Immigration Is dialogue between Europe and Latin America useful?

Out of curiosity why was the European settlement of North America so much different to that of Latin America?

I cannot speak for Latin America. Brazil has always maintained close contact with Portugal. Just to simplify a story that is very long, Rio de Janeiro also was for a certain time, capital of the Kingdom of Portugal, the Portuguese royal family already resided in Brazil, the Brazil’s independence of Portugal was without a War of Independence, the first ruler of independent Brazill was son of the King of Portugal, who was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil. When the King of Portugal died, the Emperor of Brazil was also proclaimed King of Portugal, the new King of Portugal abdicated the Brazilian crown in favor of his son in Brazil, who became the new emperor of Brazil. There is a statute of equality between Brazilians and Portuguese that guarantees citizens of both countries the same rights when they are outside their respective homelands. Other hand, Brazil has the coastal region closest to southwest Europe and throughout its history has received millions of immigrants from the Iberian peninsula, mainly from Portugal, since 1500. These Portuguese were never considered immigrants or foreigners.
 
I cannot speak for Latin America. Brazil has always maintained close contact with Portugal. Just to simplify a story that is very long, Rio de Janeiro also was for a certain time, capital of the Kingdom of Portugal, the Portuguese royal family already resided in Brazil, the Brazil’s independence of Portugal was without a War of Independence, the first ruler of independent Brazill was son of the King of Portugal, who was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil. When the King of Portugal died, the Emperor of Brazil was also proclaimed King of Portugal, the new King of Portugal abdicated the Brazilian crown in favor of his son in Brazil, who became the new emperor of Brazil. There is a statute of equality between Brazilians and Portuguese that guarantees citizens of both countries the same rights when they are outside their respective homelands. Other hand, Brazil has the coastal region closest to southwest Europe and throughout its history has received millions of immigrants from the Iberian peninsula, mainly from Portugal, since 1500. These Portuguese were never considered immigrants or foreigners.


Nor do I think that it is possible to speak for Latin America as a whole. But Uruguay, as well as Argentina, have undoubted cultural ties, and even family ties, with Spain and Italy, so the relationship with Europe would be something natural. I think countries like Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean have a more intense relationship with the USA and less interest in Europe. In the countries of South America, especially those on the Atlantic shore, it is exactly the opposite.
 
With Bolsonaro, no dialogue between Brazil and Europe would be useful, unfortunately.

ENVIRONMENT

With lies, Bolsonaro says Brazil is the target of a disinformation campaign



Hanrrikson de Andrade
From UOL, in Brasília
09/22/2020 11h11
Updated on 22/09/2020 18h11

In a speech with lies and inaccurate data, President Jair Bolsonaro (without a party) affirmed today at the UN General Assembly (United Nations) that Brazil is the victim of "one of the most brutal disinformation campaigns on the Amazon and the Pantanal".

In the opening speech of the event, which lasted 14 minutes and was made by videoconference, Bolsonaro raised the amount of emergency aid to US $ 1,000 to 65 million Brazilians and said that Indians and Caboclos are responsible for fires in the Amazon. He also said that the fires in the Pantanal happen due to the high temperatures in the region and blamed Venezuela for the appearance of spots on the coast of 11 states last year.

Bolsonaro calls for combating 'Christophobia' and praises Trump in UN speech

For the president, there is a "campaign supported by shady interests" by "international institutions" with "Brazilian associations, profiteers and impatriotics". The objective, according to him, is to harm his government. UOL's investigation, however, showed lies and inaccurate data in the speech itself.

We are victims of one of the most brutal disinformation campaigns on the Amazon and the Pantanal. The Brazilian Amazon is known to be very rich. This explains the support of international institutions for this campaign supported by shady interests that join Brazilian associations, profiteering and impartial, with the objective of harming the government and Brazil itself.

Bolsonaro did not directly mention the names of any organization or countries that would be behind this articulation, but sought to reinforce his government's narrative that the Amazon would be the target of international greed.

He said, on the subject, that his government is a leader in the conservation of tropical forests and that it has a zero tolerance policy towards environmental crime. Both information was classified as false by Agência Lupa, which also evaluated the content of the speech.

Bolsonaro repeats strategy

The strategy has been adopted by the Planalto Palace in an attempt to reject criticisms of environmental management due to deforestation in the Amazon and the fires that are devastating the Pantanal.

Data from the Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente, which coordinates the Imazon Deforestation Alert System, show that deforestation in the Amazon rose 68% in August 2020, compared to the same period last year.

The Pantanal, in turn, set a historical record of fires for the entire month of September in the first half of the year. There were more than 5,600 fires, almost three times above the average for the month.

It is the second time that the Brazilian president speaks at a UN General Assembly under strong international pressure because of the advance of deforestation and environmental issues. Last year, Bolsonaro classified the idea that the forest is a patrimony of humanity as "fallacy".

Without evidence, Bolsonaro blames caboclo and Indian

Today, the Brazilian president said, without going into technical details, that the fires in the Amazon occur "practically in the same places" and attributed part of this responsibility to the "caboclo and the Indian", who would habitually burn "their gardens in search of survival. ".

Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside. The fires occur practically, in the same places, in the eastern surroundings of the forest, where the caboclo and the Indian burn their gardens in search of their survival, in areas already deforested.

Contrary to what the president said, there is no evidence that the fires in the Amazon have happened on the initiative of caboclos and indigenous people. The president's statement, therefore, is false.

In September this year, researchers from Inpe (National Institute for Space Research), UFMG (Federal University of Minas Gerais) and the University of Stockholm published a letter in the journal Science in which they affirm that a good part of the fires and deforestation in the Amazon, between 2019 and 2020, it is related to "large-scale appropriation and deforestation" carried out by medium and large farmers.

Dismantling of environmental policy

At the UN, the president also said that his policy is "zero tolerance" for environmental crime and that criminal outbreaks are combated rigorously.

Criminal outbreaks are combated with rigor and determination. I maintain my policy of zero tolerance for environmental crime. Together with the National Congress, we seek land regularization, aiming to identify the perpetrators of these crimes. "

Contrary to what the president said, in his government there was a dismantling of the environmental policy and of organs that traditionally act in the inspection of environmental crimes, such as Ibama (Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources).

Despite the increase in deforestation in the country, the sanctions imposed by Ibama fell 60% in one year.

In addition, according to the MPF (Federal Public Ministry), Environment Minister Ricardo Salles interfered in Ibama's inspection structures after Bolsonaro put pressure on his team due to the destruction of machinery used by land grabbers in the Amazon.

Evidence points to arson in the Pantanal

Regarding the burning in the Pantanal, Bolsonaro compared the Brazilian situation with that of the United States.

“Our Pantanal, with an area larger than many European countries, as well as California, suffers from the same problems. The big fires are inevitable consequences of the high local temperature, added to the accumulation of decomposing organic mass."

The Federal Police, however, suspects criminal action in the fires. The corporation launched an operation to determine the responsibility for the fires in the region.

In the private reserve of the Sesc Pantanal Natural Heritage, in the region of Barão do Melgaço, in Mato Grosso, experts pointed out that the fire occurred due to the intentional burning of deforested vegetation to create pasture areas for cattle.

Original in Portuguese:
Source: https://noticias.uol.com.br/meio-am...sinformacao-sobre-queimadas-diz-bolsonaro.htm

See also:

https://g1.globo.com/politica/notic...scurso-na-abertura-da-assembleia-da-onu.ghtml

Bolsonaro says at the UN that Brazil is the 'victim' of a 'brutal disinformation campaign' over the Amazon and Pantanal

President also stated that the Amazon forest does not catch fire in the interior, only at the edges, because it is humid. According to him, the ones who set fire to the surroundings are the 'Indian' and the 'Caboclo'.

By Fernanda Calgaro, Pedro Henrique Gomes and Guilherme Mazui, G1 - Brasília
09/22/2020 10h41 Updated 4 hours ago


8877165.jpg


Bolsonaro defends the Brazilian government's policy regarding the pandemic and the environment

President Jair Bolsonaro said on Tuesday (22), in a speech at the United Nations (UN) Assembly , that Brazil is "the victim" of a "brutal" campaign of disinformation about the Amazon and the Pantanal.

The speech was presented through a recorded video. Because of the Covid-19 pandemic , the UN meeting this year, based at the organization's headquarters in New York, was virtual.

The president also said that:


  • The Amazon rainforest is humid and only catches fire at the edges
  • Those responsible for the fires are the 'Indian' and the 'Caboclo'
  • The oil spilled on the Brazilian coast in 2019 is Venezuelan, was sold without control and reached the coast after a 'criminal' spill
  • Guidelines for people to stay home in the pandemic 'almost' led the country to 'social chaos '
  • Brazil is a Christian and conservative country, and 'Christophobia' must be combated

Bolsonaro said that Brazil has the "best legislation" on the environment worldwide and that the country respects nature conservation rules.

For him, the wealth of the Amazon motivates the criticism that the country suffers in the environmental area. The president stated that Brazilian and "impatriotic" entities join international institutions to harm the country.

"We are victims of one of the most brutal campaigns of disinformation about the Amazon and the Pantanal. The Brazilian Amazon is known to be very rich. This explains the support of international institutions for this campaign supported by shady interests that join Brazilian associations, profiteers and impatriotics, with the objective of harming the government and Brazil itself ", said Bolsonaro in the video.​

8876158.jpg


Bolsonaro: 'Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside'

The Brazilian government's environmental management is one of the main reasons for criticism that the country receives from the international community. Since last year, entities, countries and personalities have challenged Brazil's policies for the environment. European countries point to deforestation in the country as an obstacle to confirmation of the Mercosur-European Union trade agreement.

Bolsonaro's speech was delivered in the context of intense fires that have plagued the Pantanal in recent weeks. In September, the biome had the historical record of fires for the month. In the Amazon, the main target of concern for the international community, deforestation alerts rose 34% from August 2019 to July 2020 , according to the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe).

In his speech, Bolsonaro said that the Amazon rainforest is humid. Therefore, according to him, the fire does not spread through the interior of the forest. According to the president, the fires occur only on the edges of the Amazon and are carried out by the "Indian" and the "Caboclo".

"Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside. The fires happen in practically the same places, in the eastern surroundings of the forest, where the caboclo and the Indian burn their fields in search of their survival, in areas already deforested. Criminal outbreaks are combated with rigor and determination ", continued the president.​

About the Pantanal, Bolsonaro said that the causes of the fires are the high temperatures in the region and the concentration of organic matter in the soil.

"Our Pantanal, with an area larger than many European countries, as well as California, suffers from the same problems. The great fires are inevitable consequences of the highlocal temperature , added to the accumulation of decomposing organic mass", argued the president.

Bolsonaro also said that he maintains a "zero tolerance attitude towards environmental crime".

He repeated, as government officials have done, that the fact that Brazil is a power in agribusiness motivates distorted information about the country's environment.

"Brazil is emerging as the world's largest food producer. Therefore, there is so much interest in spreading misinformation about our environment," he argued.

 
With Bolsonaro, no dialogue between Brazil and Europe would be useful, unfortunately.

ENVIRONMENT

With lies, Bolsonaro says Brazil is the target of a disinformation campaign



Hanrrikson de Andrade
From UOL, in Brasília
09/22/2020 11h11
Updated on 22/09/2020 18h11

In a speech with lies and inaccurate data, President Jair Bolsonaro (without a party) affirmed today at the UN General Assembly (United Nations) that Brazil is the victim of "one of the most brutal disinformation campaigns on the Amazon and the Pantanal".

In the opening speech of the event, which lasted 14 minutes and was made by videoconference, Bolsonaro raised the amount of emergency aid to US $ 1,000 to 65 million Brazilians and said that Indians and Caboclos are responsible for fires in the Amazon. He also said that the fires in the Pantanal happen due to the high temperatures in the region and blamed Venezuela for the appearance of spots on the coast of 11 states last year.

Bolsonaro calls for combating 'Christophobia' and praises Trump in UN speech

For the president, there is a "campaign supported by shady interests" by "international institutions" with "Brazilian associations, profiteers and impatriotics". The objective, according to him, is to harm his government. UOL's investigation, however, showed lies and inaccurate data in the speech itself.

We are victims of one of the most brutal disinformation campaigns on the Amazon and the Pantanal. The Brazilian Amazon is known to be very rich. This explains the support of international institutions for this campaign supported by shady interests that join Brazilian associations, profiteering and impartial, with the objective of harming the government and Brazil itself.

Bolsonaro did not directly mention the names of any organization or countries that would be behind this articulation, but sought to reinforce his government's narrative that the Amazon would be the target of international greed.

He said, on the subject, that his government is a leader in the conservation of tropical forests and that it has a zero tolerance policy towards environmental crime. Both information was classified as false by Agência Lupa, which also evaluated the content of the speech.

Bolsonaro repeats strategy

The strategy has been adopted by the Planalto Palace in an attempt to reject criticisms of environmental management due to deforestation in the Amazon and the fires that are devastating the Pantanal.

Data from the Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente, which coordinates the Imazon Deforestation Alert System, show that deforestation in the Amazon rose 68% in August 2020, compared to the same period last year.

The Pantanal, in turn, set a historical record of fires for the entire month of September in the first half of the year. There were more than 5,600 fires, almost three times above the average for the month.

It is the second time that the Brazilian president speaks at a UN General Assembly under strong international pressure because of the advance of deforestation and environmental issues. Last year, Bolsonaro classified the idea that the forest is a patrimony of humanity as "fallacy".

Without evidence, Bolsonaro blames caboclo and Indian

Today, the Brazilian president said, without going into technical details, that the fires in the Amazon occur "practically in the same places" and attributed part of this responsibility to the "caboclo and the Indian", who would habitually burn "their gardens in search of survival. ".

Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside. The fires occur practically, in the same places, in the eastern surroundings of the forest, where the caboclo and the Indian burn their gardens in search of their survival, in areas already deforested.

Contrary to what the president said, there is no evidence that the fires in the Amazon have happened on the initiative of caboclos and indigenous people. The president's statement, therefore, is false.

In September this year, researchers from Inpe (National Institute for Space Research), UFMG (Federal University of Minas Gerais) and the University of Stockholm published a letter in the journal Science in which they affirm that a good part of the fires and deforestation in the Amazon, between 2019 and 2020, it is related to "large-scale appropriation and deforestation" carried out by medium and large farmers.

Dismantling of environmental policy

At the UN, the president also said that his policy is "zero tolerance" for environmental crime and that criminal outbreaks are combated rigorously.

Criminal outbreaks are combated with rigor and determination. I maintain my policy of zero tolerance for environmental crime. Together with the National Congress, we seek land regularization, aiming to identify the perpetrators of these crimes. "

Contrary to what the president said, in his government there was a dismantling of the environmental policy and of organs that traditionally act in the inspection of environmental crimes, such as Ibama (Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources).

Despite the increase in deforestation in the country, the sanctions imposed by Ibama fell 60% in one year.

In addition, according to the MPF (Federal Public Ministry), Environment Minister Ricardo Salles interfered in Ibama's inspection structures after Bolsonaro put pressure on his team due to the destruction of machinery used by land grabbers in the Amazon.

Evidence points to arson in the Pantanal

Regarding the burning in the Pantanal, Bolsonaro compared the Brazilian situation with that of the United States.

“Our Pantanal, with an area larger than many European countries, as well as California, suffers from the same problems. The big fires are inevitable consequences of the high local temperature, added to the accumulation of decomposing organic mass."

The Federal Police, however, suspects criminal action in the fires. The corporation launched an operation to determine the responsibility for the fires in the region.

In the private reserve of the Sesc Pantanal Natural Heritage, in the region of Barão do Melgaço, in Mato Grosso, experts pointed out that the fire occurred due to the intentional burning of deforested vegetation to create pasture areas for cattle.

Original in Portuguese:
Source: https://noticias.uol.com.br/meio-am...sinformacao-sobre-queimadas-diz-bolsonaro.htm

See also:

https://g1.globo.com/politica/notic...scurso-na-abertura-da-assembleia-da-onu.ghtml

Bolsonaro says at the UN that Brazil is the 'victim' of a 'brutal disinformation campaign' over the Amazon and Pantanal

President also stated that the Amazon forest does not catch fire in the interior, only at the edges, because it is humid. According to him, the ones who set fire to the surroundings are the 'Indian' and the 'Caboclo'.

By Fernanda Calgaro, Pedro Henrique Gomes and Guilherme Mazui, G1 - Brasília
09/22/2020 10h41 Updated 4 hours ago


8877165.jpg


Bolsonaro defends the Brazilian government's policy regarding the pandemic and the environment

President Jair Bolsonaro said on Tuesday (22), in a speech at the United Nations (UN) Assembly , that Brazil is "the victim" of a "brutal" campaign of disinformation about the Amazon and the Pantanal.

The speech was presented through a recorded video. Because of the Covid-19 pandemic , the UN meeting this year, based at the organization's headquarters in New York, was virtual.

The president also said that:


  • The Amazon rainforest is humid and only catches fire at the edges
  • Those responsible for the fires are the 'Indian' and the 'Caboclo'
  • The oil spilled on the Brazilian coast in 2019 is Venezuelan, was sold without control and reached the coast after a 'criminal' spill
  • Guidelines for people to stay home in the pandemic 'almost' led the country to 'social chaos '
  • Brazil is a Christian and conservative country, and 'Christophobia' must be combated

Bolsonaro said that Brazil has the "best legislation" on the environment worldwide and that the country respects nature conservation rules.

For him, the wealth of the Amazon motivates the criticism that the country suffers in the environmental area. The president stated that Brazilian and "impatriotic" entities join international institutions to harm the country.

"We are victims of one of the most brutal campaigns of disinformation about the Amazon and the Pantanal. The Brazilian Amazon is known to be very rich. This explains the support of international institutions for this campaign supported by shady interests that join Brazilian associations, profiteers and impatriotics, with the objective of harming the government and Brazil itself ", said Bolsonaro in the video.​

8876158.jpg


Bolsonaro: 'Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside'

The Brazilian government's environmental management is one of the main reasons for criticism that the country receives from the international community. Since last year, entities, countries and personalities have challenged Brazil's policies for the environment. European countries point to deforestation in the country as an obstacle to confirmation of the Mercosur-European Union trade agreement.

Bolsonaro's speech was delivered in the context of intense fires that have plagued the Pantanal in recent weeks. In September, the biome had the historical record of fires for the month. In the Amazon, the main target of concern for the international community, deforestation alerts rose 34% from August 2019 to July 2020 , according to the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe).

In his speech, Bolsonaro said that the Amazon rainforest is humid. Therefore, according to him, the fire does not spread through the interior of the forest. According to the president, the fires occur only on the edges of the Amazon and are carried out by the "Indian" and the "Caboclo".

"Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside. The fires happen in practically the same places, in the eastern surroundings of the forest, where the caboclo and the Indian burn their fields in search of their survival, in areas already deforested. Criminal outbreaks are combated with rigor and determination ", continued the president.​

About the Pantanal, Bolsonaro said that the causes of the fires are the high temperatures in the region and the concentration of organic matter in the soil.

"Our Pantanal, with an area larger than many European countries, as well as California, suffers from the same problems. The great fires are inevitable consequences of the highlocal temperature , added to the accumulation of decomposing organic mass", argued the president.

Bolsonaro also said that he maintains a "zero tolerance attitude towards environmental crime".

He repeated, as government officials have done, that the fact that Brazil is a power in agribusiness motivates distorted information about the country's environment.

"Brazil is emerging as the world's largest food producer. Therefore, there is so much interest in spreading misinformation about our environment," he argued.


See what is #FACT or #FAKE in Bolsonaro's UN speech

In a recorded video, due to the pandemic, the president says that Brazil is the victim of a brutal campaign of disinformation about the Amazon and the Pantanal.

By Clara Velasco, Laís Modelli, Roney Domingos, Alexandro Martello, Hellen Guimarães and Roberta Pennafort, G1, O Globo and CBN
09/22/2020 18h24 Updated há uma hora


8878198.jpg


In a speech at the UN, Bolsonaro blames 'indigenous and caboclo' for burning in the Pantanal

President Jair Bolsonaro delivered a speech this Tuesday (22) at the 75th United Nations General Assembly (UN). The speech was presented through a recorded video. Because of the Covid-19 pandemic, this year's UN meeting, based at the entity's headquarters in New York, had to be virtual.

Bolsonaro said that Brazil is a "victim" of a "brutal" campaign of disinformation about the Amazon and the Pantanal. According to him, the Amazon rainforest is humid and only catches fire at the edges and those responsible for the fires are "Indians" and "Caboclos". He also said that the guidelines for people to stay at home in the “almost” pandemic led the country to “social chaos”.

The Fato or Fake team checked Bolsonaro's key statements. Read:


“By judicial decision, all isolation measures and freedom restrictions were delegated to each of the 27 governors of the federation units. The president was responsible for sending resources and means to the whole country ”​

selo-nao-e-bem-assim-1-.jpg
- Photo: G1

# THAT'S NOT WELL. Here's why: In April, the STF decided that state and municipal governments have the power to determine isolation and quarantine rulesdue to the pandemic. The Court's decision recognized the autonomy of cities and states to make decisions in the pandemic, but did not relieve the federal government of responsibility for the health crisis.

“It did not exempt, on the contrary, it reinforced the competence of the Executives”, said Minister Luiz Fux in a live broadcast by the newspaper “O Globo” in June. “The Supreme Court did not exonerate the federal executive from his duties because the Federal Constitution provides that, in cases of calamity, general federal rules must exist. However, as health is everyone's right and duty of the state, in a generic sense, the Brazilian federal state chose the federal state in which the states have political, legal and financial autonomy ”, said Fux.

The federal government has even taken action on the pandemic in recent months. In July, for example, Bolsonaro signed a law that requires masks to be worn in public placesacross the country.


"Provided emergency aid in installments that add up to approximately US $ 1,000 to 65 million people"​

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- Photo: G1

# THAT'S NOT WELL. Here's why: In the announcement of the program , the government defined that the aid would be paid in three installments. Then, it extended to two more installments, all of R $ 600. The last announcement, in September, included four more installments, in the amount of R $ 300 each. Thus, each worker approved in the program can receive, at the end of payments, R $ 4.2 thousand.

In the most up-to-date dollar exchange rate on September 22, the value corresponds to approximately US $ 766, and not US $ 1,000. The aid received is only greater in the case of mothers who are heads of household, who receive double.

According to the government, the first installments of the aid actually reached more than 65 million people . The text of the extension of the September benefit , however, restricts who can receive the new installments. It prohibits some dependents from receiving the benefit. Inmates in a closed regime and residents abroad - who even received installments of R $ 600 before being excluded from the program - will also not be entitled.

Therefore, for the payment of the installments of R $ 300, the revaluation of the approved beneficiaries is foreseen - both for the beginning of the payments and during them.

In other words, the number of beneficiaries who will receive the R $ 300 installments will be less than the number of beneficiaries who will receive the R $ 600 installments.


“Even though it is one of the 10 largest economies in the world, we are responsible for only 3% of carbon emissions”​

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- Photo: G1

The statement is #FACT. Here's why:
The country is the seventh largest emitter in the world, sixth if you disregard the European Union. It is a fact, however, that it is responsible for 3.4% of global emissions of greenhouse gases (including carbon). The data are in the Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removal Estimation System (SEEG) , based on CAIT, which is a calculation of emissions by the World Resources Institute .


“But 3% is a lot, especially considering that 44% of emissions come from deforestation, which does not generate wealth. 3% is more than almost all developed countries emit. It is more than all European countries individually emit, more than Japan emits individually, more than Australia emits individually ”, says the Climate Observatory.

“With regard to climate change, Brazil is not the biggest villain, but neither is the good guy. When considering emissions from deforestation (usually outside the global rankings), Brazil is the 4th country that contributes the most to global warming. It only loses to the USA, China and Russia ”, says professor Raoni Rajão , from the Production Engineering Department at UFMG and coordinator of the Environmental Services Management Laboratory.


"Our forest is humid and does not allow the spread of fire inside. The fires happen in practically the same places, in the eastern surroundings of the forest, where the caboclo and the Indian burn their fields in search of their survival, in areas already deforested"​

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Stamp #FAKE - Photo: G1


The declaration is #FAKE. Here's why: The forest remains humid in some regions, but the progress of deforestation and the opening of roads have led to the loss of part of its original characteristics, and thus the Amazon has become more susceptible to major fires, explains environmentalist Antonio Oviedo, advisor to the Socio-Environmental Institute (ISA), an NGO present in the Amazon for 25 years.

“To say that the forest is humid as a whole was true 60 or 70 years ago; today, with 20% deforested, this is no longer a fact. It is humid in areas such as the interior of the Rio Solimões or the upper Rio Negro, where there are not many roads, but even there the fire has already entered, due to deforestation. When the forest is fragmented into blocks, there is an edge effect. The more edges it has, the drier it gets, and it facilitates the entrance of the fire ”, says Oviedo.

Ane Alencar, director of Science at the Institute for Environmental Research in the Amazon (IPAM) , an NGO that has been working for sustainable development in the region since 1995, reinforces that “deforestation, timber exploitation and other human activities change the condition of the rainforest as a barrier to the fire ", and that" the forest does not always burn in the same place ", contrary to what President Bolsonaro said, but, rather, where the fire is caused.

Greenpeace spokesman Rômulo Batista, who has been in the Amazon for 15 years, recalls that the region can no longer be spoken of as a primary forest. “The Amazon suffers from deforestation, logging, clearings, and this causes more sun to enter the forest and dry the organic matter, which favors when there is a fire. It burns even wet. From September 1 to today, 44% of the outbreaks were in areas of already degraded forest ”, he explains.

Regarding the outbreaks in the area of ​​the “eastern surroundings” of the forest, mentioned by Bolsonaro, this is not the region where the largest number of forest fires is concentrated, according to data from 2019 from IPAM. None of the ten leading municipalities in foci is located in the far eastern Amazon, in the states of Maranhão and Tocantins - the cities are in Amazonas, Pará, Roraima, Rondônia and Mato Grosso. The BR-319 (Porto Velho-Manaus), BR-163 (Cuiabá-Santarém section) and BR-364 (Porto Velho-Rio Branco section) regions are especially critical.

“The arc of deforestation comes from Rondônia, in the west of the Amazon, in the region completely opposite (to that of Bolsonaro's speech), passes through the south of Amazonas and the north of Mato Grosso, and goes up through the east of Pará”, says the spokesman Greenpeace's voice.

Regarding the authorship of the fires, satellite data monitored by NASA show that, this year, 54% of the outbreaks in the Amazon originated from deforestation. A new system of the United States space agency capable of pointing out in real time the location of fires and the reasons for which they appeared, revealed, in August, that small fires for cleaning pasture were responsible for 12.81% of the occurrences; deforestation, by 54.34%.

Still on the relationship between indigenous people and the fires, the Climate Observatory points out that a technical note from IPAMalso showed that only 7% of the fires last year occurred on indigenous lands, which correspond to 25% of the region. “We are going to demystify this idea that indigenous people burn the Amazon; 42% of Amazon deforestation occurs on public lands that are not destined or without cadastral information. In other words, they are areas that are being occupied by activities such as land grabbing, private individuals that want to take possession of public lands ”, points out Ane Alencar, from IPAM.

“He is in no condition to imagine that an indigenous community is responsible for a 200 km² fire. Indigenous, caboclos and ribeirinhos make a swidden in an area of ​​20 x 20 meters, a fire that does not spread ”, says Antonio Oviedo, from ISA. “I flew over deforested, and then burned, areas of 4,000, 5,000 hectares. It is inconceivable for a small farmer, a riverside or an indigenous family to do this ”, says the Greenpeace spokesman.

The Climate Observatory, citing NASA data, also classifies the president's statements about the origin of the fires as a “lie”. “Fires occur due to deforestation, agricultural practices and fires that escape to forests.”

Environmentalist Raoni Rajão, a professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, also claims that it is incorrect to attribute fire in the Amazon to subsistence agriculture of “Indians and caboclos”. “A large part of the fires occur in areas of recent deforestation (and not in consolidated agricultural areas), and is used to finish 'clearing' the areas for the formation of pastures mainly”, says Rajão.

The professor cites a study by UFMG in partnership with the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe) that showed that 52% of the fires in 2019 occurred in medium and large properties. “[In these properties] there was also 67% of deforestation from August 2019 to July 2020.”


“The great fires [in the Pantanal] are inevitable consequences of the high local temperature, added to the accumulation of decomposing organic mass”​

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- Photo: G1

The declaration is #FAKE. Here's why:Although the high temperature and low relative humidity of the air aggravate the fires and make it difficult to fight the flames in the Pantanal, it is not true that devastating fires such as this year are inevitable or caused by natural factors. According to Alexandre Martins Pereira, an environmental analyst at Prevfogo-Ibama, the only natural cause for forest fires is lightning strikes - that is, lightning. Satellite images from NASA show that the first outbreak of the fire that hit the Pantanal started on a farm on June 30, when there was no lightning in the region.

Crossing information obtained by these images with data from the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe), the Federal Police investigation concluded that the fire in the Pantanal started in four neighboring farms. This reinforces the thesis that the fire was criminal and deliberately caused by human action, from the misuse of fire to clean up areas used for pasture. The flames spread, destroying 3 million hectares of the biome, reaching conservation areas, their native vegetation and killing wild animals. This is the main line of investigation of the PF.

In addition, INPE's monitoring also points out that the number of fires in the Pantanal until September 21 this year is the highest in the historical series, which started in 1998. In the period, 16,119 fires were recorded in the biome. The previous record was 12,536 foci in 2005.

The reduction in inspection is a relevant part of the Bolsonaro government's environmental policy. Former officials of the preservation agencies report strong pressure from the president and the environment minister, Ricardo Salles , when carrying out surveillance activities. In 2019, former director of Inpe, Ricardo Galvão, was dismissed , even with a current mandate, after the government questioned the data from Inpe on the increase in deforestation in the Amazon. The body was again attacked when it released the data on the Pantanal fires - this time, by Vice President Hamilton Mourão. At the ministerial meeting on April 22, Minister Ricardo Salles suggested that the government take advantage of the fact that press coverage was focused on the pandemic for“Pass the cattle” and loosen environmental regulations.


“Brazil has already participated in more than 50 peacekeeping operations and similar missions, having contributed more than 55,000 military, police and civilians, with a marked participation in Suez, Angola, East Timor, Haiti, Lebanon and Congo”​




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- Photo: G1


The statement is #FACT. See why:According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the data are true and appear on the official page of the Itamaraty . According to information from the first half of this year, Brazil currently participates with 258 troops in nine United Nations missions in the following locations: Lebanon, South Sudan, Western Sahara, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Darfur, Cyprus , Abyei and Yemen.


“In the first half of 2020, despite the pandemic, we saw an increase in the inflow of investments, compared to the same period last year. This proves the world's confidence in our government ”​

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- Photo: G1

The declaration is #FAKE. Here's why:According to data from the Central Bank, direct investments in the country totaled US $ 22.841 billion in the first half of this year, a decrease of 26.6% compared to the same period last year (US $ 31.147 billion). It is the lowest value, for this period, since 2009 (US $ 13.895 billion), that is, in 11 years. At that time, the world economy felt the impact of the "subprime" crisis, a real estate crisis that happened in the United States in 2008 and generated impacts on the world economy.

Source:
https://g1.globo.com/fato-ou-fake/n...ou-fake-no-discurso-de-bolsonaro-na-onu.ghtml


 

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