Genetic structure of the early Hungarian conquerors inferred from mtDNA and Y-DNA

Genetic history of Bashkirian Mari and Southern Mansi ethnic groups in the Ural region

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00438-019-01555-x

According to genetic studies, the Hungarian Y-chromosomal gene pool significantly differs from other Uralic-speaking populations. Hungarians possess a significant frequency of haplogroup R1a-Z280 and a low frequency of haplogroup N-Tat, which is common among other Uralic-speaking populations. Based on this evidence, we further worked to define the links between the linguistically related Hungarian, Mansi and Bashkirian Mari populations. Samples were collected from 45 Bashkirian Mari and 36 Southern Mansi males in the Ural region. We analyzed male-specific markers including 23 STRs and 36 SNPs, which reflect past and recent paternal genetic history. We found that the haplogroup distribution of the two population samples showed high genetic similarity to each other except for the N-Tat* and R1a-Z93 haplogroups in the Bashkirian Mari males. On the MDS plots constructed from Fst- and Rst-genetic distances, the Bashkirian Mari and Southern Mansi population groups showed close genetic affinities with the Khanty, Northern Mansi, Mari, and Estonian populations. For phylogenetic studies, networks were constructed for the most frequent haplogroups in both populations together with other Eurasian populations. Both populations shared common haplotypes within haplogroups R1a-Z280 or N-L1034 with Hungarian speakers, suggesting a common paternal genetic footprint that arose in prehistoric or historic times. Overall, the Hungarian, Mansi, and Bashkirian Mari populations have a much more complex genetic history than the traditional linguistic model or history would suggest. Further studies are needed to clarify the common genetic profiles may have been acquired directly or indirectly during the more or less known their history.
 
Very new results. I think it's very interesting:

https://www.yfull.com/tree/Q-YP1695/

It seems, here is an 1100 years old pure hungarian bloodline from Inner Asia.

id:YF02841 is from East-Kazahstan. Yessembayev from the nayman tribe.
id:ERS2374408 is an ancient DNA sample from a tomb of a 2500 years old scythian warrior. The location: near the Tien-shan, East-Kazahstan.
 
[h=2]Abstract[/h]Hungarians who live in Central Europe today are one of the westernmost Uralic speakers. Despite of the proposed Volga-Ural/West Siberian roots of the Hungarian language, the present-day Hungarian gene pool is highly similar to that of the surrounding Indo-European speaking populations. However, a limited portion of specific Y-chromosomal lineages from haplogroup N, sometimes associated with the spread of Uralic languages, link modern Hungarians with populations living close to the Ural Mountain range on the border of Europe and Asia. Here we investigate the paternal genetic connection between these spatially separated populations. We reconstruct the phylogeny of N3a4-Z1936 clade by using 33 high-coverage Y-chromosomal sequences and estimate the coalescent times of its sub-clades. We genotype close to 5000 samples from 46 Eurasian populations to show the presence of N3a4-B539 lineages among Hungarians and in the populations from Ural Mountain region, including Ob-Ugric-speakers from West Siberia who are geographically distant but linguistically closest to Hungarians. This sub-clade splits from its sister-branch N3a4-B535, frequent today among Northeast European Uralic speakers, 4000–5000 ya, which is in the time-frame of the proposed divergence of Ugric languages.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-44272-6



 
Very new results. I think it's very interesting:

https://www.yfull.com/tree/Q-YP1695/

It seems, here is an 1100 years old pure hungarian bloodline from Inner Asia.

id:YF02841 is from East-Kazahstan. Yessembayev from the nayman tribe.
id:ERS2374408 is an ancient DNA sample from a tomb of a 2500 years old scythian warrior. The location: near the Tien-shan, East-Kazahstan.
How can you see to whom the ancient DNA belongs on YFull?

Sent from my SM-N950F using Eupedia Forum mobile app
 
Genetic analysis of male Hungarian Conquerors: European and Asian paternal lineages of the conquering Hungarian tribes

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-019-00996-0


The 19 male individuals paternally belong to 16 independent haplotypes and 7 haplogroups (C2, G2a, I2, J1, N3a, R1a, and R1b). The presence of the N3a haplogroup is interesting because it rarely appears among modern Hungarians (unlike in other Finno-Ugric-speaking peoples) but was found in 37.5% of the Hungarian Conquerors.
 
j1 is surprising maybe the magyars
picked it up during there journey :unsure:
cool finding overall (y)
 
[h=2]Hungarian Conqueror Karos III (K3per1_GE)[/h]Ancient sample matches for this 1100 years old conquering hungarian sample, according the mytrueancestry's Olympus level option: Strong steppe ancestry (andronovo, cimmerians, scythians, sarmatians, avars, onogur-bolgars, other turkic tribes) and a strong germanic ancestry (and with this including a celtic/gaul ancetry). But the slavic ancestry is less than the celtic. Is this a big surprise?

1. Hungary Avar Elite Kunpeszer-Felsopeszer (645 AD) ..... 15.04 - KFPper6_GE - Top 99 % match vs all users
2. Scythian Ukraine (600 BC) ..... 16.58 - scy010 - Top 87 % match vs all users
3. Visigoth Mixed Slav Girona (550 AD) ..... 17.42 - I12031 - Top 76 % match vs all users
4. Western-Scythian Black Sea (290 BC) ..... 18.92 - MJ34 - Top 60 % match vs all users
5. Eurasian Steppes Saka Scythian (775 BC) ..... 19.16 - DA130 Top 88 % match vs all users
6. Western Pomerania Unetice (2000 BC) ..... 19.78 - Rise139 - Top 52 % match vs all users
7. Thuringii Tribe (420 AD) ..... 19.8 - AED_1108 - Top 33 % match vs all users
8. Scythian Moldova (300 BC) ..... 19.83 - scy301 - Top 47 % match vs all users
9. Early Sarmatian Russia (300 BC) ..... 19.89 - I0247 - Top 99 % match vs all users
10. Finnic Sarmatian Warrior (605 AD) ..... 19.95 - NS12a - ? Top 98 % match vs all users
11. Alemannic Bavaria (450 AD) ..... 20.11 - BIM_33 - Top 32 % match vs all users
12. Cisalpine Gaul (590 AD) ..... 20.24 - SZ45 - Top 36 % match vs all users
13. Early Slav-Mix Avar Grave (590 AD) ..... 20.53 - AV1 - Top 84 % match vs all users
14. Gepid / Goth (450 AD) ..... 20.56 - Vim2 Top 95 % match vs all users
15. Cimmerian Outlier Ukraine (600 BC) ..... 21.18 - MJ32 - Top 69 % match vs all users
16. Scythian Ukraine (600 BC) ..... 21.18 - scy009 - Top 59 % match vs all users
17. Hungary Iron Age (800 BC) ..... 21.62 - IR1 - Top 59 % match vs all users
18. Halstatt (775 BC) ..... 21.63 - DA112 - Top 31 % match vs all users
19. Viking St. Brice Massacre Oxford (1002 AD) ..... 21.65 - V11P - Top 39 % match vs all users
20. Swiss Germanic (580 AD) ..... 21.7 - CL102 - ? Top 26 % match vs all users
21. Sarmatian Black Sea (50 AD) ..... 21.72 - DA144 - Top 84 % match vs all users
22. Medieval Tyrolian (580 AD) ..... 21.91 - CL53 - Top 26 % match vs all users
23. Medieval Tyrolian (590 AD) ..... 22.06 - SZ5 - Top 28 % match vs all users
24. Germanic Medieval Denmark (1270 AD) ..... 22.26 - G119 - Top 28 % match vs all users
25. Western-Scythian Outlier Black Sea (260 BC) ..... 22.36 - MJ46 - Top 34 % match vs all users
26. Medieval Czech Brandysek (710 AD) ..... 22.41 - Rise569 - Top 43 % match vs all users
27. Kievan Rus (1130 AD) ..... 22.42 - Sunghir6 - Top 90 % match vs all users
28. Trans-Volga Forest Steppes Srubnaya (1550 BC) ..... 22.43 - I0232 - Top 47 % match vs all users
29. Caspian Steppes (1550 BC) ..... 22.58 - IO232 Top 45 % match vs all users
30. Medieval Hungary / Balkan (1244 AD) ..... 22.61 - DA199 - Top 26 % match vs all users
31. Bell Beaker England (2000 BC) ..... 22.63 - I6679 - Top 31 % match vs all users
32. Western Scythian Ukraine (600 BC) ..... 22.69 - MJ47 - Top 31 % match vs all users
33. Germanic Mixed Tribe (505 AD) ..... 22.74 - AED125b - ? Top 34 % match vs all users
34. Bell Beaker Oxford (2150 BC) ..... 22.75 - I2443 - Top 33 % match vs all users
35. Bell Beaker Salisbury (2200 BC) ..... 22.77 - I6777 - Top 32 % match vs all users
36. Ancient Siberia Tagar (850 BC) ..... 22.77 - DA8 - Top 96 % match vs all users
37. Ancient Siberia Tagar (850 BC) ..... 22.78 - DA2 - Top 93 % match vs all users
38. Marseilles Plague Victim (1721 AD) ..... 22.92 - OBS137 - ? Top 57 % match vs all users
39. Baltic Medieval Denmark (1250 AD) ..... 22.96 - G1137 - Top 73 % match vs all users
40. Trans-Volga Forest Steppes CWC (1725 BC) ..... 22.97 - kzb008 - Top 41 % match vs all users
41. Medieval Denmark Ribe (1315 AD) ..... 23.06 - G864 - Top 87 % match vs all users
42. Celtic Gladiator York (250 AD) ..... 23.08 - 6DRIF-21 - Top 30 % match vs all users
43. Frankish-Gaul / Lombardy Italy (580 AD) ..... 23.08 - CL47 - ? Top 25 % match vs all users
44. Hunnic Tian Shan (475 AD) ..... 23.11 - DA65 Top 98 % match vs all users
45. Trans-Volga Forest Steppes CWC (1725 BC) ..... 23.13 - kzb002 - Top 81 % match vs all users
46. Eurasian Steppes (1500 BC) ..... 23.29 - DA231 Top 42 % match vs all users
47. Andronovo Bayan-Zherek Mountains (1400 BC) ..... 23.29 - I1931 Top 69 % match vs all users
48. Bell Beaker Amesbury (2150 BC) ..... 23.33 - I5512 - Top 31 % match vs all users
49. Greuthungi / Ostrogoth (400 AD) ..... 23.39 - MJ19 - Top 30 % match vs all users
50. Czech Bilina_N_Baalberge CWC (3600 BC) ..... 23.44 - I6696 - ? Top 31 % match vs all users
51. Germanic Medieval Denmark (1250 AD) ..... 23.46 - G1065 - Top 29 % match vs all users
52. Early Bronze Age Blatne Slovakia (2100 BC) ..... 23.49 - BLAT_33_Co Top 37 % match vs all users
53. Celtic Briton Gladiator York (250 AD) ..... 23.54 - 6DRIF-22 - Top 28 % match vs all users
54. North Central Lombard (580 AD) ..... 23.55 - CL63 - Top 24 % match vs all users
55. Siberia Andronovo (1500 BC) ..... 23.62 - Rise500 - Top 75 % match vs all users
56. Trans-Volga Forest Steppes CWC (1725 BC) ..... 23.63 - kzb006 Top 36 % match vs all users
57. Bronze Age Prague Czech Kobylisy (1813 BC) ..... 23.68 - I4889 - Top 29 % match vs all users
58. Visigoth Germanic Girona (550 AD) ..... 23.69 - I12163 - Top 25 % match vs all users
59. Visigoth Germanic Girona (550 AD) ..... 23.7 - I12162 - Top 27 % match vs all users
60. Siberia Afansievo Culture (2700 BC) ..... 23.78 - Rise511 - Top 68 % match vs all users
61. Bell Beaker Scotland (2145 BC) ..... 23.84 - I5471 - Top 27 % match vs all users
62. Corded Ware Germany (2400 BC) ..... 23.87 - I0104 - Top 34 % match vs all users
63. Western-Scythian Ukraine (600 BC) ..... 23.88 - MJ16 - Top 32 % match vs all users
64. Bronze Age Jinonice Prague Czech (2122 BC) ..... 23.93 - I4886 - Top 27 % match vs all users
65. Sala Silver Mine Sweden (1610 AD) ..... 23.99 - Sk6866 - Top 38 % match vs all users
66. Onogur-Bulgar Rostov Steppes (770 AD) ..... 24.04 - DA142 - Top 99 % match vs all users
67. Alemannic Bavaria (495 AD) ..... 24.05 - STR_316 - Top 30 % match vs all users
68. Western Scythian Ukraine (580 BC) ..... 24.06 - MJ13 - Top 32 % match vs all users
69. Swede Medieval Denmark (1250 AD) ..... 24.14 - G208 - Top 30 % match vs all users
70. Hungary Elite Avar Kiskoros-Vaghohid (690 AD) ..... 24.15 - KVper3369_GE - Top 99 % match vs all users
71. Scythian Ukraine (600 BC) ..... 24.22 - scy006 - Top 29 % match vs all users
72. Early Sarmatian Russia (575 BC) ..... 24.23 - MJ41 - Top 70 % match vs all users
73. Germanic Tribe Spreitenbach CWC Switzerland (2660 BC) ..... 24.23 - MX190 - Top 29 % match vs all users
74. Sarmatian Russia (140 AD) ..... 24.26 - chy001 - Top 88 % match vs all users
75. Frankish / Hungary (590 AD) ..... 24.29 - SZ23 - Top 26 % match vs all users
76. Eastern Scythian Zevakino-Chilikta (800 BC) ..... 24.29 - IS2 - Top 98 % match vs all users
77. Swede Medieval Denmark (1250 AD) ..... 24.3 - G942 Top 34 % match vs all users
78. Bronze Age Szolad Hungary (1000 BC) ..... 24.31 - SZ1 - Top 74 % match vs all users
79. Iron Age Sarmatian (350 BC) ..... 24.33 - I0575 - Top 97 % match vs all users
80. Medieval Denmark (1270 AD) ..... 24.35 - G33 - Top 30 % match vs all users
81. Sarmatian Steppes (220 AD) ..... 24.39 - tem002 - Top 78 % match vs all users
82. Bronze Age Covesea Cave Scotland (2000 BC) ..... 24.43 - I3132 - Top 30 % match vs all users
83. Siberia Karasuk (1400 BC) ..... 24.46 - Rise499b - Top 97 % match vs all users
84. Bronze Age Jinonice Prague Czech (1813 BC) ..... 24.5 - I4896 - Top 25 % match vs all users
85. Belgic Tribe Colmar France (340 BC) ..... 24.56 - COL153i - Top 28 % match vs all users
86. Iron Age Ingria (130 AD) ..... 24.58 - VIII7 - Top 37 % match vs all users
87. Western Scythian Ukraine (580 BC) ..... 24.58 - MJ35 - Top 49 % match vs all users
88. Belgic Tribe Nordhouse France (500 BC) ..... 24.6 - NOR3-6 - Top 27 % match vs all users
89. Turkic (768 AD) ..... 24.6 - DA228 Top 99 % match vs all users
90. Germanic Lombard (590 AD) ..... 24.61 - SZ11 - Top 31 % match vs all users
91. Scythian Moldova (290 BC) ..... 24.64 - scy311 - Top 23 % match vs all users
92. Andronovo Culture Pavlodar (1500 BC) ..... 24.65 - I10112 Top 35 % match vs all users
93. Viking Denmark Odense (1058 AD) ..... 24.67 - G507 - Top 30 % match vs all users
94. Bronze Age Netherlands (1775 BC) ..... 24.69 - I4070 - Top 31 % match vs all users
95. Bell Beaker Germany (2250 BC) ..... 24.73 - I0806 - Top 30 % match vs all users
96. Frankish-Gallic Lombard Grave (590 AD) ..... 24.75 - SZ27 Top 23 % match vs all users
97. Bell Beaker Haunstetten Germany (2273 BC) ..... 24.78 - UNTA85_1343 - Top 27 % match vs all users
98. Bronze Age Prague Czech Kobylisy (1813 BC) ..... 24.79 - I4888 - Top 25 % match vs all users
99. Bronze Age Vatya Hungary (1750 BC) ..... 24.79 - Rise479 - Top 82 % match vs all users
100. Nordic Lombard (590 AD) ..... 24.82 - SZ14 - Top 29 % match vs all users
101. Ciry-Salsogne Bell Beaker France (2520 BC) ..... 24.84 - CBV95 - Top 35 % match vs all users
102. Frankish / Hungary (590 AD) ..... 24.89 - SZ38 - ? Top 25 % match vs all users
103. Obalczkowo Wielkopolska Poland CWC (2630 BC) ..... 24.9 - poz44 - Top 34 % match vs all users
104. Early Slav Avar Grave (590 AD) ..... 24.91 - AV2 - Top 87 % match vs all users
105. Proto-Slavic Late Neolithic Wartau Switzerland (2510 BC) ..... 24.92 - MX298 Top 87 % match vs all users
106. Fennoscandia Mix Finland (550 AD) ..... 24.92 - DA237 - ? Top 95 % match vs all users
107. Bronze Age Prague Czech Kobylisy (1813 BC) ..... 24.94 - I4885 - Top 23 % match vs all users
108. Bronze Age Prague Czech Kobylisy (1813 BC) ..... 25.0 - I4892 - Top 31 % match vs all users
109. Iron Age Colmar France (340 BC) ..... 25.05 - COL11 - Top 28 % match vs all users
110. Pre-Slav Medieval Poland (1100 AD) ..... 25.06 - PCA157_Mar6 - ? Top 47 % match vs all users
111. Early Sarmatian Russia (550 BC) ..... 25.07 - MJ56 - Top 88 % match vs all users
112. Kimak Turkic Tribe (800 AD) ..... 25.07 - DA87 - Top 99 % match vs all users
113. Ancient Gotlander (2750 BC) ..... 25.1 - Ajvide52 - Top 68 % match vs all users
114. Celtic Briton Gladiator York (250 AD) ..... 25.15 - 3DRIF-16 - Top 27 % match vs all users
115. Andronovo Bayan-Zherek Mountains (1750 BC) ..... 25.15 - I0507 Top 81 % match vs all users
116. Young Merovingian Noble (605 AD) ..... 25.18 - NS6 - Top 30 % match vs all users
117. Middle Sarmatian Urals (266 BC) ..... 25.22 - MJ44 - Top 84 % match vs all users
118. Corded Ware Germany (2500 BC) ..... 25.32 - I0103 - Top 35 % match vs all users
119. Viking Sweden (1100 AD) ..... 25.33 - Sigtuna grt036 - Top 30 % match vs all users
120. Bell Beaker Augsburg (2215 BC) ..... 25.34 - HUGO_168 - Top 30 % match vs all users
121. Czech Radovesice X Club CWC (2350 BC) ..... 25.35 - I7209 - ? Top 40 % match vs all users
122. Bell Beaker England (2150 BC) ..... 25.4 - I5382 - Top 31 % match vs all users
123. Alemannic Bavaria (495 AD) ..... 25.4 - AED_106 - Top 31 % match vs all users
124. Andronovo Culture Western Steppes (1300 BC) ..... 25.47 - I11538 Top 39 % match vs all users
125. Chalmny-Varre Kola Peninsula (1800 AD) ..... 25.54 - CHV001 Top 97 % match vs all users
126. Bronze Age Oostwoud Netherlands (2040 BC) ..... 25.55 - I4075 - Top 31 % match vs all users
127. Byzantine Roman Warrior (605 AD) ..... 25.55 - NS3b - Top 71 % match vs all users
128. Pre-Slav Medieval Poland (950 AD) ..... 25.56 - PCA133_Niemcza19 - ? Top 93 % match vs all users
129. Bronze Age Earith Cambridgeshire England (1400 BC) ..... 25.58 - I7568 - Top 29 % match vs all users
130. Colonial American Pennsylvania (1700 AD) ..... 25.62 - Shohola - Top 29 % match vs all users
131. Iron Age Arzhan Russia (650 BC) ..... 25.62 - I0577 - Top 99 % match vs all users
132. Turkic (685 AD) ..... 25.67 - DA89 Top 99 % match vs all users
133. Bishop Peder Winstrup (1679 AD) ..... 25.7 - LUND1n - Top 28 % match vs all users
134. Ancient Siberia Tagar (850 BC) ..... 25.72 - DA4 - Top 84 % match vs all users
135. Sarmatian Ukraine (2680 BC) ..... 25.74 - MJ33 - Top 93 % match vs all users
136. Pre-Slav Medieval Poland (950 AD) ..... 25.75 - PCA124_Niemcza10 - ? Top 55 % match vs all users
137. Western Scythian Mix Hungary (550 BC) ..... 25.76 - DA197 - Top 28 % match vs all users
138. Medieval Piedmont (580 AD) ..... 25.83 - CL57 - Top 23 % match vs all users
139. Visigoth Frankish Girona (550 AD) ..... 25.83 - I12032 - Top 24 % match vs all users
140. Viking Denmark Revshale (1080 AD) ..... 25.87 - Revshale16 - Top 29 % match vs all users
141. Nordic Lombard (590 AD) ..... 25.94 - SZ22 - Top 30 % match vs all users
142. Viking St. Brice Massacre Oxford (1002 AD) ..... 25.95 - V4P - Top 25 % match vs all users
143. Germanic Tribe Spreitenbach CWC Switzerland (2200 BC) ..... 25.96 - MX196 Top 31 % match vs all users
144. Post Viking Denmark Tirup (1200 AD) ..... 26.0 - G300 - Top 29 % match vs all users
145. Bell Beaker Amesbury (2250 BC) ..... 26.01 - I2566 - Top 29 % match vs all users
146. Fennoscandia Finland (550 AD) ..... 26.02 - JK1968 - Top 94 % match vs all users
147. Early Sarmatian Russia (550 BC) ..... 26.02 - LS13 - Top 76 % match vs all users
148. Gallo-Roman Lombard Grave (580 AD) ..... 26.02 - CL94 - Top 27 % match vs all users
149. Bronze Age Prague Czech Kobylisy (1813 BC) ..... 26.04 - I4891 - Top 26 % match vs all users
150. Altenerding Dark Ages Germany (550 AD) ..... 26.07 - AE1175 - Top 31 % match vs all users
 
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41431-020-0683-z

The phylogenetic origins of the Hungarians who occupied the Carpathian basin has been much contested [40]. Based on linguistic arguments it was proposed that they represented a predominantly Finno-Ugric speaking population while the oral and written tradition of the Árpád dynasty suggests a relationship with the Huns. Based on the genetic analysis of two members of the Árpád Dynasty, it appears that they derived from a lineage (R-Z2125) that is currently predominantly present among ethnic groups (Pashtun, Tadjik, Turkmen, Uzbek, and Bashkir) speaking Iranian or Turkic languages.
 
At Maciamo's request, I collected 32 modern Hungarian samples from the country and among Hungarians abroad. And the results were very similar. Strong steppe ancestry (1/3)scythian, sarmatian, hungarian conqueror, avar and hun in one of the samples. Just as strong germanic ancestry (1/3) (the strongest is the scandinavian). And the third 1/3 is very varied, but usually a mix of celtic and slavic/baltic ancestry. The balkanic and mediterran ancestry is almost completely missing (except one sample). Finno-ugric and turkish heritage is also missing. But each sample has conquering hungarian matches. Some of them:

106129283_729609657790788_2566365195883611297_n.jpg

84388269_731019397649814_4753407304159306821_n.jpg

106398719_730059437745810_8490983426056211520_n.jpg

c7f86a2c-c8ad-4d9e-a09c-39eeabfc84fe

c7f86a2c-c8ad-4d9e-a09c-39eeabfc84fe

106348421_3133063150050415_2900046519733068091_n.jpg

c7f86a2c-c8ad-4d9e-a09c-39eeabfc84fe

23e6c0f7-b21c-45d9-9039-7a8abd3a8fe3

c7f86a2c-c8ad-4d9e-a09c-39eeabfc84fe

c7f86a2c-c8ad-4d9e-a09c-39eeabfc84fe
 
Of course which I have:

The first sample is mine:
56,3% eastern european (Lesser Poland (Poland), Ternopil (Ukraine) +32 regions
29,2% southern europe Cluj (Romania) + 9 region (all from north Romania)
5,8% northwestern european (from this: 3,7% Germany (Bavaria + 3 region); 0,3% british and irish; 1,8% broadly nortwestern e)
8,2% broadly european
0,2% trace ancestry (manchurian and mongolian)
 
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.07.13.200154v1

[h=2]Abstract[/h]The ancient Hungarians originated from the Ural region of Russia, and migrated through the Middle-Volga region and the Eastern European steppe into the Carpathian Basin during the 9th century AD. Their Homeland was probably in the southern Trans-Ural region, where the Kushnarenkovo culture disseminated. In the Cis-Ural region Lomovatovo and Nevolino cultures are archaeologically related to ancient Hungarians. In this study we describe maternal and paternal lineages of 36 individuals from these regions and nine Hungarian Conquest period individuals from today’s Hungary, as well as shallow shotgun genome data from the Trans-Uralic Uyelgi cemetery. We point out the genetic continuity between the three chronological horizons of Uyelgi cemetery, which was a burial place of a rather endogamous population. Using phylogenetic and population genetic analyses we demonstrate the genetic connection between Trans-, Cis-Ural and the Carpathian Basin on various levels. The analyses of this new Uralic dataset fill a gap of population genetic research of Eurasia, and reshape the conclusions previously drawn from 10-11th century ancient mitogenomes and Y-chromosomes from Hungary.

 
Genetic analysis of male Hungarian Conquerors: European and Asian paternal lineages of the conquering Hungarian tribes

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-019-00996-0


The 19 male individuals paternally belong to 16 independent haplotypes and 7 haplogroups (C2, G2a, I2, J1, N3a, R1a, and R1b). The presence of the N3a haplogroup is interesting because it rarely appears among modern Hungarians (unlike in other Finno-Ugric-speaking peoples) but was found in 37.5% of the Hungarian Conquerors.


wow this is almost 40% y haplogroup N :)
 

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