Mesolithic period, since these three lineages are also found throughout North Africa. However, it cannot be excluded that they integrated the Neolithic agricultural community in the Maghreb and moved to Iberia at that time. Autosomal data shows an average of 5% of DNA from North Africa in the western half of Iberia, and 1 or 2% in the eastern half.

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