Haplogroup J2 M172 Quotes & Links

"The Guambiano-speaking group shows both the Q1a3a1a*-M3 (0.483) and the Q1a3*-M346 (0.310) lineages at similar proportions, and the remaining 0.207 of the Y chromosomes belong to the European haplogroups R1b1-P25 and J2-M172. In the Chibcha-speaking group the Native American lineage Q1a3*-M346 is absent, and only four individuals present the M3 derived lineage Q1a3a1a* (0.333), while the non-Native American linages are present at a higher frequency (0.667) and represented by haplogroups R1b1-P25, G-M201, J2-M172, E1b1b1a1-M78 and E1b1b1c-M123 (0.500) that are typical in Europeans, and by two samples from the sub-Saharan African E1b1a1*-M2 haplogroup (0.167). Despite its small sample size, Sub-Saharan haplogroups were detected only in the Chibcha group, similarly to the results obtained for mtDNA."
Admixture and Genetic Diversity Distribution Patterns of Non-Recombining Lineages of Native American Ancestry in Colombian Populations.
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0120155

"The presence of other Y-chromosomal haplogroups: E-V13, E-M81, E-M34, J1-M267, J2-M172, I1-M253, I2-P215 and G2a-P15 would be interpreted as a consequence of the genetic history linked to the Iberian Peninsula, especially, to Andalusia, with a long, prevailing contacts with the Mediterranean world. ... By contrast, the J2-M172 seems to be related to Greek and Phoenicians colonies that were well stablished at least from the first millennium BC in the Peninsula, particularly in littoral Andalusia."
Surnames and Y-Chromosomal Markers Reveal Low Relationships in Southern Spain.
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0123098

"We found only four haplogroups in the Malana population, Haplogroup J2a1h accounted for 60% of all Y chromosomes. Other haplogroups were R1a (about 27%), H (10%), and L (3%). The Bayesian probability was greater than 62% in all the samples. ... Malana, a remote plateau in the upper reaches (altitude 2,633 m) of Parvati valley in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India, is the home of a mysterious group of people commonly known as Malanis (Figure 1). Rosser (1955) described Malana as a hermit village with an aspect of cohesiveness and intense group loyalty that sustains a virulent and suspicious community attitude toward outsiders. Formidable mountain barriers on three sides—namely, Chandrakhani (3,677 m), Deo-Tibba (3,732 m), and Rashol Jot (3,238 m)—coupled with the curious efforts of the people to retain their cultural and social uniqueness have ensured virtual biological isolation of the village from the surrounding societies."
The Most Ancient Democracy in the World is a Genetic Isolate: An Autosomal and Y-Chromosome Study of the Hermit Village of Malana (Himachal Pradesh, India)
http://www.bioone.org/doi/10.3378/0...d=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed&

"Haplogroup J (samples 763–921) (Figure 7), a cluster of lineages with putative south-west Asian origin and diffusion and with a significant presence in the Mediterranean area, was observed here with its main subgroups represented, J1c-M267 and J2-M172. The two sister clades, J1 and J2, have a dissimilar distribution, possibly reflecting different settlement pathways. J1-M267 has peaks in the Levant and in Northern Africa, while clade J2-M172 has higher frequencies in Anatolia and Mesopotamia, and decreases westwards."
Detection of phylogenetically informative polymorphisms in the entire euchromatic portion of human Y chromosome from a Sardinian sample.
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1756-0500/8/174?fmt_view=classic

"We used multivariate statistical methods to see if linguistics, climate, and landscape accounted for geographical diffferences in frequencies of the Y-DNA haplogroups G2, R1a, R1b, J1, and J2. The analysis showed significant associations of (1) G2 with wellforested mountains, (2) J2 with warm areas or poorly forested mountains, and (3) J1 with poorly forested mountains. R1b showed no association with environment. Haplogroups J1 and R1a were significantly associated with Daghestanian and Kipchak speakers, respectively, but the other haplogroups showed no such simple associations with languages."
Human paternal lineages, languages, and environment in the Caucasus.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25397702

"De allerhoogste genetische diversiteit vonden de onderzoekers in Tongeren. En dat heeft toch met Romeinse roots te maken, zij het meer praktisch: “Dankzij de goede wegen, de Romeinse heirbanen, had Tongeren veel contact met het Rijnland, Maastricht en Keulen."
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - Middeleeuwse Vlaming bleef niet onder de kerktoren.
http://nieuws.kuleuven.be/node/1479...n&utm_medium=CKmail&utm_campaign=CKFeb-alumni

"Het grafveld aan de Pasestraat te Borgharen is aangelegd op de locatie van een (hoofd?) gebouw van een Romeinse villa. De keuze voor een dergelijke locatie mag als betekenisvol worden beschouwd, bijvoorbeeld binnen een strategie voor het verwoorden van claims op het landschap via een claim op de woonplaats van vorige bewoners, die als voorouders kunnen zijn beschouwd. ... Daarnaast is voor alle (mogelijk) mannelijke individuen, ook van het voorgaande onderzoek, getracht de Y haplogroep te typeren. Dit was alleen mogelijk voor de individuen 15 en 20, aan wie haplogroep J2 toegekend kon worden. Met onze methode kan J2 niet verder opgesplitst worden. Voor individu 15 is tijdens het vorige onderzoek op basis van het Y-STR-profiel de haplogroep J2a1 voorspeld. Inmiddels kan dit verfijnd worden tot J2a1b (99% waarschijnlijkheid). Voor individu 20 is op basis van het Y-STR profiel de haplogroep J2b voorspeld (100% waarschijnlijkheid). In beide gevallen bevestigen de voorspelde haplogroepen de getypeerde haplogroepen. Y-haplogroep J2 komt bij 2,7% van de Nederlandse mannen voor en is nu dus relatief zeldzaam in Nederland."
Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed - Merovingers in een Villa 2, Romeinse villa en Merovingisch grafveld Borgharen.
http://cultureelerfgoed.nl/sites/de...r_2014_ram_222_merovingers_in_een_villa_2.pdf

"De plus, dans ces études, des comparaisons d’haplotypes entre des sites phéniciens et des sites non‐phéniciens ont permis de déterminer des haplogroupes avec une signature phénicienne : Haplogroupe J2 et particulièrement six short sequence repeat du chromosome Y."
Universite de Portiers - Multiples conséquences physiopathologiques de mutations et d'allèles complexes du gène CFTR.
http://nuxeo.edel.univ-poitiers.fr/nuxeo/site/esupversions/b265c8e1-bead-4b9d-900e-4656d5674715

"The PCA also illustrate the genetic affinity of Levantine populations to Europeans especially Italians. In fact, both groups present relatively high frequencies of J-M172 and share some other lineages in particular I-M170 and T-M70. ... Sousse, particularly, possesses a relatively high frequency of haplogroup J-M172 (~9%) that is absent in all of the remaining Tunisian populations with the exception of Andalusians (~3%). Haplogroup J-M172 has been associated with population movements in the Fertile Crescent during the Neolithic Agricultural revolution. Today, it is very frequent in the Levant, Anatolia and Iran and its recent spread in the Mediterranean is believed to have been facilitated by the maritime trading culture of the Phoenicians (1550–300 BC). According to Zalloua and collaborators43 evidence of Phoenician influence in Tunisian is apparent by the presence of the J-M172 Y-chromosome haplogroup in coastal regions considered as areas of Phoenician contact (versus inland). ... The J-M172 haplogroup associated with the Phoenician expansion is distributed throughout the Mediterranean basin and Asia. It is thought that the Phoenicians originated in what is today coastal Lebanon and subsequently founded and settled several city-states in the Mediterranean including in North Africa. In Tunisia, their population number was estimated, at the end of their dominion, to be 100 000 compared with 500 000 Berbers. It is important to note that although the most famous city founded by the Phoenicians was Carthage, they also established the settlements of Utique and Sousse. Interestingly, Sousse is the only Phoenician town in Tunisia that has been continuously inhabited since its foundation and it is the only population where the J-M172 Phoenician paternal marker is detected. ... A more recent potential Middle Eastern genetic contribution to the North Africa gene pool may be associated with the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. Sousse also may have been specifically impacted by the Turkish occupation of North Africa. Yet, the unique presence of J-M172 in Sousse and its absence from other Tunisian regions that were under Ottoman influence argues for J-M172 in Sousse as a Phoenician signal."
Sousse: extreme genetic heterogeneity in North Africa.
http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v60/n1/full/jhg201499a.html

"The main haplogroups responsible for the Central/Inner Asian admixture among Hungarians are J2*-M172 (xM47, M67, M12), J2-L24, R1a-Z93; Q-M242 and E-M78."
Testing Central and Inner Asian admixture among contemporary Hungarians.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25468443

"European genetic signatures (i.e., haplogroups E1b1b1a1b-V13, G2a-P15, I-M258, J2-M172 and R1-M173), on the other hand, were also detected in both groups, but at varying frequencies. The divergent European genetic signals in each collection are likely the result of differential gene flow and/or admixture with the European host populations but may also be attributed to dissimilar endogamous practices following the initial founder effect. Our data also support the notion that a number of haplogroups including G2a-P15, J2a3b-M67(xM92), I-M258 and E1b1b1-M35 were incorporated into the proto-Romani paternal lineages as migrants moved from northern India through Southwestern Asia, the Middle East and/or Anatolia into the Balkans."
Ancestral modal Y-STR haplotype shared among Romani and South Indian populations.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22609956

"Our results indicate that approximately 58% of Serbian Y-chromosomes (I1-M253, I2a-P37.2 and R1a1a-M198) belong to lineages believed to be pre-Neolithic. On the other hand, the signature of putative Near Eastern Neolithic lineages, including E1b1b1a1-M78, G2a-P15, J1-M267, J2-M172 and R1b1a2-M269 accounts for 39% of the Y-chromosome."
High levels of Paleolithic Y-chromosome lineages characterize Serbia.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22310393
 
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"The Toba population has a higher prevalence of haplogroup Q1a3a-M3 lineages when compared with the Colla population (86% vs. 34%) but exhibits a much lower frequency of chromosomes belonging to the haplogroups J2 (2% vs. 14%) and R1b1 (4% vs. 41%) than does the Colla population. ... Two other haplogroups, J2-M172 and T-M70, that are usually present in Western European populations, have also been found in the two Amerindian samples (Rosser et al., 2000; Brio´n et al., 2004; Beleza et al., 2006). ... The presence of European male lineages pervades most Native American populations, although with a very different degree of admixture (Salas et al., 2009). Taken together, European ancestry contributes to 62% of the paternal lineages existing in the contemporary Colla community, represented by haplogroups J2, R1b1, and T, and to 10% of the current Toba community, represented by haplogroups E1b1b1b, J2, and R1b1."
Male Lineages in South American Native Groups: Evidence of M19 Traveling South
http://www.researchgate.net/profile...ling_south/links/54ae6c380cf2828b29fd15ef.pdf

"About 94% of all samples were either of European or Native American ancestry (Figure 76). That is, 65.4% were of European origin comprising R1b1-P25 (including R1b1b2-M269), I-M170 (including I2a2-M26), G-M201, and J-M304 (including J1a-M62 and J2-M172) and 28.3% of Native American origin like P and Q (including Q1a3a-M3)."
Genetic Ancestry of the Bolivian Population.
dspace.usc.es/bitstream/10347/13313/1/rep_837.pdf

"On the other hand, haplogroups with a comparatively higher European presence such as M172, M201 and M173 (comprising SRY1532 and M17) were only detected in the historical sample, therefore, they most probably reached the islands after the European conquest."
La evolución genetica de las poblaciones humanas canarias: determinación mediante marcadores autosómicos y uniparentales.
ftp://tesis.bbtk.ull.es/ccppytec/cp330.pdf
 
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"Three new haplogroups appeared at the turn of the Middle/ Late Neolithic in Transdanubia, the E1b1b1a1 (M78), the C (M216) and the J2 (M172). .... Haplogroup J2 (M172) has today its highest frequency in the Caucasus and Iraq (Mesopotamia), and in the geographic region of Levant. In early modern genetic studies, J2 (together with F and G) was claimed to be an indicator of the Neolithic expansion (Semino et al., 2000), based on the clinal pattern of its frequency among the modern European and Western Asian populations. The theory has been further specified since the early 2000ies, and frequency distribution plots and surface distribution maps have revealed the J2a (M410) (Sengupta et al., 2006) as a possible marker for early farmers’ eastward migration in Central Asia. Furthermore, the subgroup J2b (M12) has also been suggested as a marker for the European Neolithic expansion (King et al., 2008). Its less frequent occurrence in modern west Turkey (Cinnioğlu et al., 2004), but more frequent appearance in Greece has been even interpreted as an indication for a maritime route of Neolithic colonisation in South Europe (King et al., 2008). It is interesting, that J2 (M172) has not been detected in Neolithic context yet, and it is not present in the western Carpathian Early/Middle Neolithic dataset either. It might have come first with the people of the Late Neolithic cultures into Transdanubia, which means either that it is not the marker for the earliest dispersal of farmers, or that it halted in southeastern Europe for about millennium, before reaching the Carpathian Basin."
Molecular genetic investigation of the Neolithic population history in the western Carpathian Basin.
http://ubm.opus.hbz-nrw.de/volltexte/2015/4075/pdf/doc.pdf

"A total of 1057 of the samples were used in an initial pilot genotyping project, which included cell lines from 99 Orcadian samples previously collected by the laboratory. The samples were genotyped with a number of markers that were chosen because they have been used to differentiate populations by many different studies over the years. Specifically, they were: HLA20, 21, 22 (typed at a low-medium resolution, Table 2, Supplementary Table 1), MC1R (R151C (rs1805007) and R160W (rs1805008), the minor alleles of which are associated with red hair23),24, 25 ABO26, 27 (rs7853989, the SNP that differentiates alleles A and B) and the Y chromosome (NRY). The six most common NRY halogroups2 were typed (Table 2) as defined by specific SNPs (R1a1 (rs3908), F(xI/J2/R1) (rs2032652), E (rs9306841), I (rs2032597), J2 (rs2032604) and R1(xR1a1) (rs2032624))."
People of the British Isles: preliminary analysis of genotypes and surnames in a UK-control population.
http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v20/n2/full/ejhg2011127a.html

"According to most historians, Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy. However, based on some key facts in the discoverer's biography, as well as in the linguistic analysis of his texts, some historians and linguists believe that Columbus could have been of Catalan origin. A Ligurian Columbus would have carried the Colombo surname, whereas he would have been called Colom if he were Catalan. In order to test whether it would be possible to discriminate between a Ligurian or a Catalan origin were Columbus' Y-chromosome haplotype to be retrieved, we genotyped 17 Y-chromosome STRs in 238 Spanish (from Catalonia, Valencia, and the Balearic Islands) and French Colom men, and 114 North Italian Colombo (from Liguria, Lombardy, and Piedmont). ... Each individual was allocated to a haplogroup using a Bayesian approach11 as implemented in Haplogroup Predictor (http://www.hprg.com/hapest5/), with the ‘Area Selection’ field set to ‘Equal priors’; haplotypes with a posterior probability <95% were left unclassified. J2a1 and its subgroups (J2a1b, and J2a1h) were pooled, as Haplogroup Predictor often failed to discriminate among them with the current 17-STR haplotypes. ... Haplogroups were inferred for each individual based on their STR haplotypes. A previous validation study (see Methods) showed that 302 out of 307 (98.4%) Catalan, Valencian, and Balearic Y-chromosome STR haplotypes could be allocated to a haplogroup, and only three haplogroup assignments (1%) were erroneous: R1b3*, J2, and K(xP) chromosomes were called as R1a, J1, and R1b, respectively. Haplogroup frequencies are shown in Table 1."
Surname and Y chromosome in Southern Europe: a case study with Colom/Colombo.
http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v20/n2/full/ejhg2011162a.html

"The compositions and frequencies of Y-chromosome haplogroups identified by genotyping 23 biallelic loci of its nonrecombining region (YAP, 92R7, DYF155S2, 12f2, Tat, M9, M17, M25, M89, M124, M130, M170, M172, M174, M173, M178, M201, M207, M242, M269, P21, P25, and P37) have been determined in a sample of 68 Belarussians. Eleven haplogroups have been found in the Belarussian gene pool (E, F*, G, I, I1b, J2, N3a*, Q*, R1*, R1a1, and R1b3). Haplogroup R1a1 is the most frequent; it includes 46% of all Y chromosomes in this sample. The frequencies of haplogroups I1b and I are 17.6 and 7.3%, respectively. Haplogroup N3a* is the next in frequency. The frequencies of haplogroups E, J2, and R1b3 are 4.4% each; that of R1* is 3%; and those of F*, G, and Q* are 1.5% each."
Frequencies of Y chromosome binary haplogroups in Belarussians.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16161635

"Malana is considered to be one of the first democracies in the world.[citation needed] According to tradition, the residents of Malana are the descendant of Aryans[citation needed], and they acquired their independence during the Mughal reign when the Emperor Akbar walked to the village in order to cure an ailment that he was afflicted with[citation needed]; after having been successfully cured he put out an edict stating that all the inhabitants of the valley would never be required to pay tax. An alternative tradition suggests that Malana was founded by remnants of Alexander the Great's Army. ... There are various legends about their origin. According to one of them, it is believed that they are the descendants of Greek soldiers of Alexander's army. As the legend goes, some soldiers took refuge in this remote land after Alexander left the country and later settled there permanently. This myth is however disputed because there are those who claim that it is the valley of Kalash, in Pakistan that is actually the area in which Alexander the Great's soldiers took refuge. This legend is also inconsistent with the legendary descent of the local people from Indo-Aryans who would pre-date Alexander the Great's soldiers by approximately a thousand years. Recent genetic typing of the Malani population is more consistent with an Indo-Aryan origin with a large proportion of Y-DNA haplotypes J2 and R1a associated with Indo-Aryan influences in South Asia than with a Greek origin which would have a different characteristic mix of Y-DNA haplotypes."
Wikipedia - Malana Himachal Pradesh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malana,_Himachal_Pradesh
 
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"Hello all! I'm a writer of several non-fiction books (including 'The Year of Living Biblically' and 'Drop Dead Healthy.' My next book is about genealogy and tracing my roots. And for the finale of the book, I plan to throw the largest family reunion in history. You're invited! All seven billion members of the human family are welcome. ... AJ Jacobs's DNA has been tested for genealogical purposes. It may be possible to confirm family relationships by comparing test results with AJ or other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: AJ Jacobs - Family Tree DNA yDNA 111 markers Haplogroup J-PF5456."
Wikitree - AJ Jacobs.
http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Jacobs-2987
 
"The haplogroups J2* and E3b* were on average about 1.5-times more frequent in Germany than in Poland (Table 2, Fig. 1) and haplogroup P*(xR1) was on average 4.3-times more frequent in Germany than in Poland (Table 2, Fig. 1); however, all those haplogroups were overall rather rare and the frequency differences between German and Polish groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The remaining haplogroups, DE*(xE3b), F*(xI,J2,K), and K*(xN3,P), are not necessarily representing monophyletic groups—given the selection of markers analysed here—and potentially contain a number of different haplogroups. Differences between Polish and German groups were statistically significant for F*(xI,J2,K) (Z=2.396, P=0.017), but not for DE*(xE3b), and K*(xN3,P) (P>0.05)."
Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis.
http://www.zgms.cm.umk.pl/prace/428-443.pdf

"A markedly higher frequency of haplogroup J noted at the northern island Krk might be a consequence of the fact that the island was most exposed to the immigrations from the mainland. During the Ottoman invasions to the Balkans population groups from the Adriatic hinterland (Dinarides) and Western Balkan area sought refuge at the eastern Adriatic islands. These populations often referred to as 'Vlachs' or 'Morlachs' included a few families of Romanian origin (sometimes described as descendants of the Roman army veterans as well) who left numerous traces of their presence at Krk."
Y chromosomal heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates.
http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v11/n7/full/5200992a.html

"Recent studies of the Y-chromosomal paternal haplogroups E (M78), J1 (M267) and J2 (M172) strongly suggest continuous Mesolithic, Neolithic and post-Neolithic gene flows within Southeast Europe, and between Europe and the Near East in both directions."
Facets of the past - The challenge of the Balkan Neo-Eneolithic.
http://www.cimec.ro/pdf/dl.asp?file...allenge-of-the-Balkan-Neo-Eneolithic-2008.pdf

"The J2-M172 has been associated with different cultures and populations in history, such as Mediterranean/Aegan, Greco-Anatolian, Mesopotamian and Caucasian."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"Worldwide spatial distribution of haplogroup (HG) J2a-M410 coincides with presence of archaeological records of painted pottery and ceramic figurine culture."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"J2b-M102/M12 HG in India comprises largely of J2b2-M241 chromosomes with minor presence of J2b1-M205 in northwest (NW) region."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"J2a-M410 can be seen along the northwest border of South Asia reaching up to South India. However, it shows a drastic decline towards East of India, consistent with our previous study. Unlike J2a-M410, J2b-M102 is concentrated in Eastern India (Fig. 1b)."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"The spatial distribution of J2a-M410 throughout Middle East and Central Asia is overlapped by presence of Neolithic artifacts such as painted pottery and ceramic culture. The earliest precursor known of Indus Valley civilization, Mehrgarh (NW of Indian subcontinent, now in Pakistan), provides one of the oldest (~9KYA) evidences of origin of agriculture and plant domestication suited by early Holocene climate. Additionally, these Neolithic sites of Mehrgarh showed the earliest evidence of transformation of subsistence from hunting-gathering to settled agriculture owing to the idea that the first farmers from Indus were agro-pastoral, and semi-nomadic people. It is interesting to note that the concentration of J2a-M410 over the geography largely mimics the agricultural centres."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"Genetic relatedness of NW Indians with population to West from NW border and remarkable presence of J2-M172 HGs in remote Indian tribes along with other social strata, may represent the early Holocene expansion in NW India (including the Indus Valley) diffusing towards Central Asia and spreading agriculture eastwards to the Gangetic plains during pre-Harappan times (6-7 KYA)."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"A vast arid region of Iran and Afghanistan lies in between Near East and Indus Valley, leaving possibility of rainfall agriculture only in the foothills and cul-de-sac valleys. Yet, the area was not an undefeatable geographical barrier for Neolithic spread. Some sections of the Silk Road (route South of the Caspian sea) connecting Badakhshan (north-eastern Afghanistan and south-eastern Tajikistan) with West Asia, Egypt and India were in use by 5 KYA. Other section of Silk Road connecting Badakhshan to the Mesopotamian plains (the Great Khorasan Road) was in use by 6 KYA. Archaeological evidences support similarities among widely separated Neolithic sites in these regions and plausibility of migration of population."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"J2a1b-M67 and J2a-M92 lineages have been well correlated temporally and spatially with the spread of earliest farmers and Bronze Age cultures in Anatolia, south-eastern Europe and Mediterranean."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"Though, the genealogical ages for Indian J2a-M410 and J2b-M102 are correlating with appearance of agriculture in Indus Valley (~6KYA) and Mehrgarh (~9KYA) and falling well within the Neolithic range, differential presence and distribution of J2-M172 sublineages and other associated HGs depict a complex picture."
Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on Indian Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19157

"Außerdem ergab die DNAAnalyse, daß der Haplotypus dem Haplotypus J zuzuordnen ist, der durch die genetischen Marker (marqueurs génétiques) 12f2 charakterisiert ist. Dieser Haplotypus weist eine Untergruppe J2 auf, die durch die Marker M172 und M12 determiniert ist."
Union Civium Europae - Neues vom Turiner Grabtuch. (German)
http://www.nachrichten-lebensrecht.de/nachrichten/der13kpl/2007/der13kpl0702.pdf

"Haplogroup J has a wide distribution, straddling the northern and southern Mediterranean coastline, spreading into the Middle East and terminating in India. The most common variant of haplogroup J in Europe is the J2-M172 haplogroup."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"The J-M172 mutation attains low to moderate frequencies in Eastern Europe and the Balkans. It is found at moderate levels in the Mediterranean."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"Reports concerning haplogroup J2-M172 variation in Europe often attempt to find sub-haplogroups of J2a-M410 and J2b-M12/M102 to further explain local population histories. For example, Di Giacomo and others maintains that J2a2a-M92 represents a Bronze Age expansion in ancient Greece (2004: 367). In another example, King and others argue that J2a1h-M319 represents a Bronze Age expansion to Crete from mainland Greece (King et al. 2008: 210-211)."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"In Turkey, the purported source of J2 in Europe, J2a represents about 23% of the gene pool, and about 93% of J2 lineages. J2b, on the other hand, represents less than 2% of the gene pool, and about 7% of J2 lineages. However, in the Balkans, J2b represents 5.45% of the gene pool, and an astonishing 60% of all J2 lineages."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"Interestingly, J2a represents about 40% of the J2-M172 variation in the Balkans, and about 60% of the variation in Greece. J2b, on the other hand, represents 40% of the J2 variation in Greece. Arguably, based on these statistics, J2a and J2b are almost equally represented in Greece and in the Balkans. However, J2a is the overwhelming J2-M172 variant in Italy, as well as on the islands of Crete and Sicily."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"However, I believe the most significant conclusion that can be drawn from the data in Chapters Four and Five is the occasional correlation between the genetic and linguistic diversity. This correlation seems especially robust for Proto-Basque and the Scandinavian I-Group (cf Sections 4.2.1 and 5.7) Germanic languages and the Scandinavian I-Group (cf. Sections 4.2.1 and 5.12), the Western R-Group and Celtic (Sections 4.1.1 and 5.12), the Finno-Baltic N-Group and Uralic languages (Sections 4.3 and 5.6), the Near Eastern J-Group and Proto-Indo-European languages (Sections 4.5 and 5.4), and the European E-Group and Afroasiatic languages (Sections 4.4 and 5.3)."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"Among the migrations that traversed the Iranian corridor was one that carried the J-M172 from the Middle East to Pakistan and India (Regueiro et al 2006: 140). In my opinion, this migration from Anatolia may explain the source of Indo-European languages found in India."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"According to Renfrew, Ancient Proto-Indo-European was spoken by the Linearbandkeramik culture, the initial expansion of agriculture in Europe, a migration that terminated at the southern border of the Germanic homeland at around 5500 to 5000 BC (40-42). The Near Eastern J-Group, as well as the Western and Eastern R-Groups, represent potential contributors to the Danish gene pool during the Neolithic, and by extension, were potentially the first speakers of Indo-European languages in this area. About seven percent of Danes have the J-M172 mutation, the genetic signature of the Near Eastern J-Group and the initial spread of Indo-European language across Eurasia (Sections 4.5 and 5.4)."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"Based on the available genetic data for prehistoric population expansions, it appears that the roots of Germanic languages extend into the Mesolithic (cf. Section 4.2.1 for a discussion of the Scandinavian I-Group). Later population expansions into Scandinavia, the Western European R-Group (cf. Section 4.1.1) and Eastern R-Group (cf. Section 4.1.2), as well as the Near Eastern J-Group (cf. Section 4.5), also made a contribution to the evolution of Germanic."
Germanic Origins from the Perspective of the Y-Chromosome.
http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/StClair_berkeley_0028E_12186.pdf

"The most common haplogroups in the Faroese sample ~ RIa, RIb, and 11 ~ constitute 42%, 25%, and 21%, of the data set, respectively. Rare haplogroups are also found in the sample at low frequencies. Haplogroup Jl constitutes 4%, Q 3%, Elblb 1%, and 12bl, 12b(xI2bl), 12a(xI2al), L, and N combined make up 5% of the total data set (one individual per haplogroup) (Table 3). Rare haplogroups found in source populations include G2a, J2b, J2alb, and 12al (data not shown). Of the rare haplogroups found in the Faroese, six were found in one or more source population."
Vikings, merchants, and pirates at the top of the world : Y-chromosomal signatures of recent and ancient migrations in the Faroe Islands.
http://ir.library.louisville.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1900&context=etd

"Tree branches of of J2 spread west along the Mediteranean. One of these (M102*), like I1b2 and E M78-alpha, appears to have taken the Balkan route (via Albania) to Italy (northern italy in this instance), ending up in Bearnais in south-west France without circuiting Spain. The other two (M67* & M92) can also be traced strongly to Italy, with a more southern centre of gravity."
The Origins of the British: The New Prehistory of Britain.
https://books.google.co.uk/books?isbn=1780337671

"The overall effect of J2 on Britain was largly similar to E3b and I2b2, in its size and wide southern British distribution, except that J2 is represented in Scotland with the highest frequency of 7,3% in the old Pictish town of Pitlochry and largly missed out on in Wales. Multiple J clusters show founding episodes dating to the Neolithic period in southern Britain."
The Origins of the British: The New Prehistory of Britain.
https://books.google.co.uk/books?isbn=1780337671

"In competition with the northern J1a gene group, there is geographical evidence that a second main J branch, J2, known as the 'Mediteranean-celtic branch', took the southern route along the coast of the Mediterranean from the Near East via Italy, Sardinia, Spain and portugal, bypassing the Basque Country to the French Atlantic coast. In its distribution thus far, J2 mirrors the spread of Cardial Ware moving west along the Mediterranean. After Brittany, however, J2 jumps across the Channel to the British Isles, where it is now found in particular association with Goidelic-celtic-speaking areas. J2 dates very approximatly to 7000 years in Europe, which within the margin of error, would fit the spread of Cardial Ware. In other word, J2 could be a population marker for the Early Neolithic spread of Cardial Ware pottery along the Mediteranean coast."
The Origins of the British: The New Prehistory of Britain
https://books.google.co.uk/books?isbn=1780337671

"As expected, the commonest haplogroup is R1b-M269 (43.1%), with highest frequency in the north-west, followed by I1-M253 (13.8%), I2-P215 (9.0%), R1a-M198 (7.5%) and J2-M172 (7.5%)."
Large-scale recent expansion of European patrilineages shown by population resequencing.
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2015/150519/ncomms8152/full/ncomms8152.html

"Den andra av de två stora haplogrupperna som förknippas med invandrande personer österifrån och sambandet med jordbrukets spridning eller senare perioder, är haplogrupp J. Till skillnad från E som härstammar från norra Afrika, kommer J från området runt Levanten eller Palestina. De undergrupper som är betydande för Europa kommer främst från Anatolien och de uppstod för ungefär 10000-25000 år sedan, men även från Balkan vars ålder på undergrupp J2b1 är runt 8000 år. J2b (mutation J-M12) har stark koppling till E1b1b1 och har en spridning med stora likheter. Den statistiska analysen ger en datering som innebär att den inte spreds från sydöstra Europa till andra delar av södra Europa förrän omkring 2700 f.Kr. eller seklerna närmast därefter. Den saknas helt på Irland och kom sannolikt till de brittiska öarna samtidigt med E1b1b, dels under romersk tid (år 43-410) och dels under anglosaxisk tid (c:a 450-1066)."
Radio Falköping 90,8 Mhz - Megalitgravar i Europa. (Swedish)
http://www.fnf.nu/_filer/bagerfeldt/52 MEGALITGRAVAR I EUROPA - 1 Människor och Kulturer.pdf

"Here we report nine ancient genomes (~1 ×) of individuals from northern Britain: seven from a Roman era York cemetery, bookended by earlier Iron-Age and later Anglo-Saxon burials. ... Strikingly, one Roman skeleton shows a clear signal of exogenous origin, with affinities pointing towards the Middle East, confirming the cosmopolitan character of the Empire, even at its northernmost fringes. ... Sample 3DRIF-26, on the other hand, despite belonging to the same burial context, presented a lineage consistent with haplogroup J2-L228, which has a modern distribution centred on the Middle East, but which is also present in the Caucasus region, the Balkans and Italy."
Genomic signals of migration and continuity in Britain before the Anglo-Saxons.
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160119/ncomms10326/full/ncomms10326.html

"Sample 3DRIF26 is clearly an exception, both in terms of autosomal variation as in the Ychromosome lineage it presents (J2), common in the Middle East, Caucasus, Balkans and Italy and attributed to neolithic demic migrations or to seafaring Phoenicians."
Genomic signals of migration and continuity in Britain before the Anglo-Saxons - Supplementary Figures.
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2016/160119/ncomms10326/extref/ncomms10326-s1.pdf
 
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"Admixture analyses suggested that the majority of G2a-P15 and R1b-M269 components were contributed by Anatolia and Levant sources, respectively, while Greece Balkans supplied the majority of E-V13 and J2a-M67."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"Like other populations in Anatolia and Lebanon, Cyprus exhibits a high level of haplogroup J2-M172 related diversity. J2a-M410 is the dominant Y-chromosome lineage, constituting 26.0 % of the overall Cypriot samples. J2b-M12/M102 splits into mainly J2b-M205 (5.9 %), frequent in Southern Levant, and J2b-M241 (0.6 %), most frequent in Greece and the Balkans."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"Anatolia would have generated up to 83 % to the Cypriot G-P15 and up to a quarter (range, 22–25 %) of Cypriot J2a-M67, J2b-M12, and R1b-M269 related lineages. Danube Balkans would have provided most of the Cypriot J2b-M12 (67 %) and all Cypriot I2-M423 (99 %). Although, when using the entire set of Y-chromosome haplogroup frequencies, the composition of Cyprus can be explained by contributions from Anatolia, Balkans, and Levant, the actual Greek contribution stood out for the Cypriot E-V13 (87 %), J2a-M67 (74 %), R1b-M269 (48 %), and G-P15 (17 %) components. Lastly, Levant contributed up to 30 % of the Cypriot R1b-M269 and to a lesser extent regarding the Cypriot J lineages (3–8 %)."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"It has been hypothesized that J2b-M12 may have been associated with the Neolithic immigration of farmers to Greece. Haplogroup J2b-M12 splits into J2b-M205 and J2b-M241."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"Also J2b-M12 Td estimates coupled with the J2b-M205 distribution overlap significantly with the Pottery Neolithic to Early Bronze Age pattern of settlements in Nicosia, Pafos, Limassol, and Kyreneia."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"J2a-M67, proposed to represent both the Neolithic of Central Anatolia and the expansion of the Troia Maritime Culture in Northwestern Anatolia (13.5 %), is also quite common in Cyprus (10.1 %)."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"J2a-Z489, present in Pafos and Northwest/Central Anatolia, may reflect Bronze Age immigration from Western Anatolia, the Philia phase, or mirror the Jewish population on the island from the Hellenistic/Roman Eras."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"The pre-Greek influence is most plausibly encapsulated by the following G2a haplogroups: U5*, PF3147*, L91, L293, P303*, and CTS342. Notably, most of these lineages occur in Anatolian ancient DNA specimens over 8200 years old. In addition, some J2a lineages such as M67, M319, and J2b-M205 may also have contributed to the pre-Greek strata."
Y-chromosome phylogeographic analysis of the Greek-Cypriot population reveals elements consistent with Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13323-016-0032-8/fulltext.html

"A new finding is that the Bronze Age individual BR2 belonged to haplogroup J2a1."
Dienekes Anthropology Blog - Ancient DNA from prehistoric inhabitants of Hungary.
http://dienekes.blogspot.nl/2014/10/ancient-dna-from-prehistoric.html

"The Bronze Age genomes, Rathlin1 and BR2, both show further reductions of ROH, producing distributions similar to each other and to that of modern Europeans."
Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of the insular Atlantic genome.
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/12/22/1518445113

"Our two Bronze Age samples, BR1 (1,980–2,190 cal BC) and BR2 (1,110–1,270 cal BC) fall among modern Central European genotypes."
Genome flux and stasis in a five millennium transect of European prehistory.
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/141021/ncomms6257/full/ncomms6257.html

"Sometime around 4,000 BC (BCE), ancient Sicilians began building Europe's oldest free-standing monumental structures, which are among the oldest such constructions in the world (the temple at Göbekli Tepe in Turkey is older). These megalithic temples, built by a neolithic people culturally similar to the society of the Stentinello culture near Syracuse, are known by such names as Zebbug, Ggantija, Mnajdra, Hagar Qim and Tarxien. These temples pre-date by millennia the Egyptian pyramids and such structures as Stonehenge and similar megalithic monuments in north-western Europe. We know little of these earliest Sicilians, though they were probably part of an influx of neolithic farmers who arrived in the central Mediterranean from the east sometime before 10,000 BC, identified genetically with Y Haplogroup J2 (M172), and some of their pottery has been dated to around 5,200 BC. One might speculate that these neolithic builders were the ancestors of the Proto-Sicanians. And where can you see these remarkable megalithic temples? In Malta. Yes, the earliest known inhabitants of Malta arrived from Sicily some time before 5,200 BC, and they quite literally laid the foundations of a culture which in many ways seems to have been far more sophisticated than anything else in Europe or the Mediterranean region at that time."
Maltese Diaspora E-Newsletter March 2014 - Sicilian Neolithic Temple Builders in Malta.
http://ozmalta.com/wp-content/uploads/NEWS33.pdf

"D’autres haplogroupes sont très minoritaires et ne passent la barre des 10% que dans certains pays ou régions. Ainsi G2 (d’origine Caucasienne )en Sardaigne, j2 (origine nord Mésopotamie ) en Italie et en Roumanie, E1b1 (dernière migration de l’Afrique de la préhistoire ) en Grèce et en Italie du sud."
L’ADN et la recherche de nos ancêtres. (French)
http://www.cegfc.org/www/sections/paris/pages/ADN_et_genealogie.pdf

"On trouve beaucoup de J dans les pays européens voisins de la Méditerranée comme la Grèce (22% de la population) ou l’Italie (25%). Il est apparenté aux Romains, Grecs et Phéniciens pour le J2, aux Arabes et aux Juifs pour le J1."
Genealogie genetique ou l`arbre phylogenetique. (French)
http://defranceetdaieux.blogspot.nl/2014/11/genealogie-genetique-ou-larbre.html

"The pottery, known as LBK from the German words for “linear band ceramics,” was made in the Near East, the home of the Neolithic revolution, as well as in Greece, the Balkans and southern Italy. Two Stanford University researchers, Roy King and Peter Underhill, matched the geographical distribution of LBK pottery and figurines with that of the four Y chromosome lineages that entered Europe at the beginning of the Neolithic age. They found that one lineage in particular, marked by the mutation known as M172, was found in almost exactly the same locations as the LBK culture."
Nicolas Wade - Before the Dawn, recovering the lost history of our ancestors.
http://permaculteur.free.fr/ecoanarchisme/Before the Dawn.pdf

"Concerning J lineages, another marker of Eastern Mediterranean origins, we can add from looking at Adams et al. (2008) that they are also relatively frequent compared to the rest of Iberia in the Asturias and Extramadura."
Y Haplogroups, Archeological Cultures and Language Families: a review of the possibility of Multidisciplinary Comparisons Using the Case of E-M35.
http://www.jogg.info/51/files/Lancaster.pdf

"The genetic differentiation between the two Cimbri populations of Luserna and Lessinia deserves further discussion. Luserna is genetically very distant from all the other Alpine populations and shows a strikingly low intrapopulation diversity. Paternal lineages are represented mostly by the R1b M269* (frequency of 84%), with six different STR haplotypes associated with only one founder surname. Lessinia shows different, if not opposite, features. The average genetic distances from other populations is less than one third compared to Luserna, while HD is close to the highest values of our dataset. The prevalent haplogroup, R1b-M269*, accounts for only one third of the total, the rest represented by different lineages (G-M201, I1-M253, M410-J2A and K-M9), which are associated with twenty-three different surnames."
Cultural, geographic and genetic isolation in Italian ethno-linguistic minorities.
http://padis.uniroma1.it/bitstream/10805/2590/1/Marco_Capocasa_PhD_Dissertation.pdf

"El estudio de los linajes del cromosoma Y, permite evidenciar el componente genético del porte masculino e identificar la presencia de linajes aborígenes, europeos, asiáticos y africanos en las distintas poblaciones y analizar diversos factores históricos. Con el fin de tener una visión del estado de la diversidad de 124 linajes paternos de las poblaciones Belén y Santa María de la provincia de Catamarca, se caracterizaron las muestras para la mayoría de los haplogrupos encontrados en Argentina, R, R1, J2, Q, K, F(xJ2), mediante la tipificación de los SNPs (M173, M207, M172, M9 y M346). Los SNPs fueron amplificados mediante Multiplex de PCR-AFLPs y sus productos visualizados en geles de poliacrilamida al 10% teñidos con GelRed. Las frecuencias promedio para Q, R1, Y J2 fueron 0.220, 0.315 y 0.095, respectivamente. No se encontró diferenciación genética significativa (p=0.21622) entre estas dos poblaciones (FST=0.00717). Las frecuencias de los linajes paternos presentes en las poblaciones demuestran las tres fuentes principales que contribuyen al acervo genético: americano (haplogrupo Q), europeos (haplogrupo R1) y aunque con una frecuencia más baja también se evidencian la presencia de un origen de Medio Oriente (J2)."
Libro de Resúmenes de las Décimas Jornadas Nacionales de Antropología Biológica. (Spanish)
http://www.fcnym.unlp.edu.ar/aabra/Libro de resumenes.pdf

"Among European haplotypes, DYS455=8 is virtually exclusive to I1. Most males are 11 at this marker, and the deletion to 8 in Hg I1 is believed to have taken place about 10,000 years ago. Since then, about 2% of I1's have mutated to 7 or 9, but some 98% of I1's still remain 8 at DYS455. Only a small, Middle Eastern subclade of J2b1a is known to also be 8 at DYS455, however that deletion is believed to have taken place only about a thousand years ago."
Danish Demes - a Regional DNA Project for Danish Americans and Danes around the World.
http://danishdemes.org/YDNA-results-HgI1.html

"As expected, the commonest haplogroup is R1b-M269 (43.1%), with highest frequency in the north-west, followed by I1-M253 (13.8%), I2-P215 (9.0%), R1a-M198 (7.5%) and J2-M172 (7.5%). Some clades show geographically-restricted distributions, with hg N1c-M178 being most frequent in the Saami, and sub-lineages of haplogroups E, G and J prevalent in the Mediterranean area."
Large-scale recent expansion of European patrilineages shown by population resequencing.
http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2015/150519/ncomms8152/full/ncomms8152.html

"Imperato o Imperati, storica Famiglia Principesca Napoletana: Consiglieri Imperiali - Baroni di Montecorvino - Feudatari di Monteleone - Familiari di Sua Maestà la Regina Giovanna II d’Angiò Durazzo di Napoli - Patrizi di Giovinazzo - Patrizi Amalfitani, aggregati alla nobiltà Civica de Majori, Nobili Napoletani ascritti fuori Piazza (ramo dei marchesi di Spineta) ... Y-DNA: linea paterna E8287: Aplogrupp: J2"
Nobili Napoletani - Famiglia Imperato. (Italian)
http://www.nobili-napoletani.it/imperato.htm

"Si è superficialmente ipotizzato che essi siano i discendenti di soldati greci dell’esercito di Alessandro Magno. La recente tipizzazione genetica effettuata sulla popolazione di Malana, ha evidenziato una grande percentuale di Y-DNA aplotipi J2 e R1a associati a un’origine indo-ariana dell’Asia meridionale anziché a un’origine greca che avrebbe avuto un diverso mix di caratteristiche Y-DNA aplotipi. Ci sono varie leggende sulla loro origine, costoro sono i discendenti del Rishi Jamlu e di Guga-Choan che si stabilirono in quella valle nella notte dei tempi."
Instituto Cintamani - Asia culla della quinta razza. (Italian)
http://www.istitutocintamani.org/libri/ASIA_CENTRALE_CULLA_DELLA_QUINTA_RAZZA.pdf

"L’aplogruppo J2 è stato rilevato in tutte le popolazioni analizzate ad esclusione che nella popolazione Desulese e Marocchina. La sua frequenza mostra una andamento Est-Ovest (con il valore massimo del 39 % raggiunto dalla popolazione Turca). In Italia le popolazioni in cui l’aplogruppo risulta essere maggiormente presente sono state quelle meridionali (circa 25%), mentre al Nord la sua frequenza oscilla intorno al 10 %."
Analisi di un isolato sardo tramite il cromosoma Y: il caso Desulo. (Italian)
http://veprints.unica.it/967/1/PhD_Thesis_Bachis.pdf

"Aplogruppi di origine Greco-Anatolica (Greci, Etruschi, Bizantini): J2, R1b-L23."
Tipologie Europidi - Progetto genetico dell'Italia. (Italian)
http://tipologieeuropidi.altervista.org/template/files/template/genitaly.html

"J2 picca dove fiorirono diverse civiltà dell’antichità, mediterranee e del Vicino Oriente: Hatti, Hurriti, Etruschi, Minoici, Greci, Fenici (e Cartaginesi), Israeliti e, meno, tra Romani, Assiri e Persiani. Tutte le grandi civiltà marittime di Bronzo e Ferro furono interessate dalla capillare presenza di J2."
Il Sizzi - L’aplogruppo Y J2. (Italian)
https://ilsizzi.wordpress.com/2015/03/20/laplogruppo-y-j2/
 
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"The two Y haplogroups, J & E3b, are fairly well recognised in the literature as moving westwards from the Eastern Mediterrean/Near Eastern region via the north Mediterranean coast during the Neolithic and later (Scozzari, et al., 2001 ; Richards, 2003 ; Semino et al., 2004 ; Di Giacomo et al., 2004 ; Cruciani et al., 2004, 2007), with sub-groups of both haplogroups expanding again and spreading westwards from the Balkans in the Northern Mediterranean in the Early Bronze Age (Cruciani et al., 2007)."
The post-glacial peopling of the British Isles: can `Celtic` and `Anglo-Saxon` physical intrusions be defined and measured?
https://www.academia.edu/13016640/T...intrusions_be_defined_and_measured_Chapter_10

"The Y-haplogroup J has been argued to be a marker for the movement of Neolithic farmers into Europe (largely as J2) from the near East, spreading a dense swathe across the northern Mediterranean from the Levant through Greece, the Balkans and Albania, and Italy, where J2 accounts for up to 30 % of Y-lineages, to Iberia (Richards 2003, Semino 2004 & see fig 5.8b in Oppenheimer, 2006/7)."
The post-glacial peopling of the British Isles: can `Celtic` and `Anglo-Saxon` physical intrusions be defined and measured?
https://www.academia.edu/13016640/T...intrusions_be_defined_and_measured_Chapter_10

"In other words J2e-M12 (J2b in YCC, 2008) originated and expanded locally from the Balkans to Italy, France and Iberia in south-western Europe during the Early Bronze Age, (see also Di Giacomo et al., 2004, and data in Semino et al., 2004, 2007, Scozzari et al., 2001.). Seen in the context of a hypothetical secondary Indo-European language spread, this Late Chalcolithic Bronze Age expansion scenario could even be consistent with the anomalous finding of significant frequencies (1 %-8 %) of J2e-M12 among Indic (Indo-European) speaking populations of South Asia (table 2, Semino et al., 2004)."
The post-glacial peopling of the British Isles: can `Celtic` and `Anglo-Saxon` physical intrusions be defined and measured?
https://www.academia.edu/13016640/T...intrusions_be_defined_and_measured_Chapter_10

"In the British dataset I examined, nearly all of J belonged to the J2 sub-group ; further, all the STR marker profiles of J2 were most consistent with the J2e-M12 subgroup (as inferred using both STR table 3 of SOM in Cruciani et al 2007 and Appendix table in Di Giacomo et al. 2004), thus implying a Balkan Bronze Age source for much of J2 in Britain. J2 is found throughout Britain mainly concentrating in southern England and in central Scotland in a formerly Pictish region. In both regions it is present at rates from 2 % up to 7 %."
The post-glacial peopling of the British Isles: can `Celtic` and `Anglo-Saxon` physical intrusions be defined and measured?
https://www.academia.edu/13016640/T...intrusions_be_defined_and_measured_Chapter_10

"For each of the three sets of candidate Y-lineages (subgroups of I1b, J2 & E3b1) moving from south-west Europe to Britain and Ireland during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, Galicia seems the most likely proximal source, on the multiple lines of evidence discussed above, yet southern France (Narbonne/Keltiké) or Liguria are also possible parallel sources for I1b (as discussed above). However, such indecision could be resolved, if the ultimate single origin of these genetic expansions is taken as the western Balkans. Curiously, this Eastern Mediterranean origin, with an Iberian-staging solution is still consistent with the narrative in the Lebar Gabála Érenn."
The post-glacial peopling of the British Isles: can `Celtic` and `Anglo-Saxon` physical intrusions be defined and measured?
https://www.academia.edu/13016640/T...intrusions_be_defined_and_measured_Chapter_10

"Analysis of Y-chromosomes that could have arrived in the British Isles from the southwest, during the Neolithic and onwards, reveals a limited choice of three main groups of lineages I1b*/I1b2, J2e-M12 and E3b1, which are all found in the same distribution as the three putative western Celtic homelands as well as in the British Isles."
The post-glacial peopling of the British Isles: can `Celtic` and `Anglo-Saxon` physical intrusions be defined and measured?
https://www.academia.edu/13016640/T...intrusions_be_defined_and_measured_Chapter_10

"We can see here that J2b-Alpha has a relatively wide distribution. We also note that J2a-Alpha is the most frequent J2b-cluster in Germany. If we were to speculate about the arrival of J2b-Alpha in the British isles, we might be tempted to suggest either Roman troops of Germanic origin, and/or Anglo-Saxons."
J2 Y-DNA Project - Analysis Phase 3.
http://www.j2-ydnaproject.org/analysisphase3.html

"The last haplogroup, which displayed an overall frequency of more than 5%, consisted of I1-M253 and J2-M172, showing total frequencies of 11.9% and 5.3%, respectively, aligning the Slovenian population with other central European populations (Rootsi et al., 2004). Other lineages observed in the Slovenian population were found at frequencies of less than 5%, with two exceptions related to regional frequency peaks: a frequency peak for haplogroup E1b1b1a1-M78 was detected at 7.3% in Lower Carniola and a frequency peak of 9.1% was detected in Upper Carniola for haplogroup J2-M172."
The paternal perspective of the Slovenian population and its relationship with other populations.
https://www.researchgate.net/public...n_and_its_relationship_with_other_populations

"Sixteen different halogroups were identified in the analysed sample from Alagoas (Fig. 1). The haplogroup R1b1b2*-M269 (55.47%) was most frequent, followed by J2*-M172 (7.29%), J*(xJ2)-M304 (6.07%), E1b1b1a*-M78 (5.67%), I*(xI2a2)-M170 (4.86%), E1b1a*-M2 (4.45%), E1b1b1b*-M81 (4.05%), T*-M70 (4.05%), G*-M201 (3.64%), I2a2*-M26 (1.62%), Q1a3a*-M3 (0.81%), E*(xE1b1a-b)-M96 (0.40%), E1b1b1*(xE1b1b1a-c)-M35 (0.40%), E1b1b1c1*-M34 (0.40%), R1a1*-M17 (0.40%) and K*(xL,P,T)-M9 (0.40%). In Alagoas population, most male lineages belong to European halogroups (94.74%), followed by African (4.45%) and Amerindian (0.81%) haplogroups."
Analysis of Y chromosome SNPs in Alagoas, Northeastern Brazil.
http://www.fsigeneticssup.com/article/S1875-1768(09)00179-6/fulltext

"In Southern Europe the haplogroup J2, as defined by the M172 marker, can reach frequencies up to 35%, making the dissection of such lineage critical for population studies. Here we present a study on J2 chromosomes from the Italian peninsula. Populations and forensic implications are discussed. A total of 900 individuals were previously genotyped for a number of SNPs, including M172. More than 200 of these have been now genotyped for 7 SNPs within the J2 lineage using a multiplex SNaPshot approach."
Y chromosome J2 subtyping in an Italian sample: Population and forensic implications.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187517680800200X?np=y

"In conclusion: We can now say that based on one of the three hypotheses (Kurgan, Anatolian and «Out of India theory») the haplogroup of Aryans formally claim R1a1a and J2."
Where in India did the Aryans arrive? Three answers to one question.
http://rjgg.molgen.org/index.php/RJGG/article/viewArticle/71

"Knowing that the Portuguese were the main source of Europeans migrating to Brazil, a comparative analysis was made between Y-chromosome diversity in Portugal and the subgroup of samples present in Rio de Janeiro that were assigned to European haplogroups (E3-M96, E3b-M78, E3b-M81, E3b-M34, I-M170, I-M26, J-12f2, J2-M172, K2-M70, L-M22, R1a1-M17, and R1b3-M269)."
Y-Chromosome Genetic Variation in Rio de Janeiro Population.
http://ychrom.invint.net/upload/ibl...ic Variation in Rio de Janeiro Population.pdf

"Haplotypes defined by the M35 and M172 polymorphisms have been interpreted as being representative, among others, of the Neolithic component of the European Y-chromosome variation."
The peopling of the Tyrrhenian islands from a genetic uniparental perspective (mtDNA and Y chromosome).
https://www.researchgate.net/profil...hromosome)/links/09e4151164cd80a02a000000.pdf

"Onofri et al. (2008) analyzed 900 individuals belonging to the common south European hg J2-M172 in order to increase its resolution using a multiplex approach with 7 downstream SNPs."
The History and Geography of the Y Chromosome SNPs in Europe: an update.
http://www.isita-org.com/jass/Contents/2010vol88/PDFonline/Jass2010_15_Francalacci.pdf

"These results support the hypothesis that the surname-chosen Arbereshe are representative of the Y-chromosome genetic variability of the Albanian founder population. Accordingly, the Arbereshe genetic structure can contribute to the interpretation of the recent biological history of the southern Balkans. Intra-haplogroup analyses suggest that this area may have experienced important changes in the last five centuries, resulting in a marked increase in the frequency of haplogroups I2a and J2."
Linking Italy and the Balkans. A Y-chromosome perspective from the Arbereshe of Calabria.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/03014460.2010.491837

"All samples were first genotyped for markers, E-M35, F-M89, G-M201, H-M282, I-M170, K-M9, J-M172, J-M267, J-M304, R-M173, P-M45, R-M17 and R-M269, to classify them into major European branches."
The Greeks in the West: genetic signatures of the Hellenic colonisation in southern Italy and Sicily.
http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v24/n3/full/ejhg2015124a.html

"Taken together, D-M174 and O-M175 account for 71.12% of the paternal lineages in Sherpas, bolstering the case for Tibetans as the ancestral population of Sherpas. Likewise, the relative rarity of other Y haplogroups (<10%) among Sherpas (supplementary Figure S1) were also rare among Tibetans, and mostly absent in other East Asian populations. Most of these haplogroups are prevalent in India (F*-M89, J2b*-M12 and R1a1-M17) and Island Southeast Asia (K*-M9), suggesting either shared ancient Y-chromosome lineages or limited recent admixture of Sherpas with surrounding populations."
Genetic evidence of a recent Tibetan ancestry to Sherpas in the Himalayan region.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4633682/

"whereas haplogroup J shows a frequency higher than 15% only in Los Santos and Veraguas."
Exploring the Y Chromosomal Ancestry of Modern Panamanians.
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0144223

"Bei den Y Haplogruppen dominiert im alpinen Raum die Y Haplogruppe R1b (23% in Öster-reich (A) und 48,5% in der Schweiz (CH)). Es folgen R1a (7% in CH und 26% in A), G2a (8% in A und 10% CH), J2 (6% CH und 12% in A), E1b1 (9% in A und CH), I1 (7% in CH und 12% in A), I2 (4% in CH, 8% in A), sowie einige kleinere Haplogruppen (J1, T, Q, N1c1)."
Molekularbiologische Ahnenforschung: Was verrät sie uns über unsere Herkunft und die Besiedlung Europas? (German)
http://europa.gmgnet.li/seniorenkol...eling Molekularbiologische Ahnenforschung.pdf

"Von den Völkerwanderungen im Zeitraum von 1200 v. Chr. bis 500 n. Chr. Bleibt der Alpen-raum unberührt. Während der Zugehörigkeit zum römischen Reich, dürfte sich der Anteil mediterraner Haplogruppen (mt K, J, T und Y E1b1, J2, G2a) kaum erhöht haben."
Molekularbiologische Ahnenforschung: Was verrät sie uns über unsere Herkunft und die Besiedlung Europas? (German)
http://europa.gmgnet.li/seniorenkol...eling Molekularbiologische Ahnenforschung.pdf

"The haplogroup diversity was 0.7794±0.0229 and the most frequent haplogroup was R1b1 followed by I(xI2a2), G, J2 and E1b1a(xE1b1a4,E1b1a7). In the analysis of genetic distance, we observed that the population of Espirito Santo State is closer to European and Latin American populations, being more distant from African and Asian populations, and in the classification of paternal lineages according to their ancestry, there was a greater European contribution (85.88 %), followed by African (11.37 %) and Amerindian (2.75 %), confirming previous studies conducted in the Brazilian population and consistent to the pattern of genetic admixture in Brazil."
Estudo de SNP`s do Cromossomo y na Populacao do estado do Espirito Santo, Brazil.
http://repositorio.unesp.br/bitstream/handle/11449/87818/figueiredo_rf_me_arafcf.pdf

"Em termos de frequência, o haplogrupo mais encontrado foi o R1b1 (43,14 %), seguido do I(xI2a2) (8,23 %), G (7,84 %), J2 (7,84 %) e E1b1a(xE1b1a4,E1b1a7) (7,46 %)."
Estudo de SNP`s do Cromossomo y na Populacao do estado do Espirito Santo, Brazil. (Portuguese)
http://repositorio.unesp.br/bitstream/handle/11449/87818/figueiredo_rf_me_arafcf.pdf

"Assim, as linhagens paternas obtidas neste estudo foram consideradas: 85,88 % européias (haplogrupos R1b1, I(xI2a2), G, J2, E1b1b1a, R1(xR1a,R1b1), R1a, J(xJ1a,J2), E1b1b1b, E1b1b1c, I2a2, T e N1c), 11,37 % africanas (haplogrupos E1b1a(xE1b1a4, E1b1a7), E1b1a7, E2b1, E1a e A) e 2,75 % ameríndias (haplogrupo Q1a3a(xQ1a3a1-3)) (Figura 12)."
Estudo de SNP`s do Cromossomo y na Populacao do estado do Espirito Santo, Brazil. (Portuguese)
http://repositorio.unesp.br/bitstream/handle/11449/87818/figueiredo_rf_me_arafcf.pdf

"Os principais haplogrupos foram determinados na população do Espírito Santo, sendo o mais frequente o R1b1 seguido pelo I(xI2a2), G, J2 e E1b1a(xE1b1a4,E1b1a7)."
Estudo de SNP`s do Cromossomo y na Populacao do estado do Espirito Santo, Brazil. (Portuguese)
http://repositorio.unesp.br/bitstream/handle/11449/87818/figueiredo_rf_me_arafcf.pdf
 
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"My husband and his father (and his father and his father and his father) are descendants of Haplogroup J2, the people who thousands of years ago introduced farming to much of the then-known world."
New York Times - Marie Antoinette, Is That You?
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/25/fashion/25Cyber.html

"Haplogroups G2 and J2, which occur only at about 1-3% frequency in northwest Europe, may have come in part from the Mediterranean region up the Atlantic coast, and in part with the spread of farming through central Europe from Turkey. Possibly, some Roman soldiers who retired in Britain may have had these haplogroups. Haplogroup G2 is represented in the Owen project by Owen Group 17, while Haplogroup J2 is represented by Owen Group 1."
Owen Family Assocciation - Newsletter June 2007 vol. 22 issue 2.
http://owenfamilyassociation.org/ofanewsletters/Vol.22.2 print-email.pdf

"The remaining NRY haplotypes belonged to West Eurasian lineages. Haplogroups E1b1b1, G2a, and J2a were represented by single haplotypes, and R1b1b2 was detected in four paternally unrelated tribal members, whose haplotypes differed by their STR profile (Tables 3 and 4). R1b1b2 (formerly R1b3) is delineated by the presence of M269 marker, and is a common lineage in Western Europe ([haplogroup 1 in Scozzari et al., 2001];Cruciani et al., 2002; Tambets et al., 2004; Karlsson et al., 2006), although it appears at its highest frequencies in the Iberian Peninsula and Ireland (Alonso et al., 2005; Moore et al., 2006). By contrast, haplogroup G occurs frequently in the Caucasus, Turkey, and Near East (Semino et al., 2000a; Al-Zahery et al., 2003; Nasidze et al., 2003; Cinnioglu et al., 2004), while J2 is ubiquitous in the Near East and Mediterranean region (Al-Zahery et al., 2003; Behar et al., 2004; Cinnioglu et al., 2004; Zalloua et al., 2008)."
Genetic Heritage and Native Identity of the Seaconke Wampanoag Tribe of Massachusetts.
http://xn--c1acc6aafa1c.xn--p1ai/library/papers/Zhadanov2010.pdf

"As for hg J2-M67*, by comparing PAR and SGP hts with those from European reference populations with DAPC, we obtain three different clusters (Figure S4). One of them (cluster 3) is exclusively found in PAR, where it is associated to a single documented pedigree (P05, Table 1) which includes 8 individuals. Another one (cluster 2) is found both in PAR (4 hts) and SGP (1 ht), as well as in Germany and Southern Italy. Dates for the whole of cluster 2 (Table 3) are as older as 6000-9000 years ago. Cluster 1, despite being well represented both in Germany and in Italy, has only one haplotype in SGP."
The genetic history of italians:new insights from uniparentally-inherited markers. - Traces of Medieval migrations in a socially-stratified population from Northern Italy. Evidence from uniparental markers and deep-rooted pedigrees.
http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/6527/1/Sarno_Stefania_Tesi.pdf

"Contrarily to I1-L22, DAPC analysis showed that J2-M67* PAR hts form two different clusters (Table S5, Figure S4), thus suggesting that their high frequency (compared to SGP) is the result of historic/geographic stratification. One of these clusters (cluster 2) is represented both in PAR and SGP and is frequent in Italy and Germany, yielding a date as old as 6000 YBP (Table 3). Another one (cluster 3) is found only in PAR, coinciding with a single pedigree (P05: Table S5, Figure S4) whose common ancestor lived in the 16th century. A search through the Yhrd database (www.yhrd.org) showed that its modal ht has a match in Apulia (Southern Italy)."
The genetic history of italians:new insights from uniparentally-inherited markers. - Traces of Medieval migrations in a socially-stratified population from Northern Italy. Evidence from uniparental markers and deep-rooted pedigrees.
http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/6527/1/Sarno_Stefania_Tesi.pdf
 
"In order to improve the phylogeography of the male-specific genetic traces of Greek and Phoenician colonizations on the Northern coasts of the Mediterranean, we performed a geographically structured sampling of seven subclades of haplogroup J in Turkey, Greece and Italy. We resequenced 4.4 Mb of Y-chromosome in 58 subjects, obtaining 1079 high quality variants. We did not find a preferential coalescence of Turkish samples to ancestral nodes, contradicting the simplistic idea of a dispersal and radiation of Hg J as a whole from the Middle East."
A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25912-9

"By directly genotyping these variants in Hg J carriers and complementing with published resequenced chromosomes (893 subjects), we provide strong temporal and distributional evidence for markers of the Greek settlement of Magna Graecia (J2a-L397) and Phoenician migrations (rs760148062)."

A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25912-9

"Within J2b-M12 (Supplemental Fig. 7), we obtained 14 carriers of the derived allele at rs779180992 (branch 29), which resides within J2b-M205. The centroid of the carriers of the parental lineage (J2b-M12) was shifted to the West as compared with the overall sample, in line with the high frequency of this allele in Albania and Western Greece."
A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25912-9

"The lineage defined by rs779180992, belonging to J2b-M205, and dated at 4–4.5 kya, has a radically different distribution, with derived alleles in Continental Italy, Greece and Northern Turkey, and two instances in a Palestinian and a Jew. The interpretation of the spread of this lineage is not straightforward. Tentative hypotheses are linked to Southward movements that occurred in the Balkan Peninsula from the Bronze Age, through the Roman occupation and later."
A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25912-9

"Finally, we explored the distribution of J2a-L397 and three derived lineages within it. J2a-L397 is tightly associated with a typical DYS445 6-repeat allele. This has been hypothesized as a marker of the Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean55, based on its presence in Greek Anatolia and Provence (France), a region with attested Iron Age Greek contribution. All of our chromosomes in this clade were characterized also by DYS391(9), confirming their Anatolian Greek signature. We resolved the J2a-L397 clade to an unprecedented precision, with three internal markers which allow a finer discrimination than STRs. The ages of the three lineages (2.0–3.0 kya) are compatible with the beginning of the Greek colonial period, in the 8th century BCE."
A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25912-9

"We provided here the strongest temporal and distributional evidence so far for markers which can be attributed to the Greek settlement of Magna Graecia. This process cannot be expected to have conveyed only J2a-L397, but other lineages as well: for example E-V1359, which left a clear signal across the Mediterranean28,55. J2a-L397 in Central-Southern Continental Italy accounts for only 13% (24/182) of Hg J. At a face value this can be taken as a bottom figure for the Greek contribution to the gene pool of the region."
A finely resolved phylogeny of Y chromosome Hg J illuminates the processes of Phoenician and Greek colonizations in the Mediterranean
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-25912-9


 

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